String theory
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generalhayes
What are protons, neutrons, and electrons made of?
replied to:  generalhayes
Wheresmybeans
Replied to:  What are protons, neutrons, and electrons made of?
This could get quite complicated, so I will try and make it short. First of all protons and neutrons are very different from electrons. So let of start with the electrons. Electrons are not actually made from anything they are just very tiny amounts of potential energy around the nucleus of a given atom. The reason we say they are potential energy is because you can never say where an electron is or where it will be. So we scientists say that 'the potential of that electron being here is high or not so high' its strange I know but I suggest for a more detailed picture of the electron google 'the uncertainty principle'. As I mentioned earlier protons and neutrons are very different beasts indeed. A proton or neutron is huge in relation to an electron. Infact of the electron is the size of a golfball then the proton is as big as the island of manhattan. The proton is made ts of something called Quarks and there are a lot of different kind's, too many to list here. For a list google 'the standard model' each proton is made ts of three different Quarks each one belonging to a different family. For example the gluon, this Quark is holding the proton together. Its is worth noting here that Quarks also carry a type of character, almost like a charge but its not electrical. We say the Quark is either an 'up' Quark or a 'down' Quark or in some casses we say its a 'strange' Quark, the reason I mention this is the only stable proton's or neutron's we have found contain a mixture of only up and down Quarks never strange Quarks. I hope this helps, if you don't understand just leave me an email. Damon
replied to:  generalhayes
stephenmann35
Replied to:  What are protons, neutrons, and electrons made of?
In my opinion, quarks and electrons are made up of "quarklets". Quarklets pair and nucleons (protons and neutrons) would have six in each of their three quarks (for eighteen) while orbitons (electrons) would have only two. Neutrinos generate mass in these quarklet pairs and have three phases: electron; muon; and tauon. Those attached to nucleon quarks would be fixed in a muon phase while those attached to electrons would be fixed in an electron one.

Tauons are heavy electrons with masses of about 3400 electrons; muons have 206 electron masses; and electrons would have "one" by this comparative measure. Protons have 1836 electron masses, so tauons actually are almost twice as massive. Neutrinos, in their three phases, probably are gluons in theirs (of "green", "red", and "blue"), which are the strengths with which gluons hold the quarks together which in turn form nucleons. In other words, gluon colors would match the neutrino phases of tauon, muon, and electron but quark masses would only be muon.

Unattached neutrinos fluctuate in their three phases, as would attached ones, but attached ones must only generate a mass from one of those.

The foregoing isn't accepted science but only my opinion-
Steve
Stephenmann35@yahoo.com
replied to:  generalhayes
robertr82
Replied to:  What are protons, neutrons, and electrons made of?
Why not draw cartoons?, a picture is worth a thousand of your words.
Go spend 21 years in buildings tossing words around to become a doctor and by gosh then you are not about to make it easy to understand, no sir, let them study words and symbols, symbols that are defined with more symbols while there Pineal gets mummyfied by the mercury vapor radiation from those lamps overhead- like what happened to me, no sir let them suffer, make sure that mathematic symbol handbooks defining by math and cartoon just how this or that shape of symbol is interacting with another- make sure these things are not for sale, ever, pantographic relationships making mathematic symbols understandable should be made a felony to even possess one- much less sell them. We do not want the public wised up. If they want to know what mathematics is about let them become institutionalised under those lamps in rooms with no Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide or any other than primitive breathing analysis going on, let them have a candy or coffee machine and keep there nose in them books. Could it be that cartoons and computers and places like Wikipedia will end the nightmare of standard education,it is time to put an immediate halt to the sacreligeous giving away of easy to understand so called complex physics.
replied to:  generalhayes
Godsphysics
Replied to:  What are protons, neutrons, and electrons made of?
All the other answers are mostly incorrect on electrons according to the question. Electrons are actually made up of 3 particles known as quasiparticles. These three particles are called the orbiton, the holon and the spinon. These particles are each responsible for a certain characteristic of the electron. The orbiton is responsible for the electrons position in its orbit or shell, the spinon is responsible for the spin of the electron which causes the electrons magnetic charge and the holon is responsible for the electrical charge of the electron. The components of the two othe leptons, the muon and the tauon, are as of yet unknown due to their tendency to decay into an electron. Protons and nuetrons are indeed made quarks. There are 6 types of quarks and these are called up, down, strange, charm, top and bottom (yes those are their names). The up and down quarks make up the protons and nuetrons. protons are made of two up quarks and one down quark whereas the nuetron is made of two down quarks and one up quark.
replied to:  Godsphysics
quarklet8
Replied to:  All the other answers are mostly incorrect on electrons according to...
Yes, an electron is made of quasi-particles, too. This is because the "orbiton" is a photon around the the "holons" or charges within the electron, and the "spinon" is its neutrino. The charges are quarklets and the other particles have their own. This actually confirms my quarklet theory. Most physicists claim protons and electrons are "point" particles and therefore not made up of sub-particles. In effect, they deny the evidence of their own experiments. They deny being dogmatic at the expense of facts but they are very committed to a mathematics-only and usually ambiguous interpretation of facts...