Balochistan National Party
Overview
 
The Balochistan National Party or Balochistan National Party (Mengal) (Urdu
Urdu
Urdu is a register of the Hindustani language that is identified with Muslims in South Asia. It belongs to the Indo-European family. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also widely spoken in some regions of India, where it is one of the 22 scheduled languages and an...

: بلوچستان نيشنل پارٹی) is a political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

 in Balochistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

, Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

. BNP believes in more provincial rights and greater autonomy for Baluchistan province through peaceful and democratic struggle.
In 1972, the National Awami Party
National Awami Party
The National Awami Party was a leftist political party in Pakistan. The party was founded in Dhaka in erstwhile East Pakistan in July 1957 through the merger of several leftist and progressive groups. It advocated provincial autonomy, rights on the basis of ethnicity, recognition of ethinicities...

 or NAP formed the first elected government in Balochistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

 after winning the elections and Ataullah Mengal was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of Balochistan
Chief Minister of Balochistan
The Chief Minister of Balochistan is elected by the Provincial Assembly of the Balochistan to serve as the head of the provincial government in Balochistan, Pakistan. The current Chief Minister is Aslam Raisani of the Pakistan Peoples Party...

.
Encyclopedia
The Balochistan National Party or Balochistan National Party (Mengal) (Urdu
Urdu
Urdu is a register of the Hindustani language that is identified with Muslims in South Asia. It belongs to the Indo-European family. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. It is also widely spoken in some regions of India, where it is one of the 22 scheduled languages and an...

: بلوچستان نيشنل پارٹی) is a political party
Political party
A political party is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office. Parties participate in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions...

 in Balochistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

, Pakistan
Pakistan
Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

. BNP believes in more provincial rights and greater autonomy for Baluchistan province through peaceful and democratic struggle.

History

In 1972, the National Awami Party
National Awami Party
The National Awami Party was a leftist political party in Pakistan. The party was founded in Dhaka in erstwhile East Pakistan in July 1957 through the merger of several leftist and progressive groups. It advocated provincial autonomy, rights on the basis of ethnicity, recognition of ethinicities...

 or NAP formed the first elected government in Balochistan
Balochistan (Pakistan)
Balochistan is one of the four provinces or federating units of Pakistan. With an area of 134,051 mi2 or , it is the largest province of Pakistan, constituting approximately 44% of the total land mass of Pakistan. According to the 1998 population census, Balochistan had a population of...

 after winning the elections and Ataullah Mengal was sworn in as the first Chief Minister of Balochistan
Chief Minister of Balochistan
The Chief Minister of Balochistan is elected by the Provincial Assembly of the Balochistan to serve as the head of the provincial government in Balochistan, Pakistan. The current Chief Minister is Aslam Raisani of the Pakistan Peoples Party...

. But just nine months after the formation of the NAP Government, it was overthrown by Bhutto who used Nawab Akbar Bugti's allegation that Mengal's regime wanted to disintegrate Pakistan and liberate Balochistan as grounds for this dismissal. Ataullah Mengal, Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo, Gul Khan Nasir, Nawab Khair Bux Marri and the other NAP leaders were thrown in jail. They were released when Bhutto's government was toppled by Zia-ul-Haq, after spending more than four years in captivity. By this time differences had arisen between the NAP leadership, so while Mengal, Bizenjo and Nasir went to the NAP headquarters, Khair Bux and Shero Marri
Sher Mohammad Marri
Sher Muhammad Bijarani was a Baloch nationalist tribal chief. He fully favoured a struggle against Pakistan. He had very close link with Kabul, Moscow.Sher Muhammad Marri also known as Babu Shero, Shero Marri, General Sherof and Baluchi Tiger....

 headed home.

Later, Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo formed the Pakistan National Party or PNP after differences arose between him and Wali Khan over the Kabul Revolution
Saur Revolution
The Saur Revolution is the name given to the Communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan takeover of political power from the government of Afghanistan on 28 April 1978. The word 'Saur', i.e...

 (he supported the revolution while Wali Khan was against it). Gul Khan joined PNP and became the President of its Balochistan wing while Ataullah went into exile in London
London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

.

In 1996, Ataullah Mengal returned to Pakistan and formed the Balochistan National Party.

BNP Government

BNP swept the 1997 elections and was able to form a coalition government in Balochistan with Sardar Ataullah Mengal's son, Akhtar Mengal
Akhtar Mengal
Sardar Akhtar Mengal is a former Chief Minister of the province of Balochistan in Pakistan. He is the president of the Baloch political party in the province, the Balochistan National Party , and the son of prominent politician, Sardar Ataullah Mengal....

 as the Chief Minister
Chief Minister
A Chief Minister is the elected head of government of a sub-national state, provinces of Sri Lanka, Pakistan, notably a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British Overseas Territory that has attained self-government...

. This government did not last long as, soon, differences began arising between the Balochistan Provincial Government and the Federal Government.

1998 - 2009

After the dismissal of their first government, BNP hasn't taken part in any elections. In 2002, the party didn't compete in the elections in protest of General Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf , is a retired four-star general who served as the 13th Chief of Army Staff and tenth President of Pakistan as well as tenth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. Musharraf headed and led an administrative military government from October 1999 till August 2007. He ruled...

's October 1999 military coup which allowed the pro-military religious alliance to win almost all the moderate and nationalist constituencies. Though a few members of the party did take part in the elections independently. One of these members got elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan
National Assembly of Pakistan
The National Assembly of Pakistan is the lower house of the bicameral Majlis-e-Shura, which also compromises the President of Pakistan and Senate . The National Assembly and the Senate both convene at Parliament House in Islamabad...

, one to the Senate of Pakistan
Senate of Pakistan
The Senate of Pakistan is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Pakistan. Elections are held every three years for one half of the senate and each senator has a term of six years...

 and two to the Provincial Assembly.

In 2006, Nawab Akbar Bugti was killed by the Pakistani Army. BNP had vehemently criticized the government when the operation in Balochistan had been launched and after Bugti's death all four of its independently elected representatives resigned from their seats of the National and Provincial Assemblies.

In December 2006 Akhtar Mengal was arrested for allegedly ordering his security guards to beat up secret service personnel. Mengal maintained that these secret service officials had tried to kidnap his children as they returned from school and as a result, the security guards had beaten them. During his trail, according to Mr Iqbal Haider, secretary-general of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, "Mr Mengal was brought into the courtroom and shoved into an iron cage with bars all around that stood in a corner away from his counsel.” Mengal was released in 2008, after the Pakistan Peoples Party
Pakistan Peoples Party
The Pakistan Peoples Party , is a democratic socialist political party in Pakistan affiliated with Socialist International. Pakistan People's Party is the largest political party of Pakistan...

 government came in power, after spending almost one and a half year in jail.

After Akhtar Mengal's arrest, the rest of the BNP leadership was also imprisoned mainly in MPO cases. On December 2, Sajid Tareen was arrested from his chambers, Habib Jalib Advocate and Akbar Mengal were also arrested the same day. Jahanzeb Jamaldini was also put under arrest in December. Then, on January 3, 2007 the acting Chief of BNP, Mir Noor-ud-din Mengal was also arrested along with other activists while they were on their way to meet imprisoned workers of BNP in Khuzdar
Khuzdar
Khuzdar or Khozdar is a town located in Khuzdar District in Balochistan, Pakistan. Khuzdar is the capital of Khuzdar District, which was created on 1 March 1974...

.

Demands

The Balochistan National Party's main demand has been for for the provinces having control over their resources under the current pakistan constitution the Federal Govt is very strong,although this has changed slightly with the 18th amendment

Council Session 2009

Balochistan National Party's third council session was held between 25 to 28 June 2009. It was presided over by an ailment stricken Akhtar Mengal. In this council session the leadership and central committee members of the party were selected as follows:

Leadership


Akhtar Mengal
Akhtar Mengal
Sardar Akhtar Mengal is a former Chief Minister of the province of Balochistan in Pakistan. He is the president of the Baloch political party in the province, the Balochistan National Party , and the son of prominent politician, Sardar Ataullah Mengal....

 (President)

Jahanzeb Jamaldeni (Senior Vice President)

Sajid Tareen (Vice President)

Habib Jalib Advocate (General Secretary)

Jahanzeb Baloch (Deputy General Secretary)

Akhtar Hussain Langov (Joint Secretary)

Agha Hassan Baloch (Information Secreatory & Culture Sec.)

Abdul Razaq Langov (Labour and Social Secretary)

Hammal Baloch (Finance Secretary)

Malik Naseer Shahwani (Secretary of Agriculture and Fisheries)

Jameela Baloch (Women Secretary)

Central Committee members

Mir Mohammad Aslam Kurd

Mir Nooruddin Mengal
Mir Nooruddin Mengal
Mir Noor-ud-din Mengal was a senior Baloch Politician who was active in Balochistan's political scene for nearly four decades, from 1970 to 2010. He belonged to the famed Zagar Mengal tribe and was the nephew of the Baloch National Poet Mir Gul Khan Nasir...



Sayeyd Nabeel Zaidi

Mir Abdullah Jan

Mir Haji Abid Hussain

Mir Manzoor Hussain Langove

Sana Baloch
Sanaullah Baloch
is former Member of Parliament of Pakistan, served as the Member Senate of Pakistan and as a Member of the National Assembly ....



Sardar Haq Nawaz Buzdar

Yaqoob Baloch

Abdul Ghafoor Mengal

Abdul Hameed Kehtaran

Abdul Raoof Mengal

Adv. Abdul Hameed

Attaullah Mengal 

Chairman Manzoor Baloch

Dr Abdul Ghafoor

Dr. Abdul Qudus

Dr. Abdul Samad Mirwani

Eng. Malik Mohammad Sasoli

Agha Musa Jan

Arbab Mohammad Naeem Dehwar

Ghullam Haider Kaka Buzdar

Hameed Sajna

Laal Jan Baloch

Malik Abdul Hameed kakar

Mohammad Yonus

MohammadQasim Rhonjo

Murad Jan

Latif Baloch

Nawabzada Mir Amanullah

R.G Khosa

Ladies Central Committee

Khalida Mengal

Rashida Mengal

Sania Hassan Kashani

Yasmeen Baloch

See also

Gul Khan Nasir

Ataullah Mengal
Ataullah Mengal
Sardar Ataullah Khan Mengal , popularly known as Sardar Ataullah Mengal, is a well-known political and feudal figure of Pakistan hailing from Balochistan. He has been campaigning a nationalist and separatist movement in Pakistan for over four decades. He is the head of the Shahizai Mangal tribe...



Akhtar Mengal
Akhtar Mengal
Sardar Akhtar Mengal is a former Chief Minister of the province of Balochistan in Pakistan. He is the president of the Baloch political party in the province, the Balochistan National Party , and the son of prominent politician, Sardar Ataullah Mengal....



National Awami Party (Wali)
National Awami Party (Wali)
The National Awami Party was formed after a split between Maulana Bhashani and Khan Wali Khan ostensibly over Bhashani's siding with China and Professor Muzaffar Ahmed along with Khan Abdul Wali Khan sided with U.S.S.R in the Sino-Soviet split...



Wali Khan

Ghaus Bakhsh Bizenjo

Akbar Bugti
Adeel bozdar baloch

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK