Faisalabad
Overview
 
Faisalabad formerly known as Lyallpur, is the third largest metropolis in Pakistan, the second largest in the province of Punjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, with approximately 45% of the country's total population. Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the...

 after Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

, and a major industrial center in the heart of Pakistan. Before the foundation of the city in 1880, the area was very thinly populated. The population has risen from 9,171 in 1901 to 979,000 in 1951 and to 1,977,246 in 1998.
Encyclopedia
Faisalabad formerly known as Lyallpur, is the third largest metropolis in Pakistan, the second largest in the province of Punjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, with approximately 45% of the country's total population. Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the...

 after Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

, and a major industrial center in the heart of Pakistan. Before the foundation of the city in 1880, the area was very thinly populated. The population has risen from 9,171 in 1901 to 979,000 in 1951 and to 1,977,246 in 1998. The larger Faisalabad district
Faisalabad District
Faisalabad District is one of the districts of Punjab province, Pakistan. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan it had a population of 5,429,547 of which almost 42% were in Faisalabad City....

 had a population of 5,429,547 million in 1998.

Nicknamed the Manchester of Asia, Faisalabad remains an important industrial city west of Lahore. The city-district of Faisalabad is bound on the north by the districts of Hafizabad
Hafizabad District
Hafizabad District is located in Punjab, Pakistan. Hafizabad was made a district in 1991; formerly, it was a tehsil of Gujranwala District. It is situated in the central Punjab and is known for its rice industry on the agricultural side and cotton textile industry on the industrial side...

 and Chiniot
Chiniot District
Chiniot District became the 36th district of the Punjab province of Pakistan in February 2009. Earlier it was a tehsil of Jhang District.- History :...

, on the east by Nankana Sahib
Nankana Sahib District
Nankana Sahib is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Nankana Sahib is the principal town of the district. The district of Nankana Sahib is located about 75 kilometres west of Lahore and about 55 kilometres east of Faisalabad.-Administration:The area around Nankana Sahib was formerly a...

, on the south by Sahiwal
Sahiwal District
Sahiwal District is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. As of 1998, it had a population of 1,843,194 people, 16.27% of which were located in urban areas. Since 2008, Sahiwal District along with Okara District and Pakpattan District has comprised the Sahiwal Division...

 and Toba Tek Singh, and on the west by Jhang
Jhang District
Jhang District is a district of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The city of Jhang is the district's capital. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the district's population was 2.8 million, of which 23 percent lived in urban areas. By 2008, according to estimates, the population had...

.

The city is at a road and railway junction, which has played an influential role in the development of Faisalabad's trade and economy. The surrounding countryside, irrigated by the Lower Chenab River
Chenab River
The Chenab River چنRiver' آب) is a major river of Jammu and Kashmir and the Punjab in Pakistan. It forms in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan...

, has seen expanded production of cotton
Cotton
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. The botanical purpose of cotton fiber is to aid in seed dispersal....

, wheat
Wheat
Wheat is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East, but now cultivated worldwide. In 2007 world production of wheat was 607 million tons, making it the third most-produced cereal after maize and rice...

, sugarcane
Sugarcane
Sugarcane refers to any of six to 37 species of tall perennial grasses of the genus Saccharum . Native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, they have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar, and measure two to six metres tall...

, vegetables, and fruits, which form 55% of Pakistan's exports. The city is an industrial center
Industrial park
An industrial park is an area zoned and planned for the purpose of industrial development...

 with major railway repair yards, engineering works, and mills
Mills
Mills is the plural form of mill, but may also refer to:*Mills , a common family name of English or Gaelic origin*Mills , a fictional British secret agent created by Manning O'Brine*Another name for the board game Nine Men's Morris...

 that process sugar, flour
Flour
Flour is a powder which is made by grinding cereal grains, other seeds or roots . It is the main ingredient of bread, which is a staple food for many cultures, making the availability of adequate supplies of flour a major economic and political issue at various times throughout history...

, and oil seed. Produce includes superphosphates, cotton
Cotton
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants of the genus Gossypium. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. The botanical purpose of cotton fiber is to aid in seed dispersal....

 and silk
Silk
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The best-known type of silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori reared in captivity...

 textiles, hosiery
Hosiery
Hosiery, also referred to as legwear, describes garments worn directly on the feet and legs. The term originated as the collective term for products of which a maker or seller is termed a hosier; and those products are also known generically as hose...

, dyes, industrial chemicals, beverages, apparels, pulp and paper
Pulp and Paper
Pulp and Paper is the name of the largest United States-based trade magazine for the pulp and paper industry. See also: Paper engineering, Pulp and Paper Merit Badge...

, printing, agricultural equipment, and ghee
Ghee
Ghee is a class of clarified butter that originated in South Asia and is commonly used in South Asian cuisine....

 (clarified butter). Faisalabad is the site of the prestigious University of Agriculture
University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
The University of Agriculture, Faisalabad جامعہ زرعيه فيصل آباد, originally the Punjab Agricultural College and Research Institute, Lyallpur, is a university in the city of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan....

, founded in 1909.

History

Faisalabad remained a semi-desert area where tribes traveled in gypsy manner. Because of impure ground water and its distance of 30 kilometres (18.6 mi) from any river (Chenab River
Chenab River
The Chenab River چنRiver' آب) is a major river of Jammu and Kashmir and the Punjab in Pakistan. It forms in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan...

 in this case), it was never used as permanent residence by roaming tribes.

The very first name of Faisalabad was Chenab Colony, then Sandalbar, then Lyallpur and currently Faisalabad. Faisalabad was once part of ancient district of Jhang
Jhang
- Demographics :According to 1981 census of Pakistan population of Jhang was 1,970,944 with the 434,495 housing units in Jhang. In 1998 census, population of Jhang was 2,834,545, whose annually growth rate was 2.16%. Male population was 1,474,099 and female population was 1,360,446...

 and Sandalbar
Sandalbar
Sandalbar is a region in Pakistan. The vast tract from Shahdara to Shorkot, Sangla Hill to Toba Tek Singh, is traditionally called Sandalbar. Faisalabad was once part of ancient district Jhang and Sandalbar, a 50-square kilometre part mainly consisted of thick forests and wild tribes. It has been a...

, a 5000 square kilometres (1,930.5 sq mi) part mainly consisted of thick forests and wild tribes. The tract from Shahdara
Shahdara
Shahdara , is an area in Delhi, named so because of being established by Mughal Emperor, Shahjahan, is a part of Delhi region in India, situated at the bank of Yamuna river.It is one of the oldest established regions of Delhi and one of the important part of what is known as Purani Dilli...

 to Shorkot
Shorkot
Shorkot is a city in the Jhang District of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located at 30°50'0N 72°4'0E with an altitude of 131 metres and lies in the centre of the district, serving as the headquarters of Shorkot Tehsil. The Sarfraz Rafiqi Airbase, the third largest in Pakistan, is located here...

, Sangla Hill
Sangla Hill
Sangla Hill is a tehsil located in Nankana Sahib District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.- Introduction :Sangla hill is a tehsil under district Nankana Sahib...

 to Toba Tek Singh
Toba Tek Singh
Toba Tek Singh District is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located between 30°33' to 31°2' Degree north latitudes and 72°08' to 72°48' Degree longitudes.-Origins of Name:...

, was traditionally called Sandalbar
Sandalbar
Sandalbar is a region in Pakistan. The vast tract from Shahdara to Shorkot, Sangla Hill to Toba Tek Singh, is traditionally called Sandalbar. Faisalabad was once part of ancient district Jhang and Sandalbar, a 50-square kilometre part mainly consisted of thick forests and wild tribes. It has been a...

.

In 1870s the colonial era Punjab government decided to increase the cultivated land by making barrages and canals to meet the demand at European markets. This led to the canal based irrigation of the areas now comprising the district of Faisalabad. In 1880, a colonial officer called Captain Poham Young, on the support of Sir James Broadwood Lyall
James Broadwood Lyall
Sir James Broadwood Lyall KCSI, GCIE. was an administrator in the Indian Civil Service of the British Raj period. Between 1887 and 1892 he was Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab. He was a younger brother of Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall....

 proposed a new town, with a design based on the Union Jack, with eight roads radiating from a large clock tower
Clock Tower, Faisalabad
The Faisalabad Clock Tower is a clock tower in Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan, and is one of the oldest monuments still standing in its original state from the period of the British Raj...

 in the centre. The eight roads developed into eight separate bazaars. The construction of artificial canals allowed the surrounding areas to be irrigated. The town grew rapidly as people were invited with promises of land. A large number of settlers came from different areas of Punjab especially from Ludhiana, Jalandhar
Jalandhar
Jalandhar is a city in Jalandhar District in the state of Punjab, India. It is located 144 km northwest of the state capital, Chandigarh...

 and Ambala
Ambala
Ambala is a city and a municipal corporation in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India, located on the border of the states of Haryana and Punjab in India. Politically; Ambala has two sub-areas: Ambala Cantt and Ambala City, approximately 3 kilometers apart from each other...

 on the promise of large agricultural lands. With the extensively planned distribution of land the canal irrigated areas of Sandal Bar soon became populated. This led to a rapid transformation of the nomadic environment of the Bar into a more agriculture based one.

In 1892 the government of India decided to join Faisalabad (then Lyallpur) with rail link to major rail network to transport agricultural surplus to the ports to be shipped to European markets. In 1895 the rail link between Wazirabad
Wazirabad
AYAZ KHANWazirabad is an industrial city located in Gujranwala District, Punjab, Pakistan. Wazirabad is situated on the banks of the Chenab River nearly 100 kilometres north of Lahore on the Grand Trunk Road. It is 45 kilometres from Sialkot, 30 kilometres from the district capital - Gujranwala...

 and Lyallpur was completed. In 1896, Lyallpur was given the status of a tehsil
Tehsil
A Tehsil or Tahsil/Tahasil , also known as Taluk and Mandal, is an administrative division of some country/countries of South Asia....

 of the Jhang District
Jhang District
Jhang District is a district of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The city of Jhang is the district's capital. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the district's population was 2.8 million, of which 23 percent lived in urban areas. By 2008, according to estimates, the population had...

, and its administration was carried on in tents on the old Theh (Mound
Mound
A mound is a general term for an artificial heaped pile of earth, gravel, sand, rocks, or debris. The most common use is in reference to natural earthen formation such as hills and mountains, particularly if they appear artificial. The term may also be applied to any rounded area of topographically...

) of Pucca Mari near Tariqabad. The majestic Clock Tower was constructed out of the funds raised by the Sikh
Sikh
A Sikh is a follower of Sikhism. It primarily originated in the 15th century in the Punjab region of South Asia. The term "Sikh" has its origin in Sanskrit term शिष्य , meaning "disciple, student" or शिक्ष , meaning "instruction"...

 landowners, who collected it at a rate of Rs. 18 per square of land. The fund thus raised was handed over to the Town Committee, which undertook to complete the project.
By 1902 the population of the town exceeded 4,000, including the new sialkoti jutts, particularly Bajwas, Kalloos, Cheemas & Chattas came to establish the agriculture land of Chenaab (called Chena bar). Houses and shops had been constructed to cater to the ordinary needs of the population. In 1903 it was decided to establish an agricultural college. In 1904 the new district of Lyallpur was constituted, composed of the tehsils of Lyallpur, Samundri
Samundri
Samundri is a city of Faisalabad District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located at 30°48'30N 71°52'15E with an altitude of 130 metres , and lies 45 from Faisalabad. It is the headquarters of Samundri Tehsil, a subdivision of the district.-History:Samundri was on a major trade route...

 and Toba Tek Singh, with a subtehsil at Jaranwala
Jaranwala
Jaranwala is a city in the Faisalabad District of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located at 31°20'0N 73°26'0E with an altitude of 184 meters .It is 35KM south east from Faisalabad and 110 km from Lahore...

 which later became a full tehsil. By 1906, the district headquarters began to function in Lyallpur and all the bazaars and settlements within the bounds of a ring road were nearing completion. The city began to spread outside the circular road. The Town Committee was upgraded to a Municipal Committee in 1909 and the Deputy Commissioner was appointed as its first chairman. In 1916, the grain market saw its shops surging with customers. In the same year the civil hospital was expanded. With the advent of World War II, there was an increase in political awareness across the city. Revolutionary meetings were held, fiery speeches made, and slogans written on walls.

The First Colonisation officer Raja Aurangzeb Khan made sure that no individual in this district owned more than 25 squares (625 acres (2.5 km²)) of land. The merit or method of allotting the land was to check each individual's hand who was applying for some land, and if the hands showed that individual had worked hard in the past, only then was land given to him, which has led to a district where there aren't any big land owners, as the land has been equally distributed amongst hard working men and it is their hard work that has led to Faisalabad becoming the third richest district in Pakistan.

The main roads in and out of the city were kept 1 acres (4,046.9 m²) wide; since creation of Pakistan a lot of roads have been taken over by land mafia. Some industrial areas were kept on the East of the main canal which is present-day People's Colony and Madina town. The urban areas were kept to the west of the canal, as sweet ground water flowed from the canal to the river Chenab, the consequence of changing former industrial area into urban areas has been a lack of proper drinkable water for those living in peoples colony and Madina town. Another industrial area was developed at the west end of town, now around the road towards the central Punjab town of Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is a city in the Sargodha District of Punjab province, Pakistan.Sargodha is located in the northwest of Pakistan. It is the eleventh largest city of Pakistan and also known as Pakistan's best citrus-producing area. It is an agricultural trade centre with various industries...

.

These earlier development of industrial areas led to industrialization of the city of Faisalabad right from its inception. Initial industrial setup were related to cotton and basic textiles, still the most dominant industry of the city with more value added products. Besides textiles food processing, grain crushing and small chemical industry was established in the pre-second World War era.
In 1943, Mohammad Ali Jinnah came to Lyallpur and addressed a gathering of over 2 million in Dhobi Ghat Grounds
Dhobi Ghat Grounds
Dhobi Ghat Ground is a popular pitch in Faisalabad. It is situated in the center of city, near the main train station and Bhawana Bazaar. It is also known as Iqbal Park....

.

After independence, the city of Lyallpur enjoyed considerable development, and became a major commercial and industrial center. The population grew quickly past one million. There was an expansion of the provision of health and education in the city. In 1977, the name of the city was changed to "Faisalabad" (City of Faisal), in honour of the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia
Faisal of Saudi Arabia
Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud was King of Saudi Arabia from 1964 to 1975. As king, he is credited with rescuing the country's finances and implementing a policy of modernization and reform, while his main foreign policy themes were pan-Islamic Nationalism, anti-Communism, and pro-Palestinian...

, who was held in high regard in Pakistan. In 1985, the district was upgraded to a division
Divisions of Pakistan
Divisions are the third tier of government in Pakistan, between the provinces and districts. They were abolished in 2000 by the government of former president Pervez Musharraf to make way for local governance via district governments...

 with the new districts of Faisalabad, Jhang
Jhang
- Demographics :According to 1981 census of Pakistan population of Jhang was 1,970,944 with the 434,495 housing units in Jhang. In 1998 census, population of Jhang was 2,834,545, whose annually growth rate was 2.16%. Male population was 1,474,099 and female population was 1,360,446...

 and Toba Tek Singh
Toba Tek Singh
Toba Tek Singh District is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located between 30°33' to 31°2' Degree north latitudes and 72°08' to 72°48' Degree longitudes.-Origins of Name:...

.

Geography and climate

Faisalabad stands in the rolling flat plains of northeast Punjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, with approximately 45% of the country's total population. Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the...

, between longitude 73°74 East, latitude 30°31.5 North, with an elevation of 184 metres (603.7 ft) above sea level. The city proper covers an area of approximately 830 square kilometres (320.5 sq mi), while the district covers more than 15000 square kilometres (5,791.5 sq mi).

There are no natural boundaries between Faisalabad and adjoining districts. The Chenab River
Chenab River
The Chenab River چنRiver' آب) is a major river of Jammu and Kashmir and the Punjab in Pakistan. It forms in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan...

 flows about 30 km (18.6 mi) to the north-west while the River Ravi meanders about 40 km (24.9 mi) south-east of the city. The lower Chenab canal is the main source of irrigation water, which meets the requirements of 80% of cultivated land. The soil of Faisalabad comprises alluvial deposits mixed with loess
Loess
Loess is an aeolian sediment formed by the accumulation of wind-blown silt, typically in the 20–50 micrometre size range, twenty percent or less clay and the balance equal parts sand and silt that are loosely cemented by calcium carbonate...

 having calcareous
Calcareous
Calcareous is an adjective meaning mostly or partly composed of calcium carbonate, in other words, containing lime or being chalky. The term is used in a wide variety of scientific disciplines.-In zoology:...

 characteristics, making it very fertile.

Due to its high evapotranspiration
Evapotranspiration
Evapotranspiration is a term used to describe the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Evaporation accounts for the movement of water to the air from sources such as the soil, canopy interception, and waterbodies...

, Faisalabad features an arid climate. The climate
Climate
Climate encompasses the statistics of temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, rainfall, atmospheric particle count and other meteorological elemental measurements in a given region over long periods...

 of the district can see extremes, with a summer maximum temperature 50 °C (122 °F) and a winter temperature of -1 C. The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39 °C (102.2 °F) and 27 °C (80.6 °F) respectively. In winter it peaks at around 21 °C (69.8 °F) and 6 °C (42.8 °F) respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season starts from November and continues till March. December, January and February are the coldest months. The average yearly rainfall lies only at about 200 mm (7.9 in) and is highly seasonal with approximately half of the yearly rainfall in the two months July and August.
Temperatures (1948–2006) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Highest maximum (°C) 19.4 22.4 27.4 34.2 39.7 41.0 37.7 36.5 36.6 33.9 28.2 22.1 31.6
Lowest minimum (°C) 4.8 7.6 12.6 18.3 24.1 27.6 27.9 27.2 24.5 17.7 10.4 6.1 17.4

Economy

A PricewaterhouseCoopers study released in 2009, surveying the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Faisalabad's GDP (PPP) at $55 billion. The city was third behind Karachi ($78 billion) and Lahore ($60 billion). Faisalabad's GDP is projected to rise to $87 billion in 2025 at a growth rate of 5.7%, higher than the growth rates of 5.5% and 5.6% predicted for Karachi and Lahore.

Faisalabad has a strong industrial base including textiles, jewellery, home furniture, and pharmaceuticals, assisted by the expanding transport network which includes newly built motorway and highways to Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

, Multan
Multan
Multan , is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and capital of Multan District. It is located in the southern part of the province on the east bank of the Chenab River, more or less in the geographic centre of the country and about from Islamabad, from Lahore and from Karachi...

, Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is a city in the Sargodha District of Punjab province, Pakistan.Sargodha is located in the northwest of Pakistan. It is the eleventh largest city of Pakistan and also known as Pakistan's best citrus-producing area. It is an agricultural trade centre with various industries...

 and Islamabad
Islamabad
Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan and the tenth largest city in the country. Located within the Islamabad Capital Territory , the population of the city has grown from 100,000 in 1951 to 1.7 million in 2011...

/Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi , locally known as Pindi, is a city in the Pothohar region of Pakistan near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad, in the province of Punjab. Rawalpindi is the fourth largest city in Pakistan after Karachi, Lahore and Faisalabad...

. Faisalabad is one of the three planned cities of the country. The eight bazaars of the city each have different types of markets and goods.
Before Pakistan's independence there were only five industrial units in Faisalabad; now there are numerous textile mills, engineering units and chemical and food processing units. Other industries include hosiery
Hosiery
Hosiery, also referred to as legwear, describes garments worn directly on the feet and legs. The term originated as the collective term for products of which a maker or seller is termed a hosier; and those products are also known generically as hose...

, carpets and rugs, nawar
Nawar
Nawwar or Nawar may refer to:* The arabic family name, Also its a male name.* Name of a famous family in Egypt, subsidizing from Nawwar Pasha in Rashid who had a famous story of gifting the egyptian Khedivie with gold equals to the weight of his daughter to marry his son.Currently most of the...

 and lace, printing and publishing, and pharmaceutical products. There are also several thousand household industries, including some 60,000 power loom
Power loom
A power loom is a mechanized loom powered by a line shaft. The first power loom was designed in 1784 by Edmund Cartwright and first built in 1785. It was refined over the next 47 years until a design by Kenworthy and Bullough, made the operation completely automatic. This was known as the...

 factories. The richest man of Pakistan and the owner of MCB belongs to this city. Local companies include Sitara group, Manno group (Rafhan foods), Crescent group, and Ibrahim group (owner of Allied Bank). Karachi and Faisalabad have the highest population growth rate in Pakistan.

The textile industry of Faisalabad constitutes more than 65% of the textile export market of Pakistan, which itself forms 58% of total exports from Pakistan. This makes Faisalabad’s share of total exports from Pakistan more than 40%.

The district is unparalleled for its agricultural productivity. The area grew in importance as the grain belt of the Punjab during the wake of colonisation. This led to the economic development of towns and villages within the district. Faisalabad's major export crops include the Kharif crop
Kharif crop
The crops that are sown in the rainy season are called kharif crops.The Kharif crop is the autumn harvest in India and Pakistan. The term Kharif means "autumn" in Arabic Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the south-west monsoon season...

s which include maize, rice, sugarcane
Sugarcane
Sugarcane refers to any of six to 37 species of tall perennial grasses of the genus Saccharum . Native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia, they have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar, and measure two to six metres tall...

 and bajra
Pearl millet
Pearl millet is the most widely grown type of millet. Grown in Africa and the Indian subcontinent since prehistoric times, it is generally accepted that pearl millet originated in Africa and was subsequently introduced into India. The center of diversity, and suggested area of domestication, for...

 as well as the Rabi crop
Rabi crop
Different crops have different requirements for their proper growth , as they grow in different season . Based on the season in which they grow , crops are categorised as:-1.rabi crops2.kharif crops...

s which include wheat, barley, gram
Gram
The gram is a metric system unit of mass....

 and fodder (locally known as barseen). In addition to these, there are Zaid Kharif and Zaid Rabi crops. Zaid Kharif crops are toria, raiya, sarsoon and Zaid Rabi crop is tobacco. The use of tractors is becoming popular and is fast replacing the conventional ploughs. Improved varieties of seeds, fertilisers and pesticides have greatly increased per-acre yield and with that the prosperity of the peasant community which has toiled for three generations to transform a barren land into verdant fields. The Faisalabad district is famous for its fruit production. Important fruits are oranges, bananas, apples, sugarcanes, tangerines, fruiter, mango
Mango
The mango is a fleshy stone fruit belonging to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. The mango is native to India from where it spread all over the world. It is also the most cultivated fruit of the tropical world. While...

s, guava
Guava
Guavas are plants in the myrtle family genus Psidium , which contains about 100 species of tropical shrubs and small trees. They are native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America...

 and Faalsa. The total area under fruit orchards is 34517 acres (13,968.5 ha).
Establishment of a dry port at Gatti, a few kilometers away from the main city has greatly boosted economic activities in Faisalabad by facilitating direct imports and exports of goods and cargo.

The rise of the middle class
Middle class
The middle class is any class of people in the middle of a societal hierarchy. In Weberian socio-economic terms, the middle class is the broad group of people in contemporary society who fall socio-economically between the working class and upper class....

 as a result of economic boom in the past decade has led to the construction of major malls and shopping plazas amid investment from the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates, abbreviated as the UAE, or shortened to "the Emirates", is a state situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman, and Saudi Arabia, and sharing sea borders with Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and Iran.The UAE is a...

 as well as many Europe
Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...

an firms. Faisalabad has been called the "Manchester of Pakistan" because it has a major impact on the economy of Pakistan. The city generates 25% revenue for the trade and commerce activity of Pakistan.

Besides traditional industrial base of Faisalabad, the city has diversified a lot in other commercial activities. Banking sector has gained a lot of ground in the economy of Faisalabad. All the local and National banks have their regional corporate banking head offices in Faisalabad. A number of international banks like City Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, Barclay's Bank, HSBC have their commercial banking operation in Faisalabad. In addition to banking, insurance sector has boomed. State Life Insurance, Eastern federal Union Insurance, Jubilee Insurance, AIG Insurance are a few to name as the major player in Faisalabad.

Education has stepped up as another major contributor to the economy of the city. Rise of a few good universities, many good professional schools and primary and secondary education schools by private sector has contributed a lot not only to the education sector but also to the economy of the city.

Faisalabad Chamber Of Commerce and Industries
Faisalabad Chamber Of Commerce and Industries
Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce ann Industry is located in Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. The Faisalabad Chamber of Commerce & Industry is ISO9001:2000 certified organization which was established in 1975. It is licensed under the Trade Organization ordinance 1961 and registered with the Directorate...

 plays a vital role in the development of commerce and industry in Faisalabad. Established in 1975, the organization has been able to achieve several milestones for commercial and industrial development. Promote trade, industry and profession so as to achieve sustainable all round economic growth of Faisalabad plus Deal with concerns, issues and problems of the business community and effectively resolve the same. And create a proactive partnership between government and business community (locally, nationally and globally).

Faisalabad is home to the All Pakistan Textile Mills Association, a body that represents the textile industry of Pakistan at all national and international forums. Mian Muhammad Mansha, an industrialist from Faisalabad has remained the chairman of All Pakistan Textile Mills Association for a decade.

Government


Faisalabad district formerly consisted six sub-divisions: Faisalabad City, Faisalabad Sadr, Chak Jhumra, Samundri, Jaranwala, and Tandlianwala. In 2005, Faisalabad was reorganised as a City-District
City Districts of Pakistan
A City District in Pakistan is a district that consists primarily or entirely of a major city or large metropolitan area. While there are 117 Districts, there are only ten City Districts...

 composed of eight autonomous towns:
  1. Lyallpur Town
  2. Madina Town
    Madina Town
    Madina Town is a residential neighbourhood in Faisalabad, Pakistan. It is located near Susan Road and is considered one of the posh parts of the city. It became a municipal administration area in 2005....

  3. Jinnah Town
  4. Iqbal Town
    Iqbal Town, Faisalabad
    Iqbal Town is a municipal administration area in Faisalabad city, Pakistan. It is very big.-External links:*...

  5. Chak Jhumra Town
    Chak Jhumra
    Chak Jhumra is a town and tehsil near the city of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. It is a sub-division of Faisalabad District and has a Tehsil municipal administration . Chak Jhumra Town consists of 15 union councils.-About Chak Jhumra:...

  6. Jaranwala Town
    Jaranwala
    Jaranwala is a city in the Faisalabad District of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located at 31°20'0N 73°26'0E with an altitude of 184 meters .It is 35KM south east from Faisalabad and 110 km from Lahore...

  7. Samundri Town
    Samundri
    Samundri is a city of Faisalabad District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located at 30°48'30N 71°52'15E with an altitude of 130 metres , and lies 45 from Faisalabad. It is the headquarters of Samundri Tehsil, a subdivision of the district.-History:Samundri was on a major trade route...

  8. Tandlianwala Town
    Tandlianwala
    Tandlianwalais a town in Punjab, Pakistan, it is located 48 km from the city of Faisalabad and 50 km from Okara. It is a sub-division of Faisalabad District and has a Tehsil municipal administration . The population of the city was estimated 50,000 in 2010. It has three high schools and...



Central Jail Faisalabad
Central Jail Faisalabad
Central Jail Faisalabad is a jail in Faisalabad, Pakistan located on Jaranwala road nearly east of Faisalabad city.-History:The jail was built in 1967 and formally inaugurated on 1st day of July 1971...

 is located in the city-district.

City of Faisalabad is governed by the City District Government, chaired by the district coordination officer Naseem Sadiq. Since 2009 the government of Punjab has revived the colonial draconian system of commissionaire and enacted a commissionaire for Faisalabad. This has reduced the City District Government power, severely hindering the process of transfer of power to grass-root level.

Sister cities

City Region Country Year
Manchester
Manchester
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. According to the Office for National Statistics, the 2010 mid-year population estimate for Manchester was 498,800. Manchester lies within one of the UK's largest metropolitan areas, the metropolitan county of Greater...

 Kingdom of England  United Kingdom 1997
Kobe
Kobe
, pronounced , is the fifth-largest city in Japan and is the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture on the southern side of the main island of Honshū, approximately west of Osaka...

Hyōgo Prefecture
Hyogo Prefecture
is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region on Honshū island. The capital is Kobe.The prefecture's name was previously alternately spelled as Hiogo.- History :...

 Japan 2000
Los Angeles
Los Ángeles
Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

 California  United States 2009
Wuhan
Wuhan
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China, and is the most populous city in Central China. It lies at the east of the Jianghan Plain, and the intersection of the middle reaches of the Yangtze and Han rivers...

  Hubei
Hubei
' Hupeh) is a province in Central China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting...

 Mainland China 1986
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea...

Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea...

 Russia 1962
Córdoba
Córdoba, Spain
-History:The first trace of human presence in the area are remains of a Neanderthal Man, dating to c. 32,000 BC. In the 8th century BC, during the ancient Tartessos period, a pre-urban settlement existed. The population gradually learned copper and silver metallurgy...

Andalusia
Andalusia
Andalusia is the most populous and the second largest in area of the autonomous communities of Spain. The Andalusian autonomous community is officially recognised as a nationality of Spain. The territory is divided into eight provinces: Huelva, Seville, Cádiz, Córdoba, Málaga, Jaén, Granada and...

 Spain 1986
Kanpur Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh abbreviation U.P. , is a state located in the northern part of India. With a population of over 200 million people, it is India's most populous state, as well as the world's most populous sub-national entity...

 India 1970


Federal City of Russia
Federal subjects of Russia
Russia is a federation which, since March 1, 2008, consists of 83 federal subjects . In 1993, when the Constitution was adopted, there were 89 federal subjects listed...


Demographics

The city of Faisalabad carried out a census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

 in March 1981 which showed the population of Faisalabad city as 1,092,000, which indicates that growth rate of Faisalabad city is only 3.37 percent per annum. In April 1981 the survey
Statistical survey
Survey methodology is the field that studies surveys, that is, the sample of individuals from a population with a view towards making statistical inferences about the population using the sample. Polls about public opinion, such as political beliefs, are reported in the news media in democracies....

 was carried out again which recorded the population to 1,232,000 which made the growth rate approximately 4.6%. Given this growth rate, the population at the end of 1981 was estimated to be 1,240,000.

The emergence of Faisalabad as a major agriculture and industrial center created a great increase in the city's population. From a population of 69,930 in 1941, it rose to 179,000 in 1951, an increase of 152.2% this was mainly due to the settlement of Muslim
Muslim
A Muslim, also spelled Moslem, is an adherent of Islam, a monotheistic, Abrahamic religion based on the Quran, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God as revealed to prophet Muhammad. "Muslim" is the Arabic term for "submitter" .Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable...

 refugees from East Punjab
Punjab (India)
Punjab ) is a state in the northwest of the Republic of India, forming part of the larger Punjab region. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest as well as the Pakistani province of Punjab to the...

 and Haryana
Haryana
Haryana is a state in India. Historically, it has been a part of the Kuru region in North India. The name Haryana is found mentioned in the 12th century AD by the apabhramsha writer Vibudh Shridhar . It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south...

 who came from India and settled in Faisalabad. The population rose to a future figure of 425,248 in 1961, an increase of 137.4%. Faisalabad became a record in the demographic history for Pakistan by registering an overall population increase of 508.1% between 1941 and 1961. This record has never been matched by the largest city of Pakistan
Karachi
Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and the main financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. The city has an estimated population of 13 to 15 million, while the total metropolitan area has a population of over 18 million...

. In the 1998 census the city population was recorded as 2,009,000, growing at a rate of 21.3% per annum. According to the World Gazetteer, the estimate of the city is expected to have reached 2,793,721 in 2009.

Punjabi and Saraiki are the main languages of Faisalabad, although Urdu is the primary language of a sizable population. Punjabi, Saraiki and Urdu are equally understood and spoken, whereas English is the language of commerce, business and law.

The religion of a majority of Faisalabadites is Islam
Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

 with small minorities of Sikhs, Christians and Ahmadis. Majority of Muslims belong to Sunni Hanafi
Hanafi
The Hanafi school is one of the four Madhhab in jurisprudence within Sunni Islam. The Hanafi madhhab is named after the Persian scholar Abu Hanifa an-Nu‘man ibn Thābit , a Tabi‘i whose legal views were preserved primarily by his two most important disciples, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad al-Shaybani...

 school of thought with sizable population of Shiites.

Flora and fauna

The Ravi River
Ravi River
The Ravi is a trans-boundary river flowing through Northwestern India and eastern Pakistan. It is one of the six rivers of the Indus System in Punjab region ....

 flows on the eastern and the Chenab River
Chenab River
The Chenab River چنRiver' آب) is a major river of Jammu and Kashmir and the Punjab in Pakistan. It forms in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan...

 on the western boundary of the district. No other river passes through it. Floods are caused by the overflow of the Ravi on account of heavy rains in its catchment areas during the monsoon
Monsoon
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by corresponding changes in precipitation, but is now used to describe seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea...

. Floods are a recurrent feature since the rivers cannot hold the vast amount of water flowing from the northern areas to the south of the country. These floods cause extensive damage to crops and villages periodically. The provincial government is proposing dam
Dam
A dam is a barrier that impounds water or underground streams. Dams generally serve the primary purpose of retaining water, while other structures such as floodgates or levees are used to manage or prevent water flow into specific land regions. Hydropower and pumped-storage hydroelectricity are...

s and barrages
Barrage (tidal)
A barrage is an artificial obstruction at the mouth of a tidal watercourse.-Purpose:The common primary functions of a barrage are:* Increase the depth of a river * Maintain a separation between fresh and salt water...

 to control the flow of water in the future. However, local settlements are not keen on this idea.

The wildlife of the district includes fox
Fox
Fox is a common name for many species of omnivorous mammals belonging to the Canidae family. Foxes are small to medium-sized canids , characterized by possessing a long narrow snout, and a bushy tail .Members of about 37 species are referred to as foxes, of which only 12 species actually belong to...

es, boar
Boar
Wild boar, also wild pig, is a species of the pig genus Sus, part of the biological family Suidae. The species includes many subspecies. It is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig, an animal with which it freely hybridises...

s, jackal
Jackal
Although the word jackal has been historically used to refer to many small- to medium-sized species of the wolf genus of mammals, Canis, today it most properly and commonly refers to three species: the black-backed jackal and the side-striped jackal of sub-Saharan Africa, and the golden jackal of...

s and wild cat
Wild cat
The wildcat is a small cat with several subspecies and a very broad distribution, found throughout most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. It is a hunter of small mammals, birds, and other creatures of a similar or smaller size. Sometimes included is...

s. Among the birds there are usually partridge
Partridge
Partridges are birds in the pheasant family, Phasianidae. They are a non-migratory Old World group.These are medium-sized birds, intermediate between the larger pheasants and the smaller quails. Partridges are native to Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East...

s, pigeons, dove
Dove
Pigeons and doves constitute the bird family Columbidae within the order Columbiformes, which include some 300 species of near passerines. In general terms "dove" and "pigeon" are used somewhat interchangeably...

s, tilliars, lal menas, bia
BIA
- Acronym :* Bureau of Indian Affairs, a US government agency* Board of Immigration Appeals, a US government agency* The IATA airport code for Bastia - Poretta Airport, or, informally:** Baghdad International Airport...

s, parrot
Parrot
Parrots, also known as psittacines , are birds of the roughly 372 species in 86 genera that make up the order Psittaciformes, found in most tropical and subtropical regions. The order is subdivided into three families: the Psittacidae , the Cacatuidae and the Strigopidae...

s, quail
Quail
Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds generally considered in the order Galliformes. Old World quail are found in the family Phasianidae, while New World quail are found in the family Odontophoridae...

s, pochard
Pochard
The Common Pochard, Aythya ferina, is a medium-sized diving duck.The adult male has a long dark bill with a grey band, a red head and neck, a black breast, red eyes and a grey back. The adult female has a brown head and body and a narrower grey bill band. The triangular head shape is distinctive...

s, mallard
Mallard
The Mallard , or Wild Duck , is a dabbling duck which breeds throughout the temperate and subtropical Americas, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, and has been introduced to New Zealand and Australia....

s and teal
Teal
Teal may mean:* Teal , a medium greenish-blue color* Various ducks:** Baikal Teal, Anas formosa** Black Teal, Aythya novaeseelandiae** Blue-winged Teal, Anas discors** Brown Teal, Anas aucklandica** Campbell Teal Anas nesiotis...

s.

Culture

Compared to its more tourist-attractive provincial capital, Lahore, Faisalabad is basically an industrial and agricultural city. It is the second largest business city in Punjab and it is a region for investment and economic prosperity. Textiles generate the best business in this city. There is a selection of sites and tourist attractions; however, even with such fast growth the country lacks historical significance since it was developed mostly in the last hundred years. The Faisalabad Clock Tower
Clock Tower, Faisalabad
The Faisalabad Clock Tower is a clock tower in Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan, and is one of the oldest monuments still standing in its original state from the period of the British Raj...

, locally called "Ghanta Ghar", was one of the first main market of Faisalabad and it is the oldest area of the city. Here you can find the remains of buildings which mainly belonged to the British Raj
British Raj
British Raj was the British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947; The term can also refer to the period of dominion...

. This market has eight bazaars, forming a "Union Jack" (British flag), which can be seen from above. There are still structures from previous settlements such as Zoroastrian Temples, Buddhist Monasteries, Hindu mandirs and Sikh gurudwaras still visible, however, since the creation of Pakistan these have been converted into schools and museums. "D Ground" is the second most important market after Ghenta Ghar. The area has been continually developing into a shopping area with many brands from all over the world. It is seen at its busiest at night when local people come out for an outing. There are many local and western restaurants ranging from Namwah Chinese, Bundu Khan, KFC, Al Maida, McDonalds, Pizza Hut, Olive Garden, Sardines, Yummy 36, Cube and many open-air barbecue
Barbecue
Barbecue or barbeque , used chiefly in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and Australia is a method and apparatus for cooking meat, poultry and occasionally fish with the heat and hot smoke of a fire, smoking wood, or hot coals of...

s.

The Jinnah Garden is probably the best known park in Faisalabad. It is locally known as "Company Baagh". The tomb of Sir James Broadwood Lyall
James Broadwood Lyall
Sir James Broadwood Lyall KCSI, GCIE. was an administrator in the Indian Civil Service of the British Raj period. Between 1887 and 1892 he was Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab. He was a younger brother of Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall....

 is here. He was the founder of this city and the city was first named Lyallpur in his honour. There are many food outlets, walking paths and cycling lanes, and a huge fountain structure. The park is often used by the local council for rallies, concerts, shows and mela
Mela
Mela is a Sanskrit word meaning 'gathering' or 'to meet' or a Fair. It is used in the Indian subcontinent for all sizes of gathering and can be religious, commercial, cultural or sports. In rural traditions melas or village fairs were of great importance...

s. Getwala Park is a small park situated on the edge of Faisalabad. It is popular for family picnics and relaxing. Canal Park is on the west bank of the Rakh Branch Canal. It is also a good place for families.

The are several water parks, incorporating swimmings pools, slides and similar facilities, as well as an amusement park located near the Iqbal Stadium
Iqbal Stadium
Iqbal Stadium is a Test cricket ground in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Previous names for the ground include Lyallpur Stadium, National Stadium, and City Stadium. The current name honours Pakistani poet Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Capacity is 25,000. It has hosted 25 Test matches and 14 One Day...

.

Rex City is a shopping mall that specialises in computer-related merchandise. Kohinoor One is another mall, serving more general requirements.

The Chenab Club
Chenab Club
The Chenab Club is a social club in Faisalabad, Pakistan. It was the first such club established in Faisalabad . It still exists today and is used by the elite society of Faisalabad.- History :...

 is a social club in Jinnah Garden. It was the first such club in Faisalabad, being established in 1910. It is used by the elite society of Faisalabad.

Faisalabadi cuisine is very much Punjabi cuisine
Punjabi cuisine
Punjabi cuisine is food from the Punjab region of northwestern India and eastern Pakistan. It can be non-vegetarian or completely vegetarian. One of the main features of Punjabi cuisine is its diverse range of dishes...

. The samosa
Samosa
A samosa is a stuffed, deep fried,snack that is very popular in the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Central Asia and Southwest Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, the Mediterranean, the Horn of Africa, North Africa and South Africa...

s of Faisalabad are different from any others because here you can get the chatani variety. The very famous name Chacha Samosay Wala is in the D Ground and Babar Chowk. Dahi Bhale is prepared by a Thele Wala at Jinnah Coloney, near Chatri Wala Ground. Gol Gappay are basically made with flour into a ball shape and filled with black grams, onions, potatoes and other supplements. The most famous is a person who sells gole gappe on tehla in the start of the AminPur bazaar. A sour drink called "khatta" is served with them. Biryani
Biryani
Biryani, biriani, or beriani is a set of rice-based foods made with spices, rice and meat, fish, eggs or vegetables. The name is derived from the Persian word beryā which means "fried" or "roasted"....

 and pulao are very popular. Jehangir's Murgh Pulao is popular. English and continental foods are easily available. There are some Punjabi drinks like rabri
Rabri
Rabri is an Indian dish made with dahi , flour,muth and a combination of bajre ki roti. It is usually eaten at lunch. Raabri is mostly made in north , central and western India and Pakistan. Flour of Pearl millet is mixed with buttermilk to make a thick sauce which is kept in the sun to ferment...

, lassi
Lassi
Lassi is a popular and traditional yogurt-based drink of the Indian Subcontinent. It is made by blending yogurt with water and Indian spices...

, limo pani and sugar cane rusk.

Besides the local cuisine, Faisalabad is home to many national and international renowned food chains. Pizza Hut
Pizza Hut
Pizza Hut is an American restaurant chain and international franchise that offers different styles of pizza along with side dishes including pasta, buffalo wings, breadsticks, and garlic bread....

 operates at three locations, KFC
KFC
KFC, founded and also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken, is a chain of fast food restaurants based in Louisville, Kentucky, in the United States. KFC has been a brand and operating segment, termed a concept of Yum! Brands since 1997 when that company was spun off from PepsiCo as Tricon Global...

 runs one restaurant and two take-away points, McDonald's
McDonald's
McDonald's Corporation is the world's largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurants, serving around 64 million customers daily in 119 countries. Headquartered in the United States, the company began in 1940 as a barbecue restaurant operated by the eponymous Richard and Maurice McDonald; in 1948...

 operates two restaurants, and Hardee's
Hardee's
Hardee's is a restaurant chain, located mostly in the Southeast and Midwestern regions of the United States. It has evolved through several corporate ownerships since its establishment in 1960. It is currently owned and operated by CKE Restaurants. Along with its sibling restaurant chain, Carl's...

 has one restaurant. Some renowned national food brands like Lal Qila
Lal Qila
Lal Qila known in English as Red Fort, refers to the Mughal residences in either Delhi or Agra. The name Lal Qila or Red Fort is shared by:* Delhi Fort* Agra Fort...

, Al-Nakhal, Bundu Khan, Bar B Q Tonight, Masooms, Usmania, Lasania and China Town have restaurants in Faisalabad. Local renowned names for food are Sardines (a seafood specialty restaurant), Silver Spoon (for Steaks and Pakistani cuisine), Real Taste (for BBQ), Namwah, Kingwah (for Chinese cuisine). A growing culture is of the Sheesha lounges and cafes like Jammin Java, Kaps and Sheesha lounge.

Faisalabad Arts Council is near Iqbal Stadium
Iqbal Stadium
Iqbal Stadium is a Test cricket ground in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Previous names for the ground include Lyallpur Stadium, National Stadium, and City Stadium. The current name honours Pakistani poet Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Capacity is 25,000. It has hosted 25 Test matches and 14 One Day...

. The council has a major role in promoting the cultural activities and the art in the city. It has an auditorium, Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Auditorium, named after Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan from Faisalabad, with a seating capacity of 500 people. Arts council organize many cultural events including exhibitions and cultural shows. The current resident director of the Arts Council is Ch Muhammad Asif Pervaiz, who has played an important role in its establishment and development.

An important cultural activity in Faisalabad is the culture of revering great Sufi saints. Faisalabad is home to the shrine of Sufi saints like Hazrat Noor Shah Wali and Hazrat Lasoori Shah. Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan are two of the famously known followers of Hazrat Lasoori Shah. A lot of religious congregations (Mahafils) are setup on the 11th day of every lunar month to revere the greatest name of Sufism Hazrat Syed Abdul-Qadir Gilani. A number of Mahafil e Nasheed/Naat are being held on the 12th of Rabi ul Awwal (third month of the Islamic calender) to celebrate the birth of Muhammad
Muhammad
Muhammad |ligature]] at U+FDF4 ;Arabic pronunciation varies regionally; the first vowel ranges from ~~; the second and the last vowel: ~~~. There are dialects which have no stress. In Egypt, it is pronounced not in religious contexts...

, prophet of Islam
Islam
Islam . The most common are and .   : Arabic pronunciation varies regionally. The first vowel ranges from ~~. The second vowel ranges from ~~~...

.

Sport

Cricket
Cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...

, a national sport in Pakistan, is the most popular sport in the city. It is played anywhere a city dweller will find a large piece of land. This is known as Bat aur Gendh. It is played in the narrow by-lanes of the city. Night-time cricket can be seen at weekends when people play brightly lit matches on less-traversed city streets, disused construction sites, parks and several grounds in the district. The oldest and only venue for international cricket matches is Iqbal Stadium
Iqbal Stadium
Iqbal Stadium is a Test cricket ground in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Previous names for the ground include Lyallpur Stadium, National Stadium, and City Stadium. The current name honours Pakistani poet Sir Allama Muhammad Iqbal. Capacity is 25,000. It has hosted 25 Test matches and 14 One Day...

. The Faisalabad Wolves
Faisalabad Wolves
The Faisalabad Wolves is a Twenty-20 Cup team based in Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. The team was established in 2004 and its home ground is Iqbal Stadium...

, Faisalabad's local team, are based at this venue and often regional matches are played throughout the spring season which draws in plenty of crowds such as Twenty-20 Cup. The ground hosted matches for the 1987 Cricket World Cup
1987 Cricket World Cup
The 1987 Cricket World Cup was the fourth edition of the ICC Cricket World Cup tournament. It was held from October 8 to November 8, 1987 in India and Pakistan — the first held outside England. The format was unchanged from 1983 except for a reduction in the number of overs a team played from 60...

 as well as the 1996 Cricket World Cup
1996 Cricket World Cup
The 1996 Cricket World Cup, also called the Wills World Cup after its official sponsors, was the sixth edition of the tournament organized by the International Cricket Council . It was the second World Cup to be hosted by Pakistan and India, and for the first time by Sri Lanka...

.

Other popular sports in the city are hockey
Hockey
Hockey is a family of sports in which two teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball or a puck into the opponent's goal using a hockey stick.-Etymology:...

, Weightlifting, association football
Football (soccer)
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball...

, Kabaddi
Kabaddi
Kabaddi is a South Asian team sport...

, table tennis
Table tennis
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight, hollow ball back and forth using table tennis rackets. The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net...

, billiards and snooker
Snooker
Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a green baize-covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. A regular table is . It is played using a cue and snooker balls: one white , 15 worth one point each, and six balls of different :...

, squash
Squash (sport)
Squash is a high-speed racquet sport played by two players in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball...

, and horse racing
Horse racing
Horse racing is an equestrian sport that has a long history. Archaeological records indicate that horse racing occurred in ancient Babylon, Syria, and Egypt. Both chariot and mounted horse racing were events in the ancient Greek Olympics by 648 BC...

. Sports like badminton
Badminton
Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players or two opposing pairs , who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their...

, volleyball
Volleyball
Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules.The complete rules are extensive...

 and basketball
Basketball
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

 have started to gain popularity as western influences have affected the locals. Faisalabad has its own team, called the PMC FC
PMC Club Athletico Faisalabad
PMC Club Athletico Faisalabad are a Pakistani football club who play in the Pakistan Premier League. They are based in Faisalabad. Originally known as PMC FC for its association with Punjab Medical College, the name was changed to current after the club had a 50% share takeover by Zenith Sports in...

 who take part in the Pakistan Premier League
Pakistan Premier League
The Pakistan Premier League is the first division of Pakistani football. It was established in 2004, in place of the National Championship by the Pakistan Football Federation.-Origins:...

. The Punjab Medical College
Punjab Medical College
Punjab Medical College is located in Faisalabad, Pakistan, on a campus Located on Sargodha road. It was established in 1973. Teaching hospitals affiliated with the college are Allied Hospital and District Headquarters Hospital Hospital. The principal of PMC is Dr Riaz Hussain Dabb who is Head...

 has its own stadium built on its campus to train and host matches for the sport.

The city has facilities for hockey. The Faisalabad Hockey Stadium
Faisalabad Hockey Stadium
Faislabad Hockey Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Faisalabad, Pakistan. It is currently used mostly for field hockey matches.It is located at Susan Road, a major shopping and restaurant area....

 on Susan Road mostly hosts field hockey
Field hockey
Field Hockey, or Hockey, is a team sport in which a team of players attempts to score goals by hitting, pushing or flicking a ball into an opposing team's goal using sticks...

 matches for most national and some international matches. The stadium has plenty of shops and restaurants which bring a lot of life to the area. A new sports complex is being planned to host athletic and gymnastic matches as well as Olympic training for future Pakistan participation.

PMC Club Athletico Faisalabad
PMC Club Athletico Faisalabad
PMC Club Athletico Faisalabad are a Pakistani football club who play in the Pakistan Premier League. They are based in Faisalabad. Originally known as PMC FC for its association with Punjab Medical College, the name was changed to current after the club had a 50% share takeover by Zenith Sports in...

 is the city's only participant in the Pakistani Premier Football League. Athletico's city rival Panther FC plays in the 2nd Division of Pakistani Football pyramid.

Education

The population of Faisalabad has a literacy rate of approximately 58%, with a split of 60% for males and 56% for females (all figures are higher than the national average). There are several institutions of higher education and several research centres including:
  • University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
    University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
    The University of Agriculture, Faisalabad جامعہ زرعيه فيصل آباد, originally the Punjab Agricultural College and Research Institute, Lyallpur, is a university in the city of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan....

  • Divisional Public School & College Faisalabad
    Divisional Public School & College Faisalabad
    Divisional Public School & College Faisalabad is based in Faisalabad. DPS is situted in the heart of city, it covers an area of 40 Acres and is the biggest school of Faisalabad in respect of its area. it is also the Oldest School of Faisalabad.-Brief History:...

     the oldest & biggest school of Faisalabad.
  • Divisional Model College
    Divisional Model College
    Divisional Model College is an elite Semi-Private college of Faisalabad. it is the only Co-education college in Faisalabad. Divisional Commissioner, Faisalabad is Chairman of its Board Of Governors...

  • Institute of Engineering & Fertilizer Research
  • Institute of Cost and Management Accountants
    Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan
    The Institute of Cost and Management Accountants of Pakistan was established in 1951 and was granted statutory status under the Cost and Management Accountants Act, 1966 for the regulation of the profession of Cost and Management Accounting. The institute was established with the name Pakistan...

  • Institute of Chartered Accountants
    Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan
    The Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan is a professional accountancy body in Pakistan. , it had 5,078 members working in and outside Pakistan. The institute was established on July 1, 1961 to regulate the profession of accountancy in Pakistan. It is a statutory autonomous body...

  • Government College University, Faisalabad
    Government College University, Faisalabad
    The Government College University Faisalabad is a general university in the industrial and agricultural hub of Pakistan, Faisalabad....

  • National Textile University
    National Textile University
    National Textile University, or NTU, is the premier institution of Textile Education in Pakistan. It was formerly known as National College of Textile Engineering affiliated with University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore since 1976. The University campus is spread over an area of more than...

  • University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore Faisalabad Campus
  • Shiblee group of colleges
  • University of Faisalabad
    University of Faisalabad
    The University of Faisalabad is a private institution of higher education in the city of Faisalabad, Pakistan. It was established to cater to the educational and technological need emerging in the progressive scenario of the country in general and Faisalabad and surrounding areas...

     (also known as Medina University)
  • Government College of Technology
    Government College of Technology, Faisalabad
    Government College of Technology , Faisalbad, Punjab, Pakistan was formerly known as Polytechnic Institute. The institute was established in 1966 and upgraded to Government College of Technology in 1981. The college is affiliated with the University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore...

  • Govt College of Commerce
  • Punjab Medical College
    Punjab Medical College
    Punjab Medical College is located in Faisalabad, Pakistan, on a campus Located on Sargodha road. It was established in 1973. Teaching hospitals affiliated with the college are Allied Hospital and District Headquarters Hospital Hospital. The principal of PMC is Dr Riaz Hussain Dabb who is Head...

  • Virtual University
    Virtual university
    A virtual university provides higher education programs through electronic media, typically the Internet. Some are bricks-and-mortar institutions that provide online learning as part of their extended university courses while others solely offer online courses. They are regarded as a form of...

  • University of Education
    University of Education
    The University of Education , at Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan is the first specialized university in the field of education in Pakistan. It was established on September 10, 2002...

  • Punjab Group of Colleges
    Punjab Group of Colleges
    The Punjab Group of Colleges Pakistan is an association of universities and colleges in Pakistan. PGC established as The Islamic Commerce Educational Society , registered in 1985 by Mian Amir Mehmood, which established its first facility, the Punjab College of Commerce, in Muslim Town on Canal...

  • Dar-e-Arqam Schools
    Dar-e-Arqam Schools
    Dar-e-Arqam schools are an educational organization in Pakistan with a strong Muslim ethos.-Objectives :The aim of the Dar-e-Arqam schools is to provide an academic education, as well as moral instruction on the Islamic model. Its teaching is in English, and computers are used in all classes...

  • Faisalabad Grammar School
    Faisalabad Grammar School
    Faisalabad Grammar School is a private secondary educational institution located in the Kohinoor City, Faisalabad, Pakistan. It was established in 1979.The first seven years of students' schooling is prep-school education...

  • Beaconhouse School System
  • Lahore Grammar Schools
  • Salafia University
  • Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology(FIC
    FIC
    FIC may refer to:* A shortening of fanfiction* A shortening of fiction* Falkland Islands Company* Federation of Irish Cyclists* Fellow of the Royal Institute of Chemistry* Fellowship for Intentional Community...

    )

Transport

Faisalabad International Airport
Faisalabad International Airport
Faisalabad International Airport is situated on Jhang Road, away from the city centre of Faisalabad, in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is not as large as the other airports in Pakistan, as it operates to cater mainly to the population of Faisalabad, Jhang, Chiniot, Toba Tek Singh, Rabwah,...

 is approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre and is a major transit point for exporting goods to other parts of Pakistan and abroad. Passenger flights are run by the national flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines
Pakistan International Airlines
Pakistan International Airlines Corporation commonly known as PIA, is the flag carrier airline of Pakistan. The airline has its head office on the grounds of Jinnah International Airport in Karachi. and operates scheduled services to 24 domestic destinations and 38 international destinations in 27...

 (PIA). Airblue
Airblue
Airblue Limited is a private airline with its head office on the 12th floor of the Islamabad Stock Exchange Towers in Islamabad, Pakistan. It is Pakistan's second largest airline with over 20% share of the domestic market...

, Aero Asia International
Aero Asia International
Aero Asia International was a private airline based in Karachi, Pakistan. It operated domestic and international services.Since May 2007, the airline was suspended from the Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan due to the previous management's issues relating to the operating compliance on some CAA...

 and Shaheen Air used to operate from the airport but have suspended operations from Faisalabad. Flights for some domestic and some international destinations are available from the airport. Major flying within Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

 is towards Karachi
Karachi
Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and the main financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. The city has an estimated population of 13 to 15 million, while the total metropolitan area has a population of over 18 million...

, whereas major international destinations are Dubai
Dubai
Dubai is a city and emirate in the United Arab Emirates . The emirate is located south of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula and has the largest population with the second-largest land territory by area of all the emirates, after Abu Dhabi...

, Jeddah
Jeddah
Jeddah, Jiddah, Jidda, or Jedda is a city located on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Makkah Province, the largest sea port on the Red Sea, and the second largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city, Riyadh. The...

 and Glasgow
Glasgow
Glasgow is the largest city in Scotland and third most populous in the United Kingdom. The city is situated on the River Clyde in the country's west central lowlands...

.

The National Highway Authority has rebuilt and improved the standards of roads to meet international standards and improve logistical networks for freight companies. There is a public bus network as well as private coaches within the city and many privately operated auto-rickshaws
Auto rickshaw
An auto rickshaw or three-wheeler is a usually three-wheeled cabin cycle for private use and as a vehicle for hire. It is a motorized version of the traditional pulled rickshaw or cycle rickshaw...

 and taxis to get around the city. Rental cars are also available.

There are many highways under the control of the National Highway Authority, linking Faisalabad with other cities of the country. The M3
M3 motorway (Pakistan)
The M3 is a motorway that links the city of Faisalabad with the M2 motorway. The M3 will eventually become an important link connecting southern Pakistan with the north. It is only 53 km long making it the shortest motorway of Pakistan. It has 2 junctions in between.-Route:The M3 starts at...

 access-controlled motorway connects Faisalabad with the motorway M2
M2 motorway (Pakistan)
The M-2 is a motorway in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is 367 km long and connects Lahore with Islamabad. It passes through Kala Shah Kaku, Sheikhupura, Khanqah Dogran,Kot Sarwar, Pindi Bhattian, Salem, Lilla, Kot Momin, Kallar Kahar, Balksar, and Chakri before ending just outside the...

 near Pindi Bhattian which furthermore connects with Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi
Rawalpindi , locally known as Pindi, is a city in the Pothohar region of Pakistan near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad, in the province of Punjab. Rawalpindi is the fourth largest city in Pakistan after Karachi, Lahore and Faisalabad...

/Islamabad
Islamabad
Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan and the tenth largest city in the country. Located within the Islamabad Capital Territory , the population of the city has grown from 100,000 in 1951 to 1.7 million in 2011...

, Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

 and Multan
Multan
Multan , is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and capital of Multan District. It is located in the southern part of the province on the east bank of the Chenab River, more or less in the geographic centre of the country and about from Islamabad, from Lahore and from Karachi...

. There is an expressway which connects Faisalabad with Lahore, Sheikhupura and Mananwala. The city is connected with Sargodha by a highway known as the Sargodha-Faisalabad road. Furthermore, motorway M4
M4 motorway (Pakistan)
The M4 is an under construction motorway in Punjab province, Pakistan. It will be a 233 km long, 4-lane access controlled motorway with 8 junctions in the planning. It would connect the M3 to the M5 and the cities of Faisalabad and Multan...

 is also under construction which will connect Faisalabad with Multan. The newly furnished Grand Trunk Road
Grand Trunk Road
The Grand Trunk Road also formerly known as Uttarapatha, Shah Rah-e-Azam or Sadak-e-Azam or Badshahi Sadak is one of South Asia's oldest and longest major roads...

, otherwise known as GT Road, is a popular highway that links most parts of Pakistan as well as neighbouring countries. There are several bus operators that offer quick services to the provincial capital, Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

, as well as Islamabad
Islamabad
Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan and the tenth largest city in the country. Located within the Islamabad Capital Territory , the population of the city has grown from 100,000 in 1951 to 1.7 million in 2011...

, Jhang
Jhang
- Demographics :According to 1981 census of Pakistan population of Jhang was 1,970,944 with the 434,495 housing units in Jhang. In 1998 census, population of Jhang was 2,834,545, whose annually growth rate was 2.16%. Male population was 1,474,099 and female population was 1,360,446...

, Multan
Multan
Multan , is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and capital of Multan District. It is located in the southern part of the province on the east bank of the Chenab River, more or less in the geographic centre of the country and about from Islamabad, from Lahore and from Karachi...

, Peshawar
Peshawar
Peshawar is the capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and the administrative center and central economic hub for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan....

, Karachi
Karachi
Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and the main financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. The city has an estimated population of 13 to 15 million, while the total metropolitan area has a population of over 18 million...

 and several smaller localities. The Daewoo Express
Daewoo Express
Daewoo Express or Sammi Daewoo Express is an inter-city common carrier of passengers by bus serving over 30 destinations in Pakistan and is headquartered in Lahore. It is operated by a Korean company, Sammi...

, Ravi Express, Kohistan Coaches, Khan Brothers, Nadir flying coach, Airport Limousines and Niazi Coach are some of the well-known services.

The main railway station
Railway Station, Faisalabad
Faisalabad Railway Station is the main railway station built during the British reign around the nineteenth century. The station is used to take people to all parts of Pakistan from Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Quetta, Peshawar and many more cities and towns of Pakistan.A large amount of...

 was built in the nineteenth century by the British Empire
British Empire
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height, it was the...

. Today there are connections available to all parts of Pakistan including Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Quetta, and Peshawar.

Media

The Daily Express
Daily Express (Urdu newspaper)
The Daily Express , founded on 3 September, 1998, is one of Pakistan’s most widely circulated Urdu language newspapers, published by Century Publications, a Lakson Group subsidiary. It is published simultaneously from Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Multan, Faisalabad, Gujranwala,...

is the only national newspaper published from Faisalabad. (The Daily Asas
Daily Asas
Daily Asas is one of the largest national Urdu newspapers in Pakistan being printed simultaneously from Rawalpindi, Lahore, Karachi, Faisalabad and Muzaffarabad. This Rawalpindi-based daily was started on 16 July, 1995.-External links:*...

used to publish from Faisalabad; it is now published elsewhere.) It is the product of Express Media Group, largely circulating in the Faisalabad Division
Faisalabad Division
Faisalabad Division was an administrative division of the Punjab Province of Pakistan, until the reforms of 2000 abolished the third tier of government. At abolition it contained the following districts: Faisalabad, Toba Tek Singh, Jhang and Chiniot....

. The Daily Express started publishing in Faisalabad on 17 September 2002. There are other popular Urdu
Urdu
Urdu is a register of the Hindustani language that is identified with Muslims in South Asia. It belongs to the Indo-European family. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also widely spoken in some regions of India, where it is one of the 22 scheduled languages and an...

 Faisalabadi newspapers including Daily Permanent News, Daily Shelter, Daily Awam
Daily Awam
Daily Awam is an Urdu daily newspaper in Pakistan. It is a morning daily published by Awam Group of Newspapers. The Daily Awam Quetta is the third largest circulating newspaper in the whole province of Balochistan, Pakistan which is the largest province of Pakistan. Its current Chief Executive &...

, Daily Aman, Daily Tajarti Rahber, Daily Paygaam, Daily Business Report, Daily Report
and the Daily Surrat-E-Haal.

Cinemas have fallen in number in the city since the ban on most Bollywood
Bollywood
Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai , Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other production centers producing...

 films. The lack of interest in English and Lollywood
Lollywood
Lollywood refers to the Pakistani film industry based in the city of Lahore. The word "Lollywood" was first coined in the summer of 1989 in the now defunct magazine "Glamour" published from Karachi by a gossip columnist Saleem Nasir. The film industry in Lahore started in 1929 with the opening of...

-related films has caused many cinema halls to close down and many owners to invest in other forms of entertainment. Punjabi stage dramas are still quite popular among Faisalabadis, and there are still some theatres operating quite successfully. There are many stars in Lollywood that hail from Faisalabad, which draws in the crowds from far and wide. Shows usually take place at night and involve a range of day-to-day topics as well as dances to many types of music from female artists.The DAWN Media Group. State-owned Pakistan Television (PTV
Pakistan Television Corporation
The Pakistan Television Corporation is Pakistan's national television broadcaster. The first live transmission of PTV began on November 26, 1964, in Lahore...

) transmits five terrestrial and cable television channels. There also a number of private television channels that have offices in Faisalabad including Express News
Express News (Pakistan)
Express News is an Urdu language Pakistani television news channel launched on January 1, 2008. It is owned and run by the country's third largest Urdu daily, Daily Express...

, Geo TV
Geo TV
Geo TV or Geo Television is a Pakistani television network, founded by Mr. Mir Shakil ur Rehman in May 2002 and owned by Independent Media Corporation. The channel began test transmission on 14 August 2002, with regular transmission beginning 1 October 2002...

, Apna Channel
Apna Channel
APNA Channel is a Punjabi language satellite television channel broadcasting from Thailand. It was launched on 14th October, 2004 and broadcasts entertainment programs in Punjabi. It also broadcasts English language programs dubbed in Punjabi...

 and Punjab TV
Punjab TV
Punjab TV is a Punjabi language television channel based in Pakistan. The channel caters predominately to the country's large Punjabi population, providing news and current affairs, infotainment, and general entertainment in the form of drama serials and talk shows....

.

Weekly Lyallpur Akhbar is one of the oldest newspapers in district of Faisalabad. As a source of agriculture media this newspaper was established in 1933 and still serving rural and agriculture business communities. Their office is in Killa Gift Fund Trust Building, Inside District Courts of Faisalabad. Bashir Ahmad Mumtaz is publisher and editor of the newspaper.

Fm Radio

The radio industry has expanded with a number of private and government-owned FM channels being introduced. The FM radio channels that broadcast in the city include the government-owned Radio Pakistan
  • FM89 [CITY FM]
  • FM90 [HAMARA FM]
  • FM 93 [National FM]
  • FM94 [DHAMMAL FM]
  • FM94.6[SHALIMAR FM]
  • FM 101[FM INTERNATIONAL]
  • FM103 [MAST FM]

Notable people

Below is a list of people who are known for their association with Faisalabad. It does not necessarily mean that they were born in the city or were even nationals of the country; the attachment with the city is either by birth, by living, by career within the city, by burial, or by performing notable work for the city.
  • Bhagat Singh, one of the most influential Freedom Fighters in the Indian Independence Movement
  • Prithviraj Kapoor
    Prithviraj Kapoor
    Prithviraj Kapoor , 3 November 1906 – 29 May 1972) was a pioneer of Indian theatre and of the Hindi film industry, who started his career as an actor, in the silent era of Hindi cinema, associated with IPTA and who founded Prithvi Theatres, a travelling theatre company based in Mumbai, in...

    , famous Indian actor/director
  • Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
    Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
    Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is the current Chief Justice of Pakistan.He became chief justice of Pakistan's Supreme Court in 2005 and soon became not only a central figure in the nation's political struggles but an icon to the country's legal profession and others campaigning for the rule of law...

    , chief justice of Pakistan
  • Master Sunder Singh Lyallpuri
    Master Sunder Singh Lyallpuri
    Master Sunder Singh Lyallpuri was a great Sikh personality of twentieth century. A leading soldier of Indian independence struggle, a front-ranking General of Akali Movement, a leading educationist, a formidable journalist, a great patriot and a dedicated Sikh to the core, Master Lyallpuri was...

    , a great Sikh patriot of twentieth century
  • Zia Mohyeddin
    Zia Mohyeddin
    Zia Mohyeddin is a Pakistani actor famed for his voice.He was born in Faisalabad, , British India in a Urdu Speaking Family. He passed his early life in Karachi. He was trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts in London from 1953-1956...

    , artist, anchor
  • Khalid Maqbool
    Khalid Maqbool
    Lieutenant General Khalid Maqbool Vohra, , , is a career Pakistan Army officer was the longest serving Governor of Punjab, the most populous province of Pakistan, under the General Pervez Musharraf government...

    , former governor of the Punjab
  • Chaudhry Muhammad Afzal Sahi
    Chaudhry Muhammad Afzal Sahi
    Chaudhary Muhammad Afzal Sahi born on November 1, 1949, at Faisalabad is a Pakistani politician.He is son of Chaudhry Nawab Khan Sahi, a famous landlord of Sahianwala, and belongs to a noble Jat family...

    , former speaker Punjab Assembly
  • Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Qawwali
    Qawwali
    Qawwali is a form of Sufi devotional music popular in South Asia, particularly in the Punjab and Sindh regions of Pakistan, Hyderabad, Delhi, and other parts of northern India...

     singer
  • Rahat Fateh Ali Khan, Qawwali
    Qawwali
    Qawwali is a form of Sufi devotional music popular in South Asia, particularly in the Punjab and Sindh regions of Pakistan, Hyderabad, Delhi, and other parts of northern India...

     singer
  • Shahbaz Ahmed
    Shahbaz Ahmed
    Shahbaz Ahmad is a former field hockey player from Pakistan who is also known as Shahbaz Ahmad Sr. He is considered to be among the best forwards in the history of field hockey...

    , Pakistani hockey player
  • Kaleem Saadat
    Kaleem Saadat
    Air Chief Marshal Kaleem Saadat Rana, NI, , is a retired four-star general who was the Chief of Air Staff of the Pakistan Air Force from 2003 to 2006...

    ,former Air Chief Marshal
  • Teji Bachchan, mother of Bollywood
    Bollywood
    Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai , Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema; it is only a part of the total Indian film industry, which includes other production centers producing...

     legend Amitabh Bachchan
    Amitabh Bachchan
    Amitabh Bachchan is an Indian film actor. He first gained popularity in the early 1970s as the "angry young man" of Hindi cinema, and has since appeared in over 180 Indian films in a career spanning more than four decades...

  • Saeed Ajmal
    Saeed Ajmal
    Saeed Ajmal ; born 14 October 1977) is a Pakistani cricketer. He is a right-arm off-spin bowler who also uses the Doosra to good effect.-Early life and domestic cricket:...

    , Pakistani cricket player
  • Abrar ul Haq, Punjabi Bhangra singer
  • Resham
    Resham
    Resham is a Pakistani film, television and theater actress based in Lahore. She debuted with Syed Noor's film, Jeeva in 1995 and later went on to star in a string of commercial hits in the late 1990s. She was noted for her performance as the upcoming model in Samina Peerzada's Inteha...

    , Pakistani film actress
  • Mala
    Mala (Pakistani singer)
    Naseem Nazli popularly called Mala was a Pakistani playback singer of Urdu and Punjabi films. In 1960s, Mala had a hit pair with famous playback singer Ahmed Rushdi and they gave numorous hits to Pakistan film industry. She sung many super hit songs in almost two decades singing career in the...

    , playback singer
  • Milkha Singh
    Milkha Singh
    Milkha Singh is an Indian athlete, who represented India in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome and the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo...

    , athlete
  • Madan Lal Khurana
    Madan Lal Khurana
    Madan Lal Khurana is an Indian politician and former Chief Minister of Delhi. He has also served as the Governor of Rajasthan.-Early life:...

    , politician of Bharatiya Janata Party
    Bharatiya Janata Party
    The Bharatiya Janata Party ,; translation: Indian People's Party) is one of the two major political parties in India, the other being the Indian National Congress. Established in 1980, it is India's second largest political party in terms of representation in the parliament...

    , and former Delhi
    Delhi
    Delhi , officially National Capital Territory of Delhi , is the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest by population in India, next to Mumbai. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the world by population with 16,753,265 inhabitants in the Territory at the 2011 Census...

     chief minister
  • Sufi Barkat Ali
    Sufi Barkat Ali
    Hadrat Abu Anees Muhammad Barkat Ali Al-Ludhianiwi , also referred to as Babaji Sarkar by his disciples was a Muslim Sufi saint who belongs to Qadri silsila of Hadrat Abdul-Qadir Gilani born in a small village of Brahmi in the Tehsil of Ludhiana in Northern India.Hadrat is founder of the...

    , Sufi Scholor

External links

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