Battle of Vidin
The Siege of Vidin was an attempt of the Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...

n army to seize the Bulgaria
Bulgaria , officially the Republic of Bulgaria , is a parliamentary democracy within a unitary constitutional republic in Southeast Europe. The country borders Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, as well as the Black Sea to the east...

n city of Vidin
Vidin is a port town on the southern bank of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria. It is close to the borders with Serbia and Romania, and is also the administrative centre of Vidin Province, as well as of the Metropolitan of Vidin...

 during the Second Balkan War
Second Balkan War
The Second Balkan War was a conflict which broke out when Bulgaria, dissatisfied with its share of the spoils of the First Balkan War, attacked its former allies, Serbia and Greece, on 29 June 1913. Bulgaria had a prewar agreement about the division of region of Macedonia...

. The siege took place between the 12th and 18 July 1913.

Surrounding of Vidin by the Serbs

By 12 July the Serbian Timok army (between 16 and 21 battalions with 54 cannons, including six quick-firing and howitzer batteries) fully enclosed Vidin from the south, east and north. The city was defended by 1,200 regular troops and 3,000 militia with a total of 52 cannons most of which were outdated and with little ammunition. On 14 July the Serbs started to bombard the ramparts and the city itself. The Bulgarian commander General Krastyu Marinov refused to surrender twice. The bombarded continued for three days with little effect and insignificant military and civil casualties.

Assault of the fortress

In the late afternoon of 17 July after long artillery fire and the consecutive refuse of the garrison to surrender, the Serbian infantry attacked in the western sector between the villages of Novoseltsi and Smardan. Two Serbian attacks were repulsed by the evening with artillery and gun fire. On 18 the Serbs notified General Marinov for the armistice signed in the same day in Bucarest. Immediately after that they assaulted the fortress again, this time from the north but the counterattack of the Ruse militia group forced them to pull back in disorder. After that last attempt for seizure of Vidin the two parties ceased hostilities. The city was still encircled by Serbian forces; however, after the Treaty of Bucharest was signed the Serbian forces retreated from the region.
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