EFA (mobile bridge)
The EFA or Engin de Franchissement de l'Avant (forward crossing apparatus) is a field-deployable river crossing apparatus, used by combat engineers in the French Army
French Army
The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre , is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.As of 2010, the army employs 123,100 regulars, 18,350 part-time reservists and 7,700 Legionnaires. All soldiers are professionals, following the suspension of conscription, voted in...

. It may either be used as a bridge
A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle...

 (deployed in a series), or as a ferry
A ferry is a form of transportation, usually a boat, but sometimes a ship, used to carry primarily passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as well, across a body of water. Most ferries operate on regular, frequent, return services...


Crew:The crew consists of four people:

1 head gear
1 driver
1 pilot
1 crewman
The EFA is the heir of the first self-propelled tank invented in 1955 by the French military engineer and general Gillois Jean (born in Châteaubriant 1909), which may, for coupling to form a floating bridge. Tray Gillois which entered service in the French army in 1965, was successively adopted by the American, British and German, in a modified version of the Rhine by the company EWK. At the time of its appearance, the tray Gillois is undoubtedly a material unique in the world able to tranship vehicles to a maximum weight of 25 tons. Bridge version, it supports loads of about 50 tons. To change from version to version tank road, it takes 45 minutes and 65 minutes to form a bridge 100 meters long. Tray Gillois (the invention of Colonel is so exceptional that the machine will, which is extremely rare, the name of its inventor) avoids the heavy and bulky convoys porches, large barges brought in by road, so sensitive to attacks from the enemy . It takes about a half day to install a deck of a hundred meters, with porches that are enclosed by doors. In the 1970s, Gillois tray is ideal for transfer of non-amphibious craft as the RBA or the AMX 30.

See also

  • Bailey bridge
    Bailey bridge
    The Bailey bridge is a type of portable, pre-fabricated, truss bridge. It was developed by the British during World War II for military use and saw extensive use by both British and the American military engineering units....

  • Pontoon bridge
    Pontoon bridge
    A pontoon bridge or floating bridge is a bridge that floats on water and in which barge- or boat-like pontoons support the bridge deck and its dynamic loads. While pontoon bridges are usually temporary structures, some are used for long periods of time...

External links

  • Description page on the site of the French Ministry of Defence
    Minister of Defence (France)
    The Minister of Defense and Veterans Affairs is the French government cabinet member charged with running the military of France....

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