Felling is the name given to an area of land in eastern Gateshead
Gateshead is a town in Tyne and Wear, England and is the main settlement in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead. Historically a part of County Durham, it lies on the southern bank of the River Tyne opposite Newcastle upon Tyne and together they form the urban core of Tyneside...

, England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

. Originally an independent settlement in the historic county of Durham
County Durham
County Durham is a ceremonial county and unitary district in north east England. The county town is Durham. The largest settlement in the ceremonial county is the town of Darlington...

 it became incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead
Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead
The Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead is a metropolitan borough of Tyne and Wear, in North East England. It is named after its largest town, Gateshead, but also spans the towns of Rowlands Gill, Whickham, Blaydon and Ryton; suburban areas include Felling, Pelaw, Dunston and Low Fell.It is bordered...

 in 1974.

Its name derives from the area where trees were felled to the east of town to expand and is often referred to locally as "the Felling". It incorporated Leam Lane
Leam Lane Estate
Leam Lane Estate in Gateshead is made up of solely council built accommodation, although most of the dwellings are now privately owned. It has one main shopping area called Fewster Square which contains two Convenience Stores, Frozen Foods Shop, Chinese and Pizza take-aways, D.I.Y. Shop,...

, Heworth
Heworth, Tyne and Wear
Heworth is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead, Tyne and Wear, England. The village's name appears in written records from 1091 as Hewarde, and later as Hewrtha, and in 1300 as Hewrthe....

 Pelaw, Bill Quay, and Windynook

Coal was mined in Felling early in the 17th century.