American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Overview
 
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional body
Professional body
A professional association is usually a nonprofit organization seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession, and the public interest.The roles of these professional associations have been variously defined: "A group of people in a...

, specifically an engineering society
Engineering society
An engineering society is a professional organization for engineers of various disciplines. Some are umbrella type organizations which accept many different disciplines, while others are discipline-specific. Many award professional designations, such as European Engineer, Professional Engineer,...

, focused on mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering is a discipline of engineering that applies the principles of physics and materials science for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the production and usage of heat and mechanical power for the...

.
The ASME was founded in 1880 by Alexander Lyman Holley
Alexander Lyman Holley
Alexander Lyman Holley was a mechanical engineer and was considered the foremost steel and plant engineer and designer of his time, especially in regard to applying research to modern steel manufacturing processes...

, Henry Rossiter Worthington
Henry Rossiter Worthington
Henry Rossiter Worthington was an American mechanical engineer. He had several inventions leading to the perfection of the direct steam pump , patented the duplex steam pump , and built the first duplex waterworks engine, widely adopted and used for more than 75 years...

, John Edison Sweet
John Edison Sweet
John Edison Sweet was an American mechanical engineer who built the first micrometer caliper in 1873, for making tools, and who invented the “straight line” engine. He was a key founder of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1880 and ASME’s third president...

 and Matthias N. Forney
Matthias N. Forney
Matthias Nace Forney was an American steam locomotive designer and builder. He is most well known for the design of the Forney type locomotive. Locomotives that he designed served the elevated railroads of New York City for many years before that system converted to electric power...

 in response to numerous steam boiler pressure vessel failures. The organization is known for setting codes and standards for mechanical devices. The ASME conducts one of the world's largest technical publishing operations through its ASME Press , holds numerous technical conferences and hundreds of professional development
Professional development
Professional development refers to skills and knowledge attained for both personal development and career advancement. Professional development encompasses all types of facilitated learning opportunities, ranging from college degrees to formal coursework, conferences and informal learning...

 courses each year, and sponsors numerous outreach and educational programs.

The organization's stated vision is to be the premier organization for promoting the art, science and practice of mechanical and multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences to the diverse communities throughout the world.
Encyclopedia
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is a professional body
Professional body
A professional association is usually a nonprofit organization seeking to further a particular profession, the interests of individuals engaged in that profession, and the public interest.The roles of these professional associations have been variously defined: "A group of people in a...

, specifically an engineering society
Engineering society
An engineering society is a professional organization for engineers of various disciplines. Some are umbrella type organizations which accept many different disciplines, while others are discipline-specific. Many award professional designations, such as European Engineer, Professional Engineer,...

, focused on mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineering is a discipline of engineering that applies the principles of physics and materials science for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It is the branch of engineering that involves the production and usage of heat and mechanical power for the...

.
The ASME was founded in 1880 by Alexander Lyman Holley
Alexander Lyman Holley
Alexander Lyman Holley was a mechanical engineer and was considered the foremost steel and plant engineer and designer of his time, especially in regard to applying research to modern steel manufacturing processes...

, Henry Rossiter Worthington
Henry Rossiter Worthington
Henry Rossiter Worthington was an American mechanical engineer. He had several inventions leading to the perfection of the direct steam pump , patented the duplex steam pump , and built the first duplex waterworks engine, widely adopted and used for more than 75 years...

, John Edison Sweet
John Edison Sweet
John Edison Sweet was an American mechanical engineer who built the first micrometer caliper in 1873, for making tools, and who invented the “straight line” engine. He was a key founder of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 1880 and ASME’s third president...

 and Matthias N. Forney
Matthias N. Forney
Matthias Nace Forney was an American steam locomotive designer and builder. He is most well known for the design of the Forney type locomotive. Locomotives that he designed served the elevated railroads of New York City for many years before that system converted to electric power...

 in response to numerous steam boiler pressure vessel failures. The organization is known for setting codes and standards for mechanical devices. The ASME conducts one of the world's largest technical publishing operations through its ASME Press , holds numerous technical conferences and hundreds of professional development
Professional development
Professional development refers to skills and knowledge attained for both personal development and career advancement. Professional development encompasses all types of facilitated learning opportunities, ranging from college degrees to formal coursework, conferences and informal learning...

 courses each year, and sponsors numerous outreach and educational programs.

The organization's stated vision is to be the premier organization for promoting the art, science and practice of mechanical and multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences to the diverse communities throughout the world. Its stated mission is to promote and enhance the technical competency and professional well-being of its members, and through quality programs and activities in mechanical engineering, better enable its practitioners to contribute to the well-being of humankind. ASME has over 120,000 members in more than 150 countries worldwide.

Core values include:
  • Embrace integrity and ethical conduct
  • Embrace diversity and respect the dignity and culture of all people
  • Nurture and treasure the environment and our natural and man-made resources
  • Facilitate the development, dissemination and application of engineering knowledge
  • Promote the benefits of continuing education and of engineering education
  • Respect and document engineering history while continually embracing change
  • Promote the technical and societal contribution of engineers

ASME Codes and Standards

ASME is one of the oldest standards-developing organizations in the world. It produces approximately 600 codes and standards, covering many technical areas, such as boiler components, elevators, measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits, cranes, hand tools, fasteners, and machine tools. Some ASME standards have been translated into other languages other than English, such Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish.

Note that according to ASME:
  • A Standard can be defined as a set of technical definitions and guidelines that function as instructions for designers, manufacturers, operators, or users of equipment.
  • A standard becomes a Code when it has been adopted by one or more governmental bodies and is enforceable by law, or when it has been incorporated into a business contract.

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)

The largest ASME standard, both in size and in the number of volunteers involved in its preparation, is the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code is an American Society of Mechanical Engineers standard that provides rules for the design, fabrication, and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels...

. BPVC is a standard that provides rules for the design, fabrication, and inspection of boiler
Boiler
A boiler is a closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated. The heated or vaporized fluid exits the boiler for use in various processes or heating applications.-Materials:...

s and pressure vessel
Pressure vessel
A pressure vessel is a closed container designed to hold gases or liquids at a pressure substantially different from the ambient pressure.The pressure differential is dangerous and many fatal accidents have occurred in the history of their development and operation. Consequently, their design,...

s. It is reviewed every three years. The BPVC consists of twelve volumes. Stamps for defining and certification of a boiler and a pressure vessel according to the ASME code include some of the more common S, U, U2 and U3 of many.

Notable members

The following people are notable members of ASME:
  • Charles Brinckerhoff Richards
    Charles Brinckerhoff Richards
    Charles Brinckerhoff Richards was an engineer who worked for Colt's Patent Fire Arms Co., where he was responsible for the development of the Colt Single Action Army revolver...

     ( 1833 - 1919) Founder, manager from 1881 - 1882, Vice-president from 1888-1890
  • Alexander T. Brown
    Alexander T. Brown
    Alexander T. Brown was an inventor, engineer, businessman and entrepreneur in Syracuse, New York and was credited with over 100 inventions. He invented the Smith Premier typewriter, the L. C...

     (1854–1929)
  • Ken P. Chong
    Ken P. Chong
    Dr. Ken P. Chong is a Professor at The George Washington University and an associate at the National Institute of Science and Technology . He was the Engineering Advisor, Interim Division Director and program director of Mechanics and Materials for 21 years at the U.S. National Science...

  • Nancy D. Fitzroy
  • Henry Gantt
    Henry Gantt
    Henry Laurence Gantt, A.B., M.E. was an American mechanical engineer and management consultant who is most famous for developing the Gantt chart in the 1910s....

     (1861–1919)
  • John E. Leland
    John E. Leland
    John E. Leland is Director of the University of Dayton Research Institute. He previously served as the institute's director of operations and a division head and as the University of Dayton's director for technology partnerships. Before working at the University of Dayton, Leland worked for the...

    , Director of the University of Dayton Research Institute
  • William Mason
    William Mason (Colt)
    William Mason was an engineer and inventor who worked for Remington Arms, Colt’s Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company, and Winchester Repeating Arms Company in the 19th century.-Remington:...

    (1837-1913)
  • Alexander C. Monteith
    Alexander C. Monteith
    Alexander Crawford Monteith was a Senior Vice-President of the Westinghouse Electric Corporation,and for more than forty years a leader in the development of electric power systems...

     (1902–1979)
  • Hugh Pembroke Vowles
    Hugh Pembroke Vowles
    Hugh Pembroke Vowles was a British engineer, socialist and author.- Early life and education :...

     (1885–1951)
  • Samuel T. Wellman
    Samuel T. Wellman
    Samuel Thomas Wellman, was an American steel industry pioneer, industrialist, and prolific inventor. Wellman was a close friend of electrical pioneer George Westinghouse, and Charles M. Schwab of Bethlehem Steel described Samuel T. Wellman as "the man who did more than any other living person in...

     (1847–1919)
  • John I. Yellott
    John I. Yellott
    John I. Yellott was a scientist internationally recognized as a pioneer in passive solar energy, and an inventor with many patents to his credit. In his honor the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Solar Division confers a biannual "John I...

     (1908–1986)
  • Alexander Lyman Holley
    Alexander Lyman Holley
    Alexander Lyman Holley was a mechanical engineer and was considered the foremost steel and plant engineer and designer of his time, especially in regard to applying research to modern steel manufacturing processes...

     (1832-1882) - Founder
  • Henry Rossiter Worthington
    Henry Rossiter Worthington
    Henry Rossiter Worthington was an American mechanical engineer. He had several inventions leading to the perfection of the direct steam pump , patented the duplex steam pump , and built the first duplex waterworks engine, widely adopted and used for more than 75 years...

     (1817-1880) - Founder
  • John Edson Sweet (1832-1916) - Founder

ASME Student Professional Development Conference (SPDC)

ASME runs the Student Professional Development Conference (SPDC), which allows students and working engineers to network, hosts contests, and promotes ASME's benefits to professionals. Conferences are held in ten different districts. Districts A-F are held in North America, District G is in Asia and Australia, District H includes most of Europe, District I is in Central and South America, and District J covers the Middle East and parts of Africa. The location for each district changes every year.

ASME Student Competitions

There are five competitions held at each conference and they are:
  • Young Engineer Paper Award Competition

Best paper submitted to the Fluid Engineering Department Young Engineer Paper Contest Committee. Several hundred papers are submitted annually to the FED department of ASME and 5 finalists are selected to present their research at the Annual ASME Conference and the #1 spot is given during the Fluid Engineering Award Ceremony at the conference. All the finalists papers are published in the conference proceedings and also receive finalists plaques.
  • Old Guard Oral Presentation Competition
  • Old Guard Technical Poster Competition
  • Technical Web Page Competition
  • Student Design Competition


Each competition has its own set of rules and prizes. The Student Design Competition allows engineering students to showcase their abilities, engineering knowledge, and creativity. Every year a problem statement is put up on the ASME SDC website which states the problem that must be solved and the various constraints that go along with it. The first-place team at each district is then invited to compete in an international competition held at ASME's International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE).


In addition to the events held at the annual SPDCs, ASME also hosts the Human Powered Vehicle Challenge (HPVC) in three locations: US-East, US-West and Latin America. The events are held on different college campuses each year. Rules and requirements for the HPVC can be found on the program website.

Organization

Following the reorganization of the ASME during the Continuity and Change process, volunteer activity was organized into five sectors. Each sector is led by a volunteer Senior Vice President who reports directly to the Board of Governors.

Centers

Senior Vice President: Clark G. McCarrell

Mission: Support the growth, vitality and diversity of mechanical and multi-disciplinary engineering, to cultivate future leaders, and to celebrate the contribution of engineers to the well-being of humankind.

Groups (Centers) within Centers are led by Vice Presidents:
  • Education: Robert Warrington
  • Leadership and Diversity: Mary Lynn Realff
  • Career and Professional Advancement: Betty Bowersox
  • Public Awareness: Vincent Wilczynski

Codes & Standards

Senior Vice President: Bernard E. Hrubala

Mission: The Codes and Standards Board of Directors under the direction of the Board of Governors, will supervise the activities of the Society relating to Codes and Standards.

Groups (Boards) within Codes & Standards are led by Vice Presidents:
  • Codes & Standards Operations: Kenneth R. Balkey, PE
  • Conformity Assessment (BCA): Paul D. Edwards
  • Hearings and Appeals: Bradley D. Closson
  • Nuclear Codes and Standards: Bryan A. Erler, PE
  • New Development: Anthony P. Cirillo
  • Pressure Technology Codes and Standards: Louis E. Hayden Jr, PE
  • Safety Codes and Standards: Robert E. Albert
  • Standardization and Testing: Joseph W. Milton, PE
  • Committee on Strategic Planning and Performance: Bernard E. Hrubala

Institutes

Senior Vice President: David Wisler

Mission: Providing a focused arena for business activities relevant to identified technical, educational or technological endeavors is the underlying purpose of ASME’s Institutes area.

Groups (Institutes) within Institutes are led by Vice Presidents:
  • International Gas Turbine: Dilip Ballal
  • International Petroleum Technology: Terry Lechinger
  • Continuing Education
  • Engineering Management Certification International
  • Emerging Technologies

Knowledge & Community

Senior Vice President: Richard Laudenat

Mission: The K&C Sector is designed to provide an organizational and management structure for over 800 member units. The entire K & C structure serves as a resource and platform for enabling the member units

Groups (Communities) within Knowledge & Community are led by Vice Presidents:
  • Affinity: Justin Young
  • Financial Operations: Lawrence A. Kielasa
  • Global: Thomas Libertiny
  • Programs & Activities: John W. Wesner, PE
  • Technical: Dan Segalman

Strategic Management

Senior Vice President: Robert Pangborn

Mission: The Strategic Management Sector Board of Directors (SMBOD) under the direction of the Board of Governors, is responsible for the activities of the Society relating to identification, capture and transfer of knowledge that will support ASME’s strategies for the technical innovation and advocacy of public policies that are important to advancement of industry and the profession. The units of the Sector include the Board on Government Relations, the Industry Advisory Board, the Strategic Initiatives and Innovation Committee and the Strategic Issues Committee. The operation guide defines the voting members, election of sector leadership, committee duties, meetings and records.

Groups (Boards) within Knowledge & Community are led by a Vice President, Members-at-Large, and Committee Chairs:
  • Member-at-Large: Susan Ipri-Brown
  • Member-at-Large: Elizabeth Kisenwether
  • Vice President, Government Relations: Michael Reischman
  • Chair, Strategic Issues: Win Phillips
  • Chair, Strategic Initiatives and Innovation: Chris Przirembel
  • Chair, Industry Advisory Board: Charla Wise

See also

  • ASME Y14.41-2003
    ASME Y14.41-2003
    - What is ASME Y14.41 :The American Society of Mechanical Engineers issued the first version of this industrial standard on Aug 15, 2003. It was immediately adopted by several industrial organizations, as well as the Department of Defense...

     Digital Product Definition Data Practices
  • List of ASME Presidents
  • List of historic mechanical engineering landmarks
  • James B. Hill
    James B. Hill
    James B. Hill was an American inventor.Hill worked as a drainage tiler in northwestern Ohio in the 1870s and 1880s, during which time he devised a machine that he later named the Buckeye Traction Ditcher...

  • ASME Medal
  • ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
    ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC)
    The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code is an American Society of Mechanical Engineers standard that provides rules for the design, fabrication, and inspection of boilers and pressure vessels...


Sources

  • Calvert, Monte A. The Mechanical Engineer in America, 1830-1910: Professional Cultures in Conflict. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967.
  • Hutton, Frederick Remson (1915) A History of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. ASME.
  • Sinclair, Bruce. A Centennial History of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1880-1980. Toronto: Toronto University Press, 1980.
  • White, John H., Jr. (1968). A history of the American locomotive; its development: 1830-1880. Dover Publications, New York, NY. ISBN 0-486-23818-0.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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