Castledermot
Overview
 
Castledermot is an inland village in the south-east of Ireland
Ireland
Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth...

 in County Kildare
County Kildare
County Kildare is a county in Ireland. It is part of the Mid-East Region and is also located in the province of Leinster. It is named after the town of Kildare. Kildare County Council is the local authority for the county...

, about 75 km (46.6 mi) from Dublin, and 10 km (6.2 mi) from the town of Carlow
Carlow
Carlow is the county town of County Carlow in Ireland. It is situated in the south-east of Ireland, 84 km from Dublin. County Carlow is the second smallest county in Ireland by area, however Carlow Town is the 14th largest urban area in Ireland by population according to the 2006 census. The...

. The N9 road from Dublin to Waterford passes through the village but completion of a bypass is due during 2010.
The population of the town was 887 at the time of the (January 2006
2006 in Ireland
- Incumbents :* President – Mary McAleese* Taoiseach – Bertie Ahern* Tánaiste – Mary Harney ; Michael McDowell * Secretary of State for Northern Ireland – Peter Hain* First Minister – office suspended...

) census, a 22% increase over the figure recorded in 2002
2002 in Ireland
-Events:*1 January – The Euro is introduced across the European Union. The people of Ireland adapt without any major confusion.*9 January – Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev receives the Freedom of Dublin....

.
Encyclopedia
Castledermot is an inland village in the south-east of Ireland
Ireland
Ireland is an island to the northwest of continental Europe. It is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island on Earth...

 in County Kildare
County Kildare
County Kildare is a county in Ireland. It is part of the Mid-East Region and is also located in the province of Leinster. It is named after the town of Kildare. Kildare County Council is the local authority for the county...

, about 75 km (46.6 mi) from Dublin, and 10 km (6.2 mi) from the town of Carlow
Carlow
Carlow is the county town of County Carlow in Ireland. It is situated in the south-east of Ireland, 84 km from Dublin. County Carlow is the second smallest county in Ireland by area, however Carlow Town is the 14th largest urban area in Ireland by population according to the 2006 census. The...

. The N9 road from Dublin to Waterford passes through the village but completion of a bypass is due during 2010.

Demographics

The population of the town was 887 at the time of the (January 2006
2006 in Ireland
- Incumbents :* President – Mary McAleese* Taoiseach – Bertie Ahern* Tánaiste – Mary Harney ; Michael McDowell * Secretary of State for Northern Ireland – Peter Hain* First Minister – office suspended...

) census, a 22% increase over the figure recorded in 2002
2002 in Ireland
-Events:*1 January – The Euro is introduced across the European Union. The people of Ireland adapt without any major confusion.*9 January – Former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev receives the Freedom of Dublin....

. The settlement is growing due to its proximity to Dublin.

Natural features

The River Lerr (a tributary of the larger River Barrow
River Barrow
The Barrow is a river in Ireland. It is one of The Three Sisters; the other two being the River Suir and the River Nore. The Barrow is the longest and most prominent of the three rivers...

, the second longest river in Ireland) flows through the town.

Places of interest

In the town there are various remains including a round tower
Round tower
Round tower may refer to:Types of tower:* Irish round tower, a type of early mediaeval stone tower* Broch, a type of Iron Age drystone structure found in Scotland* Round-tower church, a type of church found mainly in England...

, two well-preserved granite
Granite
Granite is a common and widely occurring type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock. Granite usually has a medium- to coarse-grained texture. Occasionally some individual crystals are larger than the groundmass, in which case the texture is known as porphyritic. A granitic rock with a porphyritic...

 high crosses and the ruins of a Franciscan friary. 5 km (3.1 mi) away is Kilkea Castle
Kilkea Castle
Kilkea Castle is located just northwest of Castledermot, County Kildare, Ireland near the village of Kilkea on the R418 regional road from Athy to Tullow. It was a medieval stronghold of the Fitzgeralds, earls of Kildare.- History of the Castle :...

, once the residence of the Duke of Leinster, but now a hotel and health farm. The castle was built by the English Norman Hugh de Lacy
Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath
Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath was an Anglo-Norman magnate granted the lands of the Kingdom of Meath by Henry II in 1172, during the Norman Invasion of Ireland.-Early life:Hugh de Lacy was born before 1135...

 in 1180
1180 in Ireland
-Events:*Construction of Carrickfergus Castle begins.*St Mary’s Cathedral built in Limerick....

, and later passed to the Fitzgeralds. Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare
Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare
Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare , also known as the "Wizard Earl" , was an Irish peer....

, is said to have practised magic in Kilkea Castle
Kilkea Castle
Kilkea Castle is located just northwest of Castledermot, County Kildare, Ireland near the village of Kilkea on the R418 regional road from Athy to Tullow. It was a medieval stronghold of the Fitzgeralds, earls of Kildare.- History of the Castle :...

 which earned him the nickname "the Wizard Earl".

History

The earliest known Irish Parliament
Parliament of Ireland
The Parliament of Ireland was a legislature that existed in Dublin from 1297 until 1800. In its early mediaeval period during the Lordship of Ireland it consisted of either two or three chambers: the House of Commons, elected by a very restricted suffrage, the House of Lords in which the lords...

 met at Castledermot on 18 June 1264. Also, the oldest intact window in Western Europe can be found in the town, being part of the ruins of a Franciscan
Franciscan
Most Franciscans are members of Roman Catholic religious orders founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. Besides Roman Catholic communities, there are also Old Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, ecumenical and Non-denominational Franciscan communities....

 Monastery
Monastery
Monastery denotes the building, or complex of buildings, that houses a room reserved for prayer as well as the domestic quarters and workplace of monastics, whether monks or nuns, and whether living in community or alone .Monasteries may vary greatly in size – a small dwelling accommodating only...

. The window, although large, is only stone work. The glass, if ever there, is long gone. St. Laurence O'Toole, (1128
1128 in Ireland
-Births:*St. Laurence O'Toole, or Lorcán Ua Tuathail, was born at Castledermot, County Kildare...

 - 1180
1180 in Ireland
-Events:*Construction of Carrickfergus Castle begins.*St Mary’s Cathedral built in Limerick....

) or Lorcán Ua Tuathail, was born at Castledermot.
In July 1903 the Gordon Bennett Cup
Gordon Bennett Cup in auto racing
As one of three Gordon Bennett Cups established by James Gordon Bennett, Jr., millionaire owner of the New York Herald, the automobile racing award was first given in 1900 in France....

 passed through Castledermot.

Education

There are two schools in the town. The national school, Scoil Diarmada, is newly built on the Athy
Athy
The town developed from a 12th century Anglo-Norman settlement to an important British military outpost on the border of the Pale.The first town charter dates from the 16th century and the town hall was constructed in the early 18th century...

 road out of Castledermot and opened January 2009. It has two floors, and an elevator for easier access for the disabled people. The secondary school, Colaiste Lorcain
Colaiste Lorcain
Colaiste Lorcain is a post-primary school located in the town of Castledermot, Co. Kildare, Ireland. The school came to existence in July 1984 as a result of an amalgamation between the Vocational School, Castledermot and St. Mary's Secondary School. the school is dedicated to St...

, is located on the main street.

Sport

In terms of sports, Castledermot has achieved plenty of success: Gaelic football
Gaelic football
Gaelic football , commonly referred to as "football" or "Gaelic", or "Gah" is a form of football played mainly in Ireland...

, through Castledermot GAA
Castledermot GAA
Castledermot is a Gaelic Athletic Association club in Castledermot, County Kildare, Ireland, winner of three senior hurling championships, first winners of the intermediate football and senior camogie championships, Kildare Club of the year in 2004 and home club of All Ireland football finalist of...

, (men's and women's), hurling
Hurling
Hurling is an outdoor team game of ancient Gaelic origin, administered by the Gaelic Athletic Association, and played with sticks called hurleys and a ball called a sliotar. Hurling is the national game of Ireland. The game has prehistoric origins, has been played for at least 3,000 years, and...

, Gaelic handball
Gaelic handball
Gaelic handball is a sport similar to Basque pelota, racquetball, squash and American handball . It is one of the four Gaelic games organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association...

, basketball
Basketball
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

, soccer and cricket
Cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...

 all experience success from under-age to senior level. Castle Villa
Castle Villa
Castle Villa AFC are a soccer team based in Castledermot, Co. Kildare, Ireland.Castle Villa was formed by Walter Brookes in 1969.Commonly known as 'The Villa', there are two senior teams and many underage teams, ranging from U8 to U16....

, whose grounds are at Mullarney Park, have been Kildare senior league soccer champions on several occasions.

See also

  • List of towns and villages in Ireland
  • List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Kildare)
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