(1) A former kingdom in north-central Europe including present-day northern Germany and northern Poland
"In the 19th century Prussia led the economic and political unification of the German states"
From the New Latin 'Prussia', the Latin form used by Peter of Dusburg for the name of the region in the now-extinct language of its Baltic inhabitants, 'Prūsa'.
- A geographical area on the Baltic coast of northeastern Europe.
- A former Baltic country, annihilated by the Teutonic Order and absorbed by Germany.
- A German province that was the predecessor to, and a member of, the German Empire; erased at the end of the Second World War.
Linguistic evidence affirms that the name is pronounced with a long u : ˈpɹuːsiːə / ˈpɹuː.ʃə. (Such is the pronunciation of the equivalent terms in Prussian and German, and such was the only pronunciation in Middle English.) Anglicised pronunciation, with a short u (ˈpɹʌ.ʃə), is also common in modern English, however.