Hamburgisch is a group of Northern Low Saxon
Northern Low Saxon
Northern Low Saxon is a West Low German dialect.As such, it covers a great part of the West Low-German-speaking areas of northern Germany, with the exception of the border regions where Eastphalian and Westphalian are spoken...

Variety (linguistics)
In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster. This may include languages, dialects, accents, registers, styles or other sociolinguistic variation, as well as the standard variety itself...

 spoken in Hamburg
-History:The first historic name for the city was, according to Claudius Ptolemy's reports, Treva.But the city takes its modern name, Hamburg, from the first permanent building on the site, a castle whose construction was ordered by the Emperor Charlemagne in AD 808...

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

. Occasionally, the term Hamburgisch is also used for Hamburg Missingsch
Missingsch is a type of Low-German-coloured dialect or sociolect of German. It is characterised by Low-German-type structures and the presence of numerous loanwords from Low German in High German.- Description :...

, a variety of standard German
Standard German
Standard German is the standard variety of the German language used as a written language, in formal contexts, and for communication between different dialect areas...

 with Low Saxon substrates. These are urban dialects that have absorbed numerous English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

 and Dutch
Dutch language
Dutch is a West Germanic language and the native language of the majority of the population of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Suriname, the three member states of the Dutch Language Union. Most speakers live in the European Union, where it is a first language for about 23 million and a second...

 loanwords, for instance Törn ‘trip’ (< turn) and suutje ‘gently’ (< Dutch zoetjes).

Hamburg is pronounced ˈhambɔrç in these dialects, with a "ch" similar to that in the standard German word Milch. Typical of the Hamburg dialects and other Lower Elbe dialects is the pronunciation (and spelling) eu for the diphthong /œɪ/ (written öö, öh or ö), e.g.
in Hamburg elsewhere English
keupen [ˈkʰɔɪpm] köpen [ˈkʰœɪpm] to buy
scheun [ʃɔɪn] schöön [ʃœɪn] beautiful

However, as in most other Low Saxon (Low German) dialects, the long monophthong /øː/ is pronounced øː (as in French peu), for instance Kööm ~ Kœm [kʰøːm] ‘caraway’.

The Low Saxon language in Hamburg is divided in several subdialects, e.g.
  • Finkwarder Platt
  • Olwarder Platt
  • Veerlanner Platt (with many sub-sub-dialects)
  • Barmbeker Platt

The Hamborger Veermaster
Hamborger Veermaster
´De Hamborger Veermaster´ is a famous sea shanty sung in Low German. It is partly in English and partly in Low German...

is a famous sea shanty sung in the regional dialect.
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