There are two types of cattery, boarding cattery and breeding cattery.

A boarding cattery is where cats are housed temporarily when they can't stay at their owners' home. Boarding catteries, cat boarding kennels, are mostly used by owners who are away on holiday although they may also be used during house moves, building work or when their owners are incapacitated, for example if they have to go into hospital.

Boarding catteries in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
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 are required to be licensed by the local authority's Environmental Health
Environmental health
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 department under the Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963.

A breeding cattery is where cats are bred. Cats may be bred as a hobby or on a commercial basis where they are sold for profit.

The Feline Advisory Bureau (FAB), a long established cat charity in the United Kingdom, has defined standards for construction and management of boarding catteries. FAB standards are in addition to those set by local councils for licensing purposes.

In the United States the Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) is the largest organization establishing standards for member breeders. Additionally, many U.S. States and municipalities along with the Federal government provide some regulations of breeding cattery.

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