Kärdla is the largest town on the Estonia
Estonia , officially the Republic of Estonia , is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia , and to the east by Lake Peipsi and the Russian Federation . Across the Baltic Sea lies...

n island of Hiiumaa
Hiiumaa is the second largest island belonging to Estonia. It is located in the Baltic Sea, north of the island of Saaremaa, a part of the West Estonian archipelago. Its largest town is Kärdla.-Name:...

 and the capital of Hiiu County.


Kärdla is located on the north-eastern coast of Hiiumaa, by the Gulf of Tareste . Southeast of the town is the Kärdla meteorite crater
Kärdla crater
Kärdla is a meteorite crater near the town of Kärdla in Estonia.It is 4 km in diameter and its age is estimated to be about 455 million years . The crater is not exposed at the surface.-References:...

, which is 455 million years old.
Several small rivers flow through the town. There are also artesian wells in Kärdla.


Kärdla was first mentioned in 1564 as a village inhabited by Swedes. Its growth was greatly influenced by the cloth factory founded in 1830. A port was built in 1849. Both the port and the factory were destroyed in World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

Kärdla officially became a borough in 1920 and a town in 1938.


1897 1922 1934 1939 1959 1970 1979 1989 2000 2010
1718 1580 1454 1524 2688 2969 3426 4126 3672 3634


Road transport from Estonian mainland to Hiiumaa involves a 90-minute (28 km) ferry crossing from Rohuküla
Rohuküla is a village in Ridala Parish, Lääne County, in western Estonia....

 to Heltermaa
Heltermaa is a village in Pühalepa Parish, Hiiu County in northwestern Estonia....

, which is 25 km by road from Kärdla. There are about 10 ferry departures a day. In the summer weekends, getting car space on the ferry usually requires advance booking. There are about 2 scheduled buses a day between Tallinn
Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of with a population of 414,940. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn's Old Town is in the list...

 (the capital of Estonia) and Kärdla.

There are no scheduled passenger boats directly to Kärdla.

Kärdla is served by Kärdla Airport
Kärdla Airport
Kärdla Airport is an airport in Estonia. The airport is situated 7 km east of the town of Kärdla on Hiiumaa island.The airport has an asphalt runway of 1520 meters length and 30 meters width. The directions are 14 and 32. The runway was upgraded in 1998.Kärdla Airport opened in 1963...

, with regular flights to Tallinn.

Kärdla town itself is small enough to get around on foot. Bicycle rental is available and there is a good bicycle path
Bicycle Path
Bicycle Path is a historic road in Central Suffolk County on Long Island, New York, built in the late 19th Century in order to capitalize on the bicycle craze of that period...

 built from Kärdla towards Kõrgessaare
Kõrgessaare is a small borough in Hiiu County, Estonia. It's the administrative centre of Kõrgessaare Parish....



June's first weekend annual Hiiumaa Children's festival takes place.

In first week of August coffee-loving people of Kärdla expect visitors to 15 caffeterias opened just for one day in their own gardens, serving coffee and home-made pastry.

Famous people

  • Eveli Saue
    Eveli Saue
    Eveli Saue is an Estonian orienteering competitor and biathlete. She is world champion in the combined sport biathlon orienteering.-Orienteering:...

     (born 1984), biathlete and orienteer
  • Erkki-Sven Tüür
    Erkki-Sven Tüür
    Erkki-Sven Tüür is an Estonian composer.Tüür was born in Kärdla on the Estonian island of Hiiumaa. He studied flute and percussion at the Tallinn Music School from 1976 to 1980 and composition with Jaan Rääts at the Tallinn Academy of Music and privately with Lepo Sumera from 1980 to 1984...

    (born 1959), composer

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.