(1) Understanding and entering into another's feelings
A twentieth-century borrowing of Ancient Greek ἐμπάθεια (empatheia), literally ‘passion’ (formed from εν- en-, ‘in, at’ + πάθος pathos ‘feeling’), coined by Rudolf Lotze to translate German Einfühlung. The modern Greek word εμπάθεια has an opposite meaning denoting strong negative feelings and prejudice against someone.
- the intellectual identification of the thoughts, feelings, or state of another person
- capacity to understand another person's point of view or the result of such understanding