Bartow County, Georgia
Overview
 
Bartow County is a county located in the U.S. state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 of Georgia
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

. As of the 2010 census, the population was 100,157. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2009 estimate, the county's explosive growth resulted in a population of 96,217, a 26.5% increase in less than ten years. The county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 is Cartersville
Cartersville, Georgia
Cartersville is a town in Bartow County, in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 19,7314. The city is the county seat of Bartow County.-Geography:Cartersville was named for Colonel Farish Carter....

.

Bartow County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Encyclopedia
Bartow County is a county located in the U.S. state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 of Georgia
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

. As of the 2010 census, the population was 100,157. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2009 estimate, the county's explosive growth resulted in a population of 96,217, a 26.5% increase in less than ten years. The county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 is Cartersville
Cartersville, Georgia
Cartersville is a town in Bartow County, in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 19,7314. The city is the county seat of Bartow County.-Geography:Cartersville was named for Colonel Farish Carter....

.

Bartow County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta Metropolitan Statistical Area. It has a sole commissioner
Sole commissioner
In local government in the United States, sole commissioner government is a county commission with only one seat. The sole commissioner typically holds all legislative and executive powers in the county...

 government, and is the largest county with a sole commissioner.

History



Bartow County was created from the Cherokee
Cherokee
The Cherokee are a Native American people historically settled in the Southeastern United States . Linguistically, they are part of the Iroquoian language family...

 lands of the Cherokee County
Cherokee County, Georgia
As of the census of 2000, there were 141,903 people, 49,495 households, and 39,200 families residing in the county. The population density was 335 people per square mile . There were 51,937 housing units at an average density of 123 per square mile...

 territory on December 3, 1832, and named Cass County, after General Lewis Cass (1782–1866) Secretary of War under President Jackson, Minister to France and Secretary of State under President Buchannan, until renamed on December 6, 1861 in honor of Francis S. Bartow
Francis S. Bartow
Colonel Francis Stebbins Bartow was an attorney, Confederate States of America political leader, and military officer during the early months of the American Civil War...

. The original county seat was at Cassville
Cassville, Georgia
Cassville is an unincorporated community in Bartow County in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was originally the county seat before the name was changed from Cass County...

, but after the burning of the county courthouse and the Sherman Occupation the seat moved to Cartersville, where it now remains.

The county was profoundly affected by the Civil War, setting it back economically for many decades. May 18 and 19, 1864, General Thomas
George Henry Thomas
George Henry Thomas was a career United States Army officer and a Union General during the American Civil War, one of the principal commanders in the Western Theater....

 led the Army of the Cumberland after General Hardee
William J. Hardee
William Joseph Hardee was a career U.S. Army officer, serving during the Second Seminole War and fighting in the Mexican-American War...

's Corps of the Army of Tennessee, and General McPherson
James B. McPherson
James Birdseye McPherson was a career United States Army officer who served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War...

 led his Federal Army of the Tennessee flanking Hardee's army to the west. This huge army was disruptive and sought food. Elements were out of control and sacked homes depleting meager supplies.

Property destruction and the deaths of one-third of the county's soldiers during the war caused financial and social calamity for many.

Slaves gained their freedom, and briefly exercised political franchise through the Republican Party. The Freedmen's Bureau agents gave blacks little effective help. In 1870, about 1 black family in 12 owned real estate. Over a third of the blacks lived in white-headed households, working as domestic servants and laborers. The great majority of freedpeople were day laborers or farm laborers, while a sizable minority occupied skilled positions such as blacksmiths, wheelwrights, and iron workers.

By the late 1870s, hardship was experienced by everyone. Blacks had been relegated to second-class citizenship by Jim Crow laws.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 470.11 square miles (1,217.6 km²), of which 459.43 square miles (1,189.9 km²) (or 97.73%) is land and 10.69 square miles (27.7 km²) (or 2.27%) is water.

Cities and towns

  • Adairsville
    Adairsville, Georgia
    Adairsville is a city in Bartow County, Georgia, United States. The population was 2,542 at the 2000 census. As of 2007 data Adairsville's population was 3,076: 1,414 males and 1,662 females. Adairsville is south of Calhoun, northeast of Rome and north of Atlanta.-Geography:Adairsville is an...

  • Cartersville
    Cartersville, Georgia
    Cartersville is a town in Bartow County, in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 19,7314. The city is the county seat of Bartow County.-Geography:Cartersville was named for Colonel Farish Carter....

  • Emerson
    Emerson, Georgia
    Emerson is a city in far southern Bartow County, Georgia, United States, on highways 41, 293, and 75. The population was 1,092 at the 2000 census....

  • Euharlee
    Euharlee, Georgia
    Euharlee is a city in Bartow County, Georgia, United States. The population was 3,208 at the 2000 census. The city's explosive growth is evident as of the 2005 census the city's population rose to 3,859, and for 2006 estimates, Euharlee showed a population of 4,059...

  • Kingston
    Kingston, Georgia
    Kingston is a city in Bartow County, Georgia, United States. The population was 659 at the 2000 census; the 2005 official estimate listed a population of 868.-Geography:Kingston is located at ....

  • Rydal
    Rydal, Georgia
    Rydal is in Bartow County, Georgia, USA also as known as Pine Log, Georgia. It is thirteen miles north of Cartersville.This still predominantly rural area is unincorporated and includes the historic town of Pine Log. The Pine Log post office was closed in the 1970s and the town and the surrounding...

  • Taylorsville
    Taylorsville, Georgia
    Taylorsville is a town in Bartow and Polk counties in the U.S. state of Georgia. The population was 3,796 at the 2010 census.-Geography:Taylorsville is located at ....

  • White
    White, Georgia
    White is a city in Bartow County, Georgia, United States. The population was 693 at the 2000 census. As of the 2005 census the population was estimated at 716. Although the population of White may look minor, the area just north and just south of White boost White's population to a staggering 4,200...


Unincorporated communities

  • Atco
    Atco, Georgia
    Atco is a small community on the northwestern side of Cartersville in southern Bartow County, Georgia, United States. Atco gets its name from the "American Textile Company" which began business there near the start of the 20th century. At one time the neighborhood boasted its own post office,...

  • Cassville
    Cassville, Georgia
    Cassville is an unincorporated community in Bartow County in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was originally the county seat before the name was changed from Cass County...

  • Rowland Springs
    Rowland Springs, Georgia
    Rowland Springs is an unincorporated community in Bartow County, Georgia, United States. It lies about 5 miles east of Cartersville with about 10 subdivisions and churches including Rowland Springs Baptist Church. It is situated off Rowland Springs Road and off Georgia State Route 20....

  • Stilesboro
    Stilesboro, Georgia
    Stilesboro is an unincorporated town in southern Bartow County, Georgia, United States.-Notes:...


Adjacent counties

  • Gordon County
    Gordon County, Georgia
    Gordon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 44,104. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 52,044. The county seat is Calhoun.- History :...

    , Georgia
    Georgia (U.S. state)
    Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

     – north
  • Pickens County
    Pickens County, Georgia
    Pickens County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. The 2000 Census showed a population of 22,983. The 2007 Census Estimate showed a population of 30,488...

    , Georgia
    Georgia (U.S. state)
    Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

     – northeast
  • Cherokee County
    Cherokee County, Georgia
    As of the census of 2000, there were 141,903 people, 49,495 households, and 39,200 families residing in the county. The population density was 335 people per square mile . There were 51,937 housing units at an average density of 123 per square mile...

    , Georgia
    Georgia (U.S. state)
    Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

     – east
  • Cobb County
    Cobb County, Georgia
    Cobb County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. Its county seat and largest city is Marietta, which is located in the center of the county. The county was named for Thomas Willis Cobb, who in the early 19th century was a United States representative and senator from Georgia...

    , Georgia
    Georgia (U.S. state)
    Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

     – southeast
  • Paulding County
    Paulding County, Georgia
    Paulding County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 142,324. The county seat is Dallas....

    , Georgia
    Georgia (U.S. state)
    Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

     – south
  • Polk County
    Polk County, Georgia
    Polk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 38,127. The 2007 Census Estimate shows a population of 41,460. The county seat is Cedartown.- History :...

    , Georgia
    Georgia (U.S. state)
    Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

     – southwest
  • Floyd County
    Floyd County, Georgia
    Floyd County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of 2000, the population was 90,565. Census estimates for 2007 show a population of 95,618...

    , Georgia
    Georgia (U.S. state)
    Georgia is a state located in the southeastern United States. It was established in 1732, the last of the original Thirteen Colonies. The state is named after King George II of Great Britain. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788...

     – west

Demographics

As of 2000, there are 76,019 people, 27,176 households, and 21,034 families residing in the county. The population density is 64/km2 (166/mi2). There are 28,751 housing units at an average density of 24 persons/km2 (63 persons/mi2). The racial makeup of the county is 87.79% White, 8.68% African American
African American
African Americans are citizens or residents of the United States who have at least partial ancestry from any of the native populations of Sub-Saharan Africa and are the direct descendants of enslaved Africans within the boundaries of the present United States...

, 0.28% Native American
Indigenous peoples of the Americas
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian inhabitants of North and South America, their descendants and other ethnic groups who are identified with those peoples. Indigenous peoples are known in Canada as Aboriginal peoples, and in the United States as Native Americans...

, 0.51% Asia
Asia
Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It covers 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area and with approximately 3.879 billion people, it hosts 60% of the world's current human population...

n, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.62% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 3.32% of the population are Hispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic is a term that originally denoted a relationship to Hispania, which is to say the Iberian Peninsula: Andorra, Gibraltar, Portugal and Spain. During the Modern Era, Hispanic sometimes takes on a more limited meaning, particularly in the United States, where the term means a person of ...

 or Latino
Latino
The demonyms Latino and Latina , are defined in English language dictionaries as:* "a person of Latin-American descent."* "A Latin American."* "A person of Hispanic, especially Latin-American, descent, often one living in the United States."...

 of any race.

There are 27,176 households out of which 38.20% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% are married couples living together, 11.10% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 22.60% are non-families. 18.70% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.70% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.76 and the average family size is 3.14.

In the county the population is spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $43,660, and the median income for a family is $49,198. Males have a median income of $35,136 versus $24,906 for females. The per capita income for the county is $18,989. 8.60% of the population and 6.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.60% are under the age of 18 and 12.20% are 65 or older.

Major highways

  • Interstate 75
    Interstate 75
    Interstate 75 is a major north–south Interstate Highway in the Great Lakes and Southeastern regions of the United States. It travels from State Road 826 and State Road 924 in Hialeah, Florida to Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, at the Ontario, Canada, border...

  • U.S. Route 41
    U.S. Route 41
    U.S. Route 41 is a north–south United States Highway that runs from Miami, Florida to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Until 1949, the part in southern Florida, from Naples to Miami, was U.S...

  • U.S. Route 411
    U.S. Route 411
    U.S. Highway 411 is an alternate parallel-highway associated with U.S. Highway 11. U.S. 411 extends for about 313 miles from U.S. Route 78 in Leeds, Jefferson County, Alabama, to U.S. Highway 25 in Newport, Cocke County, Tennessee. U.S. 411 passes through the northeastern State of Alabama, the...

  • State Route 3
  • State Route 20
  • State Route 61
  • State Route 113
  • State Route 140
  • State Route 293
    State Route 293 (Georgia)
    State Route 293 is a northwest-southeast oriented route running from Rome to Emerson in northwest Georgia.-Route description:From its southern terminus at U.S. Highway 41/State Route 3 in Emerson, the highway runs northwest, passing through downtown Emerson before crossing the Etowah River and...


Secondary Highways

  • Euharlee Road
  • Old S.R. 293. Portion south of Emerson and east of U.S. 41 into Cobb County.
  • Old Alabama Road. Future route of S.R. 113.
  • Burnt Hickory Road
  • Taylorsville-Macedonia Road
  • Macedonia Road
  • Halls Station Road
  • Spring Place Road
  • Cassville-White Road
  • Mission Road

Museums

  • Bartow History Museum opened in 1987 and is presently located in the historic 1869 Courthouse in downtwon Cartersville, GA. Artifacts, photographs, documents and a variety of permanent exhibits focus on the settlement and development of Bartow County, Georgia, beginning with the early nineteenth century when the Cherokee inhabited the area. Early European settler life, the iron ore and bauxite industries, Civil War strife, Post war recovery, the Great Depression era, early textile industries and notable figures are depicted through interactive exhibits in the permanent gallery space. Additionally, the Museum offers a wide variety of education programs, lectures and membership opportunities.

  • Booth Western Art Museum
    Booth Western Art Museum
    Booth Western Art Museum, located in Cartersville, Georgia, is the only museum of its kind in the Southeastern United States. The Booth opened its doors in August 2003 with of contemporary Western art, Western illustration, Western movie posters, Civil War art, Presidential portraits and letters,...

    , an Affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution
    Smithsonian Institution
    The Smithsonian Institution is an educational and research institute and associated museum complex, administered and funded by the government of the United States and by funds from its endowment, contributions, and profits from its retail operations, concessions, licensing activities, and magazines...

    , is a 120000 square feet (11,148.4 m²) museum located in Cartersville, Georgia
    Cartersville, Georgia
    Cartersville is a town in Bartow County, in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 19,7314. The city is the county seat of Bartow County.-Geography:Cartersville was named for Colonel Farish Carter....

    . Guests are invited to See America’s Story through contemporary Western artwork, Presidential portraits and letters, Civil War art, more than 200 Native American artifacts, and Sagebrush Ranch children’s gallery. Open since August 2003, Booth Museum is the second largest art museum in the state of Georgia, and houses the largest permanent exhibition space for Western art in the country.

  • Tellus Science Museum, an Affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution
    Smithsonian Institution
    The Smithsonian Institution is an educational and research institute and associated museum complex, administered and funded by the government of the United States and by funds from its endowment, contributions, and profits from its retail operations, concessions, licensing activities, and magazines...

    , is a world-class 120000 square feet (11,148.4 m²) museum is located in Cartersville, GA just off I-75 at exit 293. The museum features four main galleries: The Weinman Mineral Gallery, The Fossil Gallery, Science in Motion and The Collins Family My Big Backyard. There is also a 120-seat digital planetarium and an observatory with a state-of-the-art 20-inch telescope located at Tellus.

  • Adairsville Rail Depot Age of Steam Museum, is located in a restored 1847 railroad depot on the Historic Public Square, in Adairsville, Ga. along with a locally operated Welcome Center. The Museum displays artifacts and pictures covering almost 150 years of life in the area, including the Civil War, the chenille boom, railroad history, early farming implements, and weapons.

See also


External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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