A Kreisstraße is a class of road in Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

. It carries traffic between the towns and villages within a Kreis
Districts of Germany
The districts of Germany are known as , except in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein where they are known simply as ....

or district or between two neighbouring districts. In terms of importance, the Kreisstraße ranks below a Landesstraße
Landesstraßen are roads in Germany and Austria that are, as a rule, the responsibility of the respective German or Austrian federal state. The term may therefore be translated as "state road". They are roads that cross the boundary of a rural or urban district...

(or, in Bavaria and Saxony, a Staatstraße, i.e. a state road), but above a Gemeindestraße
A Gemeindestraße is a local road in Germany that is the responsibility of the municipality or parish or of the town to build and/or maintain...

or "local road". Kreisstraßen are usually the responsibility of the respective rural district (Landkreis) or urban district (Kreisfreie Stadt), with the exception of high streets through larger towns and villages.


Unlike local roads (Gemeindestraßen) the Kreisstraßen are invariably numbered, but their numbering is not shown on signs. The abbreviation is a prefixed capital letter K followed by a serial number. In most states
States of Germany
Germany is made up of sixteen which are partly sovereign constituent states of the Federal Republic of Germany. Land literally translates as "country", and constitutionally speaking, they are constituent countries...

 the car number plate prefix for the district is placed in front of the road number instead, for example in Bavaria. The Kreisstraßen are numbered in the individual federal states as follows:
State System
Baden-Württemberg state-based numbering system, always four digits (e.g. K 1419, K 2842 and K 4366), the first two digits indicate the district
Bavaria district-based numbering system (e.g. NU 1 to NU 19 in the district of Neu-Ulm, NES 1 to NES 54 in the district of Rhön-Grabfeld)
Berlin no Kreisstraßen
Brandenburg state-based numbering system, always four digits (e.g. K 6307, K 6813 and K 7329), the first two digits indicate the district
Bremen no Kreisstraßen
Hamburg no Kreisstraßen
Hesse state-based numbering system (e.g. K 11, K 138 and K 180)
Lower Saxony district-based numbering system (e.g. K 6, K 71 and K 304)
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern district-based numbering system
North Rhine-Westphalia district-based numbering system (e.g. K 8, K 27 and K 70), the numbering system is retained when roads cross the boundaries
Rhineland-Palatinate district-based numbering system (e.g. K 12, K 29 and K 58)
Saarland no Kreisstraßen
Saxony state-based numbering system, always four digits (e.g. K 6201, K 8053 and K 9204), the first two digits indicate the district
Saxony-Anhalt state-based numbering system, always four digits (e.g. K 1002, K 1227 and K 2074)
Schleswig-Holstein district-based numbering system (e.g. K 1, K 10)
Thuringia district-based numbering (e.g. K 9, K 19 and K 112)

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