, Duke of Aquitaine
, Duke of Gascony
, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. Henry, the great-grandson of William the Conqueror, was the first of the House of Plantagenet
to rule England. Henry was the first to use the title "King of England" (as opposed to "King of the English").
He is known as Henry Curtmantle or Curtmantel and Henry Fitz-Empress.
Henry II was born in Le Mans
, France, on 5 March 1133.
1152 Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1154 Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
1170 Thomas Becket: Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II; he subsequently becomes a saint and martyr in the Anglican Church and the Roman Catholic Church.
1174 William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173–1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.