German submarine U-84 (1941)

German submarine U-84 was a Type VIIB U-boat
U-boat is the anglicized version of the German word U-Boot , itself an abbreviation of Unterseeboot , and refers to military submarines operated by Germany, particularly in World War I and World War II...

 of the German
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany , also known as the Third Reich , but officially called German Reich from 1933 to 1943 and Greater German Reich from 26 June 1943 onward, is the name commonly used to refer to the state of Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by...

The Kriegsmarine was the name of the German Navy during the Nazi regime . It superseded the Kaiserliche Marine of World War I and the post-war Reichsmarine. The Kriegsmarine was one of three official branches of the Wehrmacht, the unified armed forces of Nazi Germany.The Kriegsmarine grew rapidly...

 during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...


U-84 was launched on 26 February 1941 and commissioned on 29 April 1941. She operated during the Battle of the Atlantic during the Second World War before being sunk while under the command of Horst Uphoff on 7 August 1943 in the North Atlantic, in position 27.55°N 68.03°W by a Mk 24 homing torpedo from an American Liberator aircraft (VB-105/B-4 USN). 46 dead (all hands lost).

U-84 served on 8 patrols and accounted for 6 ships sunk and 1 ship damaged during World War II. She operated in the Gulf of Mexico for a time. Commanded by Captain Uphoff, U-84 torpedoed the freighter Baja California just forward of midships while in the Gulf of Mexico on 19 July 1942 at 06:45. Baja California sank in about 114 feet (34.7 m) of water about 60 to 70 nmi (111.1 to 129.6 km) southwest of Fort Myers, Florida
Fort Myers, Florida
Fort Myers is the county seat and commercial center of Lee County, Florida, United States. Its population was 62,298 in the 2010 census, a 29.23 percent increase over the 2000 figure....

. Baja California, en route from New Orleans, Louisiana
New Orleans, Louisiana
New Orleans is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana. The New Orleans metropolitan area has a population of 1,235,650 as of 2009, the 46th largest in the USA. The New Orleans – Metairie – Bogalusa combined statistical area has a population...

 to Key West
Key West, Florida
Key West is a city in Monroe County, Florida, United States. The city encompasses the island of Key West, the part of Stock Island north of U.S. 1 , Sigsbee Park , Fleming Key , and Sunset Key...

, was carrying a load of general cargo which included glassware.

Ships sunk or damaged by U-84

Date Name of ship Tons Nationality
8 April 1942 Nemanja 5,226 Yugoslavia
21 April 1942 Chenango 5,226 Panama
23 June 1942 Torvanger 6,568 Norwegian
13 July 1942 Andrew Jackson 5,990 United States
19 July 1942 Baja California 1,648 Honduran
21 July 1942 (damaged) 7,176 United States
2 November 1942 Empire Sunrise 7,459 Britain

See also

  • List of German U-boats

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