Ein Yahav
Ein Yahav is a moshav
Moshav is a type of Israeli town or settlement, in particular a type of cooperative agricultural community of individual farms pioneered by the Labour Zionists during the second aliyah...

 in Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

. Located in the northern Arava
Arava can refer to:*Arava, Estonia, a village in Anija Commune, Harju County, Estonia.*Arabah, a section of the Great Rift Valley between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba in Israel and Jordan....

, 12km south of Hatzeva
Hatzeva is a moshav in southern Israel. Located in the Arava, 12 km north of Ein Yahav, it falls under the jurisdiction of the Central Arava Regional Council. It is named after the nearby Hatzeva Fortress. In 2005, it had a population of about 400. Hatzeva was originally founded in 1965 as a...

, it falls under the jurisdiction of the Central Arava Regional Council
Central Arava Regional Council
The Central Arava Regional Council is a Regional Council in the South District of Israel.It encompasses 7 or 8 settlements near the eastern border of Israel, south of the Dead Sea...

. It is named after Ein Yahav (Yahav Spring), southwest of the moshav. In 2005 it has a population of about 500.

In 1950, an agricultural experimentation station was set up at Ein Yahav by members of Shahal, a movement to settle arid areas of Israel. The name was derived from the Arabic name for the area, Ayn Wiba, and the Roman name—Yahibu. The station was abandoned and on October 7, 1953, Israel Defense Forces
Israel Defense Forces
The Israel Defense Forces , commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal , are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force and navy. It is the sole military wing of the Israeli security forces, and has no civilian jurisdiction within Israel...

 veterans settled there. In 1959 a Nahal settlement
Nahal settlement
Nahal settlements were settlements established by Nahal soldiers in Israel and Israeli-occupied territories. Supporting Jewish settlement growth and expansion throughout Israel was once the main focus of the Nahal military brigade. The goal for every Nahal settlement was to become a civilian...

 was established 5 km to the east of the original. In 1962 it was civilianized by senior moshavniks and in 1967 the settlement moved to its current location. Ein-Yahav has an airfield nearby (Airport Code: EIY).

There is an ancient copper-smelting site near Ein Yahav. A small hill with blackened slopes, covered mainly by crushed copper slag, identify the remains of the smelting devices used at the end of the Early Bronze Age for smelting copper.

Ein Yahav is located 100 m below sea level, between the Yahav and Nikrot streams, tributaries to the Arava
The Arabah , also known as Aravah, is a section of the Great Rift Valley running in a north-south orientation between the southern end of the Sea of Galilee down to the Dead Sea and continuing further south where it ends at the Gulf of Aqaba. It includes most of the border between Israel to the...

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