Cessna 182
Overview
 

The Cessna 182 Skylane is an American
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 four-seat, single-engine, light airplane
Fixed-wing aircraft
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft capable of flight using wings that generate lift due to the vehicle's forward airspeed. Fixed-wing aircraft are distinct from rotary-wing aircraft in which wings rotate about a fixed mast and ornithopters in which lift is generated by flapping wings.A powered...

, built by Cessna
Cessna
The Cessna Aircraft Company is an airplane manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas, USA. Their main products are general aviation aircraft. Although they are the most well known for their small, piston-powered aircraft, they also produce business jets. The company is a subsidiary...

 of Wichita, Kansas
Wichita, Kansas
Wichita is the largest city in the U.S. state of Kansas.As of the 2010 census, the city population was 382,368. Located in south-central Kansas on the Arkansas River, Wichita is the county seat of Sedgwick County and the principal city of the Wichita metropolitan area...

. It has the option of adding two child seats, installed in the baggage area.

Introduced in 1956
1956 in aviation
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1956:-February:* February 18 – An engine fire breaks out on a Scottish Airlines Avro York just after takeoff from Malta International Airport, Luqa, Malta...

, the 182 has been produced in a number of variants, including a version with retractable landing gear, and is the second most popular Cessna
Cessna
The Cessna Aircraft Company is an airplane manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas, USA. Their main products are general aviation aircraft. Although they are the most well known for their small, piston-powered aircraft, they also produce business jets. The company is a subsidiary...

 model, after the 172
Cessna 172
The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is a four-seat, single-engine, high-wing fixed-wing aircraft. First flown in 1955 and still in production, more Cessna 172s have been built than any other aircraft.-Design and development:...

.
The Cessna 182 was introduced in 1956 as a tricycle gear
Tricycle gear
Tricycle gear describes an aircraft undercarriage, or landing gear, arranged in a tricycle fashion. The tricycle arrangement has one wheel in the front, called the nose wheel, and two or more main wheels slightly aft of the center of gravity...

 variant of the 180
Cessna 180
The Cessna 180 is a four- or six-seat, fixed conventional gear general aviation airplane which was produced between 1953 and 1981. Though the design is no longer in production, many of these aircraft are still in use as personal aircraft and in utility roles such as bush...

.
Encyclopedia

The Cessna 182 Skylane is an American
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 four-seat, single-engine, light airplane
Fixed-wing aircraft
A fixed-wing aircraft is an aircraft capable of flight using wings that generate lift due to the vehicle's forward airspeed. Fixed-wing aircraft are distinct from rotary-wing aircraft in which wings rotate about a fixed mast and ornithopters in which lift is generated by flapping wings.A powered...

, built by Cessna
Cessna
The Cessna Aircraft Company is an airplane manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas, USA. Their main products are general aviation aircraft. Although they are the most well known for their small, piston-powered aircraft, they also produce business jets. The company is a subsidiary...

 of Wichita, Kansas
Wichita, Kansas
Wichita is the largest city in the U.S. state of Kansas.As of the 2010 census, the city population was 382,368. Located in south-central Kansas on the Arkansas River, Wichita is the county seat of Sedgwick County and the principal city of the Wichita metropolitan area...

. It has the option of adding two child seats, installed in the baggage area.

Introduced in 1956
1956 in aviation
This is a list of aviation-related events from 1956:-February:* February 18 – An engine fire breaks out on a Scottish Airlines Avro York just after takeoff from Malta International Airport, Luqa, Malta...

, the 182 has been produced in a number of variants, including a version with retractable landing gear, and is the second most popular Cessna
Cessna
The Cessna Aircraft Company is an airplane manufacturing corporation headquartered in Wichita, Kansas, USA. Their main products are general aviation aircraft. Although they are the most well known for their small, piston-powered aircraft, they also produce business jets. The company is a subsidiary...

 model, after the 172
Cessna 172
The Cessna 172 Skyhawk is a four-seat, single-engine, high-wing fixed-wing aircraft. First flown in 1955 and still in production, more Cessna 172s have been built than any other aircraft.-Design and development:...

.

Development

The Cessna 182 was introduced in 1956 as a tricycle gear
Tricycle gear
Tricycle gear describes an aircraft undercarriage, or landing gear, arranged in a tricycle fashion. The tricycle arrangement has one wheel in the front, called the nose wheel, and two or more main wheels slightly aft of the center of gravity...

 variant of the 180
Cessna 180
The Cessna 180 is a four- or six-seat, fixed conventional gear general aviation airplane which was produced between 1953 and 1981. Though the design is no longer in production, many of these aircraft are still in use as personal aircraft and in utility roles such as bush...

. In 1957, the 182A variant was introduced along with the name Skylane. As production continued, later models were improved regularly with features such as a wider fuselage, swept vertical fin with rear "omni-vision" window, enlarged baggage compartment, higher gross weights, landing gear changes, etc. The "restart" aircraft built after 1996 were different in many other details including a different engine, new seating design, etc.

Cessna cites the 1990s resumption in producing general aviation
General aviation
General aviation is one of the two categories of civil aviation. It refers to all flights other than military and scheduled airline and regular cargo flights, both private and commercial. General aviation flights range from gliders and powered parachutes to large, non-scheduled cargo jet flights...

 aircraft such as this model due to change in U.S. liability laws. In 2005, Cessna began offering the Garmin G1000
Garmin G1000
The Garmin G1000 is an integrated flight instrument system manufactured by Garmin typically composed of two display units, one serving as a primary flight display, and one as a multi-function display...

 glass cockpit
Glass cockpit
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, as opposed to the traditional style of analog dials and gauges...

 as an optional upgrade to the Skylane. Subsequently the glass cockpit became standard equipment.

Design

The Cessna 182 is an all-metal (mostly aluminum alloy) aircraft, although some parts – such as engine cowling nosebowl and wingtips – are made of fiberglass or thermoplastic material. Its wing has the same planform as the smaller Cessna 172 and the larger 205/206 series; however, some wing details such as flap and aileron design are the same as the 172 and are not like the 205/206 components.

Retractable Gear

The retractable gear R182 and TR182 were offered from 1978 to 1986, without and with engine turbocharging respectively. The model designation nomenclature differs from some other Cessna models with optional retractable gear. For instance the retractable version of the Cessna 172 was designated as the 172RG, whereas the retractable gear version of the Cessna 182 is the R182. Cessna gave the R182 the marketing name of "Skylane RG".

The R182 and TR182 offer 10-15% improvement in climb and cruise speeds over their fixed gear counterparts or, alternatively, 10-15% better fuel economy at the same speeds at the cost of increased maintenance costs and decreased gear robustness. The 1978 R182 has a sea level climb rate of 1140 fpm and cruising speed (75% BHP) at 7500 feet (2,286 m) of 156 KTAS at standard temperature.

The landing gear retraction system in the Skylane RG uses hydraulic actuators powered by an electrically-driven pump. The system includes a gear position warning that emits an intermittent tone through the cabin speaker when the gear is in the retracted position and either the throttle is reduced below approximately 12" MAP or the flaps are extended beyond 20 degrees. In the event of a hydraulic pump failure, the landing gear may be lowered using a hand pump to pressurize the hydraulic system. There is no alternative procedure for retracting the landing gear.

Variants

182
Initial production version with fixed landing gear, four place light aircraft, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-L
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2550 lb (1,157 kg) and certified on 2 March 1956.

182A Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-L
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2650 lb (1,202 kg) and certified on 7 December 1956.

182B Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-L
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2650 lb (1,202 kg) and certified on 22 August 1958.

182C Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-L
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2650 lb (1,202 kg) and certified on 8 July 1959.

182D Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-L
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2650 lb (1,202 kg) and certified on 14 June 1960.

182E Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-L
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 or O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 27 June 1961.

182F Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-L
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 or O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 1 August 1962.

182G Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-L
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 or O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 19 July 1963.

182H Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-R
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 17 September 1964.

182I
There was no "I" model built.

182J Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-R
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 20 October 1965.

182K Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-R
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 3 August 1966.

182L Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-R
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 28 July 1967.

182M Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-R
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 19 September 1968. There was also an experimental version of this model with a full cantilever wing.

182N Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-R
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 or O-470-S piston engine, gross weight 2950 lb (1,338 kg) for take-off and 2800 lb (1,270 kg) for landing. Certified on 17 September 1969.

182O
There was no "O" model built.

182P Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-R
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 or O-470-S piston engine, gross weight 2950 lb (1,338 kg) and certified on 8 October 1971.

182Q Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-U
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight 2950 lb (1,338 kg) and certified on 28 July 1976.

182R
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp Continental O-470-U
Continental O-470
The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors. The family includes the E165, E185 and the E225 engines...

 piston engine, gross weight of 3100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 29 August 1980.

182S Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a fuel-injected
Fuel injection
Fuel injection is a system for admitting fuel into an internal combustion engine. It has become the primary fuel delivery system used in automotive petrol engines, having almost completely replaced carburetors in the late 1980s....

 230 hp Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5
Lycoming O-540
|-Specifications :-See also:-External links:...

 piston engine, gross weight of 3100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 3 October 1996.

182T Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a fuel-injected 230 hp Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5
Lycoming O-540
|-Specifications :-See also:-External links:...

 piston engine, gross weight of 3100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 23 February 2001.

R182 Skylane RG
Four place light aircraft with retractable landing gear, powered by a 235 hp Lycoming O-540-J3C5D
Lycoming O-540
|-Specifications :-See also:-External links:...

 piston engine, gross weight 3100 lb (1,406 kg) and certified on 7 July 1977.

T182
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a turbocharged 235 hp Lycoming 0-540-L3C5D
Lycoming O-540
|-Specifications :-See also:-External links:...

, piston engine, gross weight of 3100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 15 August 1980.

T182T Skylane
Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a turbocharged and fuel-injected 235 hp Lycoming TIO-540-AK1A
Lycoming O-540
|-Specifications :-See also:-External links:...

 piston engine, gross weight of 3100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 23 February 2001.

TR182 Turbo Skylane RG
Four place light aircraft with retractable landing gear, powered by a turbocharged
Turbocharger
A turbocharger, or turbo , from the Greek "τύρβη" is a centrifugal compressor powered by a turbine that is driven by an engine's exhaust gases. Its benefit lies with the compressor increasing the mass of air entering the engine , thereby resulting in greater performance...

 235 hp Lycoming O-540-J3C5D
Lycoming O-540
|-Specifications :-See also:-External links:...

 piston engine, gross weight 3100 lb (1,406 kg) and certified on 12 September 1978.

Robertson STOL 182
An aftermarket 182 STOL
STOL
STOL is an acronym for short take-off and landing, a term used to describe aircraft with very short runway requirements.-Definitions:There is no one accepted definition of STOL and many different definitions have been used by different authorities and nations at various times and for a myriad of...

 conversion certified in 1967 that changes the leading edge
Leading edge
The leading edge is the part of the wing that first contacts the air; alternatively it is the foremost edge of an airfoil section. The first is an aerodynamic definition, the second a structural one....

 shape and aileron
Aileron
Ailerons are hinged flight control surfaces attached to the trailing edge of the wing of a fixed-wing aircraft. The ailerons are used to control the aircraft in roll, which results in a change in heading due to the tilting of the lift vector...

 controls to lower stall speed below 35 mph (56 km/h).

Civil users

The 182 is used by a multitude of civil operators and flight schools worldwide.

Cessna 182s were also built in Argentina by DINFIA (called A182), and by Reims Aviation
Reims Aviation
Reims Aviation Industries is a French aircraft manufacturer located in the city of Reims, currently producing the F406 Caravan II. Reims Aviation is a wholly owned subsidiary of GECI Aviation.-History:...

, France, as the F-182.

Government operators

  • Federal Police
    Policing in Belgium
    Law enforcement in Belgium is conducted by an integrated police service structured on the federal and local levels, made up of the Federal Police and the Local Police. Both forces are autonomous and subordinate to different authorities, but linked in regards to reciprocal support, recruitment,...


  • Transport Canada
    Transport Canada
    Transport Canada is the department within the government of Canada which is responsible for developing regulations, policies and services of transportation in Canada. It is part of the Transportation, Infrastructure and Communities portfolio...


Military operators

  • Air Force

  • Army Aviation

  • Austrian Air Force
    Austrian Air Force
    The Austrian Air Force is a component part of the Austrian armed forces .-History:The Austrian Air Force was formed in May 1955 by the victorious Allied powers, subject to restrictions on its use of guided missiles...



  • Canadian Army - 5 X L-182, retired 1970

  • Dominican Air Force
    Dominican Air Force
    The Air Force of the Dominican Republic or Fuerza Aérea Dominicana, is one of the three branches of the Military of the Dominican Republic, together with the Army and the Navy.- History :...


Dubai
Dubai
Dubai is a city and emirate in the United Arab Emirates . The emirate is located south of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula and has the largest population with the second-largest land territory by area of all the emirates, after Abu Dhabi...

  • Air Force
    United Arab Emirates Air Force
    The United Arab Emirates Air Force is the air force of the United Arab Emirates . Its predecessor was established in 1968, when the Emirates were still under British rule. Since then, it has undergone a continual reorganization and expansion in terms of both capability and numbers of aircraft...


  • Army Aviation
    Ecuadorian Army
    The Ecuadorian Army is the land component of the Ecuadorian Armed Forces. Its 24,135 soldiers are sensibly deployed in relation to its military doctrine...

     - 4

  • Air Force


  • Air Force
    Uruguayan Air Force
    The Uruguayan Air Force is one of the three main branches of the Armed Forces of Uruguay under the Uruguayan Ministry of Defense. The current head of the force is General of the Air Enrique A...


  • Army and Air Force

Specifications (Cessna 182T)

See also

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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