Richard Kuöhl
Richard Kuöhl was a German sculptor, specializing in providing architectural sculpture for the architects of the Brick Expressionism
Brick Expressionism
The term Brick Expressionism describes a specific variant of expressionist architecture that uses bricks, tiles or clinker bricks as the main visible building material...

 style in northern Germany in the 1920s.

After training in art pottery in his home town of Meissen
Meissen is a town of approximately 30,000 about northwest of Dresden on both banks of the Elbe river in the Free State of Saxony, in eastern Germany. Meissen is the home of Meissen porcelain, the Albrechtsburg castle, the Gothic Meissen Cathedral and the Meissen Frauenkirche...

 and study at the Dresden Arts and Crafts School, Kuöhl moved to Berlin, then in 1912 followed his Dresden architecture professor, Fritz Schumacher
Fritz Schumacher (architect)
Fritz Schumacher was a German architect and urban designer.Schumacher was born into a diplomatic family in Bremen. The family Schumacher has been living there since 15th century....

, to Hamburg. Schumacher viewed architectural sculpture as particularly important, and so provided his former student with many government commissions.

Kuöhl worked prolifically in the 1920s and 1930s in terra cotta, stone, and ceramics, developing a weatherproof Baukeramik. His work is incorporated in many buildings, bridges and monuments in Hamburg and other northern German cities. Kuöhl's Hamburg war memorial, erected to commemorate those of the Second Hanseatic Infantry Regiment number 76 who died in the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia was aided by the North German Confederation, of which it was a member, and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and...

 and the First World War is typical of the ones erected during the Third Reich and is one of the few remaining. The monument, with its almost mocking inscription, Germany must live, even if we have to die continues to be swathed in controversy, with much public sentiment favoring removing it while others, particularly veterans groups demanding that it remain. Young, James E. The texture of Memory:Holocaust Memorials and Meaning, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1993 p. 337-38

Major work includes the Chilehaus
The Chilehaus is a ten-story office building in Hamburg, Germany. It is an exceptional example of the 1920s Brick Expressionism style of architecture...

 in Hamburg for architect Johann Friedrich Höger
Johann Friedrich Höger
Johann Friedrich Höger was a German architect from Bekenreihe near Elmshorn, Schleswig-Holstein.His best-known work is the Brick Expressionist Chilehaus in Hamburg, constructed 1922-24 for saltpeter importer Henry B. Sloman...

, 1922-1924, and the Davidwache police station on the Reeperbahn
The Reeperbahn is a street in Hamburg's St. Pauli district, one of the two centres of Hamburg's nightlife and also the city's red-light district...

 in Hamburg, for Schumacher.

Upon his death, Kuöhl was buried in Ohlsdorf Cemetery
Ohlsdorf Cemetery
-External links:* *...

in a tomb that he himself had designed.

External links

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