Lunéville is a commune
Communes of France
The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are roughly equivalent to incorporated municipalities or villages in the United States or Gemeinden in Germany...

 in the Meurthe-et-Moselle
Meurthe-et-Moselle is a department in the Lorraine region of France, named after the Meurthe and Moselle rivers.- History :Meurthe-et-Moselle was created in 1871 at the end of the Franco-Prussian War from the parts of the former departments of Moselle and Meurthe which remained French...

 department in France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...


It is a sub-prefecture of the department and lies on the Meurthe River
Meurthe River
The Meurthe is a river in north-eastern France, right tributary to the river Moselle. Its source is in the Vosges mountains, near the Col de la Schlucht in the Vosges département...



The Treaty of Lunéville
Treaty of Lunéville
The Treaty of Lunéville was signed on 9 February 1801 between the French Republic and the Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, negotiating both on behalf of his own domains and of the Holy Roman Empire...

 was signed there on 9 February 1801 between the French Republic and the Austrian Empire
Habsburg Monarchy
The Habsburg Monarchy covered the territories ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg , and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine , between 1526 and 1867/1918. The Imperial capital was Vienna, except from 1583 to 1611, when it was moved to Prague...

 by Count Ludwig von Cobenzl
Count Ludwig von Cobenzl
Johann Ludwig Joseph Graf von Cobenzl was a diplomat and politician of the Habsburg Monarchy....

, and Joseph Bonaparte
Joseph Bonaparte
Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte was the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily , and later King of Spain...

. Lunéville was a renowned resort in the 18th century, as well as the residence of the duke of Lorraine. The town was also the home of painter Georges de La Tour
Georges de La Tour
Georges de La Tour was a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648...

 for much of his career.

The most important tourist attraction is the ducal château
Château de Lunéville
The Château de Lunéville which had belonged to the Dukes of Lorraine since the thirteenth century, was rebuilt as “the Versailles of Lorraine” by Duke Léopold from 1703 to 1723, from designs of Pierre Bourdict and Nicolas Dorbay and then of the architect Germain Boffrand, whose masterwork it became...

 which suffered serious damage when a fire broke out in January 2003. Lunéville is also known for its faïence
Faience or faïence is the conventional name in English for fine tin-glazed pottery on a delicate pale buff earthenware body, originally associated with Faenza in northern Italy. The invention of a white pottery glaze suitable for painted decoration, by the addition of an oxide of tin to the slip...

 industry. An 18th century palace here, a residence of Stanisław I Leszczyński, was damaged during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

. The synagogue
A synagogue is a Jewish house of prayer. This use of the Greek term synagogue originates in the Septuagint where it sometimes translates the Hebrew word for assembly, kahal...

 was built in 1786 thanks to Louis XVI’s express permission. The first to be built in France since the 13th century, it was classed as a Historic Monument in 1980.

Notable people

  • Stanisław I Leszczyński (1677–1766), King of Poland 1704-1709, 1733-1736 (Stanislas I), then Duke of Lorraine until his death at Lunéville where he spent 30 years in exile.
  • Muller Frères
    Muller Frères
    Muller Frères were a French glassmaker who were located in Lunéville, France. They were renowned to produce art nouveau glasworks such as vases and lampshades....

    , an art nouveau glass production company

Lunéville was the birthplace of :
  • Nicolas Beatrizet
    Nicolas Beatrizet
    Nicolas Béatrizet, a French engraver, was born at Luneville in or before 1520. From his style it has been conjectured that he was a scholar of Ghisi, and of Agostino Veneziano de Musis. From 1540 to 1560 he engraved under the direction of Michelangelo. He died at Rome after 1560...

    , 16th century engraver
  • Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine
    Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine
    Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine was a Lorraine-born Austrian soldier.-Background:Charles was the son of Leopold Joseph, Duke of Lorraine and Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans...

    , 1712
  • François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo
    François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo
    François Nicolas Benoît, Baron Haxo was a French Army general and military engineer.-Biography:He was born at Lunéville and entered the Engineers in 1793....

    , 1774 June 24
  • Jean Bastien-Thiry, 1927

External links

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