Chieftain may refer to:

The leader or head of a group:
  • a tribal chief
    Tribal chief
    A tribal chief is the leader of a tribal society or chiefdom. Tribal societies with social stratification under a single leader emerged in the Neolithic period out of earlier tribal structures with little stratification, and they remained prevalent throughout the Iron Age.In the case of ...

     or a village head
    Village head
    The village headman or village chief is a central government post. The village headman is the person appointed to administer an area that is often a single village.The headman has several official duties in the village...

  • a member of the 'House of chiefs
    House of chiefs
    A House of chiefs is a post-colonial assembly, either legislative or advisory, that is recognised by either a national or regional government as consisting of and providing a collective, public voice for an ethnic group's pre-colonial authorities...

  • a captain, to which 'chieftain' is etymologically related.
  • Clan chief, the head of a Scottish clan.
  • Chiefs of the Name
    Chiefs of the Name
    The Chief of the Name, or in older English usage Captain of his Nation, is the recognised head of a family or clan...

    , the recognized head of a Scottish family or Irish clan .
  • Germanic chieftain, chieftains specifically of the Germanic tribes of Europe.

It may also refer to:
  • Chieftain tank
    Chieftain tank
    The FV 4201 Chieftain was the main battle tank of the United Kingdom during the 1960s and 1970s. It was one of the most advanced tanks of its era, and at the time of its introduction in 1966 had the most powerful main gun and heaviest armour of any tank in the world...

    , the main battle tank of the British Army during the 1960s and 1970s.
  • The Chieftain
    The Chieftain
    The Chieftain is a two-act comic opera by Arthur Sullivan and F. C. Burnand based on their 1867 opera, The Contrabandista. It consists of substantially the same first act as the 1867 work with a completely new second act...

    , a comic opera by Arthur Sullivan and F. C. Burnand.
  • Chieftains Museum (Major Ridge Home), Cherokee museum in Rome, Georgia.
  • The Chieftains
    The Chieftains
    The Chieftains are a Grammy-winning Irish musical group founded in 1962, best known for being one of the first bands to make Irish traditional music popular around the world.-Name:...

    , a traditional Irish musical group.
  • Chieftain Products
    Chieftain Products
    Chieftain Products was a Canada-based toy & game company which released games such as Scrabble, Atmosfear, etc. Funded in 1972 by Edward J. Scott in Toronto, Ontario, this toy company was closed down in 1996 after the release of Atmosfear 4. It moved in 1980 to Downsview, Ontario.-References:****...

    , a former Canadian toy & game company
  • The difficulty level in several games in the Civilization (series)
    Civilization (series)
    Civilization is a series of turn-based strategy, 4X video games produced by Sid Meier. Basic gameplay functions are similar throughout the series, namely, buiding a civilization on a macro-scale from prehistory up to the near future...

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