Fall Grün
Fall Grün was a pre-World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany , also known as the Third Reich , but officially called German Reich from 1933 to 1943 and Greater German Reich from 26 June 1943 onward, is the name commonly used to refer to the state of Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by...

 plan for an aggressive war against Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia was a sovereign state in Central Europe which existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until 1992...

. The plan was first drafted late in 1937, then revised as the military situation and requirements changed. The ultimate revision of the plan scheduled the attack for September 28, 1938; but, as France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 were reluctant to go into war for the sake of Czechoslovakia and expressed political will to avoid such a war at all costs, the execution of the plan was postponed, then, after the Munich Conference (also called the Treaty of Munich) held on September 30, 1938, abandoned altogether.

In ceding the Sudetenland
Sudetenland is the German name used in English in the first half of the 20th century for the northern, southwest and western regions of Czechoslovakia inhabited mostly by ethnic Germans, specifically the border areas of Bohemia, Moravia, and those parts of Silesia being within Czechoslovakia.The...

 to Germany, Czechoslovakia lost the most of its border fortifications
Czechoslovak border fortifications
The Czechoslovak government built a system of border fortifications from 1935 to 1938 as a defensive countermeasure against the rising threat of Nazi Germany that later materialized in the German offensive plan called Fall Grün...

 and was no longer defensible against the German military. Germany invaded Czechoslovakia
German occupation of Czechoslovakia
German occupation of Czechoslovakia began with the Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia's northern and western border regions, known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's pretext for this effort was the alleged privations suffered by...

 on March 15, 1939 (Unternehmen Südost or Operation Southeast), encountered minimal resistance, and annexed Bohemia and Moravia to the Reich; Germany gave nominal independence to Slovakia and installed Tiso
Jozef Tiso
Jozef Tiso was a Slovak Roman Catholic priest, politician of the Slovak People's Party, and Nazi collaborator. Between 1939 and 1945, Tiso was the head of the Slovak State, a satellite state of Nazi Germany...

 as head of state of the satellite.

See also

  • Fall Rot
  • Fall Gelb
  • Fall Weiss (1939)
  • Operation Grün (Ireland)
  • Fall Blau
  • Fall Weiss (1943)
  • Fall Schwarz

External links

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