Dawn (newspaper)
Overview
 
Dawn is Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

's oldest and most widely read English-language newspaper. One of the country's two largest English-language dailies, it is the flagship of the Dawn Group of Newspapers
Dawn Group of Newspapers
The Dawn Group of Newspapers is Pakistan's second largest newspaper group, owned by Pakistan Herald Publications Limited , which in turn is a subsidiary of the Dawn Media Group....

, published by Pakistan Herald Publications, which also owns the Herald, a magazine, the evening paper The Star
The Star (Pakistan)
The Star is Pakistan's most widely read English Language evening newspaper. It was founded in 1953, in Karachi, Pakistan.It is published as part of the Dawn Group of Newspapers by Pakistan Herald Publications Limited . Focusing on controversial and current issues, the STAR has gained a reputation...

and Spider
Spider (internet magazine)
Spider written as SPIDER is a monthly magazine circulated in Pakistan by the DAWN group of newspapers, focusing on issues related to software/hardware and Internet technologies. The magazine sported a tagline boasting it to be "Pakistan's Internet Magazine" till March 2005...

, an information technology magazine.

It was founded in 1941 by Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah in Delhi
Delhi
Delhi , officially National Capital Territory of Delhi , is the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest by population in India, next to Mumbai. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the world by population with 16,753,265 inhabitants in the Territory at the 2011 Census...

, British India
British Raj
British Raj was the British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947; The term can also refer to the period of dominion...

.
Encyclopedia
Dawn is Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

's oldest and most widely read English-language newspaper. One of the country's two largest English-language dailies, it is the flagship of the Dawn Group of Newspapers
Dawn Group of Newspapers
The Dawn Group of Newspapers is Pakistan's second largest newspaper group, owned by Pakistan Herald Publications Limited , which in turn is a subsidiary of the Dawn Media Group....

, published by Pakistan Herald Publications, which also owns the Herald, a magazine, the evening paper The Star
The Star (Pakistan)
The Star is Pakistan's most widely read English Language evening newspaper. It was founded in 1953, in Karachi, Pakistan.It is published as part of the Dawn Group of Newspapers by Pakistan Herald Publications Limited . Focusing on controversial and current issues, the STAR has gained a reputation...

and Spider
Spider (internet magazine)
Spider written as SPIDER is a monthly magazine circulated in Pakistan by the DAWN group of newspapers, focusing on issues related to software/hardware and Internet technologies. The magazine sported a tagline boasting it to be "Pakistan's Internet Magazine" till March 2005...

, an information technology magazine.

It was founded in 1941 by Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah in Delhi
Delhi
Delhi , officially National Capital Territory of Delhi , is the largest metropolis by area and the second-largest by population in India, next to Mumbai. It is the eighth largest metropolis in the world by population with 16,753,265 inhabitants in the Territory at the 2011 Census...

, British India
British Raj
British Raj was the British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947; The term can also refer to the period of dominion...

. The newspaper has offices in Karachi
Karachi
Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and the main financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. The city has an estimated population of 13 to 15 million, while the total metropolitan area has a population of over 18 million...

 (Sindh
Sindh
Sindh historically referred to as Ba'ab-ul-Islam , is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhi people. It is also locally known as the "Mehran". Though Muslims form the largest religious group in Sindh, a good number of Christians, Zoroastrians and Hindus can...

), Lahore
Lahore
Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich and fabulous history dating back to over a thousand years ago, Lahore is no doubt Pakistan's cultural capital. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains a...

 (Punjab
Punjab (Pakistan)
Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan, with approximately 45% of the country's total population. Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the...

), and the capital Islamabad
Islamabad
Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan and the tenth largest city in the country. Located within the Islamabad Capital Territory , the population of the city has grown from 100,000 in 1951 to 1.7 million in 2011...

, as well as representatives abroad. , it has a weekday circulation of over 138,000. The CEO of Dawn group is Hameed Haroon
Hameed Haroon
-Introduction:Hameed Haroon is Chief Executive Officer of Dawn Media Group , Pakistan’s leading media conglomerate. The Group comprises Pakistan Herald Publications Limited, the printers and publishers of the Dawn newspaper and three leading magazines, the Herald Spider and Aurora ;...

, and the current editor of Dawn is Zaffar Abbas.

Early history

Founded by Mohammad Ali Jinnah on 26 October 1941 as a mouthpiece for the Muslim League, Dawn was originally a weekly publication, published in New Delhi, then the capital of India. Jinnah summed up the paper's purpose when he stated:


"The Dawn will mirror faithfully the views of Hindustan's Muslims and the All Hindustan Muslim League in all its activities: economic, educational and social and more particularly political, throughout the country fearlessly and independently and while its policy will be, no doubt, mainly to advocate and champion the cause of the Muslims and the policy and programme of the All Hindustan Muslim League, it will not neglect the cause and welfare of the peoples of this sub-continent generally".


Dawn became a daily newspaper in October 1942 under the leadership of its first editor, Pothan Joseph
Pothan Joseph
Pothan Joseph was a journalist in 20th century India whose career spanned the twenty years before and twenty years after India's independence. He worked with notable people of the time such as Annie Besant, Mahatma Gandhi, Sarojini Naidu, and Motilal Nehru...

. In 1944 Altaf Husain
Altaf Husain
Altaf Husain was an eminent journalist of the South Asia. He was born on January 26, 1900 in Bangladesh. He received his early education in Calcutta and then attended Dhaka University where he graduated with an M.A...

 took over as the editor and brought nationwide awareness of its daily circulation. After the creation of Pakistan, Hussain moved the newspaper to the capital, Karachi. Under the instruction of the owner, Mr.Jinnah, it became the official organ of the Pakistan Muslim League in Delhi, and the sole voice of the Muslims in English language, reflecting and espousing the cause of the Muslims of India. Hussain, as the journal's editor, galvanised the Muslims of India by his editorials, which earned him wrath of the Congress Party as well as Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy and Governor General of the British Raj
British Raj
British Raj was the British rule in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947; The term can also refer to the period of dominion...

.

In 1947, senior Dawn staff led by Altaf Hussain set off for Karachi to start a local edition from 15 August 1947. Under Yusuf Haroon
Yusuf Haroon
Muhammad Yusuf Abdullah Haroon was a politician from Sindh, Pakistan.The eldest of Sir Haji Abdullah Haroon’s sons, he worked closely with Quaid-e-Azam as his ADC and was active in the Pakistan Movement...

 a close confidant of Mr. Mohammad Ali Jinnah was given the task to facilitate the publication. The offices of the newspaper were housed in the small premises on the commercially busy and a crowded narrow street then known as South Napier Road, in premises belonging to Haroon. He was at that time planning to bring out a newspaper called "The Herald" but agreed to publish DAWN at his facilities, at the bidding of Mr. Jinnah. The street where Dawn was first published is now known as Altaf Hussain Road. DAWN became a most outspoken publication under the editorship of Hussain, who fiercely opposed the tyranny and corrupt politicians and military dictators after the independence of Pakistan. In 1965, Hussain resigned as editor when he accepted the invitation of President General Ayub Khan to join his government as a cabinet minister.

Features

In addition, Dawn regularly carries syndicated articles from western newspapers like The Independent
The Independent
The Independent is a British national morning newspaper published in London by Independent Print Limited, owned by Alexander Lebedev since 2010. It is nicknamed the Indy, while the Sunday edition, The Independent on Sunday, is the Sindy. Launched in 1986, it is one of the youngest UK national daily...

, The Guardian
The Guardian
The Guardian, formerly known as The Manchester Guardian , is a British national daily newspaper in the Berliner format...

, the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881. It was the second-largest metropolitan newspaper in circulation in the United States in 2008 and the fourth most widely distributed newspaper in the country....

and The Washington Post
The Washington Post
The Washington Post is Washington, D.C.'s largest newspaper and its oldest still-existing paper, founded in 1877. Located in the capital of the United States, The Post has a particular emphasis on national politics. D.C., Maryland, and Virginia editions are printed for daily circulation...

.

In Pakistan Dawn has in-paper magazines such as Sci-tech World, Young World
Young World
Young World is a newspaper for children. It is an edition of the well-known Dawn. It has stories contributed by children with pictures too! It has reviews of books, movies, songs and websites. It also has News Update section in the end where news for children are present. There are small articles...

, "Images", "Books & Authors" etc.

On Sundays, the weekend advertiser carries three sections namely "Ad Buzz", "Career" & "Real Estate".

Staff

Regular op-ed contributors include Ardeshir Cowasjee
Ardeshir Cowasjee
Ardeshir Cowasjee is a renowned newspaper columnist from Karachi, Sindh in Pakistan. His columns regularly appear in the country's oldest English newspaper Dawn. Recently a new blog has been started with the view of accumulating the bulk of ardeshir's articles...

, Irfan Husain
Irfan Husain
Irfan Husain has been writing on a wide range of subjects for newspapers in Pakistan and elsewhere since 1970. He currently writes two weekly columns for Dawn, Pakistan’s widely circulated and highly respected daily...

, Nadeem F. Paracha
Nadeem F. Paracha
Nadeem Farooq Paracha , , is a left-liberal Pakistani journalist, cultural critic, satirist and short story writer.-Early life:...

, Muhammad Hanif
Muhammad Hanif
Muhammad Hanif was an Afghan who served as a spokesman for Taliban, particularly in eastern Afghanistan, prior to his capture in Nangarhar Province on 17 January 2007. The BBC reported the following information at the time. Hanif and Qari Mohammad Yousuf were appointed in October 2005 after the...

, Asma Jahangir
Asma Jahangir
Asma Jilani Jahangir is a leading Pakistani lawyer, advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, President Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan and human rights activist, who works both in Pakistan and internationally to prevent the persecution of religious minorities, women, and exploitation...

, Jawed Naqvi, I.A. Rehman, Ayesha Siddiqa, Humair Ishtiaq, Anwar Syed, Cyril Almeida, Kamran Shafi, Huma Yusuf, Kunwar Idris, Kuldip Nayar
Kuldip Nayar
Kuldip Nayar is a veteran Indian journalist and syndicated columnist, noted for his long career as a left-wing political commentator.-Early life and education:Nayar was born at Sialkot, Punjab, British India on 14 August 1923....

, Mahir Ali, Dr Tariq Rahman, Amb Tariq Fatemi, Shahid Javed Burki
Shahid Javed Burki
Shahid Javed Burki is a professional economist who has served as a Vice President of the World Bank and as a caretaker Finance Minister of Pakistan...

, Dr Riffat Hassan
Riffat Hassan
Riffat Hassan is a Pakistani-American theologian and a leading Islamic feminist scholar of the Qur'an.-Early life and career:Hassan was born in Lahore, Pakistan to an upper-class Sayid Muslim family. Her grandfather was Hakim Ahmed Shuja', a Pakistani poet, writer and playwright...

, Zubeida Mustafa, A.G. Noorani, Ahmad Faruqui
Ahmad Faruqui
Ahmad Faruqui is a defense analyst and economist. He is a frequent contributor to Dawn , Karachi, Pakistan, and has authored "Rethinking the National Security of Pakistan" ....

, Zafar Masud, Asghar Ali Engineer
Asghar Ali Engineer
Asghar Ali Engineer, an Indian Muslim, is an reformist-writer and activist. Internationally known for his work on liberation theology in Islam, he leads the Progressive Dawoodi Bohra movement. The focus of his work is on communalism and communal and ethnic violence in India and South Asia...

, Rafia Zakaria, Murtaza Razvi and Shada Islam.

Other op-ed contributors include Pervez Hoodbhoy
Pervez Hoodbhoy
Dr. Prof. Pervez Amirali Hoodbhoy , is a Pakistani nuclear physicist, essayist and political-defence analyst. He is the professor of nuclear and high-energy physics, and the head of the Physics Department at the Quaid-e-Azam University . He graduated and also received PhD from MIT and continues to...

, Prof Mohammad Waseem, Nasser Yousaf, Faizullah Jan, Beena Sarwar, Bina Shah, Rakesh Mani, Asha'ar Rehman, S.M. Naseem, Dr Ishrat Hussain, Yaqoob Khan Bangash, Nilofar Farrukh, Shahid M. Amin, Anees Jillani, Brig Javed Hussain and Rina Saeed Khan

24-hour news channel

After two months of test transmissions, the publishing company behind the newspaper launched Pakistan's first 24-hour English news channel, Dawn News
Dawn News
Dawn News was Pakistan's 24-hour Urdu news channel. Based in Karachi, the station is a subsidiary of Pakistan Herald Publications Limited , Pakistan's largest English-language media group. The test transmission of the station occurred on May 25, 2007, and the channel went live on July 23, 2007...

, in July 2007. However, due to financial difficulties, the broadcast language was switched from English to Urdu in May 2010.

See also

  • List of newspapers in Pakistan
  • The News International
    The News International
    The News International , published in tabloid size, is the largest English language newspaper in Pakistan. The News has an ABC certified circulation of 140,000. It is published from Karachi, Lahore and Rawalpindi/Islamabad...


External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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