Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel
Asteroids are a class of small Solar System bodies in orbit around the Sun. They have also been called planetoids, especially the larger ones...

s discovered: 5
64 Angelina
64 Angelina
64 Angelina is a medium-sized main belt E-type asteroid discovered in 1861. It is an unusually bright form of E-type asteroid.-Discovery and naming:...

March 4, 1861
65 Cybele
65 Cybele
65 Cybele is one of the largest asteroids in the Solar System and is located in the outer asteroid belt. It gives its name to the Cybele family of asteroids that orbit outward from the Sun from the 2:1 orbital resonance with Jupiter. Cybele is a C-type asteroid, meaning that it is dark in color...

March 8, 1861
74 Galatea
74 Galatea
74 Galatea is a large main-belt asteroid. Its surface is very dark in color. Galatea was found by the prolific comet discoverer Ernst Tempel on August 29, 1862, in Marseilles, France. It was his third asteroid discovery. It is named after one of the two Galateas in Greek mythology. A stellar...

August 29, 1862
81 Terpsichore
81 Terpsichore
81 Terpsichore is a large and very dark main-belt asteroid. It has most probably a very primitive carbonaceous composition. It was found by the prolific comet discoverer Ernst Tempel on September 30, 1864. It is named after Terpsichore, the Muse of dance in Greek mythology.-References:...

September 30, 1864
97 Klotho
97 Klotho
97 Klotho is a fairly large main-belt asteroid. While it is an M-type, its radar albedo is too low to allow a nickel-iron composition. Klotho is similar to 21 Lutetia and 22 Kalliope in that all three are M-types of unknown composition. Klotho was found by Ernst Tempel on February 17, 1868. It...

February 17, 1868

Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel (December 4, 1821 – March 16, 1889), normally known as Wilhelm Tempel, was a German astronomer
An astronomer is a scientist who studies celestial bodies such as planets, stars and galaxies.Historically, astronomy was more concerned with the classification and description of phenomena in the sky, while astrophysics attempted to explain these phenomena and the differences between them using...

 who worked in Marseille
Marseille , known in antiquity as Massalia , is the second largest city in France, after Paris, with a population of 852,395 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Marseille extends beyond the city limits with a population of over 1,420,000 on an area of...

 until the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia was aided by the North German Confederation, of which it was a member, and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and...

 in 1870, then later moved to Italy.

Tempel was born at Niedercunnersdorf
Niedercunnersdorf is a municipality in the district Görlitz, in Saxony, Germany....

, Saxony
The Free State of Saxony is a landlocked state of Germany, contingent with Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt, Thuringia, Bavaria, the Czech Republic and Poland. It is the tenth-largest German state in area, with of Germany's sixteen states....

. He was a prolific discoverer of comet
A comet is an icy small Solar System body that, when close enough to the Sun, displays a visible coma and sometimes also a tail. These phenomena are both due to the effects of solar radiation and the solar wind upon the nucleus of the comet...

s, discovering or co-discovering 21 in all, including Comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle
55P/Tempel–Tuttle is a comet that was independently discovered by Ernst Tempel on December 19, 1865 and by Horace Parnell Tuttle on January 6, 1866.It is the parent body of the Leonid meteor shower...

, now known to be the parent body of the Leonid
The Leonids is a prolific meteor shower associated with the comet Tempel-Tuttle. The Leonids get their name from the location of their radiant in the constellation Leo: the meteors appear to radiate from that point in the sky. They tend to peak in November.Earth moves through the meteoroid...

 meteor shower, and 9P/Tempel
Tempel 1 , is a periodic comet discovered by Wilhelm Tempel in 1867. It currently completes an orbit of the Sun every 5.5 years. Tempel 1 was the target of the Deep Impact space mission, which photographed a deliberate high-speed impact upon the comet in 2005...

, the target of the NASA
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research...

 probe Deep Impact in 2005. Other periodic comets that bear his name include 10P/Tempel
10P/Tempel, also known as Tempel 2, is a periodic comet in our solar system.The comet nucleus is estimated to be 10.6 kilometers in diameter with a low albedo of 0.022....

 and 11P/Tempel-Swift-LINEAR
11P/Tempel–Swift–LINEAR is a periodic comet in our solar system.Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel originally discovered the comet on November 27, 1869, it was later observed by Lewis Swift on October 11, 1880 and realised to be the same comet.After 1908 the comet became an unobservable lost comet,...


The asteroid
Asteroids are a class of small Solar System bodies in orbit around the Sun. They have also been called planetoids, especially the larger ones...

 3808 Tempel
3808 Tempel
3808 Tempel is a main-belt asteroid discovered on March 24, 1982 by F. Borngen at Tautenburg.- External links :*...

 is named in his honour. The crater Tempel
Tempel (crater)
Tempel is the remnant of a lunar crater whose outer rim has been eroded, indented, and reshaped by subsequent impacts and lava flows. It is attached to the eastern rim of the crater Agrippa, in an area that has been resurfaced by old lava flows...

on the Moon is also named after him.
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