2010 Asian Games
Overview
 
The 2010 Asian Games, also known as the XVI Asiad, was a multi-sport event
Multi-sport event
A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports between organized teams of athletes from nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance was the modern Olympic Games.Many...

 celebrated in Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Guangzhou , known historically as Canton or Kwangchow, is the capital and largest city of the Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China. Located in southern China on the Pearl River, about north-northwest of Hong Kong, Guangzhou is a key national transportation hub and trading port...

, China
People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...

 from November 12 to November 27, 2010. Guangzhou was the second Chinese city to host the Games, after Beijing
Beijing
Beijing , also known as Peking , is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world, with a population of 19,612,368 as of 2010. The city is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, and home to the headquarters for most of China's...

 in 1990
1990 Asian Games
The 11th Asian Games also known as XI Asiad were held from September 22, 1990 to October 7, 1990 in Beijing, China. It was the first large-scale international sports event to be held in the People's Republic of China. A total number of 6,122 athletes, coming from 37 countries, competed in 29 sports...

. A total of 9,704 athletes from 45 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) competed in 476 events from 42 sports and disciplines
Asian Games sports
This is a list of sports played in the Asian Games and other major affiliated games organised by the Olympic Council of Asia. On 29 June 2009, the OCA announced major changes to the event lists in the five major events, in particular aiming to restrict each sport to be played in not more than one...

 (28 Olympic sports
Olympic sports
Olympic sports, as defined by the International Olympic Committee, are all the sports contested in the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The Summer Olympics, as of 2012, will include 26 sports, with two additionall sports due to be added in 2016...

 and 14 non-Olympic sports), making it the largest event in the history of the Games
Asian Games
The Asian Games, officially known as Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until the 1978 Games. Since the 1982 Games they have been organised by the...

. It was also the last edition of the Games to have featured such a large amount of events, as the Olympic Council of Asia
Olympic Council of Asia
The Olympic Council of Asia is a governing body of sports in Asia, currently with 45 member National Olympic Committees. The current president is Sheikh Fahad Al-Sabah. The oldest NOC is from Japan and Philippines, recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1911; whereas East Timor is...

 (OCA) have enforced new hosting rules for future Games, beginning with the 2014 Games
2014 Asian Games
The 2014 Asian Games, officially known as the XVII Asiad, is the largest sporting event in Asia governed by Olympic Council of Asia . It is scheduled to take place in Incheon, South Korea from September 19–October 4, 2014, with 36 sports set to feature in the Games.Incheon was awarded the right on...

, scheduled to take place in Incheon
Incheon
The Incheon Metropolitan City is located in northwestern South Korea. The city was home to just 4,700 people when Jemulpo port was built in 1883. Today 2.76 million people live in the city, making it Korea’s third most populous city after Seoul and Busan Metropolitan City...

, South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

 with 36 sports and disciplines set to feature.

The Games were co-hosted by Dongguan
Dongguan
Dongguan is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, People's Republic of China.An important industrial city located in the Pearl River Delta, Dongguan borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the north, Huizhou to the northeast, Shenzhen to the south, and the Pearl River to...

, Foshan
Foshan
Foshan is a city in central Guangdong province in southern China. The prefectural area under the city's jurisdiction over an area of about 3,840 km² and a population of 5.4 million of which 1.1 million reside in the city proper ....

 and Shanwei
Shanwei
Shanwei is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong province of Southern China, People's Republic of China. It borders Jieyang to the east, Meizhou and Heyuan to the north, Huizhou to the west, and looks out to the South China Sea to the south...

, the three neighbouring cities.
Encyclopedia
The 2010 Asian Games, also known as the XVI Asiad, was a multi-sport event
Multi-sport event
A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports between organized teams of athletes from nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance was the modern Olympic Games.Many...

 celebrated in Guangzhou
Guangzhou
Guangzhou , known historically as Canton or Kwangchow, is the capital and largest city of the Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China. Located in southern China on the Pearl River, about north-northwest of Hong Kong, Guangzhou is a key national transportation hub and trading port...

, China
People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...

 from November 12 to November 27, 2010. Guangzhou was the second Chinese city to host the Games, after Beijing
Beijing
Beijing , also known as Peking , is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world, with a population of 19,612,368 as of 2010. The city is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, and home to the headquarters for most of China's...

 in 1990
1990 Asian Games
The 11th Asian Games also known as XI Asiad were held from September 22, 1990 to October 7, 1990 in Beijing, China. It was the first large-scale international sports event to be held in the People's Republic of China. A total number of 6,122 athletes, coming from 37 countries, competed in 29 sports...

. A total of 9,704 athletes from 45 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) competed in 476 events from 42 sports and disciplines
Asian Games sports
This is a list of sports played in the Asian Games and other major affiliated games organised by the Olympic Council of Asia. On 29 June 2009, the OCA announced major changes to the event lists in the five major events, in particular aiming to restrict each sport to be played in not more than one...

 (28 Olympic sports
Olympic sports
Olympic sports, as defined by the International Olympic Committee, are all the sports contested in the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The Summer Olympics, as of 2012, will include 26 sports, with two additionall sports due to be added in 2016...

 and 14 non-Olympic sports), making it the largest event in the history of the Games
Asian Games
The Asian Games, officially known as Asiad, is a multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until the 1978 Games. Since the 1982 Games they have been organised by the...

. It was also the last edition of the Games to have featured such a large amount of events, as the Olympic Council of Asia
Olympic Council of Asia
The Olympic Council of Asia is a governing body of sports in Asia, currently with 45 member National Olympic Committees. The current president is Sheikh Fahad Al-Sabah. The oldest NOC is from Japan and Philippines, recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1911; whereas East Timor is...

 (OCA) have enforced new hosting rules for future Games, beginning with the 2014 Games
2014 Asian Games
The 2014 Asian Games, officially known as the XVII Asiad, is the largest sporting event in Asia governed by Olympic Council of Asia . It is scheduled to take place in Incheon, South Korea from September 19–October 4, 2014, with 36 sports set to feature in the Games.Incheon was awarded the right on...

, scheduled to take place in Incheon
Incheon
The Incheon Metropolitan City is located in northwestern South Korea. The city was home to just 4,700 people when Jemulpo port was built in 1883. Today 2.76 million people live in the city, making it Korea’s third most populous city after Seoul and Busan Metropolitan City...

, South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

 with 36 sports and disciplines set to feature.

The Games were co-hosted by Dongguan
Dongguan
Dongguan is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, People's Republic of China.An important industrial city located in the Pearl River Delta, Dongguan borders the provincial capital of Guangzhou to the north, Huizhou to the northeast, Shenzhen to the south, and the Pearl River to...

, Foshan
Foshan
Foshan is a city in central Guangdong province in southern China. The prefectural area under the city's jurisdiction over an area of about 3,840 km² and a population of 5.4 million of which 1.1 million reside in the city proper ....

 and Shanwei
Shanwei
Shanwei is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong province of Southern China, People's Republic of China. It borders Jieyang to the east, Meizhou and Heyuan to the north, Huizhou to the west, and looks out to the South China Sea to the south...

, the three neighbouring cities. A total of 53 venues were used to host the events including 11 constructed for use at the Games. The design concept of the official logo of these Asian Games was based on the legend about the Guangzhou, featured a stylised calligraphic "Stone Statue of Five Goats in Yuexiu Hill", a symbol of the host city.

The opening and closing ceremonies were held along the Pearl River
Pearl River (China)
The Pearl River or less commonly, the "Guangdong River" or "Canton River" etc., , is an extensive river system in southern China. The name Pearl River is usually used as a catchment term to refer to the watersheds of the Xi Jiang , the Bei Jiang , and the Dong Jiang...

 in Haixinsha Island
Haixinsha Island (Tianhe District)
Haixinsha Island is an island in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. It is at the south of Zhujiang New Town, the north of Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower, and the east of Er Sha Island....

, and was the first time in history that the opening ceremony for a major sports event was not held inside a stadium. The final medal tally was led by China
China at the 2010 Asian Games
China participated and hosted the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou on 12 November – 27 November 2010.-Medalists:- Aquatics – Diving:MenWomen- Aquatics – Swimming:Men30 swimmersWomen22 swimmers...

, followed by South Korea
South Korea at the 2010 Asian Games
Republic of Korea will participate in the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China on 12–27 November 2010.-Medal Table:-Gold medal:-Silver medal:-Bronze medal:- Diving:MenWomen- Swimming:MenWomen...

 and third place Japan
Japan at the 2010 Asian Games
Japan will participate in the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China on 12 November – 27 November 2010.-Medal Table:-Canoeing:-Gymnastics:-Table Tennis:-Volleyball:-weightlifting:-Wushu:...

. China set a new Games record with 199 gold medals. Three World and 103 Asian records were broken. In addition, the badminton men's singles gold medalist Lin Dan
Lin Dan
Lin Dan is a professional badminton player from China. He is a four-time world champion and the reigning Olympic champion. Widely considered to be the greatest badminton player of all time, by the age of 27 Lin had completed the "Super Grand Slam", having won all major titles in world badminton:...

 was voted as most valuable player
Most Valuable Player
In sports, a Most Valuable Player award is an honor typically bestowed upon the best performing player or players on a specific team, in an entire league, or for a particular contest or series of contests...

 (MVP). The President of Olympic Council of Asia Sheikh Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah
Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah is a Kuwaiti politician and current president of Olympic Council of Asia and also a member of the International Olympic Committee. Al-Sabah was educated at Kuwait University and the Kuwait Military Academy, and attained the rank of major in the Kuwaiti Army...

 hailed the Games as "outstanding" and "one of the best ever".

Bid

The Olympic Council of Asia
Olympic Council of Asia
The Olympic Council of Asia is a governing body of sports in Asia, currently with 45 member National Olympic Committees. The current president is Sheikh Fahad Al-Sabah. The oldest NOC is from Japan and Philippines, recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1911; whereas East Timor is...

 (OCA) selected Guangzhou to host the 2010 Games at their 23rd general assembly session in Doha
Doha
Doha is the capital city of the state of Qatar. Located on the Persian Gulf, it had a population of 998,651 in 2008, and is also one of the municipalities of Qatar...

, Qatar
Qatar
Qatar , also known as the State of Qatar or locally Dawlat Qaṭar, is a sovereign Arab state, located in the Middle East, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its...

, site of the 2006 Asian Games
2006 Asian Games
The 15th Asian Games, officially known as the XV Asiad, is Asia's Olympic-style sporting event that was held in Doha, Qatar from December 1 to December 15, 2006. Doha was the first city in its region and only the second in West Asia to host the games...

, on July 1, 2004. Seoul
Seoul
Seoul , officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea. A megacity with a population of over 10 million, it is the largest city proper in the OECD developed world...

 and Amman
Amman
Amman is the capital of Jordan. It is the country's political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The Greater Amman area has a population of 2,842,629 as of 2010. The population of Amman is expected to jump from 2.8 million to almost...

 dropped out before their bids were officially selected by the OCA, leaving only two candidate cities— Guangzhou and Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur is the capital and the second largest city in Malaysia by population. The city proper, making up an area of , has a population of 1.4 million as of 2010. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 7.2 million...

. Seoul withdrew after considering the short span of time between 2002 and 2010, as South Korea
South Korea
The Republic of Korea , , is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China to the south...

 hosted the 2002 Games
2002 Asian Games
The 2002 Asian Games, also known as XIV Asiad is a multi-sport event held in Busan, South Korea from September 29 to October 14, 2002. Busan is the second city, after Seoul in 1986 to host the Games. A total of 419 events in 38 sports were contested by 7,711 athletes from 44 countries...

 in Busan
Busan
Busan , formerly spelled Pusan is South Korea's second largest metropolis after Seoul, with a population of around 3.6 million. The Metropolitan area population is 4,399,515 as of 2010. It is the largest port city in South Korea and the fifth largest port in the world...

. Evaluation committee of the OCA, headed by the then vice-president of the association Celso Dayrit inspected both the final bidders. Kuala Lumpur was forced to withdraw its bid after the declaration of the Malaysian Government on April 15, 2004 that it wouldn't support the Olympic Council of Malaysia
Olympic Council of Malaysia
Olympic Council of Malaysia is the National Olympic Committee representing Malaysia.- External links :**...

 with a Kuala Lumpur bid, due to the high cost of hosting the Games, leaving Guangzhou as the sole bidder.

Marketing

The official emblem of the Games was unveiled at Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall
Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Guangzhou)
The Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall is an octagon-shaped building in Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. The hall was designed by Lu Yanzhi and was built with funds raised by local and overseas Chinese people in memory of Sun Yat-sen. Construction work commenced in 1929 and completed in 1931...

 on November 26, 2006. It is a stylized representation of Guangzhou's "Statue of the Five Goats" (五羊雕像) fused with a running track. The goat
Goat
The domestic goat is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The goat is a member of the Bovidae family and is closely related to the sheep as both are in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. There are over three hundred distinct breeds of...

, in Chinese tradition, is a blessing and brings people luck while the host city Guangzhou is known as the "City of Goats". The orange and yellow emblem also resembles a flame
Olympic Flame
The Olympic Flame or Olympic Torch is a symbol of the Olympic Games. Commemorating the theft of fire from the Greek god Zeus by Prometheus, its origins lie in ancient Greece, where a fire was kept burning throughout the celebration of the ancient Olympics. The fire was reintroduced at the 1928...

.

The mascots of the Games were the five sporty rams. They were unveiled on April 28, 2008 at the Guangzhou Baiyun International Convention and Exhibition Center. The five rams, including four small with one large, were named– A Xiang (祥), A He (和), A Ru (如), A Yi (意) and Le Yangyang (樂洋洋). The Chinese character "yang," or "goat," is an auspicious symbol because, when read together, the Chinese names of the five rams are a message of blessing, literally meaning "harmony, blessings, success and happiness" (祥和如意樂洋洋).

The official theme song was released on September 30, 2010, and is called "Reunion" (in Chinese, "Chongfeng" [重逢]). It was composed by Wu Liqun, with lyrics written by Xu Rongkai, while the English version was translated by Chen Ning Yang, a Chinese-American physicist, and his wife, Weng Fan. The song was also performed by Sun Nan
Sun Nan
Sun Nan born February 18, 1969) is a famous pop singer from mainland China. He is a native of Dalian.He is one of the most popular artists from mainland China.-Career:In the 1990s he was considered a frontline singer in the Beijing music scene...

 and Bella Yao (姚贝娜). Sun Nan then performed it again with Mao Amin
Mao Amin
Mao Amin , is a Chinese singer known by the "honorific title" of Dajieda , "was one of China's most famous and senior female pop stars" by "the mid-1990s." In 2001, she was one of 36 Chinese athletes and entertainers who were depicted on a series of postage stamps issued "in support of Beijing's...

 for a music video
Music video
A music video or song video is a short film integrating a song and imagery, produced for promotional or artistic purposes. Modern music videos are primarily made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings...

.

Costs

On March 11, 2005, Lin Shusen
Lin Shusen
Lin Shusen , is the current governor of Guizhou Province and the vice secretary of the Communist Party of China Guizhou committee.-Biography:Lin was born in Shantou, Guangdong Province, and graduated from the Guangdong University of Technology...

 of the Guangzhou Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
The Communist Party of China , also known as the Chinese Communist Party , is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China...

 (CPC) said the Games "will not cost more than
Renminbi
The Renminbi is the official currency of the People's Republic of China . Renminbi is legal tender in mainland China, but not in Hong Kong or Macau. It is issued by the People's Bank of China, the monetary authority of the PRC...

2 billion",
in stark contrast to an earlier report, which had claimed that the cost could exceed ¥200 billion.

In March 2009, the director of the marketing department of the Games, Fang Da’er, claimed that the Games were short of funds, due to lack of sponsorship and the global financial crisis. An informal estimate put the Games' expenditure at about US$420 million and revenue at US$450 million.

On October 13, 2010, Wan Qingliang
Wan Qingliang
Wan Qingliang is a Chinese politician who is the current Mayor of Guangzhou, China. He was appointed in 2010.-Biography:...

, Mayor of Guangzhou, officially revealed in a press conference that the total cost of staging the Asian Games and Asian Para Games
2010 Asian Para Games
The 2010 Asian Para Games, also known as the First Asian Para Games, was a parallel sport event for Asian athletes with a disability held in Guangzhou, China...

 is about ¥122.6 billion ( billion), with ¥109 billion spent on infrastructure, ¥6.3 billion on the venues and some ¥7.3 billion spent on Games' operation.

The full spending details will be released before 2013, according to the city's finance chief Zhang Jieming.

Venues

A total of 53 competition venues and 17 training venues were used for the Games, with four venues located outside of Guangzhou. Events took place at 42 pre-existing venues; eleven competition venues and one training venues were constructed for the Games, while the rest were renovated. Other venues included the Asian Games Town, which consists of the Athletes' Village, Technical Officials' Village, Media Village, Main Media Center and International Broadcast Center.
Organisers revealed that the total investment was over ¥15 billion.

On April 19, 2009, organisers chose Haixinsha Island, along with the Pearl River, as the venue for the opening and closing ceremonies, the only venue which was not for competition purposes.

Transport

Guangzhou's public transportation infrastructure was expanded significantly as a part of the preparation for the Games. Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport is the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital of the province of Guangdong, People's Republic of China. Both airport codes were inherited from the previous Guangzhou airport, and the IATA code reflects Guangzhou's former romanization Canton...

 had been upgraded, in contracted to Crisplant (former FKI Logistex), to support massive volume of passengers. A new Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
Wuhan–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway
The Wuguang High-Speed Railway , short for Beijing–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Wuhan–Guangzhou Section, is a high-speed rail line, operated by China Railway High-speed , connecting Wuhan and Guangzhou , in the People's Republic of China...

 was opened on December 26, 2009, shorten the travel time between two destinations.

In order to ease the traffic congestion and air pollution, the government ordered 40 percent reduction of vehicles and offered 1,000 buses during the Games and Para Games
2010 Asian Para Games
The 2010 Asian Para Games, also known as the First Asian Para Games, was a parallel sport event for Asian athletes with a disability held in Guangzhou, China...

. The government also had a free-ride offer for public transportation during the month of Games, but cancelled one week prior to the Games due to overwhelming response from the citizens. Instead, government offered ¥150 cash subsidies to each household with permanent residence for commuting purposes.

Torch relay

Two torch designs were short-listed in September 2009 for the 2010 Asian Games. A design named "The Tide" was chosen over one named "Exploit" by the organizers as the torch of the Games. "The Tide" weighs 98 g and is 70 cm long, and is tall and straight in shape, while dynamic in terms of image.

The torch relay route was unveiled on March 4, 2010. Due to financial reasons it remained within the confines of Guangdong
Guangdong
Guangdong is a province on the South China Sea coast of the People's Republic of China. The province was previously often written with the alternative English name Kwangtung Province...

 province and was planned to travel across 21 major cities of the province. The flame of the torch was lit at the Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built originally to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire against intrusions by various nomadic groups...

 on October 9, 2010, and traveled around the Temple of Heaven
Temple of Heaven
The Temple of Heaven, literally the Altar of Heaven is a complex of Taoist buildings situated in the southeastern part of central Beijing. The complex was visited by the Emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties for annual ceremonies of prayer to Heaven for good harvest...

 in Beijing
Beijing
Beijing , also known as Peking , is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world, with a population of 19,612,368 as of 2010. The city is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, and home to the headquarters for most of China's...

. As originally scheduled 21 cities were present in the list of relay, with 2,010 torchbearers expected to carry it from October 12 to November 12, 2010; however, two more cities — Changchun
Changchun
Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located in the northeast of the People's Republic of China, in the center of the Songliao Plain. It is administered as a sub-provincial city with a population of 7,677,089 at the 2010 census under its jurisdiction, including counties and...

 and Haiyang
Haiyang
Haiyang is a coastal city in the peninsula province of Shandong in east China. It is strategically located in the center of the prime tourist trio of Qingdao, Yantai, and Weihai....

, the host of 2007 Asian Winter Games and 2012 Asian Beach Games
2012 Asian Beach Games
The 3rd Asian Beach Games will be held in Haiyang, China in 2012.-External links:*...

 respectively, were also later added to the route for a single day on October 15, 2010, increasing the number of torchbearers to 2,068 people.

Calendar

In the following calendar for the 2010 Asian Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held. Each bullet in these boxes is an event final, the number of bullets per box representing the number of finals that were contested on that day. On the left the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right how many gold medals were won in that sport. There is a key at the top of the calendar to aid the reader.

Games

Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony officially began on November 12, 2010 at 20:00 local time
UTC+8
UTC+08:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +08:00. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as .With an estimated population of 1.53 billion living within the time zone, roughly 22.5% of the world population, it is the most populous time zone in world, as well as a possible...

. For the first time in history, the ceremony was not held inside a stadium; instead, it was held along the Pearl River on Haixinsha Island. The ceremony was directed by Chen Weiya, assistant director of the 2008 Summer Olympics
2008 Summer Olympics
The 2008 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Beijing, China, from August 8 to August 24, 2008. A total of 11,028 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees competed in 28 sports and 302 events...

 in Beijing, and featured a cast of about 6,000 performers. It was attended by the Premier of the People's Republic of China
Premier of the People's Republic of China
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China , sometimes also referred to as the "Prime Minister" informally, is the Leader of the State Council of the People's Republic of China , who is the head of government and holds the highest-ranking of the Civil service of the...

, Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao is the sixth and current Premier and Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, serving as China's head of government and leading its cabinet. In his capacity as Premier, Wen is regarded as the leading figure behind China's economic policy...

, President of Pakistan
President of Pakistan
The President of Pakistan is the head of state, as well as figurehead, of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Recently passed an XVIII Amendment , Pakistan has a parliamentary democratic system of government. According to the Constitution, the President is chosen by the Electoral College to serve a...

 Asif Ali Zardari
Asif Ali Zardari
Asif Ali Zardari is the 11th and current President of Pakistan and the Co-Chairman of the ruling Pakistan Peoples Party . He is also the widower of Benazir Bhutto, who served two nonconsecutive terms as Prime Minister....

, Prime Minister of Thailand
Prime Minister of Thailand
The Prime Minister of Thailand is the head of government of Thailand. The Prime Minister is also the chairman of the Cabinet of Thailand. The post has existed since the Revolution of 1932, when the country became a constitutional monarchy....

 Abhisit Vejjajiva
Abhisit Vejjajiva
Abhisit Vejjajiva , , ; born Mark Abhisit Vejjajiva; 3 August 1964 in Newcastle upon Tyne) is a Thai politician who was the 27th Prime Minister of Thailand from 2008 to 2011 and is the current leader of the Democrat Party...

, Chief Secretary for Administration
Chief Secretary for Administration
The Chief Secretary for Administration , commonly known as Chief Secretary and abbreviated as CS, is the second highest position of the Hong Kong Government...

 of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...

 Henry Tang
Henry Tang
Henry Tang Ying-yen, GBM, GBS, JP was the Chief Secretary for Administration of Hong Kong until his resignation in September 2011. He is a candidate in the Hong Kong Chief Executive election of 2012, and believed to be preferred by Beijing....

, as well as President of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), Ahmed Al-Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah and President of International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
The International Olympic Committee is an international corporation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president...

 Jacques Rogge
Jacques Rogge
Jacques Rogge, Count Rogge , is a Belgian sports bureaucrat. He is the eighth and current President of the International Olympic Committee .-Life and career:...

. The ceremony lasted for three hours, and together with the closing ceremony costed about ¥380 million ( million).

Athletes were paraded by boats along the Pearl River. The ceremony featured the water-themed arts show and culture of Guangzhou. The last torchbearer, diver He Chong
He Chong
He Chong is a Chinese diver. He is the 2008 Olympic Champion in the 3m springboard.He split with partner Wang Feng after they won a gold medal in the 3m synchronised springboard event at the 2005 World Championships...

 lit up the cauldron
Cauldron
A cauldron or caldron is a large metal pot for cooking and/or boiling over an open fire, with a large mouth and frequently with an arc-shaped hanger.- Etymology :...

, after igniting the traditional Chinese firecracker
Firecracker
A firecracker is a small explosive device primarily designed to produce a large amount of noise, especially in the form of a loud bang; any visual effect is incidental to this goal. They have fuses, and are wrapped in a heavy paper casing to contain the explosive compound...

s whose flare shot up to the top of the tower where the cauldron was held.

The ceremony was regarded as successful by IOC President Jacques Rogge who described it as "absolutely fantastic", and said that "Guangzhou has the ability to host the Olympics". OCA director general Husain Al-Musallam praised the Games saying that it was unique, fantastic and "just better than the Beijing Olympics".

Sports

Compared to the 28 sports and 302 events in the Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad are an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by the International Olympic Committee. Medals are awarded in each event, with gold medals for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition that...

, the 2010 Asian Games featured 42 sports and 476 events throughout the 16 days of the competition, with added disciplines in some events. This version of the Asian Games comprised more sports and events than the last one, as 39 sports and 424 events were in the calender of 2006 Asian Games
2006 Asian Games
The 15th Asian Games, officially known as the XV Asiad, is Asia's Olympic-style sporting event that was held in Doha, Qatar from December 1 to December 15, 2006. Doha was the first city in its region and only the second in West Asia to host the games...

. 28 and 5 gold medalists emerged during the opening and final day respectively, while a total of 48 gold medalists were awarded on November 26, 2010, the most in single day. Twenty20
Twenty20
Twenty20 is a form of cricket, originally introduced in England for professional inter-county competition by the England and Wales Cricket Board , in 2003. A Twenty20 game involves two teams, each has a single innings, batting for a maximum of 20 overs. Twenty20 cricket is also known as T20 cricket...

 version of the cricket
Cricket
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of 11 players on an oval-shaped field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the...

 was one of the début sports, while dancesport
DanceSport
Dancesport denotes competitive ballroom dancing, as contrasted to social or exhibition dancing. It is wheelchair dancesport where at least one of the dancers is in a wheelchair....

, dragon boat
Dragon boat
A dragon boat is a human-powered watercraft traditionally made, in the Pearl River delta region of southern China - Guangdong Province, of teak wood to various designs and sizes. In other parts of China different woods are used to build these traditional watercraft...

, weiqi and roller sport
Roller sport
Roller sports are sports that use Human powered vehicles which utilize rolling either by gravity or various pushing techniques. Typically ball bearings and polyurethane wheels are used for momentum and traction respectively, and attached to devices or vehicles that the roller puts his weight on...

 were unique in the Games.
Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding
Bodybuilding is a form of body modification involving intensive muscle hypertrophy. An individual who engages in this activity is referred to as a bodybuilder. In competitive and professional bodybuilding, bodybuilders display their physiques to a panel of judges, who assign points based on their...

 was dropped due to judging controversy in the 2006 Games.
  • Aquatics
    • Diving
      Diving at the 2010 Asian Games
      Diving at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 22 to 26, 2010. Ten competitions were held in both, men and women's...

    • Swimming
      Swimming at the 2010 Asian Games
      Swimming at the 2010 Asian Games was held at the Aoti Aquatics Centre in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 18, 2010. This Aquatics discipline had 38 long course events: 19 for males and 19 for females.-Participating countries:...

    • Synchronized swimming
      Synchronized swimming at the 2010 Asian Games
      Synchronized swimming at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Foshan Aquatics Centre, Guangzhou, China from November 19 to 21, 2010. Only women's events were held in three competitions.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Duet:November 19-Team:November 20...

    • Water polo
      Water polo at the 2010 Asian Games
      Water polo at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China from November 13 to 25, 2010. In this tournament, 9 teams played in the men's competition, while the woman's tournament made their first participation with 4 teams.-Medal table:...

  • Archery
    Archery at the 2010 Asian Games
    Archery at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Aoti Archery Range, Guangzhou, China from November 19 to 24, 2010. Four competitions were held in both, men and women's recurve.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Qualification round:November 20...

  • Athletics
    Athletics at the 2010 Asian Games
    Athletics at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from 21 to 27 November 2010. A total of 47 events were contested, 24 by men and 23 by women - matching the Olympic athletics programme...

  • Badminton
    Badminton at the 2010 Asian Games
    Badminton at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Tianhe Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China from November 13–21, 2010.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Men's singles:-Men's doubles:-Men's team:-Women's singles:-Women's doubles:-Women's team:...

  • Baseball
    Baseball at the 2010 Asian Games
    Baseball at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China from November 13 to 19, 2010. Only a men's competition was held. All games were played at the Aoti Baseball Field...

  • Basketball
    Basketball at the 2010 Asian Games
    Basketball was one of the 42 sports at the 16th Asian Games 2010 at Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. The event was held at the 13,000 seat Guangzhou International Sports Arena, Huangpu Gymnasium, Guangti Gymnasium, Ying Dong Gymnasium and Sports and Entertainment Centre.The Philippines, which has made...

  • Board games
    • Chess
      Chess at the 2010 Asian Games
      Chess at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 26, 2010.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Men's individual rapid:November 13–16-Preliminary round:November 18–24-Knockout round:-Women's individual rapid:...

    • Weiqi
      Go at the 2010 Asian Games
      A Weiqi tournament was held at the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou for the first time at an Asiad. The three events in the competition - men's team, women's team and mixed doubles — were held between 20 and 26 November 2010 at the Guangzhou Chess Institute....

    • Xianqqi
      Xiangqi at the 2010 Asian Games
      Xiangqi at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou Chess Institute, Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 19, 2010.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Men's individual:November 13–19-Women's individual:November 13–19-External links:**...

  • Bowling
    Bowling at the 2010 Asian Games
    Bowling at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Tianhe Bowling Hall, Guangzhou, China from November 15 to 24, 2010.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Singles:November 15-Doubles:November 17-Trios:November 19–20-Team of 5:...

  • Boxing
    Boxing at the 2010 Asian Games
    Boxing at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Foshan Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China from November 16 to 26, 2010.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Light flyweight:-Flyweight:-Bantamweight:-Lightweight:-Light welterweight:...


  • Canoeing
    Canoeing at the 2010 Asian Games
    Canoeing at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 26, 2010. Men's and women's competition were held in Kayak and men's competition in Canoe with all events having taken place at the International Rowing Centre....

    • Slalom
    • Sprint
  • Cricket
    Cricket at the 2010 Asian Games
    Cricket made its debut at the 16th Asian Games 2010 at Guangzhou, China where it was one of 42 sports competed in. The matches were played in Twenty20 format.Both Men's and Women's tournaments were conducted...

  • Cue sports
    Cue sports at the 2010 Asian Games
    Cue sports at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Asian Games Town Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 20, 2010.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Three-cushion billiards singles:-English billiards singles:-Eight-ball singles:...

  • Cycling
    Cycling at the 2010 Asian Games
    Cycling at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China. Road bicycle racing was held at the Triathlon Venue from November 20 to 23, while track cycling was contested at Guangzhou Velodrome from November 13 to 17 and mountain biking was contested at Dafushan Mountain Bike Course at November 18...

    • BMX
    • Mountain bike
    • Road
    • Track
  • Dancesport
    Dancesport at the 2010 Asian Games
    Dancesport at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Zengcheng Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 14, 2010.-Medal table:-Standard dance:-Latin dance:-Five dances:November 14-Quickstep:November 13-Slow foxtrot:November 13...

  • Dragon boat
    Dragon boat at the 2010 Asian Games
    Dragon boat at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 18 to 20, 2010. All events were held at Zengcheng Dragon Boat Lake.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Heats:-Repechages:-Finals:-Heats:-Repechages:-Finals:...

  • Equestrian
    Equestrian at the 2010 Asian Games
    Equestrian at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou Equestrian Venue, Guangzhou, China from November 14 to 24, 2010.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Individual dressage:November 14–17-Team dressage:November 14-Individual eventing:...

    • Dressage
    • Eventing
    • Jumping

  • Fencing
    Fencing at the 2010 Asian Games
    Fencing at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangda Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China from November 18 to 23, 2010.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Round of pools:-Knockout round:-Team épée:November 21-Round of pools:...

  • Football
    Football at the 2010 Asian Games
    Football at the 2010 Asian Games was being held in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China from November 7 to 25, 2010. The opening match was played 5 days prior to the opening ceremony...

  • Golf
    Golf at the 2010 Asian Games
    Golf at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Dragon Lake Golf Club, Guangzhou, China from November 17 to 20, 2010. Four competitions were held in both, men and women's.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Men's individual:November 17–20-Men's team:...

  • Gymnastics
    Gymnastics at the 2010 Asian Games
    Gymnastics at the 2010 Asian Games was held at Guangzhou Gymnasium in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 26, 2010.-Medal table:-Men's artistic:-Women's artistic:-Rhythmic:-Trampoline:- Team :November 13-Qualification:November 13...

    • Artistic
    • Rhythmic
    • Trampoline
  • Handball
    Handball at the 2010 Asian Games
    Handball at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China from November 13 to 26 , 2010. In this tournament, 11 teams played in the men's competition, and 8 teams participated in the women's competition.-Medal table:-Medalists:...

  • Hockey
    Hockey at the 2010 Asian Games
    The Field hockey event at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China from November 13, 2010 for Women and November 15, 2010 for Men. In this tournament, 10 teams played in the men's competition, and 7 teams participated in the women's competition...

  • Judo
    Judo at the 2010 Asian Games
    Judo at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China between 13 and 16 November, 2010. All competition held in the Huagong Gymnasium.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-−60 kg:November 16-−66 kg:November 15-−73 kg:November 15...

  • Kabaddi
    Kabaddi at the 2010 Asian Games
    Kabaddi at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Nansha Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China from November 22 to 26, 2010.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Group A:---------Group B:---------------------Knockout round:-Semifinals:----...

  • Karate
    Karate at the 2010 Asian Games
    Karate at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China between 24 and 26 November 2010. All competition took place at the Guangdong Gymnasium.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Individual kata:November 24-Kumite −55 kg:November 24...

  • Modern pentathlon
    Modern pentathlon at the 2010 Asian Games
    Modern pentathlon at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China between 23 and 24 November, 2010.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Individual:November 24-Team:November 24-Individual:November 23-Team:November 23-References:*...

  • Roller sports
    Roller sports at the 2010 Asian Games
    Roller sports at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou Velodrome, Guangzhou, China from November 23 to 26, 2010.-Medal table:-Artistic:-Speed:-Men's single free:November 25–26-Women's single free:November 25–26-Pairs:...

    • Artistic
    • Speed
  • Rowing
    Rowing at the 2010 Asian Games
    Rowing at the 2010 Asian Games was held in International Rowing Centre, Guangzhou, China from November 14 to 19, 2010.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Heats:November 15-Repechages:November 17-Finals:November 19-Heats:November 14...


  • Rugby sevens
  • Sailing
    Sailing at the 2010 Asian Games
    Sailing at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Shanwei Water Sports Centre, Guangzhou, China from November 14 to 20, 2010.-Medal table:-Men:-Women:-Open:-Mistral:November 14–20-RS:X:November 14–20-Optimist:November 14–20-Laser:...

  • Sepaktakraw
    Sepaktakraw at the 2010 Asian Games
    Sepaktakraw was contested at the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China by both men and women from November 16 to 27 2010. Team, Regu, and Doubles competitions were all involved in the Sepaktakraw competition with all games taking place at Haizhu Sports Centre.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Group A:-Group...

  • Shooting
    Shooting at the 2010 Asian Games
    Shooting at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Aoti Shooting Range, Guangzhou, China between 13 and 24 November, 2010.-Medal table:-Men's individual:-Men's team:-Women's individual:-Women's team:-10 m air pistol:November 14...

  • Soft tennis
    Soft tennis at the 2010 Asian Games
    Soft tennis at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 19, 2010. All events were held at Tianhe Tennis School.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Group A:-Group B:-Group C:-Group D:-Group E:...

  • Softball
    Softball at the 2010 Asian Games
    Softball at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China from November 19 to 26, 2010. Only a women's competition was held. All games were played at the Tianhe Softball Field.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Preliminaries:...

  • Squash
    Squash at the 2010 Asian Games
    Squash at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Asian Games Town Gymnasium, Guangzhou, China from November 18 to 25, 2010.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Men's singles:-Pool A:-Pool B:-Knockout round:-Women's singles:-Pool A:-Pool B:...

  • Table tennis
    Table tennis at the 2010 Asian Games
    Table tennis at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 20, 2010. Singles, Doubles, and Team events were held at Guangzhou Gymnasium.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Men's singles:-Men's doubles:-Group A:...

  • Taekwondo
    Taekwondo at the 2010 Asian Games
    Taekwondo at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 17 to 20, 2010. Men's and women's competitions were held in eight weight categories for each gender...

  • Tennis
    Tennis at the 2010 Asian Games
    Tennis competitions at the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China were held from November 13 to November 23 at the Guangdong Olympic Tennis Centre.-Medal table:-Medalists:-External links:**...

  • Triathlon
    Triathlon at the 2010 Asian Games
    Triathlon at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 14, 2010. Both men and women competed on the Guangzhou Triathlon Venue.-Medal table:-Medalists:-Men's individual:November 14-Women's individual:November 13...

  • Volleyball
    Volleyball at the 2010 Asian Games
    Volleyball at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China from November 13 to 27 , 2010. In this tournament, 18 teamsplayed in the men's competition, and 11 teams participated in the women's competition. The draw took place on 18 October...

    • Beach
    • Indoor
  • Weightlifting
    Weightlifting at the 2010 Asian Games
    Weightlifting at the 2010 Asian Games was held in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 19, 2010. There are seven weight categories for the women and eight for the men...

  • Wrestling
    Wrestling at the 2010 Asian Games
    Wrestling was contested by men and women at the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China. Only men competed in Greco-Roman wrestling while both men and women contested for medals in freestyle wrestling...

  • Wushu
    Wushu at the 2010 Asian Games
    Wushu was contested by both men and women at the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China from November 13 to 17, 2010. All events were held at Nansha Gymnasium.-Medal table:-Men's taolu:-Men's sanshou:-Women's taolu:-Women's sanshou:...



Closing ceremony

The closing ceremony began on November 27, 2010 at 20:06 local time in front of 35,000 spectators. The show began with the theme "Leave Your Song Here", which included music and dance from China, India
India
India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

, Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia , officially the Republic of Indonesia , is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 13,000 islands. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world's fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an...

, Lebanon
Lebanon
Lebanon , officially the Republic of LebanonRepublic of Lebanon is the most common term used by Lebanese government agencies. The term Lebanese Republic, a literal translation of the official Arabic and French names that is not used in today's world. Arabic is the most common language spoken among...

, Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan , officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Ranked as the ninth largest country in the world, it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of is greater than Western Europe...

 and Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolia is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only from Kazakhstan's eastern tip. Ulan Bator, the capital and largest...

. The ceremony featured songs from different cultures– Indian "Saajan ji Ghar Aaye" and "Aao re Jhumo re", Indonesian "Sing Sing So" and Japanese "Sakura". Various artists from Taiwan, Hong Kong and mainland China performed "Triumphant Return" (凯旋), among them were Alan Tam
Alan Tam
Wing Lun Alan Tam, MH is an award-winning Hong Kong Cantopop and English pop singer and actor. During the early 1980s he played a major role in developing the cantopop scene as he was known for singing romantic ballads with modern arrangements. As of 2008, he is still active in the music...

, Leo Ku
Leo Ku
Leo Ku Kui Kei is a famous China and Hong Kong artist, Cantonese and Mandarin pop singer, actor, host, cartoonist, MV Director and Producer, and designer; he is one of the highest visibility and Greater China Pop Male Artist, a major figure in popular music culture. Leo had earned the "Ten...

 and Hacken Lee
Hacken Lee
Hacken Lee Hak Kan is an award winning Hong Kong based Cantopop singer and lyricist, actor, Master of Ceremonies and Association football sportscaster.-Early years: 1985-1995:...

.

The ceremony also included an eight-minute segment from Incheon
Incheon
The Incheon Metropolitan City is located in northwestern South Korea. The city was home to just 4,700 people when Jemulpo port was built in 1883. Today 2.76 million people live in the city, making it Korea’s third most populous city after Seoul and Busan Metropolitan City...

 with singer and actor Rain performing the segment. The Mayor of Incheon Song Young-gil received the Games flag for 2014 Games.

The closing ceremony ended with the song "Everyone" (每一个人) and "Cheer for Asia" (为亚细亚喝彩).

Medal table

China
China at the 2010 Asian Games
China participated and hosted the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou on 12 November – 27 November 2010.-Medalists:- Aquatics – Diving:MenWomen- Aquatics – Swimming:Men30 swimmersWomen22 swimmers...

 led the medal table for the eighth consecutive time with a new record for the most number of gold medals (at 199 gold medals) won in a single Games. This bettered their previous record of 183 gold medals won by China at Beijing in 1990. Macau
Macau at the 2010 Asian Games
Macau will participate in the 16th Asian Games in Guangzhou from 12 November to 27 November 2010.- Medalists :...

, and Bangladesh
Bangladesh at the 2010 Asian Games
The Bangladesh will participate at the 16th Asian Games in Guangzhou, China.- Medalists :-Cricket:* Mohammad Ashraful * Shamsur Rahman* Naeem Islam* Foysal Hossain Decans * Shahadat Hossain* Mahbubul Alam* Nazmul Hossain* Mohammed Nazimuddin...

 won their first Asian Games gold medal from wushu
Wushu (sport)
The sport of wushu is both an exhibition and a full-contact sport derived from traditional Chinese martial arts. It was created in the People's Republic of China after 1949, in an attempt to nationalize the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts...

 and cricket, respectively. Some 35 NOCs (except Kuwait who competed under the Olympic flag) won at least a single medal with 27 NOCs winning at least a single gold medal, thus leaving nine NOCs failing to win any medal at the Games.

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, China, is highlighted.

Participating nations

All 45 members of the Olympic Council of Asia
Olympic Council of Asia
The Olympic Council of Asia is a governing body of sports in Asia, currently with 45 member National Olympic Committees. The current president is Sheikh Fahad Al-Sabah. The oldest NOC is from Japan and Philippines, recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1911; whereas East Timor is...

 that existed as of 2010 participated in the 2010 Asian Games. All National Olympic Committee
National Olympic Committee
National Olympic Committees are the national constituents of the worldwide Olympic movement. Subject to the controls of the International Olympic Committee, they are responsible for organizing their people's participation in the Olympic Games...

s were ordered to submit their entries before September 30, 2010. Organizers allowed each NOC to submit additional entries and injury replacements after the deadline. After the final registration deadline, some 9,704 athletes, as well as some 4,750 team officials, took part in the Games, an increase of 184 athletes from the previous Asian Games in Doha
Doha
Doha is the capital city of the state of Qatar. Located on the Persian Gulf, it had a population of 998,651 in 2008, and is also one of the municipalities of Qatar...

. According to the Games' official website, Kuwaiti athletes participated the Games under the Olympic flag because the Kuwait Olympic Committee
Kuwait Olympic Committee
Kuwait Olympic Committee is the National Olympic Committee representing Kuwait. The International Olympic Committee imposed a suspension on the committee with effect from 1 January 2010 due to alleged interference from the government...

 was suspended due to political interference in January 2010.

Below is a list of all the participating NOCs; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.

Sports

Cricket was among the five début sports in the Games. India, despite its historical record, decided not to send its cricket team to the Games. According to the Board of Control for Cricket in India
Board of Control for Cricket in India
The Board of Control for Cricket in India , headquartered at Mumbai, is the national governing body for all cricket in India. It's not the apex governing body in India. The board was formed in December 1928 as BCCI replaced Calcutta Cricket Club. BCCI is a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu...

, the decision was due to other international commitments. However, its main rivals, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, confirmed their participation.

In ten-pin bowling
Ten-pin bowling
Ten-pin bowling is a competitive sport in which a player rolls a bowling ball down a wooden or synthetic lane with the objective of scoring points by knocking down as many pins as possible.-Summary:The lane is bordered along its length by semicylindrical channels Ten-pin bowling (commonly just...

, the Asian Bowling Federation decided to compete the Games behind closed doors, this resulted in protests from many delegates.

On November 17, Yang Shu-chun
Yang Shu-chun
Yang Shu-chun or Judy Yang in Yingge, Taipei County , Taiwan ) is a female Taiwanese taekwondo athlete...

 of Chinese Taipei, was abruptly disqualified with 12 seconds left in the first round of the taekwondo
Taekwondo
Taekwondo is a Korean martial art and the national sport of South Korea. In Korean, tae means "to strike or break with foot"; kwon means "to strike or break with fist"; and do means "way", "method", or "path"...

 competition, while leading her opponent 9–0. She was accused of having installed illegal sensors on the heel of her socks
Sockgate
The contested judgment of taekwondo of 2010 Asian Games, also called "Sockgate", is the major dispute at the 2010 Asian Games on November 17...

. The event quickly turned into an international incident, with officials, politicians and public opinion from Chinese Taipei, China and South Korea trading accusations of manipulation and fraud.

About 1,400 random doping tests were carried out during the Games. Two athletes tested positive; judoka Shokir Muminov
Shokir Muminov
Shokir Muminov is an Uzbek judoka.He won a bronze medal at the lightweight category of the 2006 Asian Games, defeating Aidar Kabimollayev of Kazakhstan at the bronze medal match....

 on 19 November 2010 and Greco-Roman wrestler Jakhongir Muminov on 24 November 2010, both from Uzbekistan, tested positive for methylhexanamine. On 24 January 2011, the OCA announced another two doping failures, Qatari's Ahmed Dheeb who tested positive for exogenous testosterone
Testosterone
Testosterone is a steroid hormone from the androgen group and is found in mammals, reptiles, birds, and other vertebrates. In mammals, testosterone is primarily secreted in the testes of males and the ovaries of females, although small amounts are also secreted by the adrenal glands...

 metabolite
Metabolite
Metabolites are the intermediates and products of metabolism. The term metabolite is usually restricted to small molecules. A primary metabolite is directly involved in normal growth, development, and reproduction. Alcohol is an example of a primary metabolite produced in large-scale by industrial...

s and Palestinian Awajna Abdalnasser who tested positive for 19-Norandrosterone
19-Norandrosterone
19-Norandrosterone is a nandrolone and 19-norandrostenedione metabolite. It is created as a byproduct of nandrolone via the 5-alpha reductase enzyme and is on the list of substances prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency since it is a detectable metabolite of nandrolone which is an anabolic...

.

Languages

In July 2010, the citizens of Guangzhou opposed the proposal suggested by the city committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference [], shortened as 人民政协, Rénmín Zhèngxié, i.e. "People's PCC"; or just 政协, Zhèngxié, i.e. "The PCC"), abbreviated CPPCC, is a political advisory body in the People's Republic of China...

 (CPPCC) to use Mandarin
Standard Mandarin
Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Chinese, also known as Mandarin or Putonghua, is the official language of the People's Republic of China and Republic of China , and is one of the four official languages of Singapore....

 more in television news programmes, rather than Guangzhou's main language, Cantonese
Cantonese
Cantonese is a dialect spoken primarily in south China.Cantonese may also refer to:* Yue Chinese, the Chinese language that includes Cantonese* Cantonese cuisine, the cuisine of Guangdong province...

. The debates eventually led to a series of public protests
2010 controversy over proposed increase of adoption of Standard Mandarin by Guangzhou Television
In July 2010, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Guangzhou Committee, in a written proposal to mayor of Guangzhou Wan Qingliang, suggested increasing Standard Chinese programming in the General Channel and News Channel of Guangzhou Television...

.

In late October 2010, in order to protest the government over the language
Standard Tibetan
Standard Tibetan is the most widely used spoken form of the Tibetan languages. It is based on the speech of Lhasa, an Ü-Tsang dialect belonging to the Central Tibetan languages. For this reason, Standard Tibetan is often called Central Tibetan...

 policy in Tibetan area, the Tibetan Youth Congress
Tibetan Youth Congress
The Tibetan Youth Congress is an international non-governmental organization that advocates the independence of Tibet from China. With around 30,000 members in the Tibetan diaspora, it is the largest of the pro-independence organizations of Tibetan exiles...

 (TYC) used the games as a channel to voice their concern.

Environment

Like the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, Guangzhou also attempted to raise the air quality
Air Quality Index
Air quality is defined as a measure of the condition of air relative to the requirements of one or more biotic species or to any human need or purpose. Air quality indices are numbers used by government agencies to characterize the quality of the air at a given location...

 of the city. The authority had pledged ¥600 million to fight the problem, and had ordered around 32 chemical plants to stop production by the end of 2009. A report shown on July 13, 2010 indicates that the air quality was rated at 95.07% in 2009, an increase of 12.01% since 2004; this improvement eventually cost authorities ¥24 billion. Later action from organisers to curb the pollution included decreasing the movement of vehicles up to 40 percent and banning barbecue stalls in 11 cities.

Between 2005 and 2008 about 150 Guolang villagers survived by growing tomatoes, beans and cabbages while fighting the government for fairer compensation after their homes were flattened for Asian games infrastructure. The Panyu government set aside a date to listen to petitioners complaint on October 18, 2010.

Prior to the opening of the games, Conghua
Conghua
Conghua , historically known as Tsungfa, is a County-level city in Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.-External links:*...

 reported 429 cases of Norovirus outbreak. The government officials stressed that the people recovered before November 12.

See also

  • 2010 Asian Para Games
    2010 Asian Para Games
    The 2010 Asian Para Games, also known as the First Asian Para Games, was a parallel sport event for Asian athletes with a disability held in Guangzhou, China...

  • 2008 Summer Olympics
    2008 Summer Olympics
    The 2008 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Beijing, China, from August 8 to August 24, 2008. A total of 11,028 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees competed in 28 sports and 302 events...

  • List of IOC country codes

External links

  • Guangzhou 2010 at Olympic Council of Asia
    Olympic Council of Asia
    The Olympic Council of Asia is a governing body of sports in Asia, currently with 45 member National Olympic Committees. The current president is Sheikh Fahad Al-Sabah. The oldest NOC is from Japan and Philippines, recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1911; whereas East Timor is...

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