FREMM multipurpose frigate
Overview
 
The FREMM Multipurpose Frigate (French Frégate multi-mission or Italian Fregata multi-missione) is a ship designed by DCNS/Armaris and Fincantieri
Fincantieri
Fincantieri - Cantieri Navali Italiani S.p.A. is a shipbuilding company based in Trieste, Italy. It was formed in 1959 and is the largest shipbuilder in the Mediterranean, and one of the largest in Europe...

 to operate in anti-air, anti-submarine and anti-ship warfare, and be capable of carrying out deep strikes against land targets.

The French Navy
French Navy
The French Navy, officially the Marine nationale and often called La Royale is the maritime arm of the French military. It includes a full range of fighting vessels, from patrol boats to a nuclear powered aircraft carrier and 10 nuclear-powered submarines, four of which are capable of launching...

 plans to operate eleven FREMM frigates, and the Marina Militare
Marina Militare
The Italian Navy is the navy of the Italian Republic. It is one of the four branches of military forces of Italy; formed in 1946, from what remained of the Regia Marina . As of 2008, the Italian Navy had 35,200 active personnel with 180 commissioned ships, 19 Floating Docks, and 123 aircraft...

 ten.
Encyclopedia
The FREMM Multipurpose Frigate (French Frégate multi-mission or Italian Fregata multi-missione) is a ship designed by DCNS/Armaris and Fincantieri
Fincantieri
Fincantieri - Cantieri Navali Italiani S.p.A. is a shipbuilding company based in Trieste, Italy. It was formed in 1959 and is the largest shipbuilder in the Mediterranean, and one of the largest in Europe...

 to operate in anti-air, anti-submarine and anti-ship warfare, and be capable of carrying out deep strikes against land targets.

The French Navy
French Navy
The French Navy, officially the Marine nationale and often called La Royale is the maritime arm of the French military. It includes a full range of fighting vessels, from patrol boats to a nuclear powered aircraft carrier and 10 nuclear-powered submarines, four of which are capable of launching...

 plans to operate eleven FREMM frigates, and the Marina Militare
Marina Militare
The Italian Navy is the navy of the Italian Republic. It is one of the four branches of military forces of Italy; formed in 1946, from what remained of the Regia Marina . As of 2008, the Italian Navy had 35,200 active personnel with 180 commissioned ships, 19 Floating Docks, and 123 aircraft...

 ten. The first commissionings are expected in 2012. The ships will be built in France by Armaris (owned by DCNS), and in Italy by Orizzonte Sistemi Navali (a joint venture between shipbuilder Fincantieri
Fincantieri
Fincantieri - Cantieri Navali Italiani S.p.A. is a shipbuilding company based in Trieste, Italy. It was formed in 1959 and is the largest shipbuilder in the Mediterranean, and one of the largest in Europe...

 and aerospace firm Finmeccanica
Finmeccanica
Finmeccanica S.p.A. is an Italian conglomerate. Finmeccanica is the second largest industrial group and the largest of the hi-tech industrial groups based in Italy. It works in the fields of defence, aerospace, security, automation, transport and energy...

). This arrangement extends the partnerships forged for development of the Horizon CNGFs (Common New Generation Frigates).

Morocco
Morocco
Morocco , officially the Kingdom of Morocco , is a country located in North Africa. It has a population of more than 32 million and an area of 710,850 km², and also primarily administers the disputed region of the Western Sahara...

 has bought one anti-submarine version frigate,

Versions

Three versions of the frigates are planned: one anti-submarine version, one anti-aircraft version (FR) FREDA
Freda
Freda may refer to:* Freda, Michigan, a former mining town in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan* Freda from The Lord of the Rings film trilogy* Typhoon Freda, a Category 3 typhoon which occurred in 1962...

 and a general-purpose (IT) version. French and Italians will use these with some equipment which will differ between the two countries. The French are considering an anti-aircraft version called FREDA, which will replace the two units of the Cassard class
Cassard class frigate
The Cassard class is a class of AA frigates of the French Navy. The class is an air defence variant of the Georges Leygues class. The two classes have a different armament and propulsion system mounted on an identical hull. Their primary role is to provide air cover for a fleet, an aeronaval...

.

In spite of the existence of three different versions of the FREMM, their design as well as most of their armament will be similar.

Common equipment

  • MU 90 torpedoes
    MU90 Impact
    The MU90/IMPACT is an advanced lightweight anti-submarine torpedo used by navies of Germany, France, Italy, Denmark, Australia and Poland. It is designed to compete with and outperform the US-built Mark 46 in the anti-submarine role, and is also available in a special MU90 Hard Kill version for...

  • MBDA Aster
    MBDA Aster
    Aster is a family of surface-to-air missiles manufactured by Eurosam, a European consortium consisting of MBDA France, MBDA Italy and the Thales Group .-Overview:The Aster family was developed to perform three distinct missions:...

     SAAM in SYLVER launcher
    SYLVER launcher
    The Sylver is a vertical missile launcher designed by DCNS. The launcher comes in several variants, each distinguished by their height...

    s
  • Otobreda 76 mm
    Otobreda 76 mm
    The Otobreda 76 mm gun is a naval artillery piece built by the Italian defence conglomerate Otobreda. It is based on the Oto Melara 76mm/L62 Allargato, which was bigger and heavier...

     Super Rapid gun (with Davide ammunition on Italian version)
  • NH90 helicopter, with capability for EH101, Cougar and Caracal
  • Thales UMS 4410 CL Hull sonar suite.
  • Two Sigen RECM jammer

French-specific equipement

  • IRST Thales Artemis
  • Terma Scanter 2001 radar
  • Sagem Najir fire control system for the 76mm canon
  • Héraklès radar
  • SETIS combat system
  • NGDS decoy launcher
  • Two Nexter
    Nexter
    Nexter is a French government-owned weapons manufacturer.-Products:...

     20mm
  • MM-40 Exocet block 3
    Exocet
    The Exocet is a French-built anti-ship missile whose various versions can be launched from surface vessels, submarines, helicopters and fixed wing aircraft. Hundreds were fired in combat during the 1980s.-Etymology:...

    , for naval and land attack
  • Two additional Sylver A70 for 16 SCALP Naval
    Storm Shadow
    Storm Shadow is a British, French and Italian air-launched cruise missile, manufactured by MBDA. Storm Shadow is the British name for the weapon; in French service it is called SCALP EG...

     cruise missile with a range up to 1000 km
  • Samahé helicopter handling system

Italian-specific equipment

  • IRST Galileo Avionica SASS
  • NA-25 DARDO-F fire control system for the 76mm cannon
  • EMPAR radar
  • SAMP-SD combat system
  • SCLAR - H decoy system
  • Two Sylver A70 systems
  • Two Oto Melara
    Oto Melara
    Oto Melara is an Italian defence company with factories in Brescia and La Spezia. It was founded in 1905 as a joint venture of Vickers and Terni. During World War I, Vickers Terni produced many weapons with calibre 40 mm and upwards. In 1929 the company was renamed Odero Terni Orlando with the...

    /Oerlikon
    Oerlikon Contraves
    Rheinmetall Air Defence AG is a division of German armament manufacturer Rheinmetall, created when the company's Oerlikon Contraves unit was renamed on 1 January 2009 and integrated with Rheinmetall's other air-defence products...

     25mm
  • Teseo\Otomat Mk-2/A block 4, for naval and land attack
  • A second Otobreda 76 mm
    Otobreda 76 mm
    The Otobreda 76 mm gun is a naval artillery piece built by the Italian defence conglomerate Otobreda. It is based on the Oto Melara 76mm/L62 Allargato, which was bigger and heavier...

     Super Rapid gun on the hangar
  • TC-ASIST helicopter handling system

Italian land attack version

The Land attack version is dubbed GP ("General Purpose")
  • Otobreda 127/64
    Otobreda 127/64
    The upcoming Oto Melara 127/64 Lightweight naval Gun Mount is a rapid fire gun mount suitable for installation on large and medium size ships, intended for surface fire and naval gunfire support as main role and anti-aircraft fire as secondary role....

     LW with Vulcano guided ammunition with a range up to 120 km

French anti-air version and Italian improvements

The anti-air version is dubbed FREDA ("Frégates de défense aériennes", "Air defence frigate"). Following the cancellation of the third and fourth Horizon class frigate
Horizon class frigate
The Horizon Common New Generation Frigate is a multi-national collaboration to produce a new generation of anti-air warfare frigates. Originally an alliance of Britain, France and Italy, the project is now a French/Italian effort following the withdrawal of Britain due to differing requirements...

s, the French Navy has started studies for an anti-air version of the FREMM, called FREDA.

The FREDA could carry up to 32 Aster 30 & Aster 15 and a more powerful version of the Herakles radar. They would also have the standard armament of one 76 mm gun, two 20 mm guns and 8 Exocet
Exocet
The Exocet is a French-built anti-ship missile whose various versions can be launched from surface vessels, submarines, helicopters and fixed wing aircraft. Hundreds were fired in combat during the 1980s.-Etymology:...

 missiles and torpedoes. This version also offert improvement of the SETIS combat system for the air defense role http://www.meretmarine.com/article.cfm?id=111362&CFID=47121466&CFTOKEN=46136843

Also all the Italian ships will carry the Aster 30, with an improved Anti Aircracft system. But no specific names are given to this modification.

Ships

France will use 9 frigates to replace the anti-submarine Tourville class frigates
Tourville class frigate
The F67 type is a class of large high-sea Destroyers of the French Navy specialised in anti-submarine warfare. They have anti-air and anti-surface capabilities....

 (F67 type), the anti-submarine Georges Leygues class frigates
Georges Leygues class frigate
The Georges Leygues class is a class of anti-submarine frigates of the French Navy. They are polyvalent , due to their Exocet and Crotale missile complement, making them especially suitable for defence of strategic positions, demonstrations, or highseas escorts.The superstructures were built as to...

 (F70 type) and 2 FREDA
Freda
Freda may refer to:* Freda, Michigan, a former mining town in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan* Freda from The Lord of the Rings film trilogy* Typhoon Freda, a Category 3 typhoon which occurred in 1962...

 frigates to replace the two units of the anti-aircraft Cassard class
Cassard class frigate
The Cassard class is a class of AA frigates of the French Navy. The class is an air defence variant of the Georges Leygues class. The two classes have a different armament and propulsion system mounted on an identical hull. Their primary role is to provide air cover for a fleet, an aeronaval...

.

Italy will build 4 ASW and 6 general-purpose (GP) frigates to replace the (8) Maestrale
Maestrale class frigate
The Maestrale class is a class of frigate in the Marina Militare . The class is composed of eight vessels, all of which were built by Fincantieri S.p. A, Riva Trigoso, except for Grecale, which was built by Fincantieri S.p.A...

 and (4) Lupo
Lupo class frigate
The Lupo class is a class of frigates built by Cantieri Navali Riuniti for the Italian Navy. Designed as multipurpose warships with emphasis on anti-surface warfare , they have enjoyed some success in the export market, being acquired by the navies of Peru and Venezuela...

 class frigates.

- Aquitaine-Class
Pennant no. Type Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Homeport
D650 ASM Aquitaine 2007 29 April 2010 July 2012 Brest
Brest, France
Brest is a city in the Finistère department in Brittany in northwestern France. Located in a sheltered position not far from the western tip of the Breton peninsula, and the western extremity of metropolitan France, Brest is an important harbour and the second French military port after Toulon...

D651 ASM Normandie 2009 May 2014 Brest
Brest, France
Brest is a city in the Finistère department in Brittany in northwestern France. Located in a sheltered position not far from the western tip of the Breton peninsula, and the western extremity of metropolitan France, Brest is an important harbour and the second French military port after Toulon...

D652 ASM Provence 2010 May 2015 Toulon
Toulon
Toulon is a town in southern France and a large military harbor on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region, Toulon is the capital of the Var department in the former province of Provence....

D653 ASM Languedoc 2011 January 2016 Toulon
Toulon
Toulon is a town in southern France and a large military harbor on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region, Toulon is the capital of the Var department in the former province of Provence....

D654 ASM Auvergne December 2016 Toulon
Toulon
Toulon is a town in southern France and a large military harbor on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region, Toulon is the capital of the Var department in the former province of Provence....

D655 ASM Alsace September 2017 Toulon
Toulon
Toulon is a town in southern France and a large military harbor on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region, Toulon is the capital of the Var department in the former province of Provence....

D656 ASM Bretagne June 2018 Brest
Brest, France
Brest is a city in the Finistère department in Brittany in northwestern France. Located in a sheltered position not far from the western tip of the Breton peninsula, and the western extremity of metropolitan France, Brest is an important harbour and the second French military port after Toulon...

D657 ASM Lorraine May 2019 Brest
Brest, France
Brest is a city in the Finistère department in Brittany in northwestern France. Located in a sheltered position not far from the western tip of the Breton peninsula, and the western extremity of metropolitan France, Brest is an important harbour and the second French military port after Toulon...

D6.. ASM -Unknown- May 2020 Brest
Brest, France
Brest is a city in the Finistère department in Brittany in northwestern France. Located in a sheltered position not far from the western tip of the Breton peninsula, and the western extremity of metropolitan France, Brest is an important harbour and the second French military port after Toulon...

D6.. FREDA -Unknown- May 2021 Toulon
Toulon
Toulon is a town in southern France and a large military harbor on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region, Toulon is the capital of the Var department in the former province of Provence....

D6.. FREDA -Unknown- May 2022 Toulon
Toulon
Toulon is a town in southern France and a large military harbor on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base. Located in the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region, Toulon is the capital of the Var department in the former province of Provence....



- Bergamini-Class
Pennant no. Type Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Homeport
F590 GP Carlo Bergamini 2008 April 2011 2013 La Spezia
La Spezia
La Spezia , at the head of the Gulf of La Spezia in the Liguria region of northern Italy, is the capital city of the province of La Spezia. Located between Genoa and Pisa on the Ligurian Sea, it is one of the main Italian military and commercial harbours and hosts one of Italy's biggest military...

F591 ASW Virginio Fasan 2009 2012 La Spezia
La Spezia
La Spezia , at the head of the Gulf of La Spezia in the Liguria region of northern Italy, is the capital city of the province of La Spezia. Located between Genoa and Pisa on the Ligurian Sea, it is one of the main Italian military and commercial harbours and hosts one of Italy's biggest military...

F592 ASW Carlo Margottini 2010 La Spezia
La Spezia
La Spezia , at the head of the Gulf of La Spezia in the Liguria region of northern Italy, is the capital city of the province of La Spezia. Located between Genoa and Pisa on the Ligurian Sea, it is one of the main Italian military and commercial harbours and hosts one of Italy's biggest military...

F593 ASW Luigi Rizzo
F594 ASW -Unknown-
F595 GP -Unknown-
F596 GP -Unknown-
F597 GP -Unknown-
F598 GP -Unknown-
F599 GP -Unknown-


- Aquitaine-Class
Pennant no. Type Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Homeport
F... ASM Mohammed VI 2008 2012 2013 Ksar es Seghir

Service history

The construction of the first four French vessels has begun.

The construction of the first three Italian vessels has also begun.

The construction of the Moroccan ship has begun in France, after the Aquitaine but before the Normandie. The ship is expected to be named Mohammed VI after the current king of Morocco.

Export

On 24 October 2007 it was announced that the Royal Moroccan Navy
Royal Moroccan Navy
The Royal Navy of Morocco is a branch of the military of Morocco responsible of conducting naval operations.The Royal Moroccan Navy is administratively managed by the Adminsitration of Defence, which is commanded by King Mohammed VI - Mission :The Royal Moroccan Navy is part of the Moroccan Armed...

 ordered one FREMM. The ship will be built in Lorient
Lorient
Lorient, or L'Orient, is a commune and a seaport in the Morbihan department in Brittany in north-western France.-History:At the beginning of the 17th century, merchants who were trading with India had established warehouses in Port-Louis...

 by DCNS. It will replace the Descubierta class corvette currently used.http://www.meretmarine.com/article.cfm?id=105848. The contract was reportedly signed on April 18, 2008 and construction of the Moroccan FREMM began in the summer 2008 and is expected to be delivered by 2012 or 2013.http://www.meretmarine.com/article.cfm?id=108228&u=3951

External links

French Navy Official Page http://www.defense.gouv.fr/marine/decouverte/equipements/renouvellement_des_moyens/fregates_europeennes_multi_missions_fremm Italian Navy Official Page http://www.marina.difesa.it/uominimezzi/nuoviprogetti/Pagine/LeFregate.aspx Detail, story and image on Italian FREMM http://digilander.libero.it/en_mezzi_militari/html/en_fremm.html FREMM Greece http://www.fremm.gr
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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