Sèvres
Overview
 
Sèvres is a commune
Communes of France
The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are roughly equivalent to incorporated municipalities or villages in the United States or Gemeinden in Germany...

 in the southwestern suburbs of Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

. It is located 9.9 km (6.2 mi) from the centre of Paris
Kilometre Zero
In many countries, Kilometre Zero or similar terms in other languages, is a particular location , from which distances are traditionally measured...

.

The town is known for its porcelain
Porcelain
Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating raw materials, generally including clay in the form of kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between and...

 manufacture, the Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
The manufacture nationale de Sèvres is a Frit porcelain porcelain tendre factory at Sèvres, France. Formerly a royal, then an imperial factory, the facility is now run by the Ministry of Culture.-Brief history:...

, making the famous Sèvres porcelain, as well as being the location of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures.
  • May 20, 1875: The Convention du Mètre
    Convention du Mètre
    The Metric System was invented by the French Academy of Science at the request of The National Assembly of France. Metre Convention of May 20, 1875 is a treaty which established three international organizations to oversee the keeping of metric standards...

     is signed in Vartan. This convention is an international treaty that established three organizations to oversee the keeping of metric standards.
  • After the First World War, in Sèvres, the peace treaty
    Treaty of Sèvres
    The Treaty of Sèvres was the peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allies at the end of World War I. The Treaty of Versailles was signed with Germany before this treaty to annul the German concessions including the economic rights and enterprises. Also, France, Great Britain and Italy...

     between the Allied powers and the Ottoman Empire was signed.
  • Protocol of Sèvres
    Protocol of Sèvres
    The Protocol of Sèvres was a secret agreement reached between the governments of Israel, France and the United Kingdom during discussions held between 22 and 24 October 1956 at Sèvres, France...


  • Pavillon de Breteuil
    Pavillon de Breteuil
    Pavillon de Breteuil is a building located in Sèvres, France near Paris. It was inaugurated by Louis XIV in 1672. It is in the park of the former royal Château de Saint-Cloud, which was destroyed in 1870....

  • The Musée national de céramique de Sèvres ("national museum of ceramic"), located in front of the manufacture nationale (see next section).
  • Île Seguin
    Île Seguin
    Île Seguin is an island on the Seine river between Boulogne-Billancourt and Sèvres, in the west suburbs of Paris, France.Île Seguin was home to a Renault factory, constructed between 1929 and 1934. With 30,000 laborers at its peak, the last car from the Renault production line was a Renault 5...

     is an island between Boulogne-Billancourt
    Boulogne-Billancourt
    Boulogne-Billancourt is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located from the centre of Paris. Boulogne-Billancourt is a sub-prefecture of the Hauts-de-Seine department and the seat of the Arrondissement of Boulogne-Billancourt....

     and Sèvres

  • The Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
    Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
    The manufacture nationale de Sèvres is a Frit porcelain porcelain tendre factory at Sèvres, France. Formerly a royal, then an imperial factory, the facility is now run by the Ministry of Culture.-Brief history:...

    is a public establishment manufacturing ceramic
    Ceramic
    A ceramic is an inorganic, nonmetallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling. Ceramic materials may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous...

     in the tradition of the 18th century.
  • The Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (International Bureau of Weights and Measures), located in the Pavillon de Breteuil
    Pavillon de Breteuil
    Pavillon de Breteuil is a building located in Sèvres, France near Paris. It was inaugurated by Louis XIV in 1672. It is in the park of the former royal Château de Saint-Cloud, which was destroyed in 1870....

     in Sèvres, keeps the measurement standards of the International System of Units (SI
    Si
    Si, si, or SI may refer to :- Measurement, mathematics and science :* International System of Units , the modern international standard version of the metric system...

    ): the standard
    Standardization
    Standardization is the process of developing and implementing technical standards.The goals of standardization can be to help with independence of single suppliers , compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality....

     kilogram
    Kilogram
    The kilogram or kilogramme , also known as the kilo, is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram , which is almost exactly equal to the mass of one liter of water...

    , atomic clocks, and other metrological
    Metrology
    Metrology is the science of measurement. Metrology includes all theoretical and practical aspects of measurement. The word comes from Greek μέτρον , "measure" + "λόγος" , amongst others meaning "speech, oration, discourse, quote, study, calculation, reason"...

     devices.
Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
Sèvres is a commune
Communes of France
The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are roughly equivalent to incorporated municipalities or villages in the United States or Gemeinden in Germany...

 in the southwestern suburbs of Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

. It is located 9.9 km (6.2 mi) from the centre of Paris
Kilometre Zero
In many countries, Kilometre Zero or similar terms in other languages, is a particular location , from which distances are traditionally measured...

.

The town is known for its porcelain
Porcelain
Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating raw materials, generally including clay in the form of kaolin, in a kiln to temperatures between and...

 manufacture, the Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
The manufacture nationale de Sèvres is a Frit porcelain porcelain tendre factory at Sèvres, France. Formerly a royal, then an imperial factory, the facility is now run by the Ministry of Culture.-Brief history:...

, making the famous Sèvres porcelain, as well as being the location of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures.

History

  • May 20, 1875: The Convention du Mètre
    Convention du Mètre
    The Metric System was invented by the French Academy of Science at the request of The National Assembly of France. Metre Convention of May 20, 1875 is a treaty which established three international organizations to oversee the keeping of metric standards...

     is signed in Vartan. This convention is an international treaty that established three organizations to oversee the keeping of metric standards.
  • After the First World War, in Sèvres, the peace treaty
    Treaty of Sèvres
    The Treaty of Sèvres was the peace treaty between the Ottoman Empire and Allies at the end of World War I. The Treaty of Versailles was signed with Germany before this treaty to annul the German concessions including the economic rights and enterprises. Also, France, Great Britain and Italy...

     between the Allied powers and the Ottoman Empire was signed.
  • Protocol of Sèvres
    Protocol of Sèvres
    The Protocol of Sèvres was a secret agreement reached between the governments of Israel, France and the United Kingdom during discussions held between 22 and 24 October 1956 at Sèvres, France...


Main sights

  • Pavillon de Breteuil
    Pavillon de Breteuil
    Pavillon de Breteuil is a building located in Sèvres, France near Paris. It was inaugurated by Louis XIV in 1672. It is in the park of the former royal Château de Saint-Cloud, which was destroyed in 1870....

  • The Musée national de céramique de Sèvres ("national museum of ceramic"), located in front of the manufacture nationale (see next section).
  • Île Seguin
    Île Seguin
    Île Seguin is an island on the Seine river between Boulogne-Billancourt and Sèvres, in the west suburbs of Paris, France.Île Seguin was home to a Renault factory, constructed between 1929 and 1934. With 30,000 laborers at its peak, the last car from the Renault production line was a Renault 5...

     is an island between Boulogne-Billancourt
    Boulogne-Billancourt
    Boulogne-Billancourt is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. It is located from the centre of Paris. Boulogne-Billancourt is a sub-prefecture of the Hauts-de-Seine department and the seat of the Arrondissement of Boulogne-Billancourt....

     and Sèvres

Institutions

  • The Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
    Manufacture nationale de Sèvres
    The manufacture nationale de Sèvres is a Frit porcelain porcelain tendre factory at Sèvres, France. Formerly a royal, then an imperial factory, the facility is now run by the Ministry of Culture.-Brief history:...

    is a public establishment manufacturing ceramic
    Ceramic
    A ceramic is an inorganic, nonmetallic solid prepared by the action of heat and subsequent cooling. Ceramic materials may have a crystalline or partly crystalline structure, or may be amorphous...

     in the tradition of the 18th century.
  • The Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (International Bureau of Weights and Measures), located in the Pavillon de Breteuil
    Pavillon de Breteuil
    Pavillon de Breteuil is a building located in Sèvres, France near Paris. It was inaugurated by Louis XIV in 1672. It is in the park of the former royal Château de Saint-Cloud, which was destroyed in 1870....

     in Sèvres, keeps the measurement standards of the International System of Units (SI
    Si
    Si, si, or SI may refer to :- Measurement, mathematics and science :* International System of Units , the modern international standard version of the metric system...

    ): the standard
    Standardization
    Standardization is the process of developing and implementing technical standards.The goals of standardization can be to help with independence of single suppliers , compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality....

     kilogram
    Kilogram
    The kilogram or kilogramme , also known as the kilo, is the base unit of mass in the International System of Units and is defined as being equal to the mass of the International Prototype Kilogram , which is almost exactly equal to the mass of one liter of water...

    , atomic clocks, and other metrological
    Metrology
    Metrology is the science of measurement. Metrology includes all theoretical and practical aspects of measurement. The word comes from Greek μέτρον , "measure" + "λόγος" , amongst others meaning "speech, oration, discourse, quote, study, calculation, reason"...

     devices. The estate on which the Bureau is located is international territory outside of French sovereignty. As such it was not occupied by German troops during World War II
    World War II
    World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

    .

Twin towns

Sèvres is twinned with: Wolfenbüttel
Wolfenbüttel
Wolfenbüttel is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, located on the Oker river about 13 kilometres south of Brunswick. It is the seat of the District of Wolfenbüttel and of the bishop of the Protestant Lutheran State Church of Brunswick...

 (Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

) Mount Prospect, Illinois
Mount Prospect, Illinois
Mount Prospect is a village in Elk Grove and Wheeling Townships in Cook County, Illinois, about northwest of downtown Chicago. As of the 2010 census, the village had a total population of 54,167.-Geography:...

 (United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

) Maracineni
Maracineni
Mărăcineni is the name of several places in Romania:*Mărăcineni, a commune in Argeş County*Mărăcineni, a commune in Buzău County...

 (Romania
Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

)

Transport

Sèvres is served by Sèvres – Rive Gauche station on the Transilien Paris – Montparnasse suburban rail line.

It is also served by Sèvres – Ville d'Avray station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.

Sport

Sèvres hosts the French Federation of Sport Blowgun (France Sport Blowgun Association), founded in 2004 by Stéphane Jouanneau (Blowgun Long-Distance Vice World Champion)

Personalities

  • Andrew Albicy
    Andrew Albicy
    Andrew Albicy is a French professional basketball player currently playing for BCM Gravelines in the French Pro A.-Club career:Albicy has played with the Paris-Levallois Basket's youth team as a junior...

     basketball player
  • Demba Ba
    Demba Ba
    Demba Ba is a French-born Senegalese footballer who plays as a striker for Newcastle United in the Premier League, and for the Senegal national team.-Early life:Ba was born in Sèvres, Hauts-de-Seine, and was the sixth child of seven...

     - Senegal
    Senegal national football team
    The Senegal national football team, nicknamed the Lions of Teranga, is the national team of Senegal and is controlled by the Fédération Sénégalaise de Football...

    ese international football player
  • Yamoudou Camara
    Yamoudou Camara
    Yamoudou Camara is a French football player who is currently playing for Unirea Alba Iulia.-Career:Although he never made his league debut for the club, Camara made two Cup appearances in the 2007–08 season....

     - French
    France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

     football player
  • Manu Chao
    Manu Chao
    Manu Chao , is a French singer of Spanish roots . He sings in French, Spanish, English, Italian, Galician, Arabic and Portuguese and occasionally in other languages...

     - Hispano
    Spain
    Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

    -French
    France
    The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

     musician
  • Issiar Dia
    Issiar Dia
    Issiar Dia is a French-born Senegalese footballer. He currently plays for the Turkish Süper Lig club Fenerbahçe.-Amiens SC:...

     - Senegal
    Senegal national football team
    The Senegal national football team, nicknamed the Lions of Teranga, is the national team of Senegal and is controlled by the Fédération Sénégalaise de Football...

    ese international football player
  • Karim Ziani
    Karim Ziani
    Karim Koceila Yanis Ziani is an Algerian professional footballer. He currently plays as a creative midfielder for the Qatari club Al-Jaish on loan from German Bundesliga club VfL Wolfsburg, and for the Algerian national team...

     - Algeria
    Algeria
    Algeria , officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria , also formally referred to as the Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa with Algiers as its capital.In terms of land area, it is the largest country in Africa and the Arab...

    n international football player

External links



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