In organic chemistry
Organic chemistry
Organic chemistry is a subdiscipline within chemistry involving the scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and preparation of carbon-based compounds, hydrocarbons, and their derivatives...

, isopropyl is a propyl
In organic chemistry, propyl is a three-carbon alkyl substituent with chemical formula -C3H7. It is the substituent form of the alkane propane...

 with a group attached to the secondary carbon. If viewed as a functional group
Functional group
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific groups of atoms within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules. The same functional group will undergo the same or similar chemical reaction regardless of the size of the molecule it is a part of...

 an isopropyl is an organic compound with a propyl group attached at its secondary carbon.The bond is therefore on the middle carbon.

In IUPAC nomenclature the group isopropyl is denoted with the prefix propan-2-yl. For example, isopropyl acetate is named propan-2-yl acetate.
Shorthand notations for this alkyl are i-Pr,iPr, or Pri (some care has to be taken when using the abbreviation 'Pr', as it is the same as for the chemical element
Chemical element
A chemical element is a pure chemical substance consisting of one type of atom distinguished by its atomic number, which is the number of protons in its nucleus. Familiar examples of elements include carbon, oxygen, aluminum, iron, copper, gold, mercury, and lead.As of November 2011, 118 elements...

Praseodymium is a chemical element that has the symbol Pr and atomic number 59. Praseodymium is a soft, silvery, malleable and ductile metal in the lanthanide group. It is too reactive to be found in native form, and when artificially prepared, it slowly develops a green oxide coating.The element...


See also

  • Isopropyl alcohol
    Isopropyl alcohol
    Isopropyl alcohol is a common name for a chemical compound with the molecular formula C3H8O. It is a colorless, flammable chemical compound with a strong odor...

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