American Nuclear Society
Overview
 
The American Nuclear Society (ANS) is an international, not-for-profit
Non-profit organization
Nonprofit organization is neither a legal nor technical definition but generally refers to an organization that uses surplus revenues to achieve its goals, rather than distributing them as profit or dividends...

 501(c)(3) scientific and educational organization with a membership of approximately 11,000 scientists, engineers, educators, students, and other associate members. Approximately 900 members live outside the United States in 40 countries. There are 51 U.S. and nine non-U.S.
Encyclopedia
The American Nuclear Society (ANS) is an international, not-for-profit
Non-profit organization
Nonprofit organization is neither a legal nor technical definition but generally refers to an organization that uses surplus revenues to achieve its goals, rather than distributing them as profit or dividends...

 501(c)(3) scientific and educational organization with a membership of approximately 11,000 scientists, engineers, educators, students, and other associate members. Approximately 900 members live outside the United States in 40 countries. There are 51 U.S. and nine non-U.S. local sections, 24 nuclear plant
Nuclear power
Nuclear power is the use of sustained nuclear fission to generate heat and electricity. Nuclear power plants provide about 6% of the world's energy and 13–14% of the world's electricity, with the U.S., France, and Japan together accounting for about 50% of nuclear generated electricity...

 branches and 34 student sections. ANS members represent more than 1,600 corporation
Corporation
A corporation is created under the laws of a state as a separate legal entity that has privileges and liabilities that are distinct from those of its members. There are many different forms of corporations, most of which are used to conduct business. Early corporations were established by charter...

s, educational institutions, and government agencies
Independent agencies of the United States government
Independent agencies of the United States federal government are those agencies that exist outside of the federal executive departments...

.

History

The American Nuclear Society was founded on December 11, 1954. ANS has been a leader in the development of nuclear consensus standards since 1958. The main objective of ANS is to promote the advancement of science and engineering relating to the atomic nucleus
Atomic nucleus
The nucleus is the very dense region consisting of protons and neutrons at the center of an atom. It was discovered in 1911, as a result of Ernest Rutherford's interpretation of the famous 1909 Rutherford experiment performed by Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden, under the direction of Rutherford. The...

. Other purposes are to integrate the many nuclear science and technology
Nuclear technology
Nuclear technology is technology that involves the reactions of atomic nuclei. Among the notable nuclear technologies are nuclear power, nuclear medicine, and nuclear weapons...

 disciplines, encourage research, establish scholarships, disseminate information through publications and journals, inform the public about nuclear-related activities, hold meetings devoted to scientific and technical papers, and cooperate with government agencies, educational institutions, and other organizations having similar purposes. In 1955 Walter Zinn was elected as the first president of the ANS.

Publication

The Society publishes the magazines Nuclear News and Radwaste Solutions and three technical journals: Nuclear Science and Engineering, Nuclear Technology and Fusion Science and Technology. The ANS holds an annual meeting in June and a winter meeting in November, both attracting participants from around the world. Through its professional divisions and local sections, ANS conducts separate topical meetings, covering specific subjects in-depth.

Structure

ANS has 21 divisions or technical groups, including a Young Members group for those under age 36. It provides young professionals with opportunities to expand their technical knowledge and network with internationally recognized authorities and industry leaders. It also nominates young professionals for awards and leadership opportunities. The ANS Young Members Group lends its support to the Nuclear Energy Institute trade association-sponsored the North American Young Generation in Nuclear
North American Young Generation in Nuclear
The ' is an organization formed under the purpose of uniting young people in the fields of nuclear science and technology. Individuals can participate in the organization by becoming a continental member, joining a local chapter or joining a continental committee...

 501(c)(6) on outreach projects.

The other divisions and technical groups are: Accelerator
Particle accelerator
A particle accelerator is a device that uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles to high speeds and to contain them in well-defined beams. An ordinary CRT television set is a simple form of accelerator. There are two basic types: electrostatic and oscillating field accelerators.In...

 Applications, Aerospace
Aerospace
Aerospace comprises the atmosphere of Earth and surrounding space. Typically the term is used to refer to the industry that researches, designs, manufactures, operates, and maintains vehicles moving through air and space...

 Nuclear Science & Technology Technical Group, Biology and Medicine
Nuclear medicine
In nuclear medicine procedures, elemental radionuclides are combined with other elements to form chemical compounds, or else combined with existing pharmaceutical compounds, to form radiopharmaceuticals. These radiopharmaceuticals, once administered to the patient, can localize to specific organs...

, Computational Medical Physics
Medical physics
Medical physics is the application of physics to medicine. It generally concerns physics as applied to medical imaging and radiotherapy, although a medical physicist may also work in many other areas of healthcare...

 Working Group, Decommissioning
Nuclear decommissioning
Nuclear decommissioning is the dismantling of a nuclear power plant and decontamination of the site to a state no longer requiring protection from radiation for the general public...

, Decontamination & Reutilization, Education and Training, Environmental Sciences, Fuel Cycle and Waste Management
Radioactive waste
Radioactive wastes are wastes that contain radioactive material. Radioactive wastes are usually by-products of nuclear power generation and other applications of nuclear fission or nuclear technology, such as research and medicine...

; Fusion Energy
Fusion power
Fusion power is the power generated by nuclear fusion processes. In fusion reactions two light atomic nuclei fuse together to form a heavier nucleus . In doing so they release a comparatively large amount of energy arising from the binding energy due to the strong nuclear force which is manifested...

; Human Factors; Isotopes and Radiation
Radiation
In physics, radiation is a process in which energetic particles or energetic waves travel through a medium or space. There are two distinct types of radiation; ionizing and non-ionizing...

; Materials Science
Materials science
Materials science is an interdisciplinary field applying the properties of matter to various areas of science and engineering. This scientific field investigates the relationship between the structure of materials at atomic or molecular scales and their macroscopic properties. It incorporates...

 and Technology; Mathematics
Mathematics
Mathematics is the study of quantity, space, structure, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns and formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proofs, which are arguments sufficient to convince other mathematicians of their validity...

 and Computation
Computation
Computation is defined as any type of calculation. Also defined as use of computer technology in Information processing.Computation is a process following a well-defined model understood and expressed in an algorithm, protocol, network topology, etc...

, Nuclear Criticality Safety
Nuclear Criticality Safety
Nuclear criticality safety is a field of nuclear engineering dedicated to the prevention of nuclear and radiation accidents resulting from an inadvertent, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. Additionally, nuclear criticality safety is concerned with mitigating the consequences of a nuclear...

; Nuclear Installations Safety
Nuclear safety
Nuclear safety covers the actions taken to prevent nuclear and radiation accidents or to limit their consequences. This covers nuclear power plants as well as all other nuclear facilities, the transportation of nuclear materials, and the use and storage of nuclear materials for medical, power,...

, Operations and Power; Radiation Protection and Shielding; Reactor Physics
Nuclear reactor physics
Nuclear reactor physics is the branch of science that deals with the study and application of chain reaction to induce controlled rate of fission for energy in reactors....

; Robotics
Robotics
Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufacture and application of robots...

 and Remote Systems
Remote control vehicle
A remote control vehicle is defined as any mobile device that is controlled by a means that does not restrict its motion with an origin external to the device. This is often a radio control device, cable between control and vehicle, or an infrared controller...

; and Thermal hydraulics
Thermal hydraulics
Thermal hydraulics is the study of hydraulic flow in thermal systems. A common example is steam generation in power plants and the associated energy transfer to mechanical motion and the change of states of the water while undergoing this process.The common adjectives are "thermohydraulic",...

.

Membership

To be eligible for professional membership a person must be engaged in activities in one or more of the fields of nuclear science and engineering or allied fields and shall meet at least one the following requirements:
  1. Hold an academic
    Academic degree
    An academic degree is a position and title within a college or university that is usually awarded in recognition of the recipient having either satisfactorily completed a prescribed course of study or having conducted a scholarly endeavour deemed worthy of his or her admission to the degree...

     or associates degree from a recognized institution in the field of nuclear science or engineering or allied fields (or equivalent as approved by the Membership Committee)
  2. Have not less than one year of responsible technical or scientific experience in the field of nuclear science or engineering or allied fields.
  3. Have a recognized record of attainment or leadership in some science, profession, or branch of industry relevant to nuclear science and technology.


To be eligible for student membership, a person must be regularly enrolled and pursuing an approved scientific or engineering curriculum in a school having, or eligible to have, a Student Section of the Society, or in the Naval Nuclear Power School, or in a similar institution approved by the Board of Directors.
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