Ira Shor
Ira Shor is a professor at the City University of New York
City University of New York
The City University of New York is the public university system of New York City, with its administrative offices in Yorkville in Manhattan. It is the largest urban university in the United States, consisting of 23 institutions: 11 senior colleges, six community colleges, the William E...

, where he teaches composition and rhetoric
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, an art that aims to improve the facility of speakers or writers who attempt to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations. As a subject of formal study and a productive civic practice, rhetoric has played a central role in the Western...

. In collaboration with Paulo Freire
Paulo Freire
Paulo Reglus Neves Freire was a Brazilian educator and influential theorist of critical pedagogy.-Biography:...

, he has been one of the leading exponents of critical pedagogy
Critical pedagogy
Critical pedagogy is a philosophy of education described by Henry Giroux as an "educational movement, guided by passion and principle, to help students develop consciousness of freedom, recognize authoritarian tendencies, and connect knowledge to power and the ability to take constructive...



Shor grew up in the working class area in the South Bronx of New York City. According to Shor coming from a working class area had a powerful influence on his thinking, politics and feelings.


  • Critical Teaching and Everyday Life (1980)
  • Culture Wars: School and Society in the Conservative Restoration (1986)
  • A Pedagogy for Liberation, with Paulo Freire (1987)
  • Freire for the Classroom: A Sourcebook for Liberatory Teaching (1987)
  • Empowering Education (1992)
  • When Students Have Power (1996)
  • Critical Literacy in Action (1999)
  • Education is Politics (1999)
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