Colombey-les-Deux-Églises
Overview
 
Colombey-les-Deux-Églises (kɔlɔ̃bɛ le døz‿eɡliz) is a commune
Communes of France
The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are roughly equivalent to incorporated municipalities or villages in the United States or Gemeinden in Germany...

 in the Haute-Marne
Haute-Marne
Haute-Marne is a department in the northeast of France named after the Marne River.-History:Haute-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790...

 department in north-eastern France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

.

The municipality Colombey-les-Deux-Eglises was created administratively in 1793, and it became part of the district of Chaumont
Arrondissement of Chaumont
The arrondissement of Chaumont is an arrondissement of France, located in the Haute-Marne département, in the Champagne-Ardenne région...

 and the canton Blaise
Blaise
Blaise is a personal name and a place name. It can refer to:-France:* Blaise-sous-Arzillières, a village and commune in the Marne département of north-eastern France...

. In 1801, under the name Colombey, it passed to the canton Juzennecourt
Juzennecourt
Juzennecourt is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France....

. In 1972, it absorbed the communes Argentolles, Biernes, Blaise, Champcourt, Harricourt, Pratz and Lavilleneuve-aux-Fresnes.
Colombey achieved fame as the home and burial site of the 20th century French soldier and statesman Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was a French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces during World War II. He later founded the French Fifth Republic in 1958 and served as its first President from 1959 to 1969....

 who acquired a substantial property on the south-western edge of the village in 1934.
Encyclopedia
Colombey-les-Deux-Églises (kɔlɔ̃bɛ le døz‿eɡliz) is a commune
Communes of France
The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are roughly equivalent to incorporated municipalities or villages in the United States or Gemeinden in Germany...

 in the Haute-Marne
Haute-Marne
Haute-Marne is a department in the northeast of France named after the Marne River.-History:Haute-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790...

 department in north-eastern France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

.

The municipality Colombey-les-Deux-Eglises was created administratively in 1793, and it became part of the district of Chaumont
Arrondissement of Chaumont
The arrondissement of Chaumont is an arrondissement of France, located in the Haute-Marne département, in the Champagne-Ardenne région...

 and the canton Blaise
Blaise
Blaise is a personal name and a place name. It can refer to:-France:* Blaise-sous-Arzillières, a village and commune in the Marne département of north-eastern France...

. In 1801, under the name Colombey, it passed to the canton Juzennecourt
Juzennecourt
Juzennecourt is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France....

. In 1972, it absorbed the communes Argentolles, Biernes, Blaise, Champcourt, Harricourt, Pratz and Lavilleneuve-aux-Fresnes.

Charles de Gaulle

Colombey achieved fame as the home and burial site of the 20th century French soldier and statesman Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was a French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces during World War II. He later founded the French Fifth Republic in 1958 and served as its first President from 1959 to 1969....

 who acquired a substantial property on the south-western edge of the village in 1934. He is buried in the cemetery in a humble grave with only the inscription "Charles de Gaulle 1890-1970" but at the western exit of the village a 145 ft (44.3 m) high Cross of Lorraine
Cross of Lorraine
The Cross of Lorraine is originally a heraldic cross. The two-barred cross consists of a vertical line crossed by two smaller horizontal bars. In the ancient version, both bars were of the same length. In 20th century use it is "graded" with the upper bar being the shortest...

 was built, commemorating his distinguished wartime role as commander of the Free French Forces
Free French Forces
The Free French Forces were French partisans in World War II who decided to continue fighting against the forces of the Axis powers after the surrender of France and subsequent German occupation and, in the case of Vichy France, collaboration with the Germans.-Definition:In many sources, Free...

.

After 1934 De Gaulle withdrew repeatedly to Colombey when his political fortunes waned; first on the establishment of the Fourth Republic
French Fourth Republic
The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution. It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic, which was in place before World War II, and suffered many of the same problems...

 in 1946, and then between 1953 and 1958 before he became President again at the height of the Algerian Crisis. His final withdrawal to Colombey came in 1969 and he died there the following year. Colombey became widely used as a political metaphor for a statesman's temporary withdrawal from political life, until his country would come calling for him again.

A memorial museum was inaugurated in October 2008 by Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy is the 23rd and current President of the French Republic and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. He assumed the office on 16 May 2007 after defeating the Socialist Party candidate Ségolène Royal 10 days earlier....

 and Angela Merkel
Angela Merkel
Angela Dorothea Merkel is the current Chancellor of Germany . Merkel, elected to the Bundestag from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, has been the chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union since 2000, and chairwoman of the CDU-CSU parliamentary coalition from 2002 to 2005.From 2005 to 2009 she led a...

. This joint Franco-German act marked the fiftieth anniversary of talks in Colombey, 14 September 1958, between Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer
Konrad Adenauer
Konrad Hermann Joseph Adenauer was a German statesman. He was the chancellor of the West Germany from 1949 to 1963. He is widely recognised as a person who led his country from the ruins of World War II to a powerful and prosperous nation that had forged close relations with old enemies France,...

in the process of post-war reconciliation.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK