Bryansk Front
The Bryansk Front was a Front
Front (Soviet Army)
A front was a major military organization in the Soviet Army during many wars. It was roughly equivalent to an army group in the militaries of most other countries except Germany...

 (i.e. a military formation of roughly Army Group
Army group
An army group is a military organization consisting of several field armies, which is self-sufficient for indefinite periods. It is usually responsible for a particular geographic area...

 size) of the Soviet Army
Soviet Army
The Soviet Army is the name given to the main part of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union between 1946 and 1992. Previously, it had been known as the Red Army. Informally, Армия referred to all the MOD armed forces, except, in some cases, the Soviet Navy.This article covers the Soviet Ground...

 during the Second World War
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...


General Andrei Yeremenko
Andrei Yeremenko
Andrey Ivanovich Yeryomenko or Yeremenko or Eremenko was a Soviet general during World War II, Marshal of the Soviet Union.-Draft and early service:...

 was designated commander of the Front when it first formed in mid-late August 1941, comprising, in Erickson's words, 'on paper two armies, 50th and 13th
13th Army (Soviet Union)
The 13th Army was a name given to several field armies of the Soviet Union's Red Army, first created during the Russian Civil War...

, with eight rifle divisions each, three cavalry divisions, and one tank division but many of these formations were badly whittled down by battle losses'. Two other armies from Soviet Central Front
Soviet Central Front
The Central Front was a Front of the Soviet Army during the Second World War.The Central Front describes either of two distinct organizations during the war...

, 21st
21st Army (Soviet Union)
-June to September 1941:21st Army was a part of the Second Operational Echelon of the RKKA. It was formed from the forces of the Volga Military District in May 1941 and was initially based on 63rd Rifle Corps and 66th Rifle Corps. The army was under the command of Lieutenant-General Vasilii...

 and 3rd Army, that had avoided encirclement, were promised but also badly worn down.

In late August along with the Western Front
Western Front
Western Front was a term used during the First and Second World Wars to describe the contested armed frontier between lands controlled by Germany to the east and the Allies to the west...

 and Reserve Fronts it launched a large but failed counteroffensive in the Smolensk
Smolensk is a city and the administrative center of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Dnieper River. Situated west-southwest of Moscow, this walled city was destroyed several times throughout its long history since it was on the invasion routes of both Napoleon and Hitler. Today, Smolensk...

, El'nia, and Roslavl regions to halt Army Group Centre
Army Group Centre
Army Group Centre was the name of two distinct German strategic army groups that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II. The first Army Group Centre was created on 22 June 1941, as one of three German Army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union...

's advance on Moscow. Despite some success by Reserve Front at El'nia, the efforts by Bryansk Front were a failure.

On its second formation in mid-late 1941 under Cherevichenko, it was only active for about six months, being redesignated Voronezh Front
Voronezh Front
The Voronezh Front was a front of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the Second World War. The name indicated the primary geographical region in which the Front first fought, based on the town of Voronezh on the Don River....

 on 7 July 1942. By the time of Operation Blau, the German summer offensive of 1942, the Front comprised the 3rd, 13th
13th Army (Soviet Union)
The 13th Army was a name given to several field armies of the Soviet Union's Red Army, first created during the Russian Civil War...

, 40th
40th Army (Soviet Union)
The 40th Army of the Soviet Union's Red Army was an army-level command active from 1941 to 1945 and then again from 1979 to circa 1990.It was first formed, after Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union, had commenced, from elements of the 26th and 37th Armies under the command...

, 48th Armies, the 5th Tank Army, and the 2nd Air Army
2nd Air Army
The 2nd Air Army was a formation of the Aviation of the Red Army as part of the Soviet Armed Forces during the Second World War...

. It was then reformed, then disbanded on 11–12 March 1943 and its headquarters became HQ Kursk Front
Kursk Front
The Kursk Front was a front of the Soviet Army during the Second World War. It was set up on 23 March 1943 by renaming the Reserve Front, to defend Kursk....

 after a short time expecting to be the headquarters and the basis of the new Reserve Front.

It was later reformed, and by the time of the Battle of Kursk
Battle of Kursk
The Battle of Kursk took place when German and Soviet forces confronted each other on the Eastern Front during World War II in the vicinity of the city of Kursk, in the Soviet Union in July and August 1943. It remains both the largest series of armored clashes, including the Battle of Prokhorovka,...

 the Front consisted of the 11th, 3rd, 4th Tank
4th Tank Army (Soviet Union)
The 20th Guards Army, , is a field army, since 1991, part of the Russian Ground Forces.-1st Formation :It was first formed within the Stalingrad Front from July 1942 and...

, 61st, and 63rd
63rd Army (Soviet Union)
The 63rd Army of the Soviet Union's Red Army was formed in July 1942, by the order of Headquarters Red Army Supreme Command № 994110, by renaming Stavka's 5th Reserve Army....

 Armies. Colonel General Markian Popov
Markian Popov
Markian Mikhaylovich Popov was a Soviet military commander, Army General , and Hero of the Soviet Union .- Life :During the German-Soviet War at various times he commanded a number of Armies and a number of Fronts. His career was uneven....

 led it to liberate its namesake town in August and September 1943. Reformed from Orel Front 28 March 1943. On 10 October 1943 the STAVKA
Stavka was the term used to refer to a command element of the armed forces from the time of the Kievan Rus′, more formally during the history of Imperial Russia as administrative staff and General Headquarters during late 19th Century Imperial Russian armed forces and those of the Soviet Union...

 incorporated most of the Front's forces into the 1st Belorussian Front
1st Belorussian Front
The 1st Belorussian Front was a Front of the Soviet Army during World War II...

 (former Central) and used Bryansk Front's HQ to form HQ Baltic Front, which then became 2nd Baltic Front.

On 1 October 1944 the 2nd Baltic Front consisted of:
  • 3rd Shock Army
    3rd Shock Army (Soviet Union)
    The 3rd Shock Army was a field army of the Red Army formed during the Second World War. The 'Shock' armies were created with the specific structure to engage and destroy significant enemy forces, and were reinforced with more armoured and artillery assets than other combined arms armies...

    • 79th RC (150th
      150th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
      The 150th Rifle 'Idritskaya' Division was a formation in the Red Army fighting on the Eastern Front of World War II from 1941 to 1945. It gained most fame as the formation whose soldiers famously raised the Soviet flag over the Reichstag near the end of the war.The nickname ‘Idritskaya’ was given...

      , 171st, 207th RD), 100th RC (21G, 28th, 200RD)
  • 10th Guards Army
    10th Guards Army (Soviet Union)
    The 10th Guards Army was a Soviet Guards formation which fought against Germany during World War II under the command of several generals. Formed in 1943, the army fought under various headquarters and ended the war besieging cut-off German forces in Latvia...

    • 7GRC (7th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)|7]], 8, 119GRD), 15GRC (29, 30, 85GRD), 19GRC (22, 56, 65GRD), 78TB
  • 22nd Army
    22nd Army (Soviet Union)
    The 22nd Army was a field army of the Russian Ground Forces, part of the Moscow Military District. It was active from 1941 to 2010. The order for the formation's dissolution was signed by the Minister of Defence on 1 July 2009....

    • 93RC (219, 379, 391RD), 130RC (43G, 308RD), 37RD, 155FR, 118TB
  • 42nd Army
    • 110RC (2, 168, 268RD), 124RC (48, 123, 256RD), 118FR, 29GTB
  • 15th Air Army
    • 14th Fighter Aviation Corps (4, 148, 293 FigAvR), 188th Bomber AvD, 214, 225 Assault AvD, 284, 313 Fighter-Bomber AvD
  • Front Reserve
    • 5TC (24, 41, 70TB, 5MotRB)


First Formation
  • Lieutenant-General Andrey Ivanovich Yeremenko (with 16.8.41 on 13.10.41 yr.),
  • Major-General Georgiy Fedorovich Zakharov
    Georgiy Zakharov
    Not to be confused with the Red Air Force general Georgi Zakharov.Georgiy Fedotovich Zakharov was a Soviet general officer, mainly notable for his service in World War II.-Early life:...

     (with 14.10.41 on 10.11.41 yr.).

Second Formation
  • Colonel-General Yakov Cherevichenko
    Yakov Cherevichenko
    Yakov Timofeyevich Cherevichenko , Army General , was a Soviet military leader.In 1940, he held the rank of Lieutenant General and participated in the Bessarabian campaign.-Honours and awards:...

     (24.12.1941 to 2.4.1942),
  • lieutenant-General Filipp Golikov
    Filipp Golikov
    Filipp Ivanovich Golikov, was a Soviet military commander, promoted Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1961.Golikov saw service during the Russian Civil War...

     (2.4.1942 to 7.7.1942),
  • Lieutenant-General Nikandr Yevlampyevich Chibisov (7.7.42 to 13.7.1942), (Чибисов Никанор Евлампиевич)
  • Lieutenant-General Konstantin Rokossovsky
    Konstantin Rokossovsky
    Konstantin Rokossovskiy was a Polish-origin Soviet career officer who was a Marshal of the Soviet Union, as well as Marshal of Poland and Polish Defence Minister, who was famously known for his service in the Eastern Front, where he received high esteem for his outstanding military skill...

     (14.7.42 to 27.9.1942),
  • Colonel-General Max Andreyevich Reyter (28.9.42 to 12.3.1943).
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