Filmfare Awards
Overview
 
The Filmfare Awards are presented annually by The Times Group
The Times Group
The Times Group is the largest media conglomerate in India and is headed by brothers Samir and Vineet Jain.The company has eleven publishing centres, fifteen printing centres, fifty-five sales offices, Over 7000 employees, five dailies, including two of the largest in the country with approx 4.3...

 to honour both artistic and technical excellence of professionals in the Hindi language film industry
Bollywood
Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai , Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other production centers producing...

 of India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

. The Filmfare ceremony is one of the oldest and most prominent film events given for Hindi films in India. The awards were first introduced in 1954, the same year as the National Film Awards
National Film Awards
The National Film Awards is the most prominent film award ceremony in India. Established in 1954, it is administered, along with the International Film Festival of India and the Indian Panorama, by the Indian government's Directorate of Film Festivals since 1973.Every year, a national panel...

. They were initially referred to as the Clare Awards after the editor of The Times of India
The Times of India
The Times of India is an Indian English-language daily newspaper. TOI has the largest circulation among all English-language newspaper in the world, across all formats . It is owned and managed by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd...

, Clare Mendonca.
Encyclopedia
The Filmfare Awards are presented annually by The Times Group
The Times Group
The Times Group is the largest media conglomerate in India and is headed by brothers Samir and Vineet Jain.The company has eleven publishing centres, fifteen printing centres, fifty-five sales offices, Over 7000 employees, five dailies, including two of the largest in the country with approx 4.3...

 to honour both artistic and technical excellence of professionals in the Hindi language film industry
Bollywood
Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai , Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other production centers producing...

 of India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

. The Filmfare ceremony is one of the oldest and most prominent film events given for Hindi films in India. The awards were first introduced in 1954, the same year as the National Film Awards
National Film Awards
The National Film Awards is the most prominent film award ceremony in India. Established in 1954, it is administered, along with the International Film Festival of India and the Indian Panorama, by the Indian government's Directorate of Film Festivals since 1973.Every year, a national panel...

. They were initially referred to as the Clare Awards after the editor of The Times of India
The Times of India
The Times of India is an Indian English-language daily newspaper. TOI has the largest circulation among all English-language newspaper in the world, across all formats . It is owned and managed by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd...

, Clare Mendonca. A dual voting system was developed in 1956. Under this system, "in contrast to the National Film Awards
National Film Awards
The National Film Awards is the most prominent film award ceremony in India. Established in 1954, it is administered, along with the International Film Festival of India and the Indian Panorama, by the Indian government's Directorate of Film Festivals since 1973.Every year, a national panel...

, which are decided by a panel appointed by Indian Government, the Filmfare Awards are voted for by both the public and a committee of experts." The Filmfare Awards have been often referred to as Hindi film industry's equivalent to the Oscars
Academy Awards
An Academy Award, also known as an Oscar, is an accolade bestowed by the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to recognize excellence of professionals in the film industry, including directors, actors, and writers...

.

History

The Filmfare awards were first introduced in 1954. The Clares was the original name of the award ceremony, named after The Times of India critic Clare Mendonca. Readers of Filmfare
Filmfare
Filmfare is an English-language tabloid-sized magazine about Indian cinema. Published by The Times Group, India's largest media services conglomerate, in Mumbai , it highlights the doings of the Bollywood film scene...

were polled to decide the winners, and over 20,000 readers spread throughout India participated in the polls; trophies
Trophy
A trophy is a reward for a specific achievement, and serves as recognition or evidence of merit. Trophies are most often awarded for sporting events, from youth sports to professional level athletics...

 were given to winners of the popular vote. In the first awards function, held on 21 March 1954 at the Metro Theatre of Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai , formerly known as Bombay in English, is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, and the fourth most populous city in the world, with a total metropolitan area population of approximately 20.5 million...

, only five awards were presented: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, and Best Music Director. Do Bigha Zameen
Do Bigha Zameen
Do Bigha Zamin is 1953 Hindi film, directed by Bengali film director Bimal Roy and star Balraj Sahni and Nirupa Roy in lead roles. The film is known for its socialist theme, and is an important film in the early parallel cinema of India and is rightly considered a trend setter...

was the first movie to win the award for Best Film. The first winners for other four categories were: Bimal Roy
Bimal Roy
Bimal Roy was one of the most acclaimed Indian film directors of all time. He is particularly noted for his realistic and socialistic films like Do Bigha Zamin, Parineeta, Biraj Bahu, Madhumati, Sujata, and Bandini, making him an important director of Hindi cinema...

 for his direction of Do Bigha Zameen, Dilip Kumar
Dilip Kumar
Dilip Kumar , is an Indian actor and a former Member of Parliament.He lives in Pali Hill, Bandra in Mumbai, India. He is commonly known as "Tragedy King",and is described as "the ultimate method actor" by Satyajit Ray....

 for his performance in Daag
Daag (1952 film)
Daag is a 1952 Indian Hindi film produced and directed by Amiya Chakrabarty. The film stars Dilip Kumar, Nimmi and Lalita Pawar. The films music is by Shankar Jaikishan...

, Meena Kumari
Meena Kumari
Meena Kumari , born Mahjabeen Bano, was an Indian movie actress and poetess. She is regarded as one of the most prominent actresses to have appeared on the screens of Hindi Cinema...

 for her performance in Baiju Bawra
Baiju Bawra
Baiju Bawra is an award-winning 1952 Hindi movie directed by Vijay Bhatt. It stars Bharat Bhushan and Meena Kumari.The movie is based on the legend of Baiju Bawra from the days of Mughal Emperor Akbar in India. Baiju is the son of a musician who also grows up to be a musician...

, and Naushad
Naushad
Naushad Ali was an Indian musician. He was one of the foremost music directors for Bollywood films, and is particularly known for popularizing the use of classical music in films.His first film as an independent music director was Prem Nagar in 1940...

 for his music in Baiju Bawra.

To celebrate the 25th year of the awards the statues were made in silver
Silver
Silver is a metallic chemical element with the chemical symbol Ag and atomic number 47. A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it has the highest electrical conductivity of any element and the highest thermal conductivity of any metal...

 and to celebrate the 50th year the statues were made in gold
Gold
Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and an atomic number of 79. Gold is a dense, soft, shiny, malleable and ductile metal. Pure gold has a bright yellow color and luster traditionally considered attractive, which it maintains without oxidizing in air or water. Chemically, gold is a...

.

Awards

As of 2010, there are 37 awards. There is a separate category of film-critics awards, decided by noted film-critics rather than popular votes. This dual format has also generated some controversy amongst viewers and recipients. Awards are given in the following categories. Follow the links for lists of the award winners, year by year.

Merit awards

  • Best Movie
  • Best Director
  • Best Actor 
  • Best Actress 
  • Best Supporting Actor
  • Best Supporting Actress
  • Best Performance in a Negative Role (category removed after 2007)
  • Best Performance in a Comic Role (category removed after 2007)
  • Best Male Debut
  • Best Female Debut
  • Best Music Director 
  • Best Lyricist 
  • Best Male Playback Singer 
  • Best Female Playback Singer

Critics' awards

  • Critics Award Best Movie
    Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie
    The Filmfare Awards are the oldest and most prominent film awards given for Hindi films in India. The yearly awards started in 1953. Movie awards were first given by popular vote...

     
  • Critics Award Best Actor
    Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor
    The Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor is given by Filmfare as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films. The award is given by the chosen jury of critics assigned to the function, and is a derivation from a previous award known as the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Performance, which...

     (pre-1998 was known as one common category for both male and female actors: Critics Award Best Performance)
  • Critics Award Best Actress
    Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actress
    The Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actress is given by Filmfare as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films. The award is given by the chosen jury of critics assigned to the function, and is a derivation from a previous award known as the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Performance,...

     (pre-1998 was known as one category common for both male and female actors: Critics Award Best Performance)
  • Best Documentary (category removed after 1997)

Technical awards

  • Best Story 
  • Best Screenplay
  • Best Dialogue 
  • Best Action
  • Best Art Direction
  • Best Background Score
  • Best Cinematography
  • Best Editing
  • Best Choreography 
  • Best Sound Recording
  • Best Special Effects
  • Best Costume Design

Special awards

  • Lifetime Achievement
    Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award
    The Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award, initially named Raj Kapoor Award for Lifetime Achievement after Raj Kapoor is given by the Filmfare magazine as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films....

     
  • Power Award
    Filmfare Power Award
    The Filmfare Power Award is given by the Filmfare magazine as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films.The first award was given for the year 2003 and is given every year to those who are ranked No. 1 in the listing of the most powerful names of Bollywood. It is voted each year by the...

     (category removed after 2008)
  • Special Performance Award
  • Best Scene of the Year
  • RD Burman Award for New Music Talent
    Filmfare RD Burman Award for New Music Talent
    The Filmfare R.D. Burman Award for New Music Talent is given by the Filmfare magazine as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films.The award is named after late R.D. Burman...

  • Best Film of 50 Years
    Filmfare Best Film of 50 Years
    The Filmfare Best Film of 50 Years was a rare award only given once to celebrate the 50th Filmfare Anniversary. If the award is repeated, the award will be given to a film at Filmfare's 100th anniversary....

     (2005)

Records and facts

  • Most awards to a single film
    • Black (2005) - 11
    • Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge
      Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge
      Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge , also known as DDLJ, is a Hindi language film released on 20 October 1995. A romantic comedy, the film marked the directorial debut of Aditya Chopra, and stars Shahrukh Khan and Kajol...

      (1995) - 10
    • Devdas
      Devdas (2002 film)
      Devdas is a 2002 Bollywood film based on the 1917 Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay novella Devdas. This is the third Hindi version and the first colour film version of the story in Hindi...

      (2002) - 10
    • Madhumati
      Madhumati
      Madhumati is a 1958 Hindi film produced and directed by Bimal Roy, and written by Ritwik Ghatak and Rajinder Singh Bedi. The music was composed by Salil Choudhury with the lyrics by Shailendra. The film stars Dilip Kumar, Vyjayantimala, Pran, and Johnny Walker. It was one of the earliest films to...

      (1958) - 9

  • Most directing awards
    • Bimal Roy
      Bimal Roy
      Bimal Roy was one of the most acclaimed Indian film directors of all time. He is particularly noted for his realistic and socialistic films like Do Bigha Zamin, Parineeta, Biraj Bahu, Madhumati, Sujata, and Bandini, making him an important director of Hindi cinema...

       - 7

  • Most acting awards – male (Best Actor + Best Supporting Actor)
    • Dilip Kumar
      Dilip Kumar
      Dilip Kumar , is an Indian actor and a former Member of Parliament.He lives in Pali Hill, Bandra in Mumbai, India. He is commonly known as "Tragedy King",and is described as "the ultimate method actor" by Satyajit Ray....

       (8+0) = 8
    • Shahrukh Khan
      Shahrukh Khan
      Shahrukh Khan , often credited as Shah Rukh Khan, is an Indian film actor, as well as a film producer and television host. Often referred to as "the King of Bollywood", Khan has acted in over 70 Hindi films....

       (8+0) = 8
    • Amitabh Bachchan
      Amitabh Bachchan
      Amitabh Bachchan is an Indian film actor. He first gained popularity in the early 1970s as the "angry young man" of Hindi cinema, and has since appeared in over 180 Indian films in a career spanning more than four decades...

       (5+3) = 8

  • Most acting awards – female (Best Actress + Best Supporting Actress)
    • Nutan
      Nutan
      Nutan Behl , better known as Nutan , was an Indian actress. She appeared in more than 70 Hindi films in a career spanning over four decades...

       (5+1) = 6
    • Jaya Bachchan
      Jaya Bachchan
      Jaya Bhaduri Bachchan is an Indian actress and politician. She is an alumna of the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune. Bachchan is the wife of Amitabh Bachchan, and is the mother of Shweta Bachchan-Nanda and Abhishek Bachchan...

       (3+3) = 6
    • Kajol
      Kajol
      Kajol Devgn , better known as Kajol, is an Indian film actress appearing in Hindi films. She is regarded as one of India's most successful and talented female actors....

       (5+0) = 5
    • Madhuri Dixit
      Madhuri Dixit
      Madhuri Dixit is an Indian film actress who has appeared in Hindi films. Throughout the late 1980s and 1990s, she established herself as one of Hindi cinema's leading actresses and most accomplished dancers. She appeared in numerous commercially successful films and was recognised for several of...

       (4+1) = 5

  • Most awards for music direction
    • Shankar Jaikishan
      Shankar Jaikishan
      Shankar Jaikishan , also known as S/J, is an Indian music composer duo in the Hindi film industry, working together from 1949–1971....

       - 9
    • A. R. Rahman
      A. R. Rahman
      Allah Rakha Rahman is an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, record producer, musician, and philanthropist. Described as the world's most prominent and prolific film composer by Time, his works are notable for integrating eastern classical music with electronic music sounds, world music genres and...

       = 9

  • Most playback singer - male
    • Kishore Kumar
      Kishore Kumar
      Kishore Kumar , born Abhas Kumar Ganguly, was an Indian film playback singer and an actor who also worked as lyricist, composer, producer, director, screenwriter and scriptwriter.Kishore Kumar was one of India's greatest performers of the late 20th century...

       = 8
    • Mohammed Rafi
      Mohammed Rafi
      Mohammad Rafi , was an Indian playback singer whose career spanned four decades. He was awarded National Award and 6 Filmfare Awards. In 1967, he was honoured with the Padma Shri awarded by the Government of India....

       = 6

  • Most playback singer - female
    • Asha Bhosle
      Asha Bhosle
      Asha Bhosle is an Indian singer. She is one of the best-known and most highly-regarded Hindi playback singers in India, although she has a wider repertoire. Bhosle's career started in 1943 and has spanned over six decades. She has done playback singing for over a thousand Bollywood movies...

       = 7
    • Alka Yagnik
      Alka Yagnik
      Alka Yagnik is an Indian singer who is ranked among the best Hindi playback singers of all time. She is a seven-time winner of the Filmfare Best Female Playback Award as well as a two-time recipient of the prestigious National Film Awards...

       = 7

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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