Communist Party of Denmark
Communist Party of Denmark is a communist political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

 in Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

 which was founded as Venstresocialistiske Parti (Left Socialist Party) in 1919. VSP was a split from the Danish Social Democratic Party
Social Democrats (Denmark)
The Social Democrats , is a Danish political party committed to the political ideology of social democracy. It is the major coalition partner in Denmark's government since the 2011 parliamentary election, and party leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt is the current Prime Minister of Denmark...

. The party assumed its present name in 1920. In 2010 DKP is represented in the Danish parliament through the Unity List or Red-Green Alliance
Red-Green Alliance (Denmark)
The Red-Green Alliance is a socialist political party in Denmark.- History :The party was formed in 1989 as an electoral alliance by three left-wing parties, Left Socialists , Communist Party of Denmark and Socialist Workers Party...


The party's chairmen were:
  • Aksel Larsen
    Aksel Larsen
    Aksel Larsen was a Danish politician who was chairman of the Communist Party of Denmark and chairman and founder of the Socialist People's Party. Larsen became leader of the Communist Party in 1932, and was elected to the Danish Parliament in 1932...

  • Knud Jespersen (1958-1977)
  • Jørgen Jensen (1977-1987)
  • Ole Sohn
    Ole Sohn
    Ole Christian Liep Sohn is a Danish politician and author. He is currently a member of the Parliament of Denmark for the Socialist People's Party and Minister of Economic and Business Affairs.-Early life:...


After 1991 the party had collective leadership until 2003 when Henrik Stamer Hedin assumed chairmanship.

In 1941, during the German occupation of Denmark
Occupation of Denmark
Nazi Germany's occupation of Denmark began with Operation Weserübung on 9 April 1940, and lasted until German forces withdrew at the end of World War II following their surrender to the Allies on 5 May 1945. Contrary to the situation in other countries under German occupation, most Danish...

 in World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

, DKP was banned and its members arrested. After this DKP played a leading role in organizing the resistance through KOPA, later renamed BOPA
BOPA was a group of the Danish resistance movement operating at the time of the occupation of Denmark by Nazi Germany during the Second World War....

. At the beginning of the war the party head quarter was located in Griffenfeldsgade
Griffenfeldsgade is a side street to Nørrebrogade in Inner Nørrebro in Copenhagen. The street has a multiethnic character, and houses a number of African specialty stores, coffee shops and restaurants....

 in Nørrebro
Nørrebro is one of the 10 official districts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is northwest of the city centre, beyond the location of the old Northern Gate , which, until dismantled in 1856, was near the current Nørreport station.-Geography:...

, the party cafe remains in the street today. From 1945 to 1990 DKP had a daily publication, Land og Folk. Until 1990, DKP had a youth wing, Danmarks Kommunistiske Ungdom.

In the mid 1960s the U.S. State Department estimated the party membership to be approximately 5000.

In 1989 DKP founded, together with Venstresocialisterne and Socialistisk Arbejderparti, Red-Green Alliance
Red-Green Alliance (Denmark)
The Red-Green Alliance is a socialist political party in Denmark.- History :The party was formed in 1989 as an electoral alliance by three left-wing parties, Left Socialists , Communist Party of Denmark and Socialist Workers Party...

, also known as the Unity List . The Unity List won parliamentary representation in 1994.

Famous members

  • Martin Andersen-Nexø
  • Ruth Berlau
    Ruth Berlau
    Ruth Berlau was a Danish actress, director, photographer and writer, known for her collaboration with Bertolt Brecht and for founding the Bertolt-Brecht-Archiv in Berlin....

  • Herluf Bidstrup
    Herluf Bidstrup
    Herluf Bidstrup - Danish cartoonist. Today almost forgotten in the West. He travelled to the former DDR and the Soviet Union. In addition to political cartoons he produced other works depicting everyday life and human foibles. He is still very popular in Russia.-Art:Herulf Bitstrup was one of the...

  • Jens-Peter Bonde
    Jens-Peter Bonde
    Jens-Peter Rossen Bonde is a former Member of the European Parliament with the June Movement. He resigned as an MEP in May 2008. Bonde was elected to the European Parliament in the first election in 1979 with the People's Movement against the EU. He has been re-elected 6 times consecutively...

External links

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