Internationalist Communist Party
The Internationalist Communist Party was a Trotskyist political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

 in France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

. It was the name taken by the French Section of the Fourth International
Fourth International
The Fourth International is the communist international organisation consisting of followers of Leon Trotsky , with the declared dedicated goal of helping the working class bring about socialism...

 from its foundation until a name change in the late 1960s.

The party was founded in March 1944 by the fusion of three Trotskyist groups: the Internationalist Workers Party
Internationalist Workers Party
The Internationalist Workers Party was a French Trotskyist party established in 1936 after the exclusion of militant Trotskyists from the French Section of the Workers' International in 1935 and dissolved in 1939 when most of the militants had rejoined the Workers and Peasants' Socialist Party...

, the Internationalist Communist Committee and the October group.

After World War Two ended the PCI had expectations of rapid growth and for a time did expand. but that growth was soon ended when a majority of the organisation broke away when a projected fusion with the Socialist Youth federation of the Seine failed to materialise. This led to a series of internal crises and in 1952 the small party split into two rival groups both of which continued to use the same name.
  1. The official PCI supported the International Secretariat of the Fourth International, and became the French section of the reunified Fourth International
    Reunified Fourth International
    The Fourth International is a Trotskyist international. In 1963, the majorities of the two public factions of the Fourth International, the International Secretariat and the International Committee, reunited, electing a United Secretariat of the Fourth International...

     in 1963. Its leaders included Pierre Frank
    Pierre Frank
    Pierre Frank was a French Trotskyist leader. He served on the secretariat of the Fourth International from 1948 to 1979....

    . It fused in 1969 with the Revolutionary Communist Youth
    Revolutionary Communist Youth
    For organization under the name Revolutionary Communist Youth, see:*Revolutionary Communist Youth *Revolutionary Communist Youth...

     (JCR) to become the Ligue Communiste, which was re-established in 1974 as the Revolutionary Communist League
    Revolutionary Communist League (France)
    See Revolutionary Communist League for the other Ligue communiste révolutionnaire.The Revolutionary Communist League was a French democratic revolutionary socialist political party. It was the French section of the Fourth International...

  2. The other PCI supported the International Committee of the Fourth International
    International Committee of the Fourth International
    The International Committee of the Fourth International is the name of two Trotskyist internationals; one with sections named Socialist Equality Party which publishes the World Socialist Web Site and another linked to the Workers Revolutionary Party in Britain.-Foundation:The International...

     until 1971. It was led by Pierre Lambert
    Pierre Lambert
    Pierre Lambert was a French Trotskyist leader, who, for many years acted as the central leader of the French Courant Communiste Internationaliste which founded the Parti des Travailleurs.He was born in Paris to a family of Russian Jewish immigrants...

    . In 1967, that organisation renamed itself the Internationalist Communist Organisation
    Internationalist Communist Organisation
    The Internationalist Communist Organisation was a Trotskyist political party in France. Its successor is the Internationalist Communist Current of the Workers Party.-Origins:...


See also

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