Chargeurs Réunis was a major French company formed in 1872.


Chargeurs was a shareholder in British Satellite Broadcasting
British Satellite Broadcasting
British Satellite Broadcasting was a British television company which provided direct broadcast satellite television services to the United Kingdom...

, the official UK satellite broadcaster. BSB was set up in 1986 in competition with Rupert Murdoch
Rupert Murdoch
Keith Rupert Murdoch, AC, KSG is an Australian-American business magnate. He is the founder and Chairman and CEO of , the world's second-largest media conglomerate....

's Sky Television
Sky Television plc
Sky Television plc was a public limited company which operated its four-channel satellite television service, launched by Rupert Murdoch's News International on 5 February 1989...

. Sky was launched in 1989, a year earlier than BSB, and though both companies suffered massive losses, BSB which collapsed first. This allowed a merger on Murdoch's terms to form British Sky Broadcasting
British Sky Broadcasting
British Sky Broadcasting Group plc is a satellite broadcasting, broadband and telephony services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom, with operations in the United Kingdom and the Ireland....

. Chargeurs maintained a minority shareholding.

In 1992, Chargeurs bought media group Pathé
Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various French businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France.-History:...

 for 1.2 billion francs. Chargeurs demerged Pathé in 1996: Chargeurs became a textile group and Pathe SA retained the media interests; the film, television, cinema chain and the shareholdings pay TV operators British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB) and CanalSatellite.
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