The genotype is the genetic
Genetics , a discipline of biology, is the science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms....

 makeup of a cell, an organism, or an individual (i.e. the specific allele
An allele is one of two or more forms of a gene or a genetic locus . "Allel" is an abbreviation of allelomorph. Sometimes, different alleles can result in different observable phenotypic traits, such as different pigmentation...

 makeup of the individual) usually with reference to a specific character under consideration. For instance, the human CFTR gene, which encodes a protein that transports chloride ions across cell membranes, can be dominant (A) as the normal version of the gene, or recessive (a) as a mutated version of the gene.