Íñigo Vélez de Guevara, 8th Count of Oñate
Íñigo Vélez de Guevara 8th Count of Oñate http://worldroots.com/cgi-bin/gasteldb?@I33872@ was a Spanish
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

 political figure.
He was the son of Íñigo Vélez de Guevara, 7th Count of Oñate
Íñigo Vélez de Guevara, 7th Count of Oñate
Íñigo Vélez de Guevara, seventh Count of Oñate and Count of Villamediana was a Spanish political figure. He played an important role in the Thirty Years War....

 and Catalina Vélez. His younger brother was Beltrán
Beltrán Vélez de Guevara, Marquis of Campo Real
Beltrán Vélez Ladrón de Guevara, 1st Count of Campo Real was a Spanish political figure.He was the son of Iñigo Vélez de Guevara and Catalina de Guevara, 5th Countess of Oñate...

, Viceroy of Sardinia.

He was Spanish ambassador in London and Rome.

He played an important role in crushing the Neapolitan
Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

 revolt of 1647. Oñate was the eventual vanquisher of the "Neapolitan Republic
Neapolitan Republic (1647)
The Neapolitan Republic was a Republic created in Naples, which lasted from 22 October 1647 to 5 April 1648. It began after the revolt led by Masaniello and Giulio Genoino against the Spanish viceroys....

". The revolt had been led by Masaniello
Masaniello was a Neapolitan fisherman, who became leader of the revolt against Spanish Habsburg rule in Naples in 1647.-Name and place of birth:...


He later served as viceroy
A viceroy is a royal official who runs a country, colony, or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning "in the place of" and the French word roi, meaning king. A viceroy's province or larger territory is called a viceroyalty...

 of the Kingdom of Naples
Kingdom of Naples
The Kingdom of Naples, comprising the southern part of the Italian peninsula, was the remainder of the old Kingdom of Sicily after secession of the island of Sicily as a result of the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. Known to contemporaries as the Kingdom of Sicily, it is dubbed Kingdom of...

 (from 1648) (see List of Spanish Viceroys of Naples), where he repulsed a French attack during the Franco-Spanish War (1635).

At his return in Spain he was made State Councilor and received the title of Marqués de Guevara.

He married Antonia Manrique de la Cerda and had two daughters:
  • Catalina, first married her uncle Beltrán Vélez Ladrón de Guevara and then Ramiro Núñez de Guzmán, Duke of Medina de las Torres and viceroy of Naples;
  • Mariana, married Juan Domingo Ramírez de Arellano.

External links

Linaje, poder y cultura : el gobierno de Íñigo Vélez de Guevara, VIII Conde Oñate, en Nápoles (1648-1653)
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