Ajloun
Overview
 
Ajloun also written Ajlun is the capital town of the Ajloun Governorate
Ajloun Governorate
Ajlun Governorate is one of the governorates of Jordan, located north of Amman the capital of Jordan. Ajlun Governorate has the fourth highest population density in the kingdom of Jordan with a population density of 335 ppkm2...

 (although it is not the largest city in the governorate). A hilly town in the north of Jordan
Jordan
Jordan , officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan , Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashemiyya) is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing...

, located 76 kilometers (around 47 miles) north west of Amman
Amman
Amman is the capital of Jordan. It is the country's political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The Greater Amman area has a population of 2,842,629 as of 2010. The population of Amman is expected to jump from 2.8 million to almost...

. It is noted for its impressive ruins the 12th century castle which known nowadays as Ajlun Castle
Ajlun Castle
Ajloun Castle ; transliterated: Qal'at Ajloun; transliterated: is an Ayyubid castle that stands atop Jabal Auf, near Ajloun, in northern Jordan. -History :...

. The Ajlun Governorate has a population of over 142000 widespread in twenty seven villages and towns and area about 420 km2.
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Encyclopedia
Ajloun also written Ajlun is the capital town of the Ajloun Governorate
Ajloun Governorate
Ajlun Governorate is one of the governorates of Jordan, located north of Amman the capital of Jordan. Ajlun Governorate has the fourth highest population density in the kingdom of Jordan with a population density of 335 ppkm2...

 (although it is not the largest city in the governorate). A hilly town in the north of Jordan
Jordan
Jordan , officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan , Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashemiyya) is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing...

, located 76 kilometers (around 47 miles) north west of Amman
Amman
Amman is the capital of Jordan. It is the country's political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The Greater Amman area has a population of 2,842,629 as of 2010. The population of Amman is expected to jump from 2.8 million to almost...

. It is noted for its impressive ruins the 12th century castle which known nowadays as Ajlun Castle
Ajlun Castle
Ajloun Castle ; transliterated: Qal'at Ajloun; transliterated: is an Ayyubid castle that stands atop Jabal Auf, near Ajloun, in northern Jordan. -History :...

. The Ajlun Governorate has a population of over 142000 widespread in twenty seven villages and towns and area about 420 km2. The population of Ajlun Governorate is mainly composed of the following tribes: Al-Zghoul , Al-Qudah, Al-Momani , Al-smadi , Al-Freihat , Al-Khatatbah , and others. Haddad and Rabadi are the main Christian
Christian
A Christian is a person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded in the Canonical gospels and the letters of the New Testament...

 tribes in Ajloun. Ajloun Governorate has four seats in the national parliament one of which is dedicated for the Christian minority.

Districts of Metropolitan Ajloun

there are five districts in the Greater Ajloun Municipality:
District
1 Ajloun
2 Ain Janna
3 Anjara
4 ِSakhra
5 Rawabi
6 Safa
7 Khet Al-Laban

Demographics

According to the Jordan national census of 2004, the population of the town of Ajloun was 7,289. For Ajloun Governorate
Ajloun Governorate
Ajlun Governorate is one of the governorates of Jordan, located north of Amman the capital of Jordan. Ajlun Governorate has the fourth highest population density in the kingdom of Jordan with a population density of 335 ppkm2...

 was about 131,000.
Muslims make up the majority of Ajloun's population, there are Christian minority groups in the city as well.
The governorate of Ajloun is highly agricultural, as the population distribution tells.

There is a theory that the town's name is connected with the Moab
Moab
Moab is the historical name for a mountainous strip of land in Jordan. The land lies alongside much of the eastern shore of the Dead Sea. The existence of the Kingdom of Moab is attested to by numerous archeological findings, most notably the Mesha Stele, which describes the Moabite victory over...

ite King Eglon
Eglon (king)
Eglon was the king of Moab who suppressed Israel in the time of the Judges.He was the head of the confederacy of Moab, Ammon and Amalek in their assault. One day, Ehud came presenting a customary tribute and tricked Eglon and stabbed him with his sword, but when Ehud attempted to draw the sword...

 mentioned in the Bible, though the precise derivation is obscure.

Ajlun Castle
Ajlun Castle
Ajloun Castle ; transliterated: Qal'at Ajloun; transliterated: is an Ayyubid castle that stands atop Jabal Auf, near Ajloun, in northern Jordan. -History :...

 is located on the site of an old monastery. It was built in 1184 by Izz al-Din Usama
Izz al-Din Usama
-Emir of Ajlun and Kawkab:In 1183, he was ordered by Saladin to move the Rabbadh Fortress at Ajlun in northern Jordan with the purpose of protecting Ayyubid holdings in area and threatening the Crusader forces based in Kerak to the south...

, a general in the army of Saladin
Saladin
Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb , better known in the Western world as Saladin, was an Arabized Kurdish Muslim, who became the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria, and founded the Ayyubid dynasty. He led Muslim and Arab opposition to the Franks and other European Crusaders in the Levant...

. The castle controlled traffic along the road connecting Damascus
Damascus
Damascus , commonly known in Syria as Al Sham , and as the City of Jasmine , is the capital and the second largest city of Syria after Aleppo, both are part of the country's 14 governorates. In addition to being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, Damascus is a major...

 and Egypt
Egypt
Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, Arabic: , is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia. Egypt is thus a transcontinental country, and a major power in Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and the Muslim world...

. The fortress marks the furthest limit of Frankish incursions during the Crusades. The Mamluks added a prominent tower to the castle. It was captured by the Mongols in 1260 and was partially destroyed in the process.

Located in the center of Ajloun is the Great Ajlun Mosque. This mosque is one of the oldest extent in Jordan
Jordan
Jordan , officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan , Al-Mamlaka al-Urduniyya al-Hashemiyya) is a kingdom on the East Bank of the River Jordan. The country borders Saudi Arabia to the east and south-east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north and the West Bank and Israel to the west, sharing...

 and dates back around 800 years. In 2007 work began on improving the mosque to allow tourists to visit it.

Tell Mar Elias
Tell Mar Elias
Tell Mar Elias is a hill in the Ajlun region of North Jordan. The site, northwest of Ajlun, has long been identified with Tishbe, mentioned in the Bible as the hometown or region of the Prophet Elijah ....

 is located just outside the city limits. This site contains Byzantine mosaics which are uncovered during the summer months for tourists.
Ajloun National Private University
Ajloun National Private University
Ajloun National Private University is located in Ajloun- Jordan. The university was established in 2008 and started its first academic semester Fall 2009....

 is the only university in Ajloun Governorate
Ajloun Governorate
Ajlun Governorate is one of the governorates of Jordan, located north of Amman the capital of Jordan. Ajlun Governorate has the fourth highest population density in the kingdom of Jordan with a population density of 335 ppkm2...

.

The Ajloun Forest Reserve
Ajloun Forest Reserve
The Ajloun Forest Reserve is a nature reserve located in the Ajloun Governorate in north-west Jordan. Established by the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature in 1988 in the area around the village of Umm Al-Yanabi, it comprises an area of...

 is also located nearby.

Climate and Topography

The Ajlun mountains are famous for their lush vegetation and thick green forests and a good place for hikes. Its highest mountain peaks reach around 1268 meters above sea level
Sea level
Mean sea level is a measure of the average height of the ocean's surface ; used as a standard in reckoning land elevation...

and Ajloun mountains receive a few snow storms every year usually in winter season from December to March. It's one of the countries most beautiful regions. Ajlun has a Mediterranean weather rainy and snowy in winter season and pleasant in the summer time.
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External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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