(1) An ancient country in southwestern Asia on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea; a place of pilgrimage for Christianity and Islam and Judaism
(2) A former British mandate on the east coast of the Mediterranean; divided between Jordan and Israel in 1948
From , from from ; revived as a political territorial name in 1920 for the British Mandate.
- The West Bank and Gaza Strip, taken collectively; that is, the parts occupied by Israel and those under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority.
- The region between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
- The Roman province Palestina.
- A British colonial entity administering approximately the lands of modern State of Israel plus the West Bank and Gaza Strip; the lands administered by this entity.
- The British League of Nations Mandate for Palestine, of which this region was a part (the remainder being Transjordan, which covered approximately the lands of the modern Kingdom (originally Emirate) of Jordan).