Alice Masaryková
Alice Masaryková, or Alice Garrigue Masaryk (May 3, 1879 – November 29, 1966), was one of the founding members of the Czechoslovak Red Cross and was a Czech sociologist. She was born in Vienna
Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...

, the first child of the future founder and first president of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia or Czecho-Slovakia was a sovereign state in Central Europe which existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until 1992...

, Tomas Garrigue Masaryk and his American wife Charlotte. The family moved to Prague
Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 2.3 million...

 when Alice was three. She spoke Czech because her father was Czech, but she was also in a German environment in Vienna and learned German
German language
German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....

. She spoke English too because her mother was American. She was a teacher. In 1918, she was elected one of the members of the first Czechoslovak Parliament, thereby being the first woman in the parliament alongside the other women elected at the same time. She left Czechoslovakia for USA in 1948.
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