Estonian Academy of Sciences
Founded in 1938, the Estonian Academy of Sciences is Estonia
Estonia , officially the Republic of Estonia , is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia , and to the east by Lake Peipsi and the Russian Federation . Across the Baltic Sea lies...

's national academy
National academy
A national academy is an organizational body, usually operating with state financial support and approval, that co-ordinates scholarly research activities and standards for academic disciplines, most frequently in the sciences but also the humanities. Typically the country's learned societies in...

 of science. As with other national academies, it is an independent group of well-known scientists whose stated aim is to promote research and development, encourage international scientific cooperation, and disseminate knowledge to the public. As of June 2006, it had 57 full members and 15 foreign members. Since November 2004, the president of the Academy has been Richard Villems, a biologist at the University of Tartu
University of Tartu
The University of Tartu is a classical university in the city of Tartu, Estonia. University of Tartu is the national university of Estonia; it is the biggest and highest-ranked university in Estonia...



The Academy has four divisions:
  • Division of Astronomy and Physics (Estonian: Astronoomia ja füüsika osakond)
  • Division of Informatics and Engineering (Estonian: Informaatika ja tehnikateaduste osakond)
  • Division of Biology, Geology and Chemistry (Estonian: Bioloogia, geoloogia ja keemia osakond)
  • Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences (Estonian: Humanitaar- ja sotsiaalteaduste osakond)


The Academy was established in 1938 as a learned society. When Estonia was occupied by the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

 the Academy was dissolved on July 17, 1940. In June 1945 it was reestablished as the Academy of Sciences of the Estonian SSR . In Soviet times, it consisted of a central library and four divisions containing 15 research institutes as well as other scientific societies and museums. In April 1989, shortly before Estonian independence, the academy regained its original name of Estonian Academy of Sciences. At this time it was also restructured into its present form.


The Academy is located on Kohtu Street in Tallinn
Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of with a population of 414,940. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn's Old Town is in the list...

. Its building is the so-called palace of Ungern-Sternberg
Von Ungern-Sternberg
Ungern-Sternberg is a Baltic-German noble family, with branches belonging to the Finnish, Swedish and Russian nobilities. Notable members include:...

, built in 1865 by the architect Martin Gropius
Martin Gropius
Martin Carl Philipp Gropius was a German architect.- Life :Gropius studied at the Bauakademie in Berlin and after graduation worked as a private architect...


External links

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