Castle Hill (Sitka, Alaska)
Castle Hill or Noow Tlein, in Sitka, Alaska
Alaska is the largest state in the United States by area. It is situated in the northwest extremity of the North American continent, with Canada to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, with Russia further west across the Bering Strait...

, is a National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
A National Historic Landmark is a building, site, structure, object, or district, that is officially recognized by the United States government for its historical significance...

 and the historical site of Tlingit and Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n forts.

Castle Hill is the area of land understood by the Tlingit people to be ceded to the Russian government following the battle of 1804
Battle of Sitka
The Battle of Sitka was the last major armed conflict between Europeans and Alaska Natives, and was initiated in response to the destruction of a Russian trading post two years prior...

. It is also the location where, in 1867, the Russian flag was lowered and the American
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

flag was raised, marking the transfer of Alaska to the United States.

In 1959, after Alaska was admitted as the 49th U.S. state, Castle Hill was the location where the first 49-star U.S. flag in Alaska was raised, though the ceremony was unofficial and secret.

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1962.

No structures remain. It is now an Alaska state park located at Lincoln and Katlian Streets known as Baranof Castle Hill State Historic Site.

External links

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