Horse-drawn vehicle
Overview
 
A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse
Horse
The horse is one of two extant subspecies of Equus ferus, or the wild horse. It is a single-hooved mammal belonging to the taxonomic family Equidae. The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature into the large, single-toed animal of today...

 or by a team of horses. These vehicles typically had two or four wheels and were used to carry passengers and/or a load. They were once common worldwide, but they have mostly been replaced by automobile
Automobile
An automobile, autocar, motor car or car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transporting passengers, which also carries its own engine or motor...

s and other forms of self-propelled transport.
A two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle is a cart
Cart
A cart is a vehicle designed for transport, using two wheels and normally pulled by one or a pair of draught animals. A handcart is pulled or pushed by one or more people...

 (see various types below, both for carrying people and for goods).
Encyclopedia
A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse
Horse
The horse is one of two extant subspecies of Equus ferus, or the wild horse. It is a single-hooved mammal belonging to the taxonomic family Equidae. The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature into the large, single-toed animal of today...

 or by a team of horses. These vehicles typically had two or four wheels and were used to carry passengers and/or a load. They were once common worldwide, but they have mostly been replaced by automobile
Automobile
An automobile, autocar, motor car or car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transporting passengers, which also carries its own engine or motor...

s and other forms of self-propelled transport.

General

A two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle is a cart
Cart
A cart is a vehicle designed for transport, using two wheels and normally pulled by one or a pair of draught animals. A handcart is pulled or pushed by one or more people...

 (see various types below, both for carrying people and for goods). Four-wheeled vehicles have many names – one for heavy loads is most commonly called a wagon
Wagon
A wagon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals; it was formerly often called a wain, and if low and sideless may be called a dray, trolley or float....

.

Very light carts and wagons can also be pulled by donkeys (much smaller than horse
Horse
The horse is one of two extant subspecies of Equus ferus, or the wild horse. It is a single-hooved mammal belonging to the taxonomic family Equidae. The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature into the large, single-toed animal of today...

s), ponies
Pony
A pony is a small horse . Depending on context, a pony may be a horse that is under an approximate or exact height at the withers, or a small horse with a specific conformation and temperament. There are many different breeds...

 or mule
Mule
A mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. Horses and donkeys are different species, with different numbers of chromosomes. Of the two F1 hybrids between these two species, a mule is easier to obtain than a hinny...

s. Other smaller animals are occasionally used, such as large dog
Dog
The domestic dog is a domesticated form of the gray wolf, a member of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. The term is used for both feral and pet varieties. The dog may have been the first animal to be domesticated, and has been the most widely kept working, hunting, and companion animal in...

s, llama
Llama
The llama is a South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since pre-Hispanic times....

s and goat
Goat
The domestic goat is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The goat is a member of the Bovidae family and is closely related to the sheep as both are in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. There are over three hundred distinct breeds of...

s (see draught animals).

Heavy wagons, carts and agricultural implements can also be pulled by other large draught animals such as ox
Ox
An ox , also known as a bullock in Australia, New Zealand and India, is a bovine trained as a draft animal. Oxen are commonly castrated adult male cattle; castration makes the animals more tractable...

en, water buffalo, yak
Yak
The yak, Bos grunniens or Bos mutus, is a long-haired bovine found throughout the Himalayan region of south Central Asia, the Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia and Russia. In addition to a large domestic population, there is a small, vulnerable wild yak population...

s or even camel
Camel
A camel is an even-toed ungulate within the genus Camelus, bearing distinctive fatty deposits known as humps on its back. There are two species of camels: the dromedary or Arabian camel has a single hump, and the bactrian has two humps. Dromedaries are native to the dry desert areas of West Asia,...

s and elephant
Elephant
Elephants are large land mammals in two extant genera of the family Elephantidae: Elephas and Loxodonta, with the third genus Mammuthus extinct...

s.

Vehicles pulled by one animal (or by animals in tandem
Tandem
Tandem is an arrangement where a team of machines, animals or people are lined up one behind another, all facing in the same direction....

– single file) have two shafts which attach either side of the rearmost animal (the wheel animal or wheeler). Vehicles pulled by a pair
Pair
The word pair, derived via the French words pair/paire from the Latin par 'equal', can refer to:* 2 , two of something* Topological pair, an inclusion of topological spaces.* Tuple* Product type* Au pair, a work agreement...

 (or by a team
Team
A team comprises a group of people or animals linked in a common purpose. Teams are especially appropriate for conducting tasks that are high in complexity and have many interdependent subtasks.A group in itself does not necessarily constitute a team...

 of several pairs) have a pole which attaches between the wheel pair. Other arrangements are also possible, for example three or more abreast (a troika
Troika (driving)
A troika is a traditional Russian harness driving combination, using three horses abreast, usually pulling a sleigh. It differs from most other three-horse combinations in that the horses are harnessed abreast. The middle horse is usually harnessed in a horse collar and shaft bow; the side horses...

), a wheel pair with a single lead animal (a "unicorn"), or a wheel pair with three lead animals abreast (a "pickaxe"). Very heavy loads sometimes had an additional team behind to slow the vehicle down steep hills. Sometimes at a steep hill with frequent traffic such a team would be hired to passing wagons to help them up or down the hill.

Two-wheeled vehicles are balanced by the distribution of weight of the load (driver, passengers and goods) over the axle, and then held level by the animal – this means that the shafts (or sometimes a pole for two animals) must be fixed rigidly to the vehicle's body. Four-wheeled vehicles remain level on their own, and so the shafts or pole are hinged vertically, allowing them to rise and fall with the movement of the animals. A four-wheeled vehicle is also steered by the shafts or pole, which are attached to the front axle; this swivels on a turntable or "fifth wheel" beneath the vehicle.

Vehicles primarily for carrying people

Road

  • Ambulance
    Ambulance
    An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation of sick or injured people to, from or between places of treatment for an illness or injury, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient...

    : Much the same purpose as the modern sense. Details of the design varied but would be a lightly built and well-sprung, enclosed vehicle with provision for seated casualties and stretchers.
  • Barouche
    Barouche
    A barouche was a fashionable type of horse-drawn carriage in the 19th century. Developed from the calash of the 18th century, it was a four-wheeled, shallow vehicle with two double seats inside, arranged vis-à-vis, so that the sitters on the front seat faced those on the back seat...

    : An elegant, high-slung, open carriage with a seat in the rear of the body and a raised bench at the front for the driver, a servant.
  • Berlin
    Berlin (carriage)
    275px|thumb|1760s. Moscow Historical MuseumA Berlin carriage was a type of covered, fast and light, four-wheeled, travelling carriage with two interior seats and a separate hooded rear seat for a footman, detached from the body...

     
  • Brake
    Brake (carriage)
    A brake , was a horse-drawn carriage used in the nineteenth and early 20th centuries in the training of horses for draft work...

  • Britzka
    Britzka
    A britzka is a type of horse-drawn carriage. It was a long, spacious carriage with four wheels, with a folding top over the rear seat and a rear-facing front seat. Pulled by two horses, it had a place in front for the driver. It was so constructed as to give space for reclining at night, when used...

  • Brougham
    Brougham (carriage)
    A brougham was a light, four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage built in the 19th century. It was either invented for Scottish jurist Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, or simply made fashionable by his example...

  • Buckboard
    Buckboard
    A buckboard is a four-wheeled wagon of simple construction meant to be drawn by a horse or other large animal. The "buckboard" is the front-most board on the wagon that could act as both a footrest for the driver and protection for the driver from the horse's rear hooves in case of a "buck". The...

  • Bus: See omnibus
  • Buggy
    Horse and buggy
    A horse and buggy or horse and carriage refers to a light, simple, two-person carriage of the late 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, drawn usually by one or sometimes by two horses...

    : A light, open, four-wheeled carriage, often driven by its owner. It is an American design.
  • Cab
    Cab
    The word cab has a number of meanings, most of which are abbreviations:In transport:* Cabriolet, a horse-drawn carriage* Taxicab* Cabin * Cab , the driving compartment of a locomotive...

    : A shortening of cabriolet. Joseph Hansom
    Joseph Hansom
    Joseph Aloysius Hansom was a prolific English architect working principally in the Gothic Revival style, who invented the Hansom cab and was one of the founders of the eminent architectural journal, The Builder, in 1843....

     based the design of his public hire vehicle on the cabriolet so the name cab stuck to vehicles for public hire.
  • Cabriolet
    Cabriolet (carriage)
    A cabriolet is a light horse-drawn vehicle, with two wheels and a single horse. The carriage has a folding hood that can cover its two occupants, one of whom is the driver. It has a large rigid apron, gracefully upward-curving shafts, and usually a rear platform between the C springs for a groom...

  • Calash
    Barouche
    A barouche was a fashionable type of horse-drawn carriage in the 19th century. Developed from the calash of the 18th century, it was a four-wheeled, shallow vehicle with two double seats inside, arranged vis-à-vis, so that the sitters on the front seat faced those on the back seat...

     or Calèshe
    Barouche
    A barouche was a fashionable type of horse-drawn carriage in the 19th century. Developed from the calash of the 18th century, it was a four-wheeled, shallow vehicle with two double seats inside, arranged vis-à-vis, so that the sitters on the front seat faced those on the back seat...

    : See barouche.
  • Cape cart
    Cape cart
    A Cape cart was a two-wheeled four-seater carriage, drawn by two horses, and formerly used in South Africa. It was equipped with a bowed canvas or leather hood. It was used to carry passengers and mail; in the days before the railways arrived, it was one of the fastest means of transport available...

  • Cariole
    Cariole
    A cariole was a type of carriage used in the 19th century. It was a light, small, two- or four-wheeled vehicle, open or covered, drawn by a single horse. The term is also used for a light covered cart or a dog-drawn toboggan. The name is French, derived from the Latin carrus, vehicle.-References:*...

     
  • Carriage
    Carriage
    A carriage is a wheeled vehicle for people, usually horse-drawn; litters and sedan chairs are excluded, since they are wheelless vehicles. The carriage is especially designed for private passenger use and for comfort or elegance, though some are also used to transport goods. It may be light,...

    : In the late eighteenth century, roughly equivalent to the modern word "vehicle" [Walker]. It later came to be restricted to "passenger vehicle" and even to "private, enclosed passenger vehicle" [Britannica]. This last is the sense adopted by the linked article.
  • Carryall
    Carryall
    Historically, a carryall is a type of carriage used in the United States in the 19th century. It is a light, four-wheeled vehicle, usually drawn by a single horse and with seats for four or more passengers. The word is derived by folk etymology from the French carriole...

  • Chaise
    Chaise
    A chaise, sometimes called chay or shay, is a light two - or four-wheeled traveling or pleasure carriage, with a folding hood or calash top for one or two people....

  • Charabanc
    Charabanc
    A charabanc or "char-à-banc" is a type of horse-drawn vehicle or early motor coach, usually open-topped, common in Britain during the early part of the 20th century. It was especially popular for sight-seeing or "works outings" to the country or the seaside, organised by businesses once a year...

  • Cidomo
    Cidomo
    A Cidomo is a small horse-drawn carriage used in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Lombok and the Gili Islands of Indonesia.-Etymology:The name Cidomo is derived from the Sasak word cika or cikar , dokar and mobil for the wheels used to move it...

    , a form of horse-drawn carriage popular in the Lesser Sunda Islands
    Lesser Sunda Islands
    The Lesser Sunda Islands or Nusa Tenggara are a group of islands in the southern Maritime Southeast Asia, north of Australia. Together with the Greater Sunda Islands to the west they make up the Sunda Islands...

     of Indonesia
    Indonesia
    Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

    .
  • Clarence
    Clarence (carriage)
    A clarence or growler is a type of carriage popular in the 19th century, essentially an expanded version of the Brougham. It is a closed, four-wheeled horse-driven vehicle with a glass front and seats for four passengers inside. The driver sat at the front, outside the carriage...

  • Coach
    Coach (carriage)
    A coach was originally a large, usually closed, four-wheeled carriage with two or more horses harnessed as a team, controlled by a coachman and/or one or more postilions. It had doors in the sides, with generally a front and a back seat inside and, for the driver, a small, usually elevated seat in...

  • Coupé
    Coupé
    A coupé or coupe is a closed car body style , the precise definition of which varies from manufacturer to manufacturer, and over time...

  • Covered wagon
    Covered wagon
    The covered wagon, also known as a Prairie schooner, is an icon of the American Old West.Although covered wagons were commonly used for shorter moves within the United States, in the mid-nineteenth century thousands of Americans took them across the Great Plains to Oregon and California...

    : The name given to canvas-topped farm wagons used by North American settlers to move both their families and household goods westward. Varieties of this wagon include the Conestoga wagon (Larger wagons able to carry large amounts of goods and primarily used on flat trails, example: Santa Fe Trail) and prairie schooner (Smaller wagons more suited for mountainous regions, example: Oregon and California Trails).
  • Curricle
    Curricle
    A curricle was a smart, light two-wheeled chaise or "chariot", large enough for the driver and a passenger and— most unusual for a vehicle with a single axle—usually drawn by a carefully matched pair of horses...

  • Diligence: A French stagecoach. The 19th century ones came in three sizes, La petite diligence, La grande diligence and L'impériale.
  • Dog cart: A sprung cart
    Sprung cart
    A sprung cart was a light, one-horse , two-wheeled vehicle with road springs, for the carriage of passengers on informal occasions. Its name varied according to the body mounted on it....

     used for transporting a gentleman, his loader, and his gun dogs.
  • Dos-à-dos
  • Drag (carriage)
  • Droshky
    Droshky
    A droshky or drosky is a term used for several types of carriage, including:* A low, four-wheeled open carriage used especially in Russia...

     or Drozhki
  • Equipage
    Equipage
    Equipage is a small press publisher of poetry, based in Cambridge, run by the poet and academic Rod Mengham. Equipage's authors include J. H. Prynne, Tom Raworth, Barry MacSweeney, Anna Mendelssohn , Peter Gizzi, Brian Henry, and John Kinsella....

  • Fiacre
  • Fly
    Fly (carriage)
    A fly was a horse-drawn public coach or delivery wagon, especially one let out for hire. In Britain, the term also referred to a light covered vehicle, such as a single-horse pleasure carriage or a hansom cab....

  • Four-in-hand coach
  • Gharry
    Gharry
    A gharry or gharri is a horse-drawn cab used especially in India. A palkee gharry is shaped somewhat like a palanquin. A gharry driver is a gharry-wallah....

  • Gig (carriage)
    Gig (carriage)
    A gig, also called chair or chaise, is a light, two-wheeled sprung cart pulled by one horse.-Description:Gigs travelling at night would normally carry two oil lamps with thick glass, known as gig-lamps. Gig carts are constructed with the driver's seat sitting higher than the level of the shafts. ...

     
  • Gladstone
  • Governess cart
    Governess cart
    A Governess cart is a small two-wheeled horse-drawn cart. Their distinguishing feature is a small tub body, with two opposed inward-facing seats. They could seat four, although there was little room for four large adults. The driver sat sideways on one of these seats. The centre rear of the body...

    : A sprung cart with two inward-facing benches, high sides and entry at the back. The upper part of the body was often of wicker.
  • Growler: The four-wheeled version of a hansom cab
  • Hackney carriage
    Hackney carriage
    A hackney or hackney carriage is a carriage or automobile for hire...

  • Hansom cab
    Hansom cab
    The hansom cab is a kind of horse-drawn cart designed and patented in 1834 by Joseph Hansom, an architect from York. The vehicle was developed and tested by Hansom in Hinckley, Leicestershire, England. Originally called the Hansom safety cab, it was designed to combine speed with safety, with a low...

    : A one-horsed, two-wheeled, maneuverable public hire vehicle.
  • Hearse
    Hearse
    A hearse is a funerary vehicle used to carry a coffin from a church or funeral home to a cemetery. In the funeral trade, hearses are often called funeral coaches.-History:...

  • Herdic
    Herdic
    A herdic is a type of horse-drawn carriage, used as an omnibus, invented by Peter Herdic of Williamsport, Lycoming County, Pennsylvania in 1881....

  • Jaunting car
    Jaunting car
    A jaunting-car is a light two-wheeled carriage for a single horse, in its most common form with seats for two or four persons placed back to back, with the foot-boards projecting over the wheels...

    : A sprung cart in which passengers sat back to back with their feet outboard of the wheels. An Irish design.
  • Karozzin
    Karozzin
    The karozzin is a Maltese traditional mode of transport consisting of a carriage pulled by a horse or pair of horses. It was once popular for general transit and is still used in ceremonies such as funerals, and as a tourist attraction. It is mostly found at Mdina and Valletta, and dates to the...

    : a traditional Maltese carriage drawn by one horse or a pair
  • Kid hack
    Kid hack
    A kid hack was a horse-drawn vehicle used for transporting children to school in the late 19th and early 20th century in the United States. The word hack, meaning a horse-drawn cab, is short for hackney carriage. The vehicle was actually powered by both horses and mules, and usually loaded at the...

    : A van
    Van
    A van is a kind of vehicle used for transporting goods or groups of people.In British English usage, it can be either specially designed or based on a saloon or sedan car, the latter type often including derivatives with open backs...

     used in the US for carrying children to and from school.
  • Landau
    Landau (carriage)
    A landau is a coachbuilding term for a type of four-wheeled, convertible carriage. See also Landau .It is lightweight and suspended on elliptical springs. It was invented in the 18th century and was named after the German city of Landau in the Rhenish Palatinate where they were first produced...

  • Limousine
    Limousine
    A limousine is a luxury sedan or saloon car, especially one with a lengthened wheelbase or driven by a chauffeur. The chassis of a limousine may have been extended by the manufacturer or by an independent coachbuilder. These are called "stretch" limousines and are traditionally black or white....

  • Meadowbrook (carriage)
  • Omnibus
    George Shillibeer
    George Shillibeer was an English coachbuilder.Shillibeer was born in St Marylebone, London the son of Abraham and Elizabeth Shillibeer. Christened in St Marys Church, Marylebone on 22 October 1797, Shillibeer worked for the coach company Hatchetts in Long Acre, the coach-building district of the...

  • One-horse carriage
  • Outside car
    Jaunting car
    A jaunting-car is a light two-wheeled carriage for a single horse, in its most common form with seats for two or four persons placed back to back, with the foot-boards projecting over the wheels...

    : See jaunting car.

  • Phaeton
    Phaeton (carriage)
    Phaeton is the early 19th-century term for a sporty open carriage drawn by a single horse or a pair, typically with four extravagantly large wheels, very lightly sprung, with a minimal body, fast and dangerous. It usually had no sidepieces in front of the seats...

    : An early nineteenth century sports car.
  • Post chaise
  • Ralli car
    Ralli car
    A Ralli car is a traditional type of horse-drawn cart, named after the Ralli family. The vehicle was commonly used as a general run-around for families. It has back-to-back seating with space under the seats for luggage or shopping bags....

    : a light two wheeled sprung cart (gig
    Gig (carriage)
    A gig, also called chair or chaise, is a light, two-wheeled sprung cart pulled by one horse.-Description:Gigs travelling at night would normally carry two oil lamps with thick glass, known as gig-lamps. Gig carts are constructed with the driver's seat sitting higher than the level of the shafts. ...

    ) with two forward-facing and two rear-facing seats back-to-back, and a sliding fore-and-aft seat adjustment to allow the vehicle to balance with different numbers of passengers.
  • Randem
  • Ratha
    Ratha
    Ratha is the Indo-Iranian term for the spoked-wheel chariot of Antiquity.It derives from a collective to a Proto-Indo-European word for "wheel" that also resulted in Latin rota and is also known from Germanic, Celtic and Baltic...

  • Rig
  • Rockaway
    Rockaway (carriage)
    Rockaway is a term applied to two types of carriage: a light, low, American four-wheel carriage with a fixed top and open sides that may be covered by waterproof curtains, and a heavy carriage enclosed at sides and rear, with a door on each side. The name may be derived from the town of Rockaway,...

  • Sleigh: a vehicle with runners for use in snow (or when delivering
    Santa Claus
    Santa Claus is a folklore figure in various cultures who distributes gifts to children, normally on Christmas Eve. Each name is a variation of Saint Nicholas, but refers to Santa Claus...

     children's presents).
  • Spider phaeton
    Spider phaeton
    A spider phaeton was a very high carriage of light construction, with a covered seat in front and a footman's seat behind. Of American origin, this phaeton was made for gentlemen drivers.-External links:...

  • Sprung cart
    Sprung cart
    A sprung cart was a light, one-horse , two-wheeled vehicle with road springs, for the carriage of passengers on informal occasions. Its name varied according to the body mounted on it....

    : A light, two-wheeled vehicle with springing, for informal passenger use. Its name varied according to the body mounted on it. See dog cart, gig
    Gig (carriage)
    A gig, also called chair or chaise, is a light, two-wheeled sprung cart pulled by one horse.-Description:Gigs travelling at night would normally carry two oil lamps with thick glass, known as gig-lamps. Gig carts are constructed with the driver's seat sitting higher than the level of the shafts. ...

    , governess cart
    Governess cart
    A Governess cart is a small two-wheeled horse-drawn cart. Their distinguishing feature is a small tub body, with two opposed inward-facing seats. They could seat four, although there was little room for four large adults. The driver sat sideways on one of these seats. The centre rear of the body...

    , jaunting car
    Jaunting car
    A jaunting-car is a light two-wheeled carriage for a single horse, in its most common form with seats for two or four persons placed back to back, with the foot-boards projecting over the wheels...

    , and trap.
  • Stagecoach
    Stagecoach
    A stagecoach is a type of covered wagon for passengers and goods, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, usually four-in-hand. Widely used before the introduction of railway transport, it made regular trips between stages or stations, which were places of rest provided for stagecoach travelers...

    : A public coach travelling in timetabled stages between stables which supply fresh horses.

  • Stanhope (carriage)
    Stanhope (carriage)
    The stanhope was a gig, buggy or light phaeton, typically having a high seat and closed back. It was named after Captain Hon. Henry FitzRoy Stanhope The stanhope was a gig, buggy or light phaeton, typically having a high seat and closed back. It was named after Captain Hon. Henry FitzRoy Stanhope...

    : A light, open, one-seated carriage: originally with two wheels, later also with four.
  • State Coach: A very grand coach used for royal state occasions. For example, Gold State Coach
    Gold State Coach
    The Gold State Coach is an enclosed, eight horse-drawn carriage used by the British Royal Family. It was built in the London workshops of Samuel Butler in 1762 and has been used at the coronation of every British monarch since George IV...

    , Irish State Coach
    Irish State Coach
    The Irish State Coach is an enclosed, four-horse-drawn carriage used by the British Royal Family. It is the traditional horse-drawn coach in which the British monarch travels from Buckingham Palace to the Palace of Westminster to formally open the new legislative session of the UK Parliament.The...

     and Scottish State Coach
    Scottish State Coach
    The Scottish State Coach is an enclosed, four horse-drawn carriage used by the British Royal Family.The coach was built in 1830 for Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge and his family used it for many years until they sold it to William Keppel, 7th Earl of Albemarle, who converted it into a...

    .
  • Sulky
    Sulky
    A sulky is a lightweight cart having two wheels and a seat for the driver only but usually without a body, generally pulled by horses or dogs, and is used for harness races...

    : a very light two-wheeled cart for one person, especially used for harness racing
    Harness racing
    Harness racing is a form of horse racing in which the horses race at a specific gait . They usually pull a two-wheeled cart called a sulky, although racing under saddle is also conducted in Europe.-Breeds:...

    .
  • Surrey
    Surrey (carriage)
    A surrey is a horse-drawn, four-wheeled, two-seated pleasure carriage with an open spindle seat.-Overview:The name comes from Surrey, the county in southern England where it was first built. It resembles a cabriolet but has a straight or nearly straight bottom, sometimes cut under...

  • Tarantass
    Tarantass
    The tarantass is a four-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle on a long longitudinal frame, reducing road jolting on long-distance travel. It was widely used in Russia in the first half of the 19th century. It generally carried four passengers...

     or Tarantas
    Tarantas
    Tarantas may refer to* Tarantas , a style of flamenco from Almería, derived from the Andalusian fandango* Tarantella, a traditional Italian dance or song* Tarantass, a horse-drawn Russian carriage...

  • Tilbury
    Tilbury (carriage)
    A tilbury is a light, open, two-wheeled carriage, with or without a top, developed in the early 19th century by the London firm of Tilbury, coachbuilders in Mount Street...

  • Training cart or training trap: A simple sprung or unsprung two-person modern cart for training a harness horse on smooth roads. Often made of steel with motorcycle
    Motorcycle
    A motorcycle is a single-track, two-wheeled motor vehicle. Motorcycles vary considerably depending on the task for which they are designed, such as long distance travel, navigating congested urban traffic, cruising, sport and racing, or off-road conditions.Motorcycles are one of the most...

     wheels, and sometimes with adjustable shafts for different-sized horses.
  • Trap: An open sprung cart
    Sprung cart
    A sprung cart was a light, one-horse , two-wheeled vehicle with road springs, for the carriage of passengers on informal occasions. Its name varied according to the body mounted on it....

    . Often used in a general sense to cover any small passenger-carrying cart.
  • Troika
    Troika (driving)
    A troika is a traditional Russian harness driving combination, using three horses abreast, usually pulling a sleigh. It differs from most other three-horse combinations in that the horses are harnessed abreast. The middle horse is usually harnessed in a horse collar and shaft bow; the side horses...

    : A sleigh drawn by three horses harnessed abreast. Occasionally, a similar wheeled vehicle.
  • Vardo (gypsy wagon)
    Vardo (gypsy wagon)
    A vardo is a traditional horse-drawn wagon used by British Romani people .The design of the vardo included large wheels running outside the body of the van, which slopes outwards considerably towards the eaves...

    : A vardo is a traditional horse-drawn wagon used by English Romani Gypsies.
  • Victoria
    Victoria (carriage)
    The victoria was an elegant French carriage, possibly based on a phaeton made for King George IV of the United Kingdom. A victoria may be visualised as essentially a phaeton with the addition of a coachman's box-seat....

    : A one-horse carriage with a front-facing bench seat. The body was slung low, in front of the back axle. Driven by a servant.
  • Village cart
  • Vis-à-vis
    Vis-à-vis
    Vis-à-vis may refer to:* Vis-à-vis * "Vis à Vis" , an episode of Star Trek: Voyager...

  • Voiturette
    Voiturette
    Voiturette is a word mostly used to describe a miniature automobile; however, it has several nuanced meanings, depending largely on the usage date.-History:...

  • Wagonette
    Wagonette
    A wagonette or an omnibus is a horse-drawn wagon for passenger transport. Two wooden benches along the right and left side of the wagon platform can hold several sitting people facing each other. The driver sits on a separate, front-facing bench.The term carried over to motorized vehicles...

    : a four-wheeled vehicle for carrying people, usually with a forward-facing seat at the front and two rows of inward-facing seats behind.
  • Whim

Waterway

  • Fly boat: A canal boat which changed horses at stages and could therefore keep moving, care being taken to maximize its speed.


Road

  • Bow wagon: A simple agricultural wagon with laths bowed over the wheels in the manner of mudguards, to keep bulky loads such as straw from contact with them. An Australian design.
  • Un-sprung cart
    Un-sprung cart
    The un-sprung cart was a simple, sturdy, one-horse, two-wheeled vehicle used by roadmen, farmers and the like for small loads of relatively dense material like road metal or dung. In Australia and New Zealand, it is frequently called a dray. Elsewhere, that is a name occasionally used...

    : A simple two-wheeled vehicle for workaday use in carrying bulk loads. It was usually drawn by one horse.
  • Chasse-marée
    Chasse-marée
    In English, a chasse-marée is a specific, archaic type of decked commercial sailing vessel.In French, un chasse-marée was 'a wholesale fishmonger', originally on the Channel coast of France and later, on the Atlantic coast as well. He bought in the coastal ports and sold in inland markets. However,...

    : A four-horse adaptation of the cart principle for the rapid delivery of fish to French markets.
  • Conestoga wagon
    Conestoga wagon
    The Conestoga wagon is a heavy, broad-wheeled covered wagon that was used extensively during the late 18th century and the 19th century in the United States and sometimes in Canada as well. It was large enough to transport loads up to 8 tons , and was drawn by horses, mules or oxen...

    : A large, curved-bottom wagon for carrying commercial or government freight. See covered wagon.
  • Dray
    Cart
    A cart is a vehicle designed for transport, using two wheels and normally pulled by one or a pair of draught animals. A handcart is pulled or pushed by one or more people...

    : Particularly in Australia and New Zealand, an un-sprung cart. In Britain, even in the 18th century, the name came to be associated with brewers
    Brewing
    Brewing is the production of beer through steeping a starch source in water and then fermenting with yeast. Brewing has taken place since around the 6th millennium BCE, and archeological evidence suggests that this technique was used in ancient Egypt...

    ' deliveries so that the later vehicle that was more correctly called a trolley
    Trolley (horse-drawn)
    Among horse-drawn vehicles, a trolley was a goods vehicle with a platform body with four small wheels of equal size, mounted underneath it, the front two on a turntable undercarriage. The wheels were rather larger and the deck proportionately higher than those of a lorry...

     also came to be known as a brewer's dray. These are still seen at horse shows in Britain.
Also a sledge used for moving felled trees in the same way as the wheeled skidder. (See implements, below). It could be used in woodland, apparently with or without snow, but was useful on frozen lakes and waterways. [OED]
  • Float
    Float (horse-drawn)
    A float is a form of two-wheeled horse-drawn cart with a dropped axle to give an especially low loadbed.They were intended for carrying heavy or unstable items such as milk churns. The name survives today in that of the milkfloat....

    : A light, two-wheeled domestic delivery vehicle with the centre of its axle cranked downward to allow low-loading and easy access to the goods. It was used particularly for milk delivery.
  • Lorry
    Lorry (horse-drawn)
    Among horse-drawn vehicles, a lorry was a low-loading trolley. It was used mainly for the carriage of other vehicles, for example for delivery from the coachbuilders or returning there for repair....

    : A low-loading platform body with four small wheels mounted underneath it. The driver's seat was mounted on the headboard.

  • Mail coach
    Mail coach
    In Great Britain, the mail coach or post coach was a horse-drawn carriage that carried mail deliveries, from 1784. In Ireland, the first mail coach began service from Dublin in 1789. The coach was drawn by four horses and had seating for four passengers inside. Further passengers were later allowed...

    : A stagecoach primarily for the carriage of mail, though also carrying passengers.
  • Mophrey: An un-sprung cart which could be extended forwards with the addition of front wheels. It was used by small farmers as and when dense or bulky loads were to be carried (muck-spreading and harvest). An eastern English design.
  • Pantechnicon van
    Pantechnicon van
    A Pantechnicon van, currently usually shortened to pantechnicon, was originally a furniture removal van drawn by horses and used by the British company "The Pantechnicon" for delivering and collecting furniture which its customers wished to store...

    : Originally, a van used by The Pantechnicon for delivering goods to its customers.
  • Prairie schooner: The name given years later to the canvas-topped farm wagons used by North American settlers to move their families and capital goods westward. See covered wagon and Conestoga wagon.
  • Telega
    Telega
    Telega is a commune in Prahova County, Romania. It is composed of six villages: Boşilceşti, Buştenari, Doftana, Meliceşti, Telega and Ţonţeşti.Telega is a community situated some 5 km...

  • Travois
    Travois
    A travois is a frame used by indigenous peoples, notably the Plains Indians of North America, to drag loads over land...

    : A very simple sledge used for moving relatively small loads, consisting of a pair of shafts dragging on the ground.
  • Trolley
    Trolley (horse-drawn)
    Among horse-drawn vehicles, a trolley was a goods vehicle with a platform body with four small wheels of equal size, mounted underneath it, the front two on a turntable undercarriage. The wheels were rather larger and the deck proportionately higher than those of a lorry...

    : Like a lorry, but with slightly larger wheels and slightly higher deck. The driver's seat was mounted on the headboard.
  • Trolley and lift van
    Trolley and lift van
    The trolley was a platform body with four relatively small wheels mounted underneath it, the front two on a turntable undercarriage. It was drawn by a pair of horses and the driver's seat was mounted on the headboard....

    : A standardized trolley and a lift van, a standardized box, designed to fit each other or any other of the same sort. The lift van was the direct counterpart of the modern container in the materials and size appropriate to its time.
  • Wagon
    Wagon
    A wagon is a heavy four-wheeled vehicle pulled by draught animals; it was formerly often called a wain, and if low and sideless may be called a dray, trolley or float....

    : See also twenty mule team
    Twenty mule team
    Twenty-mule teams were teams of eighteen mules and two horses attached to large wagons that ferried borax out of Death Valley from 1883 to 1889. They traveled from mines across the Mojave Desert to the nearest railroad spur, 165 miles away in Mojave, California...

  • Wain
    Wain
    A wain is a type of horse-drawn, load-carrying vehicle, used for agricultural purposes rather than transporting people, for example a haywain. It normally has four wheels but the term has now acquired slightly poetical connotations so is not always used with technical correctness. However, a...


Railway

  • Rubbish wagon
    Slate waggon
    Slate waggons are specialized types of railway waggons designed for the conveyance of slate. The characteristics of this stone led to the development of small open cars that carried the slate in its various forms. These were first developed on the narrow gauge railways serving the slate industry...

     or slab wagon
    Slate waggon
    Slate waggons are specialized types of railway waggons designed for the conveyance of slate. The characteristics of this stone led to the development of small open cars that carried the slate in its various forms. These were first developed on the narrow gauge railways serving the slate industry...

     or slate wagon: A small, four-wheeled truck used for carrying blocks of slate
    Slate
    Slate is a fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale-type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism. The result is a foliated rock in which the foliation may not correspond to the original sedimentary layering...

     out of a quarry
    Quarry
    A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. Quarries are generally used for extracting building materials, such as dimension stone, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, and gravel. They are often collocated with concrete and asphalt plants due to the requirement...

    .
  • Dandy waggon
    Dandy waggon
    The dandy waggon is a type of railroad car used to carry horses on gravity trains. They are particularly associated with the narrow gauge Festiniog Railway in Wales where they were used between 1836 and 1863.- The challenge :...

    : A special rail car on a gravity train
    Gravity railroad
    A gravity railroad or Gravity railway is a railroad on a slope that allow cars carrying minerals or passengers to coast down the slope by the force of gravity alone. The cars are then hauled back up the slope using animal power or a stationary engine and a cable, chain or one or more wide, flat...

     used to transport the horse while coasting down a hill.

Waterway

  • Broad boat: Used on the broad (14 ft) canals of Britain and towed from the tow path.
  • Flatboat
    Flatboat
    Fil1800flatboat.jpgA flatboat is a rectangular flat-bottomed boat with Fil1800flatboat.jpgA flatboat is a rectangular flat-bottomed boat with Fil1800flatboat.jpgA flatboat is a rectangular flat-bottomed boat with (mostlyNOTE: "(parenthesized)" wordings in the quote below are notes added to...

    : A canal boat of simple box-shaped design used on nineteenth century American waterways.
  • Horse-drawn boat
    Horse-drawn boat
    A horse-drawn boat or tow-boat is a historic boat operating on a canal, pulled by a horse walking on a special road along the canal, the towpath.-United Kingdom:...

    : A general term relating to broad or narrow canal boats for passenger or freight carriage.
  • Narrowboat
    Narrowboat
    A narrowboat or narrow boat is a boat of a distinctive design, made to fit the narrow canals of Great Britain.In the context of British Inland Waterways, "narrow boat" refers to the original working boats built in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries for carrying goods on the narrow canals...

    : Used on the narrow (7 ft) canals of Britain and towed from the tow path.
  • Slow boat: A canal boat which used only one team of horses which must stop each night to rest.


Agricultural and other implements

  • Calliope
    Calliope (music)
    A calliope is a musical instrument that produces sound by sending a gas, originally steam or more recently compressed air, through large whistles, originally locomotive whistles....

     or Fairground organ
    Calliope (music)
    A calliope is a musical instrument that produces sound by sending a gas, originally steam or more recently compressed air, through large whistles, originally locomotive whistles....

  • Koneke ˈkɒnɛkɪ noun, New Zealand - a farm vehicle with runners in front and wheels at the rear [Maori].
  • Plough
    Plough
    The plough or plow is a tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting. It has been a basic instrument for most of recorded history, and represents one of the major advances in agriculture...

  • Potato spinner
    Potato spinner
    A potato spinner, or potato digger, is an agricultural machine that is connected to a tractor through the three-point linkage. Older machines were drawn by horse and were driven by a ground drive...

  • Reaper
    Reaper
    A reaper is a person or machine that reaps crops at harvest, when they are ripe.-Hand reaping:Hand reaping is done by various means, including plucking the ears of grains directly by hand, cutting the grain stalks with a sickle, cutting them with a scythe, or with a later type of scythe called a...

  • Reaper-binder
  • Seed drill
    Seed drill
    A seed drill is a sowing device that precisely positions seeds in the soil and then covers them. Before the introduction of the seed drill, the common practice was to plant seeds by hand. Besides being wasteful, planting was very imprecise and led to a poor distribution of seeds, leading to low...

  • Skidder
    Skidder
    A skidder is any type of heavy vehicle used in a logging operation for pulling cut trees out of a forest in a process called "skidding", in which the logs are transported from the cutting site to a landing. Here they are loaded onto trucks , and sent to the mill...

     

War vehicles

  • Caisson
    Caisson (military)
    A limber is a two-wheeled cart designed to support the trail of an artillery piece, or the stock of a field carriage such as a caisson or traveling forge, allowing it to be towed. A caisson is a two-wheeled cart designed to carry artillery ammunition...

  • Chariot
    Chariot
    The chariot is a type of horse carriage used in both peace and war as the chief vehicle of many ancient peoples. Ox carts, proto-chariots, were built by the Proto-Indo-Europeans and also built in Mesopotamia as early as 3000 BC. The original horse chariot was a fast, light, open, two wheeled...

  • Limber
    Caisson (military)
    A limber is a two-wheeled cart designed to support the trail of an artillery piece, or the stock of a field carriage such as a caisson or traveling forge, allowing it to be towed. A caisson is a two-wheeled cart designed to carry artillery ammunition...

  • Gun carriage
  • Horse artillery
    Horse artillery
    Horse artillery was a type of light, fast-moving and fast-firing artillery which provided highly mobile fire support to European and American armies from the 17th to the early 20th century...

  • Scythed chariot
    Scythed chariot
    The scythed chariot was a war chariot with scythe-like blades mounted on each side, employed in ancient times.-History:The scythed chariot was a modified war chariot. The blades extended horizontally for about to each side of the wheels...

  • Tachanka
    Tachanka
    The tachanka was a horse-drawn machine gun platform, usually a cart or an open wagon with a heavy machine gun installed in the back. A tachanka could be pulled by two to four horses and required a crew of two or three...


See also

  • Horse harness
    Horse harness
    A horse harness is a type of horse tack that allows a horse or other equine to pull various horse-drawn vehicles such as a carriage, wagon or sleigh. Harnesses may also be used to hitch animals to other loads such as a plow or canal boat....

  • Driving (horse)
    Driving (horse)
    Driving, when applied to horses, ponies, mules, or donkeys, is a broad term for hitching equines to a wagon, carriage, cart, sleigh, or other horse-drawn vehicle by means of a harness and working them in this way...

  • Naturmobil
    Naturmobil
    The Naturmobil is a horse-powered vehicle for travel on paved roads. The vehicle is controlled by a driver in a similar way to a motor-driven vehicle, with the horse inside the vehicle on a treadmill. It weighs , or probably around with the horse. It cruises at about , with a top speed of about...

  • Guard stone
    Guard stone
    A guard stone is a metal or stone piece located at the foot of a gateway or wall and which is intended to prevent vehicle wheels from damaging the wall.- Introduction :Guard stones were developed at the time of horse powered vehicles....


External links

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