Antonio Álvarez de Toledo, 5th Duke of Alba
Antonio Álvarez de Toledo y Beaumont, 5th Duke of Alba, Grandee of Spain, (in full), (1568 – 29 January 1639) was a Spanish
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

 nobleman and politician.

Antonio was the grandson of the Iron Duke Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba
Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3rd Duke of Alba was a Spanish general and governor of the Spanish Netherlands , nicknamed "the Iron Duke" in the Low Countries because of his harsh and cruel rule there and his role in the execution of his political opponents and the massacre of several...

 and became 5th Duke of Alba when his uncle Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba
Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba
Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Enríquez de Guzmán, 4th Duke of Alba, Grandee of Spain, , , was a commander in the Spanish army during the Eighty Years' War....

died without an heir. In 1599 Philip III of Spain
Philip III of Spain
Philip III , also known as Philip the Pious, was the King of Spain and King of Portugal and the Algarves, where he ruled as Philip II , from 1598 until his death...

 awarded him the Order of the Golden Fleece
Order of the Golden Fleece
The Order of the Golden Fleece is an order of chivalry founded in Bruges by Philip III, Duke of Burgundy in 1430, to celebrate his marriage to the Portuguese princess Infanta Isabella of Portugal, daughter of King John I of Portugal. It evolved as one of the most prestigious orders in Europe...


He was viceroy of Naples between 1622 and 1629 and was confronted with yet another Italian War over the Valtellina
Valtellina or the Valtelline valley ; is a valley in the Lombardy region of northern Italy, bordering Switzerland. Today it is known for its skiing, its hot spring spas, its cheeses and its wines...

 valley, a bad harvest and high food prices in 1624, an earthquake which hit Naples and killed 10,000 people on July 30, 1626, frequent attacks by Turkish pirates and constant economical requisitions by Conde-Duque de Olivares.

He married Mencía de Mendoza, daughter of Don Íñigo López de Mendoza, Duke del Infantado, and had three children:
  • Fernando Álvarez de Toledo (1595–1667), his successor
  • María Álvarez de Toledo
  • Ana Álvarez de Toledo


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