British Standards
Overview
British Standards are the standards produced by BSI Group
BSI Group
BSI Group, also known in its home market as the British Standards Institution , is a multinational business services provider whose principal activity is the production of standards and the supply of standards-related services.- History :...

which is incorporated under a Royal Charter
Royal Charter
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate. They were, and are still, used to establish significant organizations such as cities or universities. Charters should be distinguished from warrants and...

 (and which is formally designated as the National Standards Body (NSB) for the UK). The BSI Group produces British Standards under the authority of the Charter, which lays down as one of the BSI's objectives to:
Formally, as per the 2002 Memorandum of Understanding between the BSI and the United Kingdom Government, British Standards are defined as:
Products and services which BSI certifies as having met the requirements of specific standards within designated schemes are awarded the Kitemark
Kitemark
The Kitemark is a UK product and service quality certification mark which is owned and operated by The British Standards Institution ....

.

British Standards are one of the formal exceptions made to the Restrictive Trade Practices Act.
Encyclopedia
British Standards are the standards produced by BSI Group
BSI Group
BSI Group, also known in its home market as the British Standards Institution , is a multinational business services provider whose principal activity is the production of standards and the supply of standards-related services.- History :...

which is incorporated under a Royal Charter
Royal Charter
A royal charter is a formal document issued by a monarch as letters patent, granting a right or power to an individual or a body corporate. They were, and are still, used to establish significant organizations such as cities or universities. Charters should be distinguished from warrants and...

 (and which is formally designated as the National Standards Body (NSB) for the UK). The BSI Group produces British Standards under the authority of the Charter, which lays down as one of the BSI's objectives to:
Formally, as per the 2002 Memorandum of Understanding between the BSI and the United Kingdom Government, British Standards are defined as:
Products and services which BSI certifies as having met the requirements of specific standards within designated schemes are awarded the Kitemark
Kitemark
The Kitemark is a UK product and service quality certification mark which is owned and operated by The British Standards Institution ....

.

British Standards are one of the formal exceptions made to the Restrictive Trade Practices Act. §18(5) of the Act specifies that agreements to comply with British Standards should be disregarded when deciding whether an agreement is a restriction upon trade.

How British Standards are made

The BSI Group as a whole does not produce British Standards, as standards work within the BSI is decentralized. The governing Board of BSI establishes a Standards Board. The Standards Board does little apart from setting up Sector Boards (a Sector in BSI parlance being a field of standardization such as ICT, Quality, Agriculture, Manufacturing, or Fire). Each Sector Board in turn constitutes several Technical Committees. It is the Technical Committees that, formally, approve a British Standard, which is then presented to the Secretary of the supervisory Sector Board for endorsement of the fact that the Technical Committee has indeed completed a task for which it was constituted.

The standards

The standards produced are titled British Standard XXXX[-P]:YYYY where XXXX is the number of the standard, P is the number of the part of the standard (where the standard is split into multiple parts) and YYYY is the year in which the standard came into effect. BSI Group currently has over 27,000 active standards. Products are commonly specified as meeting a particular British Standard, and in general this can be done without any certification or independent testing. The standard simply provides a shorthand way of claiming that certain specifications are met, while encouraging manufacturers to adhere to a common method for such a specification.

The Kitemark
Kitemark
The Kitemark is a UK product and service quality certification mark which is owned and operated by The British Standards Institution ....

 can be used to indicate certification by BSI, but only where a Kitemark
Kitemark
The Kitemark is a UK product and service quality certification mark which is owned and operated by The British Standards Institution ....

 scheme has been set up around a particular standard. It is mainly applicable to safety and quality management standards. There is a common misunderstanding that Kitemarks are necessary to prove compliance with any BS standard, but in general it is neither desirable nor possible that every standard be 'policed' in this way.

Following the move on harmonisation
Harmonisation
Harmonisation may refer to:* In music, the implementation of harmony, usually by using chords, including harmonized scales* Harmonisation of law, the process of establishing common laws and standards across the European Union...

 of the standard in Europe, some British Standards are gradually superseded or replaced by the relevant European Standards (EN).

History

BSI Group began in 1901 as the Engineering Standards Committee, led by James Mansergh, to standardise the number and type of steel
Steel
Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has a carbon content between 0.2% and 2.1% by weight, depending on the grade. Carbon is the most common alloying material for iron, but various other alloying elements are used, such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten...

 sections, in order to make British
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 manufacturers more efficient and competitive.

Over time the standards developed to cover many aspects of tangible engineering, and then engineering methodologies including quality systems, safety and security.

Examples of British Standards

  • BS 0 A standard for standards specifies Development, Structure and Drafting of British Standards themselves.

  • BS 9 - for bullhead steel rail sections in various weights.
  • BS 11 - for flat-bottom steel rail sections in various weights

  • BS 31 for steel conduit and fittings for electrical wiring
  • BS 88 a specification for cartridge fuses
    Fuse (electrical)
    In electronics and electrical engineering, a fuse is a type of low resistance resistor that acts as a sacrificial device to provide overcurrent protection, of either the load or source circuit...

     for voltages up to and including 1000 V a.c. and 1500 V d.c.
  • BS 196 for protected-type non-reversible plugs, socket-outlets cable-couplers and appliance-couplers with earthing contacts for single phase a.c. circuits up to 250 volts
  • BS 308 a now deleted standard for engineering drawing conventions, having been absorbed into BS 8888.
  • BS 336 for fire hose couplings and ancillary equipment
  • BS 381 for colours used in identification, coding and other special purposes
  • BS 476 for fire resistance of building materials / elements
  • BS 499-1 welding terms and symbols. Glossary for welding, brazing and thermal cutting
  • BS 546
    BS 546
    BS 546 is a pre-Second World War British Standard for domestic AC power plugs and sockets that is also the precursor of current Indian and South African plug standards. This plug is also used in Singapore to a limited extent...

     for mains power plugs and sockets (older standard)
  • BS 857
    BS 857
    BS 857:1967 is a currently in-use British Standard specification for flat or curved safety glasses for use in land vehicles, including road vehicles and railway vehicles. The standard specifies the mechanical, safety, impact and optical requirements as well as sampling and test methods.-Other...

     for safety glass
    Windshield
    The windshield or windscreen of an aircraft, car, bus, motorbike or tram is the front window. Modern windshields are generally made of laminated safety glass, a type of treated glass, which consists of two curved sheets of glass with a plastic layer laminated between them for safety, and are glued...

     for land transport
  • BS 1088
    BS 1088
    In materials, the BS 1088 specification is a marine plywood specification that applies to plywood produced with untreated tropical hardwood veneers that have a set level of resistance to fungal attack. The plies are bonded with WBP glue. Although the initials BS are for "British Standard", the...

     for marine plywood
  • BS 1192
    BS 1192
    BS 1192 is the British Standard that establishes the methodology for managing the production, distribution and quality of construction information, including that generated by CAD systems, using a disciplined process for collaboration and a specified naming policy...

     for Construction Drawing Practice. Part 5 (BS1192-5:1998) concerns Guide for structuring and exchange of CAD data.
  • BS 1361 for cartridge fuses for a.c. circuits in domestic and similar premises
  • BS 1363
    BS 1363
    BS 1363 is a British Standard which specifies the most common type of single-phase AC power plugs and sockets that are used in the United Kingdom. Distinctive characteristics of the system are shutters on the line and neutral socket holes, and a fuse in the plug...

     for mains
    Mains electricity
    Mains is the general-purpose alternating current electric power supply. In the US, electric power is referred to by several names including household power, household electricity, powerline, domestic power, wall power, line power, AC power, city power, street power, and grid power...

     power plugs and sockets
    Domestic AC power plugs and sockets
    AC power plugs and sockets are devices for removably connecting electrically operated devices to the power supply. Electrical plugs and sockets differ by country in rating, shape, size and type of connectors...

  • BS 1377-9:1990 The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-situ dynamic penetration test designed to provide information on the geotechnical engineering properties of soil.
  • BS 1881:201 Methods of Testing Concrete Part 201: Guide to the Use of Non-Destructive Methods of Test for Hardened Concrete
  • BS 1881:204 Testing concrete. Recommendations on the use of electromagnetic covermeters.
    Cover meter
    A cover meter is an instrument to locate rebars and measure the exact concrete cover. Rebar detectors are less sophisticated devices that can only locate metallic objects below the surface...

  • BS 1852
    BS 1852
    The British standard BS 1852 and its replacement, BS EN 60062, comprises a colour code for fixed resistors; letter and digit code for resistance and capacitance values.-Codes:...

     resistor
    Resistor
    A linear resistor is a linear, passive two-terminal electrical component that implements electrical resistance as a circuit element.The current through a resistor is in direct proportion to the voltage across the resistor's terminals. Thus, the ratio of the voltage applied across a resistor's...

     and capacitor
    Capacitor
    A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component used to store energy in an electric field. The forms of practical capacitors vary widely, but all contain at least two electrical conductors separated by a dielectric ; for example, one common construction consists of metal foils separated...

     value coding
  • BS 2660 for colours for building and decorative paints
  • BS 3506 for unplasticized PVC pipe for industrial uses
  • BS 3621 for thief resistant lock assembly. Key egress
    Egress
    Egress may refer to:* the act of exiting, and the antonym of ingress* Egress , the right of a person to leave a property* Egress , the passage of electromagnetic fields through the shield of a coaxial cable-See also:...

    .
  • BS 3943 for plastic waste traps
    Trap (plumbing)
    In plumbing, a trap is a U-, S-, or J-shaped pipe located below or within a plumbing fixture. An S-shaped trap is also known as the S-bend invented by Alexander Cummings in 1775 but became known as the U-bend following the introduction of the U-shaped trap by Thomas Crapper in 1880. The new U-bend...

  • BS 4293 for residual current-operated circuit-breakers
  • BS 4343 for industrial electrical power connectors
  • BS 4573 a specification for 2-pin reversible plugs and shaver socket-outlets
  • BS 4800 for paint colours used in building construction
  • BS 4900 for vitreous enamel colours used in building construction
  • BS 4901 for plastic colours used in building construction
  • BS 4902 for sheet / tile floor covering colours used in building construction
  • BS 4960 for weighing instruments for domestic cookery
  • BS 4962 for plastics pipes and fittings for use as subsoil field drains
  • BS 5252 for colour-coordination in building construction
  • BS 5400
    BS 5400
    BS 5400 is a British Standard for design and construction of steel, concrete and composite bridges use in highway and railway.The standard specifies the requirements and the code of practice on design of steel, concrete and composite bridges that use steel sections as well as the materials and...

     for steel, concrete and composite bridges.
  • BS 5499 for graphical symbols and signs in building construction; including shape, colour and layout
  • BS 5544 for anti-bandit glazing (glazing resistant to manual attack)
  • BS 5750 for quality management, the source for ISO 9000
  • BS 5759 Specification for webbing load restraint assemblies for use in surface transport
  • BS 5837 for protection of trees during construction work
  • BS 5930
    BS 5930
    BS 5930:1999, "the code of practice for site investigations", is a UK code of practice published in October 1999 by the British Standards Institution.It supersedes BS 5930:1981 which itself supersedes CP2001: 1957 "Site investigations"....

     for site investigations
  • BS 5950
    BS 5950
    BS 5950 is the British Standard for the design, fabrication and erection of structural steelwork. It does not apply to bridges, which are covered by BS 5400. BS 5950 replaced BS 449, which used a permissible stress approach, and uses limit state design methods. It is written for use in the UK but...

     for structural steel
  • BS 6312 for telephone plugs and sockets
  • BS 6651 code of practice for protection of structures against lightning
  • BS 6701 installation, operation and maintenance of telecommunications equipment and telecommunications cabling
  • BS 6879 for British geocodes, a superset of ISO 3166-2:GB
    ISO 3166-2:GB
    ISO 3166-2:GB is the entry for the United Kingdom in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization , which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.Currently for the United Kingdom,...

  • BS 7430 code of practice for earthing
    Ground (electricity)
    In electrical engineering, ground or earth may be the reference point in an electrical circuit from which other voltages are measured, or a common return path for electric current, or a direct physical connection to the Earth....

  • BS 7671
    BS 7671
    British Standard BS 7671 "Requirements for electrical installations" is the national standard in the United Kingdom for low voltage electrical installations....

     Requirements for Electrical Installations, The IEE
    Institution of Electrical Engineers
    The Institution of Electrical Engineers was a British professional organisation of electronics, electrical, manufacturing, and Information Technology professionals, especially electrical engineers. The I.E.E...

     Wiring Regulations, produced by the IET
    Institution of Engineering and Technology
    The Institution of Engineering and Technology is a British professional body for those working in engineering and technology in the United Kingdom and worldwide. It was formed in 2006 from two separate institutions: the Institution of Electrical Engineers , dating back to 1871, and the...

    .
  • BS 7799
    BS 7799
    BS 7799 was a standard originally published by BSI Group in 1995. It was written by the United Kingdom Government's Department of Trade and Industry , and consisted of several parts....

     for information security, the source for ISO/IEC 27001
    ISO/IEC 27001
    ISO/IEC 27001, part of the growing ISO/IEC 27000 family of standards, is an Information Security Management System standard published in October 2005 by the International Organization for Standardization and the International Electrotechnical Commission...

    , 27002
    ISO/IEC 27002
    ISO/IEC 27002 is an information security standard published by the International Organization for Standardization and by the International Electrotechnical Commission , entitled Information technology - Security techniques - Code of practice for information security management.ISO/IEC 27002:2005...

     (former 17799), and 27005
    ISO/IEC 27005
    ISO/IEC 27005, part of a growing family of ISO/IEC ISMS standards, the 'ISO/IEC 27000 series', is an information security standard published by the International Organization for Standardization and the International Electrotechnical Commission...

  • BS 7901 for recovery vehicles and vehicle recovery equipment
  • BS 7925-1
    BS 7925-1
    BS 7925-1 is BSI's standard glossary of software testing terms. This standard complements its partner BS 7925-2 .BS 7925-1 was developed by the Testing Standards Working Party, sponsored by BCS SIGiST, and published in August 1998....

     vocabulary of terms in software testing
  • BS 7925-2
    BS 7925-2
    BS 7925-2 is BSI's software component testing standard..The standard was developed by the Testing Standards Working Party, sponsored by BCS SIGiST, and published in August 1998.-External links:* at the Testing Standards website* *...

     software component testing
  • BS 7971 Protective clothing and equipment for use in violent situations and in training
  • BS 8110
    BS 8110
    BS 8110 is a British Standard for the design and construction of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. It is based on limit state design principles...

     for structural concrete
  • BS 8485 for the characterization and remediation from ground gas in affected developments
  • BS 8494
    BS 8494
    BS 8494 is a 2007 British Standard for portable apparatus designed to detect and measure carbon dioxide in ambient air or extraction systems....

     for detecting and measuring carbon dioxide in ambient air or extraction systems
  • BS 8888
    BS 8888
    BS 8888 is the British standard developed by the BSI Group for technical product documentation, geometric product specification, geometric tolerance specification and engineering drawings.-History:...

     for engineering drawing and technical product specification
  • BS 15000 for IT Service Management
    IT Service Management
    IT service management is a discipline for managing information technology systems, philosophically centered on the customer's perspective of IT's contribution to the business. ITSM stands in deliberate contrast to technology-centered approaches to IT management and business interaction...

    , (ITIL
    Itil
    Itil may mean:*Atil or Itil, the ancient capital of Khazaria*Itil , also Idel, Atil, Atal, the ancient and modern Turkic name of the river Volga.ITIL can stand for:*Information Technology Infrastructure Library...

    ), now ISO/IEC 20000
  • BS 3G 101 for general requirements for mechanical and electromechanical aircraft indicators
  • BSEN12195-2-2001 Load restraint assemblies on road vehicles. Safety. Web lashing made from man-made fibres
  • BS EN 60204-1:2009 Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines

Publicly Available Specifications

BSI also publishes a series of Publicly Available Specification (PAS)
Publicly Available Specification
The PAS is a consultative document where the development process and written format is based on the British Standard model...

 documents.

Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) are a flexible and rapid standards development model that is open to all organizations. A PAS is a sponsored piece of work allowing organizations flexibility in the rapid creation of a standard while also allowing for a greater degree of control over the document's development. A typical development time frame for a PAS is around 6–9 months. Once published by BSI a PAS has all the functionality of a British Standard for the purposes of creating schemes such as management systems and product benchmarks as well as codes of practice. A PAS is a living document and after two years the document will be reviewed and a decision made with the client as to whether or not this should be taken forward to become a formal British standard.

Examples

  • PAS 78: Guide to good practice in commissioning accessible websites
    Pas 78
    PAS 78: Guide to good practice in commissioning accessible websites is a Publicly Available Specification published on March 8, 2006 by the British Standards Institution in collaboration with the Disability Rights Commission . It provides guidance to organisations in how to go about commissioning...

  • PAS 55- 1: Asset management - Specification for the optimized management of physical infrastructure assests
    PAS 55
    PAS 55 - Optimal management of physical assets is a Publicly Available Specification published by the British Standards Institution.This PAS gives guidance and a 28-point requirements checklist of good practices in physical asset management; typically this is relevant to gas, electricity and water...

  • PAS 72: Responsible Fishing - Specification of good practice for fishing vessels
  • PAS 911: Fire strategies - guidance and framework for their formulation
  • PAS 82: Shopfitting - Management system specification
  • PAS 77: IT Service continuity Management - Code of Practice

  • BSI PAS 100
    BSI PAS 100
    The British Composting Association worked to establish an industry standard for composts, the BSI PAS 100 certified by the British Standards Institution. The specification covers the entire process; from raw materials and production methods, through quality control and lab testing ensuring...

     Composting specification
  • BSI PAS 101 Specification for recovered container glass
  • BSI PAS 102 Specification for processed glass for selected secondary end markets
  • BSI PAS 103 Specification for quality and guidance for good practice in collection and preparation for recycling
  • BSI PAS 104 Specification for quality and guidance for good practice for the supply of post consumer wood for consumption in the manufacture of panel board products
  • BSI PAS 105 Specification for paper waste

Availability

Copies of British Standards are sold at the BSI Online Shop or can be accessed via subscription to British Standards Online (BSOL). They can also be ordered via the publishing units of many other national standards bodies (ANSI
American National Standards Institute
The American National Standards Institute is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The organization also coordinates U.S. standards with international...

, DIN
Din
DIN or Din or din can have several meanings:* A din is a loud noise.* Dīn, an Arabic term meaning "religion" or "way of life".* Din is one of the ten aspects of the Ein Sof in Kabbalah ....

, etc.) and from several specialized suppliers of technical specifications.

Many British Standards (BSs) – as well as some of the European and International Standards that were adopted as British Standards (BS EN, BS ISO) – are also available in public and university libraries in the United Kingdom. However, BSI makes standards available to these libraries only under licence restrictions which forbid loan, inter-library loan, open-shelf access, and copying of more than 10% of a document by library users. The BSI Knowledge Centre in Chiswick
Chiswick
Chiswick is a large suburb of west London, England and part of the London Borough of Hounslow. It is located on a meander of the River Thames, west of Charing Cross and is one of 35 major centres identified in the London Plan. It was historically an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex, with...

charges visiting members of the public a fee of £20 per hour. This service is free to BSI members, students and accredited journalists.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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