British 19th (Western) Division
The British 19th Division was a New Army division
Division (military)
A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers. In most armies, a division is composed of several regiments or brigades, and in turn several divisions typically make up a corps...

 formed in September 1914 as part of the K2 Army Group. The division landed in France July 1915 and spent the duration of the First World War
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

 in action on the Western Front
Western Front (World War I)
Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the German Army opened the Western Front by first invading Luxembourg and Belgium, then gaining military control of important industrial regions in France. The tide of the advance was dramatically turned with the Battle of the Marne...



56th Brigade
British 56th Infantry Brigade
The British Army's 56th Infantry Brigade was originally a Kitchener's Army brigade within 19th Division during the First World War.Later during the Second World War it was reformed on 15 February 1944 in the United Kingdom....


The brigade initially comprised the following four battalions which were all disbanded in February 1918.
  • 7th (Service) Battalion, The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)
  • 7th (Service) Battalion, The East Lancashire Regiment
  • 7th (Service) Battalion, The South Lancashire Regiment
  • 7th (Service) Battalion, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment

From February 1918, the brigade comprised:
  • 1/4th Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry
  • 8th (Service) Battalion, The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment) (from 57 Bde)

57th Brigade :
  • 10th (Service) Battalion, The Royal Warwickshire Regiment
  • 8th (Service) Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment
    The Gloucestershire Regiment
    The Gloucestershire Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army. Nicknamed "The Glorious Glosters", the regiment carried more battle honours on their regimental colours than any other British Army line regiment.-Origins and early history:...

  • 9th (Service) Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment (until June 1918)
  • 3rd Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment (from June 1918)
  • 8th (Service) Battalion, The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment) (to 56 Bde February 1918)

58th Brigade :
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, Royal Welsh Fusiliers
  • 9th (Service) Battalion, The Welsh Regiment
  • 2nd Battalion, The Wiltshire Regiment (from May 1918)
  • 6th (Service) Battalion, The Wiltshire Regiment (from December 1915 until June 1918)

Pioneers :
  • 5th (Service) Battalion, South Wales Borderers


  • Battle of Loos
    Battle of Loos
    The Battle of Loos was one of the major British offensives mounted on the Western Front in 1915 during World War I. It marked the first time the British used poison gas during the war, and is also famous for the fact that it witnessed the first large-scale use of 'new' or Kitchener's Army...

  • Battle of the Somme (1916)
    Battle of the Somme (1916)
    The Battle of the Somme , also known as the Somme Offensive, took place during the First World War between 1 July and 14 November 1916 in the Somme department of France, on both banks of the river of the same name...

    • Battle of Albert
      Battle of Albert (1916)
      The Battle of Albert, 1 July – 13 July 1916, was the opening phase of the British and French offensive that became the Battle of the Somme.-Haig's desire to break through versus Rawlinson's "bite and hold":...

    • Battle of Pozières
      Battle of Pozières
      The Battle of Pozières was a two week struggle for the French village of Pozières and the ridge on which it stands, during the middle stages of the 1916 Battle of the Somme. Though British divisions were involved in most phases of the fighting, Pozières is primarily remembered as an Australian battle...

    • Battle of the Ancre Heights
      Battle of the Ancre Heights
      The Battle of the Ancre Heights was a prolonged battle of attrition in October 1916 during the Battle of the Somme. Lieutenant General Hubert Gough's Reserve Army had finally managed to break out of the positions it had occupied since the start of the Somme fighting and Gough intended to maintain...

    • Battle of the Ancre
      Battle of the Ancre
      The Battle of the Ancre was the final act of the 1916 Battle of the Somme. Launched on 13 November 1916 by the British Fifth Army of Lieutenant General Hubert Gough, the objective of the battle was as much political as military.-Prelude:The Allied commanders were due to meet at Chantilly on 15...

  • Battle of Messines
    Battle of Messines
    The Battle of Messines was a battle of the Western front of the First World War. It began on 7 June 1917 when the British Second Army under the command of General Herbert Plumer launched an offensive near the village of Mesen in West Flanders, Belgium...

  • Third Battle of Ypres
  • Battle of the Sambre
    Battle of the Sambre (1918)
    The Second Battle of the Sambre was part of the final European Allied offensives of World War I.-Background:...

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