Auguste François Chomel
Auguste François Chomel (April 13, 1788 – April 9, 1858) was a French pathologist who was born in Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

. He was a professor at the Hôpital de la Charité
Hôpital de la Charité
Hôpital de la Charité was a hospital in Paris founded in the 17th century and closed in 1935.-History:In 1606, Marie de Médicis invited the Brothers Hospitallers of St. John of God to come to France. The Abbot of Saint-Germain-des-Prés granted them the use of its former Saint-Père chapel, which...

 in Paris, and in 1827 succeeded René Laënnec
René Laennec
René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec was a French physician. He invented the stethoscope in 1816, while working at the Hôpital Necker and pioneered its use in diagnosing various chest conditions....

 (1781–1826) as chair of clinical medicine of the Faculté de Paris.

Chomel was an important member of the pathological anatomy movement of early 19th century France that was based on the scientific research of Marie François Xavier Bichat
Marie François Xavier Bichat
Marie François Xavier Bichat , French anatomist and physiologist, was born at Thoirette .Bichat is best remembered as the father of modern histology and pathology. Despite the fact that he worked without a microscope he was able to advance greatly the understanding of the human body...

 (1771–1802), René Laënnec and Gaspard Laurent Bayle
Gaspard Laurent Bayle
Gaspard Laurent Bayle was a French physician. He studied medicine under Jean-Nicolas Corvisart , and was a colleague to René Laënnec . Beginning in 1805 he practiced medicine at the Charité in Paris...

 (1774–1816). In 1828 he provided the first description of a type of acute polyneuritis that would later be known as Guillain-Barré-Strohl syndrome. Dr. Worthington Hooker
Worthington Hooker
Worthington Hooker was an American physician, born in Springfield, Massachusetts. Worthington Hooker School in New Haven, Connecticut is named after him....

 (1806–1867), in his 1847 book Physician and Patient, attributes the first contemporary usage of the medical axiom, Primum non nocere
Primum non nocere
is a Latin phrase that means "First, do no harm". The phrase is sometimes recorded as .Nonmaleficence, which derives from the maxim, is one of the principal precepts of medical ethics that all medical students are taught in medical school and is a fundamental principle for emergency medical...

("First, do no harm") to Chomel.

Selected writings

  • Eléments de pathologie (Elements of pathology), 1817 and 1840.
  • Traité des dyspepsies (Treatise about dyspepsia), 1856.
  • Leçons de clinique (Clinical Lessons), 1834-1840.
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