Evening Standard
Overview
 
The Evening Standard, now styled the London Evening Standard, is a free local daily newspaper, published Monday–Friday in tabloid format in London. It is the dominant regional evening paper for London and the surrounding area, with coverage of national and international news and City of London
City of London
The City of London is a small area within Greater London, England. It is the historic core of London around which the modern conurbation grew and has held city status since time immemorial. The City’s boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, and it is now only a tiny part of...

 finance. In October 2009 the paper ended a 180-year history of paid circulation
Newspaper circulation
A newspaper's circulation is the number of copies it distributes on an average day. Circulation is one of the principal factors used to set advertising rates. Circulation is not always the same as copies sold, often called paid circulation, since some newspapers are distributed without cost to the...

 and became a free giveaway, doubling its circulation as part of a change in its business plan.
The newspaper was founded by the barrister, Stanley Lees Giffard
Stanley Lees Giffard
Stanley Lees Giffard was founder and first editor of a London newspaper, The Standard.Stanley Lees Giffard was brought up in Ireland, the son of John Giffard and Sarah Morton of Dromartin Castle...

, on 21 May 1827, as the Standard.
Encyclopedia
The Evening Standard, now styled the London Evening Standard, is a free local daily newspaper, published Monday–Friday in tabloid format in London. It is the dominant regional evening paper for London and the surrounding area, with coverage of national and international news and City of London
City of London
The City of London is a small area within Greater London, England. It is the historic core of London around which the modern conurbation grew and has held city status since time immemorial. The City’s boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, and it is now only a tiny part of...

 finance. In October 2009 the paper ended a 180-year history of paid circulation
Newspaper circulation
A newspaper's circulation is the number of copies it distributes on an average day. Circulation is one of the principal factors used to set advertising rates. Circulation is not always the same as copies sold, often called paid circulation, since some newspapers are distributed without cost to the...

 and became a free giveaway, doubling its circulation as part of a change in its business plan.

History

The newspaper was founded by the barrister, Stanley Lees Giffard
Stanley Lees Giffard
Stanley Lees Giffard was founder and first editor of a London newspaper, The Standard.Stanley Lees Giffard was brought up in Ireland, the son of John Giffard and Sarah Morton of Dromartin Castle...

, on 21 May 1827, as the Standard. The early owner of the paper was Charles Baldwin. Under the ownership of James Johnstone The Standard became a morning paper from 29 June 1857, with The Evening Standard being published from 11 June 1859. The Standard gained eminence for its detailed foreign news, with its reporting events of the American Civil War
American Civil War
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response to the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ; the other 25...

 (1861–1865), of the Austro-Prussian War
Austro-Prussian War
The Austro-Prussian War was a war fought in 1866 between the German Confederation under the leadership of the Austrian Empire and its German allies on one side and the Kingdom of Prussia with its German allies and Italy on the...

 of 1866, and of the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia was aided by the North German Confederation, of which it was a member, and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and...

 of 1870, all contributing to a rise in circulation.

The Evening Standard has sponsored the annual Evening Standard Theatre Awards since the 1950s. The newspaper has also awarded the annual Evening Standard Pub of the Year (discontinued 2007) and the Evening Standard British Film Awards
Evening Standard British Film Awards
The Evening Standard British Film Awards were established in 1973 by the British London area evening newspaper Evening Standard. The Standard Awards is the only ceremony "dedicated to British and Irish talent," judged by a panel of "top UK critics." Each ceremony honours films from the previous...

 since the 1970s.

Lebedev takeover

On 21 January 2009 Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n businessman and former KGB
KGB
The KGB was the commonly used acronym for the . It was the national security agency of the Soviet Union from 1954 until 1991, and was the premier internal security, intelligence, and secret police organization during that time.The State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus currently uses the...

 agent Alexander Lebedev
Alexander Lebedev
Alexander Yevgenievich Lebedev is a Russian businessman, referred to as one of the Russian oligarchs.In May 2008, he was listed by Forbes magazine as one of the richest Russians and as the 358th richest person in the world with an estimated fortune of $3.1 billion...

 and son Evgeny Lebedev
Evgeny Lebedev
Evgeny Alexandrovich Lebedev is the chairman of both Evening Standard Ltd, which owns the Evening Standard and also Independent Print Ltd which owns the Independent newspapers, which he bought in January 2009 and March 2010...

, now the paper's chairman, agreed to purchase 75.1% of the paper for £1. The paper was formerly published by Associated Newspapers
Associated Newspapers
Associated Newspapers is a large national newspaper publisher in the UK, which is a subsidiary of the Daily Mail and General Trust. The group was established in 1905 and is currently based at Northcliffe House in Kensington...

 Ltd., a division of Daily Mail and General Trust
Daily Mail and General Trust
Daily Mail and General Trust plc is a British media conglomerate, one of the largest in Europe. In the UK, it has interests in national and regional newspapers, television and radio. The company has extensive activities based outside the UK, through Northcliffe Media, DMG Radio Australia, DMG World...

. Associated Newspapers publishes the national papers Daily Mail
Daily Mail
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-market tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust. First published in 1896 by Lord Northcliffe, it is the United Kingdom's second biggest-selling daily newspaper after The Sun. Its sister paper The Mail on Sunday was launched in 1982...

, The Mail on Sunday
The Mail on Sunday
The Mail on Sunday is a British conservative newspaper, currently published in a tabloid format. First published in 1982 by Lord Rothermere, it became Britain's biggest-selling Sunday newspaper following the closing of The News of the World in July 2011...

, and Metro
Metro (Associated Metro Limited)
Metro is a free daily newspaper in the United Kingdom published by Associated Newspapers Ltd . It is available from Monday to Friday each week on many public transport services across the United Kingdom.-History:The paper was launched in London in 1999, and can now be found in 14 UK urban centres...

, a free morning paper distributed Monday-Friday at London stations. It also published London Lite
London Lite
London Lite was the trading name of a British free daily newspaper, published by Associated Newspapers , and now defunct. It was available Monday to Friday afternoons and evenings from street distributors in Central London only...

, a free evening paper, now defunct.

In November 2009 the Evening Standard announced that from 4 January 2010 it was to drop its 'Midday News Extra' edition. This means printing one edition of 600,000 copies, starting at 12:30pm, ending journalists' 3 a.m. starts and the previous deadline of 9am for the first edition. Twenty people were expected to lose their jobs as a result.

Previously there were three editions each weekday, excluding Bank holiday
Bank Holiday
A bank holiday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom or a colloquialism for public holiday in Ireland. There is no automatic right to time off on these days, although the majority of the population is granted time off work or extra pay for working on these days, depending on their contract...

s. The first of these, "News Extra", went to print at 10:00am and was available around 11:00am in central London, slightly later in more outlying areas (such as Kent). A second edition "West End Final" went to print at 3:00pm and the "Late Night Final" went to print at 5 p.m. and was available in the central area from about 6 p.m. There was often considerable variation between the editions, particularly with the front page lead and following few pages, including the Londoner's Diary, though features and reviews stayed the same. The page changes are indicated by stars in the bottom left hand corner of each page: two stars for the second edition, three stars for the third.

May 2009 relaunch

In May 2009 the paper launched a series of poster ads, each of which prominently featured the word 'Sorry' in the paper's then-masthead font. These ads offered various apologies for past editorial approaches, such as 'Sorry for losing touch'. None of the posters mentioned the Evening Standard by name, although they featured the paper's Eros
Eros
Eros , in Greek mythology, was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was Cupid . Some myths make him a primordial god, while in other myths, he is the son of Aphrodite....

 logo. Ex-editor Veronica Wadley
Veronica Wadley
Veronica Judith Colleton Wadley is a British journalist, and former editor of London's Evening Standard from February 2002 to February 2009, during which it was owned by Associated Newspapers. She was the first female editor of the title...

 criticised the "Pravda-style" campaign saying it humiliated the paper's staff and insulted its readers. The campaign was designed by McCann Erickson
McCann Erickson
McCann Erickson is a global advertising agency network, with offices in more than 130 countries. McCann is a subsidiary of the Interpublic Group of Companies, one of the four large holding companies in the advertising industry....

.

On 11 May 2009 the paper relaunched as the London Evening Standard, with a new layout and masthead. The paper marked the relaunch by giving away 650,000 free copies on the day.

October 2009: freesheet

After a long history of paid circulation, on 12 October 2009 the Standard became a free newspaper, with free circulation limited to central London. In February 2010, a paid-for circulation version became available in suburban areas of London for 20p. The newspaper won the Media Brand of the Year and the Grand Prix Gold awards at the Media Week awards in October 2010. The judges said, "[the Standard has] quite simply ... stunned the market. Not just for the act of going free, but because editorial quality has been maintained, circulation has almost trebled and advertisers have responded favourably. Here is a media brand restored to health." The Standard also won the daily newspaper of the year award at the London Press Club Press Awards in May 2011.

Editorial style

The current editor of the Standard is Geordie Greig
Geordie Greig
Geordie Greig is a British journalist and newspaper editor. He is the editor of the Evening Standard newspaper. He attended Eton College and St Peter's College, Oxford.-Journalism career:...

. Veronica Wadley
Veronica Wadley
Veronica Judith Colleton Wadley is a British journalist, and former editor of London's Evening Standard from February 2002 to February 2009, during which it was owned by Associated Newspapers. She was the first female editor of the title...

 was the paper's editor for seven years, from 2002 to 2 February 2009. Max Hastings
Max Hastings
Sir Max Hugh Macdonald Hastings, FRSL is a British journalist, editor, historian and author. He is the son of Macdonald Hastings, the noted British journalist and war correspondent and Anne Scott-James, sometime editor of Harper's Bazaar.-Life and career:Hastings was educated at Charterhouse...

 was editor
Editing
Editing is the process of selecting and preparing written, visual, audible, and film media used to convey information through the processes of correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications performed with an intention of producing a correct, consistent, accurate, and complete...

 from 1996 until he retired in 2002.

Although, under Associated Newspaper's ownership, the Standard shared the same Editor in Chief, Paul Dacre
Paul Dacre
Paul Michael Dacre is a British journalist and current editor of the British newspaper the Daily Mail. He is also editor in chief of the Mail group titles, which also includes The Mail on Sunday. He is also a director of the Daily Mail and General Trust plc and was a member of the Press Complaints...

, as the Daily Mail, it maintained a quite different style from the latter's "middle England" outlook, in order to appeal to its local, more cosmopolitan readership.

The Evening Standard, although a regional newspaper for London, also covers national and international news, though with an emphasis on London-centred news (especially in its features pages), covering building developments, property prices, traffic schemes, politics, the congestion charge and, in the Londoner's Diary page, gossip on the social scene. It also occasionally runs campaigns centred around local issues that national newspapers do not cover in detail.

It has a tradition of providing quality arts coverage, and is noted for its visual art critic, Brian Sewell
Brian Sewell
Brian Sewell is an English art critic and media personality. He writes for the London Evening Standard and is noted for artistic conservatism and his acerbic view of the Turner Prize and conceptual art...

, more recently also a television personality, who is renowned for his outspoken dismissal of Britart
Young British Artists
Young British Artists or YBAs is the name given to a loose group of visual artists who first began to exhibit together in London, in 1988...

 and the Turner Prize
Turner Prize
The Turner Prize, named after the painter J. M. W. Turner, is an annual prize presented to a British visual artist under the age of 50. Awarding the prize is organised by the Tate gallery and staged at Tate Britain. Since its beginnings in 1984 it has become the United Kingdom's most publicised...

. This accords with the general readership, but was so unpopular with leading figures in the art world that they signed a letter demanding his dismissal (he is still there).

Its headline writers have been accused of having a "doom-and-gloom" agenda.

2008 London Mayoral Election

During the 2008 London mayoral election the Evening Standard—and particularly its correspondent Andrew Gilligan
Andrew Gilligan
Andrew Paul Gilligan is a British journalist best known for a 2003 report on BBC Radio 4's The Today Programme in which he said a British government briefing paper on Iraq and weapons of mass destruction had been 'sexed up', a claim that ultimately led to a public inquiry that criticised Gilligan...

—published articles in support of Conservative candidate Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson is a British journalist and Conservative Party politician, who has been the elected Mayor of London since 2008...

, including frequent front-page headlines condemning Ken Livingstone
Ken Livingstone
Kenneth Robert "Ken" Livingstone is an English politician who is currently a member of the centrist to centre-left Labour Party...

. This included the headline, "Suicide bomb backer runs Ken's campaign!"

2010 General Election

On 5 May 2010, the Standard stated in an editorial that having supported Labour
Labour Party (UK)
The Labour Party is a centre-left democratic socialist party in the United Kingdom. It surpassed the Liberal Party in general elections during the early 1920s, forming minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 and 1929-1931. The party was in a wartime coalition from 1940 to 1945, after...

 under Tony Blair
Tony Blair
Anthony Charles Lynton Blair is a former British Labour Party politician who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2 May 1997 to 27 June 2007. He was the Member of Parliament for Sedgefield from 1983 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007...

, the paper would be supporting David Cameron
David Cameron
David William Donald Cameron is the current Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service and Leader of the Conservative Party. Cameron represents Witney as its Member of Parliament ....

 and the Conservatives
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

 in the General Election, saying that "the Conservatives are ready for power: they look like a government in waiting."

Freesheet and supplements


On 14 December 2004 Associated Newspapers
Associated Newspapers
Associated Newspapers is a large national newspaper publisher in the UK, which is a subsidiary of the Daily Mail and General Trust. The group was established in 1905 and is currently based at Northcliffe House in Kensington...

 launched a freesheet
Free daily newspaper
Free daily newspapers are distributed free of charge, either in central places in cities and towns, or with other newspapers. The revenues of such newspapers are based on advertising.-In the U.S.:...

 edition of the Evening Standard called Standard Lite to help boost circulation. This had 48 pages, compared with about 80 in the main paper, which also had a supplement on most days.

In August 2006 the freesheet was relaunched as London Lite
London Lite
London Lite was the trading name of a British free daily newspaper, published by Associated Newspapers , and now defunct. It was available Monday to Friday afternoons and evenings from street distributors in Central London only...

. It was designed to be especially attractive to younger female readers, and featured a wide range of lifestyle articles, but less news and business news than the main paper. It was initially only available between 11.30am and 2.30pm at Evening Standard vendors and in the central area, but later became available in the evening from its street distributors. With the sale of the Evening Standard, but not the London Lite, to Alexander Lebedev on 21 January 2009, the ownership links between the Standard and the Lite were broken.

On Fridays the Evening Standard includes a free glossy lifestyle magazine, ES. This has moved from more general articles to concentrate on glamour, with features on the rich, powerful and famous. On Wednesdays, readers can pick up a free copy of the Homes & Property supplement, edited by Janice Morley, which includes London property listings as well as articles from lifestyle journalists including Barbara Chandler, Katie Law and Alison Cork
Alison Cork
Alison Helen Lucy Cork is an English home expert, writer and broadcaster. She works extensively in TV, radio, publishing and journalism.-Publishing:...

.

An entertainment guide supplement Metro Life (previously called Hot Tickets) was launched in September 2002. This was a what's on guide with listings of cinemas and theatres in and around London, and was given away on Thursdays. It was discontinued on 1 September 2005.

The paper also supplies occasional CDs and DVDs for promotions. It also give Londoners a chance to win exclusive tickets to film premieres and sports tournament tickets, such as the Wimbledon
The Championships, Wimbledon
The Championships, Wimbledon, or simply Wimbledon , is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, considered by many to be the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in Wimbledon, London since 1877. It is one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, the other three Majors...

 Ladies Singles Final.

The Evening Standard Black Book is a list of London's 1000 most influential people in 2008.

In popular culture

  • in the 2002 apocalyptic horror film 28 days later
    28 Days Later
    28 Days Later is an acclaimed 2002 British horror film directed by Danny Boyle. The screenplay was written by Alex Garland, and the film stars Cillian Murphy, Naomie Harris, Brendan Gleeson, Megan Burns, and Christopher Eccleston...

    , the newspaper was one of the last printed papers in the UK, informing Londoners about a deadly epidemic sweeping the country as well as that the city was to be evacuated and the Prime Minster had declared a state of emergency.

Websites

The newspaper's This Is London website carries some of the stories from the Evening Standard and promotions, reviews and competitions. It also includes a number of blog
Blog
A blog is a type of website or part of a website supposed to be updated with new content from time to time. Blogs are usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in...

s by Evening Standard writers, such as restaurant critic Charles Campion
Charles Campion
Charles Campion is a food critic, who has written in The Times, The Independent and the Evening Standard. He has also appeared on Celebrity MasterChef.-External links:* - Critics Official Site...

, theatre critic Kieron Quirke
Kieron Quirke
Kieron Quirke is an English writer, journalist, musician and theatre critic residing in Los Angeles, California.-Early life:Quirke was educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham and the Junior Royal Academy of Music where he won the Dame Ruth Railton Prize in 1997.Quirke attended Merton College,...

 and music critic David Smyth. A separate website contains images of each page of the print edition (two versions) and supplements.

Editors

1827: Stanley Lees Giffard
Stanley Lees Giffard
Stanley Lees Giffard was founder and first editor of a London newspaper, The Standard.Stanley Lees Giffard was brought up in Ireland, the son of John Giffard and Sarah Morton of Dromartin Castle...

1846: Robert Knox
Robert Knox
Robert Knox was a Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist. He was the most popular lecturer in anatomy in Edinburgh before his involvement in the Burke and Hare body-snatching case. This ruined his career, and a later move to London did not improve matters...

1857: Unknown
1860: Charles Williams and Pritchard
1863: Thomas Hamber
1871: W. H. Mudford
W. H. Mudford
William Heseltine Mudford , known as W. H. Mudford, was a British newspaper editor.The son of William Mudford, a newspaper editor, W. H. Mudford went to work for The Standard newspaper in London around 1860...

1899: Byron Curtis
1906: William Woodward
1912: James A. Kilpatrick
1914: D. M. Sutherland
D. M. Sutherland
D. M. Sutherland was a British journalist and editor. Born in Edinburgh, he attended George Watson's College and University of Edinburgh. He was the London editor of the Manchester Daily Dispatch before assuming the editorship of the Sheffield Daily Telegraph...

1916: Arthur Mann
1920: D. Phillips
1923: E. Raymond Thompson
1928: George Gilliat
1933: Percy Cudlipp
Percy Cudlipp
Percy Cudlipp , was a prominent Welsh journalist.He was born at 180 Arabella Street, Cardiff, and was the brother of Hugh Cudlipp and Reginald Cudlipp, both notable journalists. Percy Cudlipp began his journalistic career with the South Wales Echo...

1938: Frank Owen
Frank Owen (politician)
Humphrey Frank Owen was a British journalist and Liberal Member of Parliament. He was a Lloyd Georgite Liberal MP for Hereford between 1929 and 1931...

1942: Michael Foot
Michael Foot
Michael Mackintosh Foot, FRSL, PC was a British Labour Party politician, journalist and author, who was a Member of Parliament from 1945 to 1955 and from 1960 until 1992...

1943: Sydney Elliott
Sydney Elliott
Sydney Robert Elliott was a British newspaper editor.Born on Clydeside, Elliott became involved in the co-operative movement. In the late 1920s he moved to Manchester to become editor of the monthly co-operative journal The Millgate Monthly...

1945: Bert Gunn
Bert Gunn
Herbert Smith "Bert" Gunn was a British newspaper editor.Born in Gravesend, Gunn worked as a reporter for the Kent Messenger, and then the Straits Times in Singapore. He returned to the UK to work at the Manchester Evening News, then the London Evening News and the Evening Standard...

1952: Percy Elland
Percy Elland
Percy Elland was an English newspaper editor.Born in Doncaster, Elland attended Doncaster Grammar School before entering journalism. In 1952, he became editor of the Evening Standard, serving until 1959, but making few changes to the title...

1959: Charles Wintour
Charles Wintour
Charles Vere Wintour, CBE, MBE was a British newspaper editor and was the father of Editor-in-Chief of Vogue magazine, Anna Wintour.-Biography:...

1976: Simon Jenkins
Simon Jenkins
Sir Simon David Jenkins is a British newspaper columnist and author, and since November 2008 has been chairman of the National Trust. He currently writes columns for both The Guardian and London's Evening Standard, and was previously a commentator for The Times, which he edited from 1990 to 1992...

1978: Charles Wintour
Charles Wintour
Charles Vere Wintour, CBE, MBE was a British newspaper editor and was the father of Editor-in-Chief of Vogue magazine, Anna Wintour.-Biography:...

1980: Louis Kirby
Louis Kirby
Louis Kirby was a British newspaper editor.Kirby was born in Liverpool and grew up in Coalbrookdale. His first job was as a reporter on the Wolverhampton Express and Star, then in 1949 he moved to Bermuda where he worked at The Royal Gazette. In 1951 he returned to Britain to work as a...

1986: John Leese
John Leese
John Leese was a British newspaper editor.Leese studied at Bishop Vesey's Grammar School. He edited the Coventry Evening Telegraph in the mid-1960s, then moved to London to work on the Evening News...

1991: Paul Dacre
Paul Dacre
Paul Michael Dacre is a British journalist and current editor of the British newspaper the Daily Mail. He is also editor in chief of the Mail group titles, which also includes The Mail on Sunday. He is also a director of the Daily Mail and General Trust plc and was a member of the Press Complaints...

1992: Stewart Steven
Stewart Steven
Stewart Steven was a British newspaper editor who grew circulation. His career was marked by three major clunkers. He was personally generous to friends and family....

1996: Max Hastings
Max Hastings
Sir Max Hugh Macdonald Hastings, FRSL is a British journalist, editor, historian and author. He is the son of Macdonald Hastings, the noted British journalist and war correspondent and Anne Scott-James, sometime editor of Harper's Bazaar.-Life and career:Hastings was educated at Charterhouse...

2002: Veronica Wadley
Veronica Wadley
Veronica Judith Colleton Wadley is a British journalist, and former editor of London's Evening Standard from February 2002 to February 2009, during which it was owned by Associated Newspapers. She was the first female editor of the title...

2009: Geordie Greig
Geordie Greig
Geordie Greig is a British journalist and newspaper editor. He is the editor of the Evening Standard newspaper. He attended Eton College and St Peter's College, Oxford.-Journalism career:...



External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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